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Encyclopedia > Squash (plant)
Squash

Yellow squash
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Cucurbita
Species: C. maxima - hubbard squash, buttercup squash

C. mixta - cushaw squash
C. moschata - butternut squash
C. pepo - most pumpkins, acorn squash,
summer squash, zucchini[1]

Yellow Squash. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class of flowering plants. ... Families Cucurbitaceae (gourd family) Begoniaceae (begonia family) Datiscaceae Tetramelaceae Corynocarpaceae Coriariaceae Anisophylleaceae The Cucurbitales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Genera Abobra Acanthosicyos Actinostemma Alsomitra Ampelosycios Anacaona Apatzingania Apodanthera Bambekea Benincasa Biswarea Bolbostemma Brandegea Bryonia Calycophysum Cayaponia Cephalopentandra Ceratosanthes Chalema Cionosicyos Citrullus Coccinia Cogniauxia Corallocarpus Cremastopus Ctenolepis Cucumella Cucumeropsis Cucumis Cucurbita Cucurbitella Cyclanthera Dactyliandra Dendrosicyos Dicoelospermum Dieterlea Diplocyclos Doyerea Ecballium Echinocystis Echinopepon Edgaria Elateriopsis Eureiandra Fevillea Gerrardanthus Gomphogyne Gurania Guraniopsis... Species - fingerleaf gourd - figleaf gourd, chilacayote - wild gourd, wild pumpkin - winter squash, pumpkin - pumpkin - crookneck squash - vegetable marrow, field pumpkin References: ITIS 22365 2002-11-06 Cucurbita is a genus in the gourd family Cucurbitaceae. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...

Summer squash
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 20 kcal   70 kJ
Carbohydrates     3.4 g
- Dietary fiber  1.1 g  
Fat 0.2 g
Protein 1.2 g
Water 95 g
Riboflavin (Vit. B2)  0.14 mg   9%
Vitamin C  17 mg 28%
Potassium  262 mg   6%
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.

Squashes generally refer to four species of the genus Cucurbita native to the New World, also called marrows depending on variety or the nationality of the speaker. In North America, squash is loosely grouped into summer squash or winter squash, as well as autumn squash (another name is cheese squash) depending on whether they are harvested as immature fruits (summer squash) or mature fruits (autumn squash or winter squash). Gourds are from the same family as squashes. Well known types of squash include the pumpkin and zucchini. Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water and making defecation easier. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin showing coloured alpha helices. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2, is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in animals. ... This article is about the nutrient. ... General Name, symbol, number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, period, block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 39. ... Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily dietary intake level of a nutrient considered sufficient to meet the requirements of nearly all (97–98%) healthy individuals in each life-stage and gender group. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... Summer Squash are a subset of squashes that are harvested when immature (while the rind is still tender and edible). ... Winter squash is a warm-seasoned vegetable. ... This article refers to the dried fruit shell. ... For other uses, see Pumpkin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruit. ...


Archaeological evidence suggests that squash may have been first cultivated in Mesoamerica some 8,000 to 10,000 years ago [2][3], but may have been independently cultivated elsewhere, albeit later [4]. Squash was one of the "Three Sisters" planted by Native Americans. The Three Sisters were the three main indigenous plants used for agriculture: maize (corn), beans, and squash. These were usually planted together, with the cornstalk providing support for the climbing beans, and shade for the squash. The squash vines provided ground cover to limit weeds. The beans provided nitrogen fixing for all three crops. This article is about the culture area. ... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... This article is about the maize plant. ... This article is on the plant. ... Nitrogen fixation is the process by which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes (such as, notably, ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide). ...


Summer squashes, including young vegetable marrows (such as zucchini [also known as courgette], pattypan and yellow crookneck) are harvested during the growing season, while the skin is still tender and the fruit relatively small, they are consumed almost immediately and require little or no cooking. This article is about the fruit. ... Petit pan squash, also called pattypan Pattypan squash is a summer squash notable for its small size, round and shallow shape, and scalloped edges, somewhat resembling a small toy top. ... Yellow crookneck squash in a supermarket Yellow crookneck squash (Cucurbita pepo) is a type of yellow-coloured vegetable marrow, also known as Pattypan Squash. ...


Winter squashes (such as butternut, Hubbard, buttercup, ambercup, acorn, spaghetti squash and pumpkin) are harvested at maturity, generally the end of summer, cured to further harden the skin, and stored in a cool place for eating later. They generally require longer cooking time than summer squashes. (Note: Although the term winter squash is used here to differentiate from summer squash, it is also commonly used as a synonym for Cucurbita maxima.) Binomial name (Duchesne ex Lam. ... hello This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Acorn squash Acorn squash (Cucurbita pepo) is a winter squash with distinctive longitudinal ridges and sweet, yellow-orange flesh. ... The spaghetti squash (Cucurbita pepo) (vegetable spaghetti, vegetable marrow, noodle squash or squaghetti) is a rugby ball-sized and shaped, yellow, seed-bearing fruit. ... For other uses, see Pumpkin (disambiguation). ...


The squash fruit is classified as a pepo by botanists, which is a special type of berry with a thick outer wall or rind formed from hypanthium tissue fused to the exocarp; the fleshy interior is composed of mesocarp and endocarp. The pepo, derived from an inferior ovary, is characteristic of the Squash Family (Cucurbitaceae). Remnants of the floral parts are clearly evident on these immature banana fruits, demonstrating that the fruit is developing from an inferior ovary A blueberry carries the five sepals of the flower at the tip, showing that the berry forms below the flower. ... Exocarp or pericarp (Gr. ... Mesocarp is the middle part of a simple fruit. ... Endocarp is the hard inner layer of the pericarp of some fruits that contains the seed. ...


In addition to the fruit, other parts of the plant are edible. Squash seeds can be eaten directly, ground into paste, or (particularly for pumpkins) pressed for vegetable oil. The shoots, leaves, and tendrils can be eaten as greens. The blossoms are an important part of native American cooking and are also used in many other parts of the world. A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with cooking oil. ... This article is about the plant section. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In botany, a tendril is a specialized stem, leaf or petiole with a threadlike shape that is used by climbing plants for support and attachment, generally by twining around whatever it touches. ... Fresh Swiss chard Fresh water spinach Creamed spinach Steamed kale Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, or leafy greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. ...

Contents

Pollination

Bee pollinating a zucchini squash

As with all other members of the family, the flowers come in pollen-bearing male form, and the ovary-bearing female form, with both forms being present on the plant. Squash has historically been pollinated by the native North American squash bee Peponapis pruinosa, and related species, but this bee and its relatives have declined, probably due to pesticide sensitivity, and most commercial plantings are pollinated by European honey bees today. One hive per acre (4,000 m² per hive) is recommended by the US Department of Agriculture. Gardeners with a shortage of bees often have to hand pollinate. Inadequately pollinated female squash flowers will usually start growing but abort before full development. Many gardeners blame various fungal diseases for the aborted fruit, but the fix proves to be better pollination not fungicide. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Genera Peponapis Xenoglossa The name Squash bee is applied to two related genera of bees in the tribe Eucerini; Peponapis and Xenoglossa. ... Binomial name Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758 The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee comprised of several subspecies or races. ... Hand pollination (also called mechanical pollination) is a technique used when natural, or open pollination is insufficient or undesirable. ... A Fungicide is one of three main methods of pest control- chemical control of fungi in this case. ...

Squash species

Varieties of squash

Four species of the genus Cucurbita are called squash or pumpkins rather indiscriminately. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Species - fingerleaf gourd - figleaf gourd, chilacayote - wild gourd, wild pumpkin - winter squash, pumpkin - pumpkin - crookneck squash - vegetable marrow, field pumpkin References: ITIS 22365 2002-11-06 Cucurbita is a genus in the gourd family Cucurbitaceae. ...

  • C. maxima includes the large winter squash (such as Hubbard and Banana) and some large pumpkins, and numerous smaller varieties such as Buttercup and Mooregold. On this species the peduncle (fruit stem) is spongy and swollen, not ridged.
  • C. pepo includes the small pie pumpkins, standard field pumpkins, acorn squash, vegetable spaghetti, zucchini, summer crookneck squash, pattypan and most other summer squashes.
  • C. moschata includes butternut squash, among others
  • C. mixta includes the cushaw varieties.

While squashes and pumpkins are notorious for producing hybrids when grown within pollinator range of each other, the different species do not naturally hybridize with each other. Acorn squash Acorn squash (Cucurbita pepo) is a winter squash with distinctive longitudinal ridges and sweet, yellow-orange flesh. ... The spaghetti squash (Cucurbita pepo) (also called vegetable spaghetti, vegetable marrow, noodle squash, Spaghetti Marrow (in the UK) , squaghetti or Sharkfin Melon 鱼翅瓜 to Chinese) is an oblong seed-bearing variety of winter squash. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Petit pan squash, also called pattypan Pattypan squash is a summer squash notable for its small size, round and shallow shape, and scalloped edges, somewhat resembling a small toy top. ... Binomial name (Duchesne ex Lam. ...

 the other thing about squash is it as soft as balls. 

Squashes and cooking

Wikibooks' Cookbook has more about this subject:
Squash

Though considered a vegetable in cooking, botanically speaking, squash is a fruit (being the receptacle for the plant's seeds), and not a vegetable. Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ...


Etymology

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cucurbita

The English word "squash" derives from askutasquash (literally "a green thing eaten raw"), a word from the Narragansett language, which was documented by Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, in his 1643 publication A Key Into the Language of America. Similar words for squash exist in related languages of the Algonquian family such as Massachusett. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Massachusett language was a Native American language, a member of the Algonquian language family. ... Roger Williams could mean: Roger Williams University Roger Williams (theologian), co-founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams (soldier) Roger Williams (pianist), American pianist Roger Williams (UK politician), British politician Roger Williams (US politician), US Texas politician Roger Williams (hepatologist), a British liver specialist Roger Williams (trombonist) Roger Williams (activist) This... This article is about the U.S. State. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (the two Algic languages that are not Algonquian are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... The Massachusett language was a Native American language, a member of the Algonquian language family. ...

Use as an object of art

Moche Squash Ceramic. 300 A.D. Larco Museum Collection

The squash has been an essential crop in the Andes since the pre-Columbian Era. The Moche culture from Northern Peru made ceramics from earth, water, and fire. This pottery was a sacred substance, formed in significant shapes and used to represent important themes. Squash are represented frequently in Moche ceramics. [1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents. ... The Moche civilization (alternately, the Mochica culture, Early Chimu, Pre-Chimu, Proto-Chimu, etc. ...


References

  1. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York:Thames and Hudson, 1997.

The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ...

External links

  • Squash Display at Missouri Botanical Garden - Pics of 150 varieties from The Great Pumpkin Patch
  • Squash Display at Missouri Botanical Garden - * [5] - Master Gardeners: McClellan Ranch 2003 Squash Varieties

 
 

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