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Encyclopedia > Spruce Grouse
Spruce Grouse
Photo: Grouse
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Tetraonidae
Genus: Falcipennis
Species: canadensis
Binomial name
Falcipennis canadensis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis, is a medium-sized grouse.

Adults have a long square black tail, brown at the end. Adult males are mainly grey with a black breast with white bars, a black throat and a red patch over the eye. Adult females are mottled brown with dark and white bars on the underparts. The Franklin's Grouse subspecies, F. c. franklinii, lacks the brown ends on the tail.

Their breeding habitat is conifer forests across Alaska and Canada. They nest on the ground in dense growth.

They are permanent residents. Some move short distances by foot to a different location for winter.

These birds forage on the ground or in trees in winter. The caeca, digestive sacs in the intestines, increase in size to support this bird's winter diet of conifer needles. In summer, they also eat berries, green plants, and some insects.

They will often remain still even if approached within a few feet. Male on territory drums by flapping wings.

  Results from FactBites:
Game Bird Program - Spruce Grouse (350 words)
Spruce Grouse (Dendragapus canadensis) are a native gallinaceous species found in the northeastern portion of Oregon.
Spruce Grouse are listed as "Sensitive" by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and has been protected for more than 40 years.
Spruce Grouse have been harvested incidentally to other forest grouse in northeastern Oregon and have been represented in collections of wings and tails for "Grouse Wing-Bees" since 1985.
  More results at FactBites »



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