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Encyclopedia > Squad number

In team sports, the squad number, shirt number, jersey number, sweater number, or uniform number is the number worn on a player's uniform. The number is typically displayed on the rear of the jersey, often accompanied by the surname. Sometimes it is displayed also on the front and/or sleeves. It is used to identify the player to officials, other players, and official scorers; in some sports, it is also indicative of the player's position. Womens Australian rules football is a team sport. ... For other uses, see Number (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Football (soccer)

A football striker wearing the number 10 shirt, traditionally employed by players of his position.
A football striker wearing the number 10 shirt, traditionally employed by players of his position.

Football (soccer), Bloomington, Indiana, 1996, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Football (soccer), Bloomington, Indiana, 1996, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Strikers, also known as forwards and attackers, and formerly inside forwards, are the players on a team in football in the row nearest to the opposing teams goal, who are therefore principally responsible for scoring goals. ...

First use of numbers

In football (soccer), the first advent of players wearing numbered shirts came on 25 August 1928, when Arsenal and Chelsea wore numbered shirts in their matches against The Wednesday (renamed Sheffield Wednesday soon after) and Swansea Town, respectively. After a number of experiments with the system - which met with opposition on the basis that numbers on shirts would "spoil club colours", it was decided to make them a permanent feature in 1939. The eleven players starting a match would wear shirts numbered from one to eleven, and a player could find himself wearing a range of different numbers over the course of a season. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, The Arsenal or The Gunners) are an English professional football club based in Holloway, north London. ... Chelsea Football Club (also known as The Blues or previously The Pensioners) are an English professional football club based in west London. ... SWFC redirects here. ... Swansea City AFC (Welsh: Clwb Pêl-droed Dinas Abertawe) is a Welsh football team currently playing in the Football League League One. ...


Typical numbering systems

The 2-3-5 formation
The 2-3-5 formation

The typical numbering given above comes from the days when the 2-3-5 formation was used.[1] With the convention of numbering from the back forwards and from right to left across each line the numbering was: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In Association football, the formation describes how the players in a team are positioned on the pitch. ...

  1. Goalkeeper
  2. Right full back (right back)
  3. Left full back (left back)
  4. Right half back (right half)
  5. Centre half back (centre half)
  6. Left half back (left half)
  7. Outside right (right winger)
  8. Inside right
  9. Centre forward
  10. Inside left
  11. Outside left (left winger)

Early evolutions of formations involved moving specific positions, e.g. moving the centre half back to become a defender rather than a half back. Their numbers went with them, hence central defenders wearing number 5, and remnants of the system remain to this day. For example, in friendly and championship qualifying matches England, when playing the 4-4-2 formation, general number their players (using the standard right to left system of listing football teams) 4 defenders - 2,5,6,3; 4 midfielders - 7,4,8,11; 2 strikers - 9,10. Similarly the Swedish national team number their players: 4 defenders - 2,3,4,5; 4 midfielders - 7,6 (defensive),8 (attacking),9; 2 strikers - 10,11. A football goalkeeper leaves the ground to parry a shot on goal In many team sports, a goalkeeper (termed goaltender, netminder, goalie, or keeper in some sports) is a designated player that is charged with directly preventing the opposite team from scoring by defending the goal. ... The Bolton player in white closest to the camera is a defender in this case, trying to prevent the Fulham forward in cyan from crossing the ball. ... The Bolton player in white closest to the camera is a defender in this case, trying to prevent the Fulham forward in cyan from crossing the ball. ... 2-3-5 formation: the wing-halves (yellow) flank the centre half WM Formation: the wing-halves (yellow) occupy a more defensive position supporting the inside forwards In football (soccer), the position of wing half or wing half back) was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of... In the sport of football (soccer), each of the eleven players in a team are assigned to a particular named position on the field of play. ... 2-3-5 formation: the wing-halves (yellow) flank the centre half WM Formation: the wing-halves (yellow) occupy a more defensive position supporting the inside forwards In football (soccer), the position of wing half or wing half back) was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of... Vittorio Pozzo’s Metodo system from the 1930s was one of the many variants of 2-3-5 formation which featured attacking wingers Outside right is a position in football which refers to a footballer who plays as a forward on the right wing, typically as part of a 2... 2-3-5 formation: the inside forwards (red) flank the centre forward WM Formation: the inside forwards (red) occupy a more withdrawn position supporting the centre forward and outside right and left In football (soccer), the position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half... This article is about football players. ... 2-3-5 formation: the inside forwards (red) flank the centre forward WM Formation: the inside forwards (red) occupy a more withdrawn position supporting the centre forward and outside right and left In football (soccer), the position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half... A position in football. ... First international  Scotland 0 - 0 England (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win  Ireland 0 - 13 England (Belfast, Ireland; 18 February 1882) Biggest defeat  Hungary 7 - 1 England (Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954) World Cup Appearances 12 (First in 1950) Best result Winners, 1966 European Championship Appearances 7 (First in...

The 4-3-3 formation
The 4-3-3 formation

In Brazil, the 4-2-4 formation was developed independently from Europe, thus leading to a different numbering - here shown in the 4-3-3 formation to stress that in Brazil, number ten is midfield: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

  • 1 Goleiro (Goalkeeper)
  • 2 Lateral Direito (Right Wingback)
  • 3 Beque Central (Center Back)
  • 4 Quarto Zagueiro (the Fourth Defender, almost the same as a Center Back)
  • 6 Lateral Esquerdo (Left Wingback)
  • 5 Volante ("Rudder", the Defensive Midfielder)
  • 8 Meia Direita (Right Midfielder)
  • 10 Meia Esquerda (Left Midfielder, generally more offensive than the Right one)
  • 7 Ponta Direita (Right Winger)
  • 9 Centro-Avante (Center Forward)
  • 11 Ponta Esquerda (Left Winger)

When in 4-2-4, number 10 passes to the Ponta de Lança (striker), and 4-4-2 formations get this configuration: 4 defenders - 2 (right wingback),3,4,6 (left wingback); 4 midfielders - 5 (defensive),8 ("segundo volante", kind of a central midfielder),7,10 (attacking); 2 strikers - 9, 11


When substitutions were introduced to the game in 1965, the substitute typically took the number 12; when a second substitute was allowed, they wore 14. Players were not compelled to wear the number 13 if they were superstitious.[citation needed] A substitute is a player in football who is brought on to the pitch during a match in exchange for an existing player. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... 13 (thirteen) is the natural number after 12 and before 14. ... The stall numbers at the Santa Anita Park. ...


In international football

The move to a fixed number being assigned to each player in a squad was initiated for the 1954 World Cup where each man in a country's 22-man squad wore a specific number for the duration of the tournament. As a result, the numbers 12 to 22 were assigned to different squad players, with no resemblance to their on-field positions. This meant that a team could start a match not necessarily fielding players wearing numbers one to eleven. Although the numbers one to eleven tended to be given to those players deemed to be the "first choice line-up", this was not always the case for a variety of reasons - a famous example was Johan Cruyff, who insisted on wearing the number 14 shirt. The 1954 Football World Cup was held in Switzerland. ... Johan Cruijff Johan Cruijff (born April 25, 1947 in Amsterdam) is a Dutch football trainer/coach and former star player. ...


In the 1958 World Cup, the Brazilian Football Confederation forgot to send the player numbers list to the event organization. However, the Uruguyan official Lorenzo Villizzio assigned random numbers to the players. The goalkeeper Gilmar received the number 3, while Pelé was randomly given the number 10 by which he would become famous for. [2] The 1958 Football World Cup remained in Europe,In Bern, Switzerland in June 1954 in its congress with 32 votes FIFA gives the right to hold the event to Sweden. ... The Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) or Confederação Brasileira de Futebol in Portuguese is the governing body of football in Brazil, and was founded on August 20, 1914 as Confederação Brasileira de Desportos (CBD), meaning Brazilian Sports Confederation. ... A football goalkeeper leaves the ground to parry a shot on goal In many team sports, a goalkeeper (termed goaltender, netminder, goalie, or keeper in some sports) is a designated player that is charged with directly preventing the opposite team from scoring by defending the goal. ... Pele redirects here. ...


Argentina defied conventions by numbering their squads for the 1978 and 1982 World Cups alphabetically, resulting in outfield players (not goalkeepers) wearing the number 1 shirt. England used a similar alphabetical scheme for the 1982 World Cup, but retained the traditional numbers for the goalkeepers and the team captain, Kevin Keegan.[3] More recently tournament regulations have stated number 1 must be issued to a goalkeeper.[citation needed] The 1978 Football World Cup was held in Argentina. ... The 1982 Football World Cup was held in Spain. ... First international  Scotland 0 - 0 England (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win  Ireland 0 - 13 England (Belfast, Ireland; 18 February 1882) Biggest defeat  Hungary 7 - 1 England (Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954) World Cup Appearances 12 (First in 1950) Best result Winners, 1966 European Championship Appearances 7 (First in... The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th staging of the World Cup, was held in Spain from June 13 to July 11. ...


In club football

In 1993, the The Football Association switch to persistent squad numbers, abandoning the mandatory use of 1–11 for the starting line-up. The first league event to feature this was the 1993 Football League Cup Final between Arsenal and Sheffield Wednesday,[citation needed] and it became standard in the FA Premier League the following season, along with names printed above the numbers. Most European top leagues adopted the system over the next five years. Players may now wear any number (as long as it is unique within their squad) between 1 and 99. The Football Association (The FA) is the governing body of football in England and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. ... The 1993 Football League Cup Final took place on April 18, 1993 at Wembley Stadium, and was played between Arsenal and Sheffield Wednesday. ... For other sports leagues which may be referred to by this name, see List of professional sports leagues. ...


To date, the highest number worn by a player in the Premier League is 51, by Chelsea's Sam Hutchinson in their match against Everton on May 13, 2007.[4] It has been suggested the Swindon Town defender Brian Kilcline wore 62 during 1993-94,[5] but he actually wore 31.[6] Both the Brazilian defender Juan[7] and Spanish midfielder Francesc Fàbregas[8] have both worn 57 for Arsenal, but only in Cup matches. In the Football League, the number 55 has been worn by Ade Akinbiyi (Crystal Palace),[9] Bruce Dyer (Millwall)[citation needed] and Dominik Werling (Barnsley).[10] For other sports leagues which may be referred to by this name, see List of professional sports leagues. ... Chelsea Football Club (also known as The Blues or previously The Pensioners) are an English professional football club based in west London. ... Sam Hutchinson (b. ... Everton Football Club is an English football club located in the city of Liverpool. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Swindon Town Football Club is an English football club based in Swindon, Wiltshire. ... Brian Kilcline (born May 7, 1962 in Nottingham, England) is a former centre-half with Coventry City, Newcastle United, Notts County, Oldham Athletic, Swindon Town, Mansfield Town and Halifax Town, famous for his long hair and moustache. ... The 1993-1994 season was the 114th season of competitive football in England. ... Juan Maldonado Jaimez Junior[1] (born February 06, 1982 in São Paulo), better known as Juan is a Brazilian defender who currently plays for Flamengo. ... Francesc Cesc Fàbregas Soler (born May 4, 1987 in Arenys de Mar, Catalonia, Spain), is a Spanish/Catalan football midfielder, who currently plays for English club Arsenal. ... Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, The Arsenal or The Gunners) are an English professional football club based in Holloway, north London. ... The Football League is an organisation representing 72 professional football clubs in England and Wales, and runs the oldest professional football league competition in the world. ... Adeola (Ade) Peter Oluwatoyin Akinbiyi (born October 10, 1974 in Hackney, London) is an England born Nigerian footballer. ... Crystal Palace Football Club is an English professional football team based in the London Borough of Croydon. ... Bruce Dyer (born 13 April 1975) is an English professional football player, who currently plays for Sheffield United as a striker. ... Millwall Football Club are an English professional football team based at the New Den Stadium in Bermondsey, South East London. ... Dominik Werling (born December 13, 1982 in Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany) is a German footballer that occupies the left full back position, currently playing for Barnsley. ... Barnsley Football Club are an English football league team, based in the town of Barnsley, South Yorkshire and nicknamed the Tykes (a Tyke is a traditional Yorkshire character rugged, hardworking and with great pride in their roots). ...


When Sunderland signed Cameroon striker Patrick Mboma on loan in 2002, he wanted the number 70 (he was born in 1970), but the Premier League refused, stating that it would create a precedent.[citation needed] He wore 7 instead. Similarly, Tottenham Hotspur's Mido requested 99 but the Premier League once again refused, and he instead wore 11.[citation needed] Sunderland Association Football Club is a professional football club, based at the Stadium of Light in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, in North-East England. ... Henri Patrick Mboma Dem (known as Patrick Mboma) (born November 15, 1970 in Duala) is a Cameroonian football striker, the all-time goal leader for the Cameroonian national team. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tottenham Hotspur Football Club is an English professional football club which plays in the Premier League. ... Ahmed Hossam Hussein Abdelhamid, also known as Mido, (Arabic: أحمد حسام ميدو) (born February 23, 1983 in Cairo, Egypt)[1] is an Egyptian footballer, who is currently playing for Premier League club Middlesbrough as a striker. ...


Players are not generally allowed to change their number during a season, although a player may change number if he changes clubs mid-season and there is an incumbent player wearing his old number. Players may change numbers between seasons - a move from a high number to a low one may be an indication that the player is likely to be a regular starter for the coming season. Some players, however, will opt to keep the number they start their career at a club with, such as Chelsea's John Terry, who has worn the number 26 since becoming part of the first-team squad. On occasion players have moved numbers to accommodate a new player, for example Arsenal's Paul Merson moved from 10 to 9 to allow the incoming Dennis Bergkamp to take the number when he arrived in 1995. For other persons named John Terry, see John Terry (disambiguation). ... Dennis Nicolaas Maria Bergkamp (born May 10, 1969 in Amsterdam) is a retired Dutch professional footballer. ...


Unusual or notable numbers

Hicham Zerouali (17 January 1977 - 4 December 2004) was a Moroccan footballer who played for Aberdeen. ... The Clydesdale Bank Scottish Premier League commonly known as the Scottish Premier League, Premier League or SPL is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top level of the Scottish football league system - above the Scottish Football League. ... Aberdeen Football Club are a football team from Aberdeen, Scotland, who compete in the Scottish Premier League. ... Charlton Athletic Football Club (also known as The Addicks) is a professional football club based in Charlton, in the London Borough of Greenwich. ... Stuart Balmer (born 20 September 1969 in Falkirk, Scotland) is a Scottish professional football defender who currently plays for St Mirren in the SPL. He was previously the player/assistant-manager to Billy Reid at both Clyde[1] and Hamilton Academical[2]. Stuart Balmer career stats at Soccerbase ^ Reid takes... Fudbalski Klub Partizan (Serbian Cyrillic: ФК Партизан, English: Football Club Partizan) is a football club from Belgrade, Serbia. ... Simon Vukčević (Serbian Cyrillic: Симон Вукчевић), (born January 29, 1986 in Titograd, Montenegro, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Montenegrin football player, currently playing for Sporting C.P.. One of the most exciting players of recent times in Serbia and Montenegro, attacking midfielder Vukčević started learning his craft at FK Budućnost... Joseph Brincat (born 5 March 1970 [1]) is a Maltese football player who earned a total of 103 caps for the Maltese national team. ... Sliema Wanderers is a Maltese football team from the town of Sliema, which currently plays in the Malta Premier League. ... FC Porto emblem (Larger version) Futebol Clube do Porto (short: FC Porto, FCP) is a Portuguese sports club, best known for its football section. ... Vítor Manuel Martins Baía, pron. ... Adolfo Bofo Bautista Herrera (born May 15, 1979 in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato) is a Mexican footballer currently playing as a Attacking midfielder for Jaguares de Chiapas. ... Club Deportivo Guadalajara, also known as Guadalajara and usually referred to by its nickname Chivas (Goats), also referred to as the All Mexican Team is a Mexican football club. ... The Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación, A.C. (FEMEXFUT) is the official governing body of the sport of soccer in Mexico. ... CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football) is the continent-wide governing body for football in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. ... Club Jaguares de Chiapas, also known as Jaguares, is a Mexican professional football club. ... Andreas Andy Herzog (born September 10, 1968 in Vienna) is a retired Austrian football player, the countrys all-time cap leader. ... First international Austria 5 - 0 Hungary  (Vienna, Austria; October 12, 1902) Biggest win Austria 9 - 0 Malta  (Salzburg, Austria; April 30, 1977) Biggest defeat Austria 1 - 11 England  (Vienna, Austria; June 8, 1908) World Cup Appearances 7 (First in 1934) Best result Third place, 1954 The Austria national football team... Parma Football Club (formerly Parma Associazione Calcio) is an Italian football club based in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, nicknamed Ducali (The Duchy Men), Crociati (Crusaders) and Gialloblu (Yellow-Blues). ... Luca Bucci (born March 13, 1969 in Bologna) is a football goalkeeper for Parma F.C.. After a few years in some minor leagues, such as Serie C1 and Serie B, Bucci made his Serie A debut, playing for Parma in a league match against Udinese on 29 August 1993. ...

Shirts of special significance

Over the years certain shirt numbers have developed a significance for the supporters of some football clubs. This is usually because, as a coincidence, it was the number worn by particularly great players in different eras. (This is a different approach to the practice of retiring numbers.) Prominent examples of this are the number 9 shirt at Newcastle United (worn by Alan Shearer) and Liverpool (worn by Ian Rush), or the number 7 shirt at Manchester United (worn by George Best, Bryan Robson, Eric Cantona, David Beckham, and Cristiano Ronaldo) or Celtic F.C. (worn by Jimmy Johnstone and Henrik Larsson).[12] In team sports, the squad number, shirt number, jersey number, sweater number, or uniform number is the number worn on a players uniform. ... Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English professional football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, who currently play in the Premier League. ... Alan Shearer OBE (born 13 August 1970 in Gosforth) is a retired professional English footballer who played as a striker for the England national team and Premiership clubs, Southampton, Blackburn Rovers and Newcastle United. ... Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... Ian James Rush MBE (born 20 October 1961) is a Welsh footballer who played as a striker and is best known for playing with Liverpool. ... Manchester United Football Club are a world-famous English football club, based at the Old Trafford stadium in Trafford, Greater Manchester, and are one of the most popular sports clubs in the world, with over 50 million supporters worldwide. ... George Best (22 May 1946 – 25 November 2005) was a Northern Irish football player best known for his years with Manchester United. ... Bryan Robson OBE (born 11 January 1957 in Chester-le-Street, County Durham) is an English football manager and former player. ... Eric Daniel Pierre Cantona (born 24 May 1966 in Paris raised in Marseille) is a French former footballer of the late 1980s and 1990s. ... David Beckham David Robert Joseph Beckham OBE (born May 2, 1975) is an English footballer born in Leytonstone, London. ... Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, OIH (pron. ... Celtic Football Club is a Scottish football club, competing in the Scottish Premier League, the highest form of competition in Scotland. ... James Connolly Jimmy Johnstone (30 September 1944 – 13 March 2006), was a Scottish football legend. ... This article is about the Swedish footballer. ...


American football

Main article: Uniform number (American football)

In American football, uniform numbers are more unusual than in any other sport. ...

NFL

A system of assignment of jersey numbers was initiated in American football's NFL in 1952;[13] it was updated and made more rigid in 1973.[14] Numbers are always worn on the front and back of a player's jersey, and so-called "TV numbers" are worn on the sleeve or shoulder. Many uniforms also feature numbers either on the front, back, or sides of the helmet (in pro football, these were most famously worn on the San Diego Chargers "powder-blue" uniforms). Players have often asked the NFL for an exception to the rule. In 2006, New Orleans Saints running back Reggie Bush requested to keep the number 5 he wore in college. His request was declined, and he was assigned number 25 by the team.[15] United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Chargers redirects here. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... Reginald Alfred Bush II (born March 2, 1985 in San Diego, California), commonly known as Reggie and nicknamed The te gay cheaterT, Baby Matrix (by Joe Horn) and The Presidents Black Brother (alluding to President Bush), is an American football player who plays for the New Orleans Saints...


Below is the numbering system established by the NFL, and in place since 1973:[16]

  • Since 2004,[17] Wide receivers are also allowed to wear numbers between 10 and 19 if they so choose, even if there's an 80-89 number available.

It should be noted that this NFL numbering system is based on a player's primary position. Any player wearing any number may play at any position on the field at any time (though players wearing numbers 50-79 must let the referee know that they are playing out of position by reporting as an "ineligible number in an eligible position"). It is not uncommon for running backs to line up at wide receiver on certain plays, or to have a large lineman play at fullback or tight end in short yardage situations. Also, in preseason games, when teams have expanded rosters, players may wear numbers that are outside of the above rules. When the final 53-player roster is established, they are reissued numbers within the above guidelines. Navy quarterback Aaron Polanco sets up to throw. ... An amateur place kicker attempts to kick a field goal Placekicker, or simply Kicker, is the title of the player in American and Canadian football who is responsible for the kicking duties of field goals, extra points, and, in many cases, kickoffs. ... [[Image:|frame|right|Todd Sauerbrun punts the ball for the Carolina Panthers. ... The wide receiver (WR) position in American and Canadian football is the pass-catching specialist. ... P.J. Daniels was a star running back for Georgia Tech from 2002-2005. ... The tight end (TE) is a position in American football on the offensive team. ... For corner back, the Gaelic football and hurling position, see Gaelic football and Hurling positions . ... In American football and Canadian football, defensive backs are the players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage; they are distinguished from the defensive line players, who take positions directly behind the line of scrimmage. ... This article relates to sports. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with American football. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with American football. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The offensive team or offense in American football or Canadian football, is the team that begins a play from scrimmage in possession of the ball. ... The offensive team or offense in American football or Canadian football, is the team that begins a play from scrimmage in possession of the ball. ... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Defensive tackle (DT) is a position on the field in American and Canadian football. ... Nose Guard is a position in american football. ... The wide receiver (WR) position in American and Canadian football is the pass-catching specialist. ... The tight end (TE) is a position in American football on the offensive team. ... A linebacker is a position in American and Canadian football. ... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... George Ames Plimpton (March 18, 1927 – September 25, 2003) was an American journalist, writer, editor, and actor. ... Navy quarterback Aaron Polanco sets up to throw. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... James Edwin Otto (born January 5, 1938 in Wausau, Wisconsin) was an American football center for the Oakland Raiders of the American Football League. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Ken Burrough (WR) was a 1st Round Draft pick from Texas Southern by the Saints in 1970. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Old Gold, Black, and White Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West...


This numbering system originated in football's past when all teams were using some variation of the single wing formation on offense. When teams switched to the T-formation in the 30s and 40s, the numbers were taken with them to whatever position evolved from the old single wing position. This numbering system originated in college football and was used only informally in the NFL until 1952; under the original somewhat informal system, the backs were numbered 1-4, and the line 5-8. Tailbacks, left halfbacks or flankers (1-back) were given 10's, Blocking backs or quarterbacks (2 backs) were given numbers in the 20s, fullbacks or 3-backs) were given numbers in the 30s, and right halfbacks, what would become simple the halfback or running back (4-backs) in the 40's, centers in the 50's, guards in the 60's, tackles in the 70's, and ends in the 80's. In earlier times, defensive players would wear a number that reflected their offensive position as many players played both offense and defense. For example, quarterbacks and halfback would usually play in the defensive back field and so had numbers in the 10s, 20s and 40s. Fullbacks were linebackers and had numbers in the 30s; Centers and guards were linebackers as well and has numbers in the 50s and 60s respectively. Guards and tackles played the defensive guard and tackle positions and had numbers in the 60s and 70s respectively. Ends had numbers in the 80s. Split ends (e.g. Emlen Tunnell) would be cornerbacks and tight ends (e.g. Fred Dryer, Buck Buchanan} would be defensive ends but all would have numbers in the 80s. The original numbering system was based on the single wing offense and went as follows: Tailback or left halfback (e.g. Frank Gifford) had a number in the 10s. The blocking back, which evolved into the quarterback in the T formation, had a number in the 20s (e.g. Bobby Layne and John Hadl, and Doug Flutie during his college career). The fullback had a number in the 30s and the right halfback had a number in the 40s. One the line the center was in the 50s, the gurards were in the 60s, the tackles were in the 70s and the ends were in the 80s. The CFL had a very different number system with the ends in the 70s, making wide receivers up until recent times having 70s numbers. The AAFC had a different numbering system with quarterback in the 60s (Otto Graham), fullbacks in the 70s (Marion Motley), halfbacks in the 80s, ends in the 50s (Mac Speedie), tackles in the 40s (Lou Groza), guards in the 30s and centers in the 20s. When the AAFC merged with the NFL in 1950, the AAFC players kept their old uniform numbers which caused confusion and resulted in the NFL going to a standard numbering system in 1952. This resulted in many star players having to change their numbers in mid-career. Examples are Otto Graham going from 60 to 14, Norm Van Brocklin going from 25 to 11 and Tom Fears going from 55 to 80.[citation needed] In American and Canadian football, a single-wing formation is any offensive formation having exactly one wingback. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Emlen Lewis Tunnell (March 29, 1922 - July 22, 1975) was an American football player inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1967. ... John Frederick Fred Dryer (born July 6, 1946 in Hawthorne, California), is the son of the late Charles F. Dryer and Genevieve Nell Clark and is an American actor and former football defensive end in the NFL. He is also known for co-starring in 1980s television show Hunter with... Junious Buchanan (Born September 10, 1940, in Gainesville, Alabama, Died July 16, 1992) was a former American Football defensive tackle who played for the Kansas City Chiefs. ... In American and Canadian football, a single-wing formation is any offensive formation having exactly one wingback. ... Francis Newton Gifford (born August 16, 1930 in Santa Monica, California) was an American football player and one of the better-known American sports commentators in the latter part of the 20th century who made the transition from an athlete to broadcasting. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Robert Lawrence Layne was born December 19, 1926, in Santa Ana, Texas. ... John Willard Hadl (born February 15, 1940 in Lawrence, Kansas) was a professional American football player. ... Douglas Richard Doug Flutie (born October 23, 1962) is a retired American football and Canadian football quarterback. ... Boston Colleges first football team, 1893 Football at Boston College can be traced to the 1884 founding of the Boston College Athletic Club and the first series of interclass games held on the James Street Fields in Bostons South End. ... CFL redirects here. ... The All-America Football Conference (AAFC) was a professional American football league that challenged the established National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1949. ... Otto Everett Graham Jr. ... Marion Motley (born June 5, 1920, in Leesburg, Georgia, died June 27, 1999) was a former American Football fullback who played for the Cleveland Browns and the Pittsburgh Steelers. ... On October 5th, 1964. ... Louis Roy Groza (January 25, 1924 - November 29, 2000) was an American football placekicker who played his entire career for the Cleveland Browns. ... Otto Everett Graham Jr. ... Norman Mack Norm Van Brocklin (March 15, 1926 – May 2, 1983), also known as The Dutchman, was an American football player and coach. ... Thomas Jesse Fears (December 3, 1923 - January 4, 2000) was an American football wide receiver for the Los Angeles Rams in the National Football League, playing nine seasons from 1948 to 1956. ...


NCAA and High School

In college football, a less rigid numbering system is employed. The only rule is that members of the offensive line (centers, guards, and tackles) that play in ineligible positions must wear numbers between 50-79. Informally, certain conventions still hold, and players often wear numbers in the ranges similar to their NFL counterparts; though the lowest numbers are often the highest prestige, and thus are often worn by players at any position. Kickers and punters are frequently numbered in the 40's or 90's, which are the least in-demand numbers on a college roster. The increased flexibility in numbering of NCAA rosters is needed since NCAA rules allow 85-player rosters; thus teams would frequently exhaust the available numbers for a position under the NFL rules.


Individual schools often have superstitions or traditions involving certain numbers. It may be a great honor to be given the number "1" uniform, for example, like at the University of Michigan. Perhaps most famously, Syracuse University historically reserved number "44" for its best running backs, including Jim Brown, Ernie Davis, and Floyd Little,[18] finally retiring the number permanently in 2005.[19] The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan. ... Crouse College, a 19th-century Romanesque building which houses the universitys visual arts and music programs Syracuse University (SU) is a private research university located in Syracuse, New York, United States the geographic center of the state, about 250 miles northwest of New York City. ... Jahwon is smart cute likes football and is good For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... Ernie Davis (December 13, 1939 - May 18, 1963) was an American Football player who became the first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy. ... Floyd Douglas Little (born July 4, 1942 in New Haven, Connecticut) was a three-time American football All-American running back at Syracuse University. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On high school and other lower youth teams, jerseys with different number ranges are different sizes, and since many of these teams don't reorder jerseys every year, players are often assigned numbers based more on jerseys that fit them rather than specific position (though the rules on numbering the offensive line still apply).[citation needed]


Rugby codes

See main articles: Rugby union positions and Rugby league positions.

When included in the starting lineup, a player's rugby shirt number determines their position rigidly in both codes of the game (except in the Super League, which uses unique squad numbering in the same way as the soccer examples cited above). Indeed, rugby union has a position named simply for the shirt worn by that player, the "Number 8". A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... A typical rugby league team consists of thirteen players on the field plus four substitutes on the bench. ... Super League (Europe) began in March 1996 and is the only full-time professional rugby league competition operating in the northern hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


Several clubs (Leicester and Bristol particularly) used letters instead of numbers on shirts, although have now fallen into line with the rest of the clubs.


Cricket

Cricket introduced player numbering for the Cricket World Cup in 1999, where the captains wore the number 1 jersey and the rest of the squad was numbered between 2 and 14. The rules have since been relaxed to allow any player to wear a number between 1 and 99 in one-day cricket and other short forms of the game. This article is about the sport. ... The Cricket World Cup is the premier international championship of mens One-Day International (ODI) cricket. ... This article is about the year. ... The captain of a cricket team is a player who, during the course of a match, has several additional roles and responsibilities over and above those of a regular player. ... A night match at Old Trafford. ... Short form cricket is a collective term for several modified forms of the sport of cricket, with playing times significantly shorter than more traditional forms of the game. ...


In Test cricket, player numbering is not used. However, a recent fashion that has been taken up by several nations is the process of giving a player making his Test debut an appearance number, along with his Test cap, for reasons of historical continuity. The number is in the order a player makes his Test debut. If two or more players make their debut in the same match, they are given numbers alphabetically based on surname. For example, Thomas Armitage is Test player #1 for England. He made his debut in the very first Test Match, against Australia, on March 15, 1877, and was first in alphabetical order amongst that England XI. Chris Tremlett is the most recent debutant for England, making his debut on July 19, 2007 against India. He is Test player #636 for England. These numbers can be found on a player's Test uniform, but it is always in discreet small type on the front, and never displayed prominently. For the womens version of the game, see Womens Test cricket. ... Christopher Timothy Tremlett (born 2 September 1981 in Southampton, Hampshire) is an English cricketer who plays for Hampshire County Cricket Club. ...


Basketball

American basketball leagues at all levels traditionally use single and double digits between 0 and 5 (i.e. 0, 00, 1-5, 10-15, 20-25, 30-35, 40-45, and 50-55), and many high school and college level leagues mandate that only these numbers be used. This eases non-verbal communication between referees, who use fingers to denote a player's number, and the official scorer. The National Basketball Association has always allowed other numbers between 0 and 99, but numbers outside the traditional ranges are somewhat unusual except on the Boston Celtics, which have retired fifteen of the traditional numbers. Customarily, especially at high school and lower levels, uniform numbers are higher on physically larger uniforms (except 0 and 00, which are usually worn by centers), so centers and power forwards, typically the tallest players on their teams, tend to wear higher uniform numbers, but this is by no means an infallible rule. Players in FIBA-sanctioned contests, including the Olympic Games wear numbers between 4 and 15, inclusive. Leagues that operate under FIBA rules but are not directly sanctioned by FIBA, such as the Euroleague, generally allow all numbers in the traditional range. This article is about the sport. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Boston Celtics are a professional basketball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The International Basketball Federation (French Fédération Internationale de Basketball) is an association of national organizations which governs international competitition in the sport. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The Euroleague (EL) is the highest caliber professional basketball league in Europe, with teams from thirteen different European countries. ...


Baseball

Main article: Uniform number (Major League Baseball)

At one time, a baseball player's number was specifically related to his place in the batting lineup. The regular starting eight wore numbers 1 through 8, while the backup catcher wore number 9. Starting pitchers generally took numbers 10, 11, 12, and 14, (avoiding the superstitious #13, although some pitchers tried it, perhaps most notably the star-crossed pitcher Ralph Branca), while reserve pitchers and position players took the remaining numbers, 15 through 26. Like in many sports, a baseball players (or coachs) uniform number has the purpose of identifying the player. ... This article is about the sport. ... line up (or line-up) may refer to a queue of waiting people a police lineup (or identity parade) of suspects the roster of a sports team at a given time (see batting order) the members of a music band at a given time the acts performing at a concert... Ralph Branca at age 78. ...


Even to this day, low numbers are generally associated with being an everyday player, and many players try to get one, no matter what it is. This is also due to the fact that in Spring Training, minor league players unlikely to make the roster are usually given very high numbers, and many players feel that the higher the number, the less likely you are to make the team after Spring Training.[citation needed] A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... Minor leagues in the sense intended in this article are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. ...


The notable exceptions to this rule are So Taguchi, the St. Louis Cardinals left fielder who wears #99. Former Toronto Blue Jays designated hitter, Cliff Johnson who wore #99 and former Philadelphia Phillies pitcher, Mitch Williams, who also wore number 99. So Taguchi (nicknamed The So Man) , born July 2, 1969) is a Major League Baseball outfielder for the St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... Mitchell Steven Williams (born November 17, 1964, in Santa Ana, California) was a baseball relief pitcher who appeared for six teams in Major League Baseball from 1986 to 1997. ...


Other players have become attached to a specific number, for whatever reason (including superstition), try to acquire it as they go from club to club, sometimes needing to "bribe" the number's current owner on his new team. Sometimes they will use a variant. Carlton Fisk wore number 27 when he was a catcher with the Boston Red Sox, and upon being traded to the Chicago White Sox, switched his number to the highly-unusual baseball uniform number 72. Red Sox pitcher Eric Gagne, who once wore #38, now wears #83. The #38 is not available with the Red Sox because longtime pitcher Curt Schilling has it. Carlton Ernest Fisk (born December 26, 1947 in Bellows Falls, Vermont) is a former Major League Baseball catcher who played for 24 years with the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... The Boston Red Sox are a Major League Baseball team located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Eric Gagné Eric Serge Gagné (born January 7, 1976 in Montreal, Québec, Canada) is a right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Curtis Montague (Curt) Schilling (born November 14, 1966 in Anchorage, Alaska) is an American Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox. ...


There are also several cases where a player seeks out a number in tribute to someone else. David Ortiz after leaving the Minnesota Twins as a free-agent to sign with the Boston Red Sox, chose #34 in honor of longtime Twins teammate Kirby Puckett. In 2006, J.T. Snow wore #84 in tribute to his father, Jack (who wore #84 as an NFL player), who died in the previous off-season. David Ortiz (IPA , or roughly or-TEES, according to Latin American pronunciation) (born November 18, 1975 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, as David Américo Ortiz Arias), is a Major League Baseball designated hitter who plays for the Boston Red Sox (since 2003). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Kirby Puckett (March 14, 1960 [1] – March 6, 2006) was a center fielder in Major League Baseball who played his entire career with the Minnesota Twins from 1984 to 1995. ... Jack Thomas J.T. Snow, Jr. ...


Many regular Yankees players now have higher than usual uniform numbers because the team has retired more numbers than any other. The New York Yankees are a Major League baseball team based in The Bronx, New York City. ...


It is extremely rare for a pitcher to wear a single-digit number. The only active pitcher who currently does is starter Josh Towers of the Toronto Blue Jays, who wears #7. In 1997, Jeff Juden wore #7 when he was with the Cleveland Indians. Juden wore conventional two-digit numbers with all other teams he was on during his career. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Jeffrey Daniel Juden (born January 19, 1971 in Salem, Massachusetts) is a former Major League Baseball player. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present...


Lou Gehrig was the first player in Major League Baseball to have his number, 4, retired. Lou Gehrigs number 4 was retired by the New York Yankees in 1939 Henry Louis (Lou) Gehrig (June 19, 1903 – June 2, 1941), born Ludwig Heinrich Gehrig, was an American baseball player in the first half of the twentieth century. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ...


Major League Baseball has not reissued number 42, because the number has been retired in honor of Jackie Robinson, although all players who currently had the number upon the mass retirement of #42, such as Mo Vaughn were allowed to keep the number under a grandfather clause, if they were wearing the number in honor of Jackie Robinson. The only player left to wear number 42 is Mariano Rivera of the New York Yankees. Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... [[:Template:Mlbretired]] Maurice Samuel Mo Vaughn (born December 15, 1967 in Norwalk, Connecticut), nicknamed Hit Dog, (a nickname given to him by his Omega Psi Phi fraternity brothers at Seton Hall University) was a Major League Baseball first baseman from 1991 to 2003. ... A grandfather clause is an exception that allows an old rule to continue to apply to some existing situations, when a new rule will apply to all future situations. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as...


Ice hockey

Ice hockey does not have any formalized uniform numbering rules. Historically, in the National Hockey League, starting goaltenders wore #1, and the rest of the starting players wore low numbers (generally 2-30). In recent years, it has become more common for players to wear numbers in the 30s, an 40s and 50s. This is due, in part, to many teams having retired lower numbers (the Montreal Canadiens, for example, have only three single-digit numbers left un-retired). Goaltenders have now generally taken to wearing numbers in the 30s, in addition to #1 where available. Some exceptions include Evgeni Nabokov (#20), Jose Theodore (#60), and Ed Belfour who switched to #20 in honor of Vladislav Tretiak, his former goaltending coach with the Chicago Blackhawks. Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... NHL redirects here. ... This article is about the goaltender in ice hockey. ... The Montreal Canadiens (French: ) are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Evgeni Nabokov (Ru: Евгений Набоков, Jevgenij Nabokov) (born July 25, 1975 in Ust-Kamenogorsk, U.S.S.R., now Kazakhstan), is a professional ice hockey player. ... José Théodore (born September 13, 1976 in Laval, Quebec, Canada) is a Canadian professional ice hockey player who is currently starting goaltender for the Montreal Canadiens. ... Edward John Belfour (born April 21, 1965 in Carman, Manitoba, Canada) is a professional ice hockey goaltender who plays for Leksands IF in HockeyAllsvenskan. ... Vladislav Tretiak This article is about the goaltender. ... The Chicago Blackhawks are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Chicago, Illinois. ...


A number of players have worn higher numbers up through #99 (though #99 itself is now retired in the NHL). For example, Jaromir Jagr wears #68 in honor of the year of the Prague Spring and his grandfather's death; Alexander Mogilny wore #89 to honor the year he defected to the United States from the Soviet Union; and Sidney Crosby wears #87, as it is his birth year. Doubling of a single digit number has occasionally been used for players whose numbers were unavailable. Phil Esposito switched to #77 when he moved to the New York Rangers where #7 was unavailable; Ray Bourque switched to #77 to allow the Boston Bruins to retire Esposito's original #7; the same season, Paul Coffey switched to #77 when he was traded from Edmonton to the Pittsburgh. Wayne Gretzky wore #99 because #9, which he wore in tribute to Gordie Howe, was taken on his junior team. Going the other way, Todd Bertuzzi, who wore #44 for many years, switched to #4 when he was traded to the Anaheim Ducks in 2007, since #44 was already in use by alternate captain Rob Niedermayer. Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born 26 January 1961 in Brantford, Ontario) is a retired Canadian-American professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... People in a café watch Soviet tanks roll past The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar, Russian: пражская весна) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5, 1968 when Alexander Dubček came to power, and running until August 20 of that year when the... Alexander Mogilny (Александр Геннадиевич Могильный, Aleksandr Gennadijevič Mogilnyj) born on February 18, 1969, in Khabarovsk, USSR (now Russia) is a professional ice hockey player. ... Sidney Patrick Crosby (born August 7, 1987) is a Canadian professional ice hockey player and captain of the NHLs Pittsburgh Penguins. ... Philip Anthony Espo Esposito, OC (born February 20, 1942 in Sault Ste. ... The New York Rangers are a professional ice hockey team based in New York, New York, U.S.A. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Raymond Jean Bourque (born December 28, 1960 in Saint-Laurent, Quebec, now a district of Montreal) is a Hockey Hall of Famer who currently holds the records for most goals, assists and points by a defenseman in the National Hockey League (NHL) and has become near-synonymous with the Boston... The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Paul Douglas Coffey (born June 1, 1961, in Weston, Ontario) is a retired professional ice hockey defenceman in the National Hockey League. ... The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... The Pittsburgh Penguins are a professional ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Gordon Gordie Howe, OC (born March 31, 1928 in Floral, Saskatchewan) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey player who played for the Detroit Red Wings and Hartford Whalers in the NHL, and the Houston Aeros and New England Whalers in the WHA. He is often referred to as Mr. ... Todd Bertuzzi (born 2 February 1975) is a Canadian professional ice hockey player in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Anaheim Ducks. ... The Anaheim Ducks are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Anaheim, California, USA. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Rob Niedermayer (born Robin Wade Niedermayer on December 28, 1974 in Cassiar, British Columbia ) is a Canadian ice hockey centre who currently plays for the Anaheim Ducks of the NHL. He is the younger brother of fellow Duck Scott Niedermayer. ...


#84 was the final number to have never been worn NHL, until Canadiens forward Guillaume Latendresse first wore the number on September 29, 2006. The last player to wear a form of zero in the NHL was Martin Biron, who wore 00 with the Buffalo Sabres in three games in 1995-96. By the time he returned to the Sabres in 1998, the NHL had changed its rules to disallow the number. Guillaume Latendresse (born May 24, 1987 in Sainte-Catherine, Québec) is a professional ice hockey player. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Martin Biron (born August 15, 1977 in Lac-St-Charles, Quebec, Canada) is a French Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who currently plays for the Philadelphia Flyers. ... The Buffalo Sabres is the best professional ice hockey team around. ...


Auto Racing

In most auto racing leagues, cars are assigned numbers. The configuration of stock cars, however, makes the numbers much more prominent. (Aerodynamic open-wheel cars don't have nearly the amount of flat surface that a stock car has). Numbers are often synonymous with the drivers that carry them. Dale Earnhardt, Sr. will always be associated with the number 3, while Richard Petty is associated with #43, and Jeff Gordon to the #24. Open-wheel racing refers to a type of motor racing in which the wheels of the cars are not housed inside fenders, as in stock car or touring car racing, but rather out in the open at the end of readily-visible axles and suspension systems. ... This article is about the sport of stock car racing. ... This article is about the elder Dale Earnhardt. ... Richard Lee Petty (born July 2, 1937) is an American former NASCAR Winston Cup Series driver. ... Jeffery Michael Gordon (born August 4, 1971) is a professional American race car driver. ...


In NASCAR, numbers are assigned to owners and not specific drivers. Drivers that spend a long time on a single race team often keep their numbers as long as they drive for the same owners. When drivers change teams, however, they take a new number that is owned by that team. Jeff Burton, for example, has raced for 3 different teams, and had 4 different numbers in that time. In 1994 and 1995 he raced the #8 car, then owned by the Stavola Brothers. From 1996 to mid-2004 he raced for Roush Racing, and drove the #99 car. After leaving Roush Racing for Richard Childress Racing, he changed to car #30 (for the rest of the 2004 season) and now races #31 (also an RCR car). The #99 car he used to drive for Roush is now driven by Carl Edwards. Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Jeffrey Brian Burton (born June 29, 1967 in South Boston, Virginia) also sometimes referred to as JB is a NASCAR Nextel Cup Series driver. ... Outside Roush headquarters. ... Richard Childress Racing is a NASCAR team fielding Chevrolets for Kevin Harvick (#29 Royal Dutch Shell), Clint Bowyer (#07 Jack Daniels) Jeff Burton (#31 (Cingular Wireless/AT&T), full-time, and Scott Wimmer (#33 Holiday Inn part-time in the Nextel Cup series, as well as the #2 BB... Carl Michael Edwards, II (born August 15, 1979) is a NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series and Busch Series driver for Roush Fenway Racing. ...


Formula One car numbers started to be permanently allocated for the whole season in 1974. Prior to this numbers were allocated on a race-by-race basis by individual organisers. From 1974 to the mid 1990s, the numbers 1 and 2 would be allocated to the reigning world champion and his team mate, swapping with the previous year's champions. Numbers were reallocated occasionally as teams departed and joined the series, but this scheme persisted until the late 1990s.


Numbers are assigned annually now, first to the reigning World Champion (who receives number 1) and then his team-mate (who receives number 2); after that the numbers are assigned to constructors sequentially according to their position in the previous season's Constructors' Championship, so that numbers are allocated (if the reigning champion is not driving for the reigning constructor's champion team) from 3 and 4, 5 and 6, and so on (skipping 13 with the seventh-placed team using 14 and 15). The only stipulation is that the World Drivers' Champion is entitled to the number 1 car regardless of the constructor's results; this is relevant when the winning driver's team failed to win the Constructors Championship, or if the winning driver changes teams after winning the championship for example, when Damon Hill moved to the Arrows team for the 1997 season. This situation happened again in 2007 when 2006 champion Fernando Alonso left Renault to join McLaren, earning him and his rookie teammate, Lewis Hamilton, the numbers 1 and 2. Previously, teams had been assigned the same numbers from year-to-year, only exchanging for 1 and 2 when the championship was won. As a result Ferrari are infamous for having carried 27 and 28 for many years. The following is a list of constructors which have competed or plan to compete in the FIA World Championship. ... The Formula One World Constructors Championship (WCC) is awarded by the FIA to the most successful Formula One constructor over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... The stall numbers at the Santa Anita Park. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... Damon Graham Devereux Hill OBE (born 17 September 1960 in London) is a British former racing driver from England. ... Arrows Grand Prix International was a Formula One team active from 1977 to 2002. ... The 1997 Formula One season was the 48th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... 2007 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Fernando Alonso Díaz (born July 29, 1981 in Oviedo, Spain) is a Spanish Formula One racing driver and reigning, two-time, world champion. ... Lewis Carl Hamilton (born January 7, 1985 in Stevenage, Hertfordshire) is a British Formula One (F1) racing driver, currently racing for the McLaren team. ... Scuderia Ferrari is the name for the Gestione Sportiva, the division of the Ferrari automobile company concerned with racing. ...


If the winning driver retires, car number 1 is traditionally not allocated; the winning constructor then receives numbers 0 and 2. Damon Hill received car number 0 in 1993 due to Nigel Mansell's move to the CART series in the U.S., and again in 1994, this time due to Alain Prost's retirement. Damon Graham Devereux Hill OBE (born 17 September 1960 in London) is a British former racing driver from England. ... This article recaps the 1993 Formula One season. ... Nigel Ernest James Mansell OBE (born August 8, 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire) is a British racing driver from England who won world championships in both Formula One (1992) and CART (1993). ... Nigel Mansell racing in a Champcar in 1993 Terminology Champcar, a shortened form of Championship Car, has been the name for a class of cars used in American Championship Car Racing for many decades. ... The 1994 Formula One season was the 45th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Alain Marie Pascal Prost, OBE (born 24 February 1955) is a French racing driver. ...


Other sports

Other sports which feature players with numbered shirts, but where the number that may be worn is not relevant to the player's position and role are:

Jackie Robinson in his now retired number 42 jersey.
Jackie Robinson in his now retired number 42 jersey.

High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ... Jackie Robinson Image found at Library of Congress website, originally from Look magazine. ... Jackie Robinson Image found at Library of Congress website, originally from Look magazine. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... Look up forty-two in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Retired numbers

Retiring a player's number is an honor bestowed on a successful player, usually after the player has left the team or retires from the game. Their club or franchise will retire the shirt number that the player wore during their time there, meaning no other player is permitted to use that number in the future. The first number retired by a team in a major league sport was the number 6, belonging to Ace Bailey, retired by the Toronto Maple Leafs hockey team after his career ending injury.[20] An NFL team followed suit the next year, with the New York Giants retiring Ray Flaherty's number 1.[21] In rare cases the number may be retired because of the player's endeavours in other fields; for instance, former college football star and U.S. President Gerald Ford's number 48 was retired by the University of Michigan football squad.[22] Irvine Ace Bailey (born on July 3, 1903 in Bracebridge, Ontario - April 1, 1992) was a star ice hockey player for the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1926-1933. ... For other uses, see Toronto Maple Leafs (disambiguation). ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Ray Flanerty (September 1, 1903 - July 19, 1994) was a professional football player for in the National Football League. ... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan. ...


It is also a common practice for teams to take certain numbers out of circulation without formally retiring them. However, it is generally understood in these cases that these numbers will not be worn again. For example, the Pittsburgh Steelers have not issued the jersey numbers of several of their greatest players (most notably, Terry Bradshaw, Franco Harris and Joe Greene) since they retired. Although the Steelers have only retired one number in their history — Ernie Stautner's number 70 — it is generally understood that no Steeler will ever wear these numbers again. Steelers redirects here. ... Terry Paxton Bradshaw (born September 2, 1948), is a former American football quarterback with the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League (NFL). ... Franco Harris (b. ... Charles Edward Greene, known as Mean Joe Greene (born September 24, 1946), is a former all-pro American football defensive tackle who played for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the NFL. Throughout the early 1970s he quickly developed into the most dominant defensive player the NFL had ever seen. ... Ernie Stautner (born April 20, 1925 in Prinzing-by-Cham, Germany- died February 16, 2006 Carbondale, Colorado) was a former American football player and coach. ...


Although the practice originated in and is still mostly restricted to North American sports, some football (soccer) clubs have started doing this as squad numbers have become common. A.S. Roma, A.C. Milan, Napoli, Manchester City, Lens and Lyon have all recently retired shirt numbers. The last three of these clubs all retired the shirt number of Marc-Vivien Foé after his death on the field in 2003; the Cameroon national team also attempted to retire Foé's number, but FIFA prevented them from doing so. FIFA also rejected an attempt by Argentina to retire the number of Diego Maradona. Some teams have also retired the number 12 in honor of their fans; see 12th Man (football). North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Associazione Sportiva Roma (ISE: IT0001008876) is a major professional football club both in Italy’s Serie A and in European football. ... Associazione Calcio Milan is an Italian football club based in Milan, Lombardy. ... Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as simply Napoli or the abbreviation SSC Napoli, is an Italian professional football club based in Naples, Campania that was originally founded in 1904. ... Manchester City Football Club is an English professional football club based in the city of Manchester. ... Racing Club de Lens is a French football club which plays in the northern city of Lens, in the Pas-de-Calais département. ... Olympique Lyonnais (popularly known as OL, or simply Lyon) is a French football club based in Lyon. ... Marc-Vivien Foé Marc-Vivien Foé (May 1, 1975 – June 26, 2003) was a Cameroonian midfield football player, born in Nkolo, Centre Province, Cameroon. ... First international Cameroon 9 - 2 Somalia (Madagascar; 13 April 1960) Biggest win Cameroon 9 - 2 Somalia (Madagascar; 13 April 1960) Biggest defeat Norway 6 - 1 Cameroon (Oslo, Norway; 31 October 1990) Russia 6 - 1 Cameroon (Palo Alto, California, USA; 28 June 1994) Costa Rica 5 - 0 Cameroon (San Jose, Costa... This article is about an international football organization. ... Diego Armando Maradona (born October 30, 1960) is an Argentine former footballer. ... The 12th man is a term commonly used to describe the fans within a stadium during American football or association football games. ...


Jackie Robinson, the first African American player in the modern era of Major League Baseball, had his number retired for every franchise in 1997 (although those players who were wearing the number at the time were permitted to retain it for the duration of their careers — as of the 2007 season, Mariano Rivera is the only remaining active player wearing the number). In 1999 Wayne Gretzky's number 99 was likewise retired league-wide by the National Hockey League on his retirement from the game (in this case, no other NHL player had worn #99 at the time). Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969 in Panama City, Panama) is a Panamanian baseball player. ... This article is about the year. ... Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born 26 January 1961 in Brantford, Ontario) is a retired Canadian-American professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... NHL redirects here. ...


See also:

Retired number at Feyenoord Football clubs around the world sometimes retire squad numbers to recognise players loyal service, or tragic death. ... In 1929, the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians began using uniform numbers so fans and scorekeepers could tell who was who on the field. ... This is a list of National Hockey League players whose numbers have been formally retired by their teams. ... Teams in the National Football League retire jersey numbers of players who are considered to have extraordinary talent and have made significant contributions to that teams success. ... A players position and years with the team are noted after their name. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.englandfootballonline.com/TeamUnif/UnifNosNames.html
  2. ^ http://copa.br.msn.com/extra/curiosidades/1958/
  3. ^ http://www.englandfootballonline.com/CmpWC/CmpWC1982Squad.html
  4. ^ http://www.ifootballdb.com/Match/Main.do?id=437
  5. ^ http://football.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/0,1563,420371,00.html
  6. ^ http://www.swindon-town-fc.co.uk/ForceFrames.htm?http://www.swindon-town-fc.co.uk/Squad.asp?Season=1993-1994
  7. ^ http://jkarlsson.netfirms.com/seasons/2001-02/
  8. ^ http://jkarlsson.netfirms.com/seasons/2003-04/
  9. ^ http://stokecity.rivals.net/default.asp?sid=944&p=2&stid=8302149
  10. ^ http://www.whoateallthepies.tv/2007/09/crazy_squad_num.html
  11. ^ http://football.guardian.co.uk/news/theknowledge/0,9204,498630,00.html
  12. ^ http://thestar.com.my/lifestyle/story.asp?file=/2007/7/7/lifefocus/18205223&sec=lifefocus
  13. ^ http://www.packers.com/history/record_book/results_and_rosters/all_time_jersey_numbers/
  14. ^ http://football.about.com/cs/football101/a/bl_numbersystem.htm
  15. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/news/story?id=2455586
  16. ^ http://football.about.com/cs/football101/a/bl_numbersystem.htm
  17. ^ http://football.about.com/od/nationalfootballleague/a/04rulechanges.htm
  18. ^ http://www.syr.edu/aboutsu/memorabilia/44.html
  19. ^ The Legend of #44. Syracuse University Athletics. Retrieved on February 19, 2007.
  20. ^ Shea, Kevin. [1], Legends of Hockey, accessed November 16, 2007.
  21. ^ Brandt, Gil. Scouts reveal their sleepers, NFL.com, August 30, 2005, accessed June 4, 2007.
  22. ^ http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2006/more/12/27/ford.athletics.ap/index.html?cnn=yes

Syracuse University Logo. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links


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