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Encyclopedia > Sprint (race)
200 metres sprint

Sprints are short running races in athletics. They are roughly classified as events in which top runners will not have to "pace themselves", but can run as fast as possible for the entire distance. A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ...

Contents

Common distances

60 m

  • The 60 metres is normally run indoors, on a straight section of an indoor athletic track. Since races at this distance can last around six or seven seconds, having good reflexes and thus getting off to a quick start is more vital in this race than any other.
  • This is roughly the distance required for a human to reach maximum speed and can be run with one breath. It is popular for training and testing in other sports (e.g. speed testing for American football, although 40 yards is more common there).
  • The World record in this event is held by American sprinter Maurice Greene with a time of 6.39 seconds.
  • 60 metres is used as an outdoor distance used by younger athletes when starting in sprint.

This article is about the sprint event. ... Reaction time (RT) is the elapsed time between the presentation of a sensory stimulus and the subsequent behavioral response. ... Breathing transports oxygen into the body and carbon dioxide out of the body. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The 40-yard dash is a sprint covering 40 yards (36. ... Maurice Greene (born July 23, 1974) is an American sprinter in athletics, who holds several world records and Olympic medals. ...

100 m

  • The 100 metres sprint takes place on one length of the home straight of a standard outdoor 400 m track. Often, the world-record holder in this race is considered "the world's fastest man/woman". The current world record of 9.74 seconds is held by Asafa Powell of Jamaica and was set on the 9th September 2007 at the IAAF Grand Prix in Rieti, Italy.
  • The 4x100 m relay is another prestigious event, with an average speed that is quicker than the 100 m, as thecan start moving before they receive the baton.
  • World Record progression 100 m men
  • World Record progression 100 m women
  • National champions 100 metres (men)

This article is about the 100-metre race. ... Asafa Powell (born 23 November 1982) is a Jamaican sprinter who currently holds the 100 m world record with a time of 9. ... Rieti is a town in the Latium, Italy. ... World Record Progression 100 m Men (1912-2005) with a logarithmic regression estimating: Time/100m = -0. ... The first World Record in the 100 m for women (athletics) was recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1922. ...

200 m

  • This begins on the curve of a standard track (where the runners are staggered in their starting position, to ensure they all run the same distance), and ends on the home straight. The ability to "run a good bend" is key at this distance, as a well conditioned runner will be able to run 200 metres in an average speed higher than his 100 m speed.
  • This race is run indoors, as one lap of the track, with only slightly slower times than outdoors.
  • Four-person relays are occasionally run at this event.
  • A slightly shorter race (but run on a straight track), the stadion, was the first recorded event at the Ancient Olympics and the oldest known formal sports event in history.
  • The World record in this event is 19.32 seconds, held by Michael Johnson. This is the world record with the fastest average speed (it is equivalent to two 9.66 seconds 100 m).

A 200 metre race is a sprint running event. ... Map of downtown Rome during the Roman Empire showing the Stadion on the right The stadion (or stade) was an ancient foot race, part of the Olympic Games and the other Panhellenic Games. ... Ruins of the training grounds at Olympia The Ancient Olympic Games were an athletic and religious celebration held in the Greek town of Olympia from (historically) as early as 776 BC to 393. ... Michael Duane Johnson (born September 13, 1967) is a retired American sprinter who holds world records in the 200 meters, 400 meters and 4 x 400 m relay. ...

400 m

  • 400 metres is one lap around the track on the inside lane. Runners are staggered in their starting positions to ensure that everyone runs the same distance. While this event is a sprint, there is more scope to use tactics in the race; the fact that 400 m times are considerably more than four times a typical 100 m time demonstrates this. The world record is currently held by Michael Johnson, with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • The 4x400 m relay is often held at track and field meetings, and is by tradition the final event at major championships.
  • Common tactics include exploding out of the blocks and continuing to run hard through the curve. Then, the runner transits to a more "relaxed sprint" on the 1st straightaway. Once the second curve is reached, he/she starts to accelerate more, sending the body through the last 100.

400 m is a common track running event. ... Michael Duane Johnson (born September 13, 1967) is a retired American sprinter who holds world records in the 200 meters, 400 meters and 4 x 400 m relay. ...

Uncommon distances

150 m

  • This informal distance can be used to work on a 100 m runner's stamina, or a 200 m runner's speed, and has been used as an exhibition distance. In a duel between 1996 Olympic champions, the 100 m gold medalist Donovan Bailey (Canada) beat Michael Johnson (USA).

Donovan Bailey (born December 16, 1967) is a Canadian former athlete. ... Michael Duane Johnson (born September 13, 1967) is a retired American sprinter who holds world records in the 200 meters, 400 meters and 4 x 400 m relay. ...

300 m

  • Another informal distance, which could be used to aid a 200 m runner's stamina, or a 400 m runner's speed. This is usually run indoors by high school athletes.

500 m

  • More common than 300 m and 150 m, because this is half a kilometre. This could aid 400 m runners in their stamina, or help a middle-distance runner to gain speed. The borderline distance between sprints and middle distance. This is usually run indoor by high school athletes and on occasion collegiate athletes.

600 m

  • This race is a CIS (Canadian Universities) indoor-only event only and run at all Canadian indoor track and field races because it is a recognized event at the Canadian University Championships. It is often run by 400 m runners looking to build endurance, or 800 m runners looking to build speed. It is a demanding race, with many athletes running at a pace just below their 400 m pace. The 600 m is sometimes considered a middle distance event.

Sprinters

Versatile athletes

Most athletes will not be able to compete exclusively in one sprint event. Reasons for this could be pragmatic: only being willing to race over one distance might not earn an athlete enough prize money (or media exposure, which can lead to more money) to survive on. Where this doesn't apply, such as for more high-profile (i.e. rich) runners, an athlete may feel that running over two events is more enjoyable and varied, and gives them a better chance of success.


The indoor season is often not run by certain high-profile athletes, who may not like the atmosphere, different distances or extra corners involved. Again, some will have to run in this season in order to make a living.


While certain athletes will be strictly 100 m runners, and will run greater distances only for fun or money, many will compete in multiple events. Frankie Fredericks was successful over 100 m and 200 m (and ran the 60 m and/or 200 m in the indoor season). Michael Johnson won gold medals over 200 m and 400 m in the 1996 Olympics, and also in the 4 x 400 m relay. Runners can do well in relays when they are competitive in the individual event. Frank Frankie Fredericks (born October 2, 1967) is a Namibian former athlete, the first and so far only Olympic medalist of his country. ... Michael Duane Johnson (born September 13, 1967) is a retired American sprinter who holds world records in the 200 meters, 400 meters and 4 x 400 m relay. ... (Redirected from 1996 Olympics) Categories: 1996 Summer Olympics ...


There have been a few runners who have competed successfully at both the longer sprints and middle-distance events. Alberto Juantorena won both the 400 m and 800 m at the 1976 Summer Olympics, making him the only athlete ever to achieve such a double. Alberto Juantorena Danger (born December 3, 1950) is a former Cuban track athlete. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were celebrated in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec. ...


Hurdlers

Sometimes 100 m and 400 m runners have competed in the hurdles events at the same distances, and there is a certain amount of interchangeability between the flat and hurdle events. Hurdling is running over obstacles. ...


Biological factors for runners

Some biological factors that determine a sprinter's potential are:

For other uses of Muscle, see Muscle (disambiguation). ... Epinephrine (INN) or adrenaline (BAN) is a hormone and a neurotransmitter. ... Anaerobic respiration refers to the oxidation of molecules in the absence of oxygen to produce energy, in opposition to Aerobic respiration which does use oxygen. ...

Other sports

  • The most common distance for rowing races is 2 kilometres. Races may be held at less than 1 km, which are known as dashes.
  • Horse Racing and Hamster racing have sprint distance events.
  • Track cycling features a sprint event, in which usually two riders compete over a distance of 1000 metres, though only the final 200 m may be timed. However, the time is normally immaterial - the aim is to be first across the line and win two races in a 'best of three races' match.
  • The term sprinting can be applied in any racing sport, such as swimming.
  • A 90 m beach sprint is held in surf lifesaving carnivals in Australia.

A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... Standard hamster race track with webcam for online viewing Hamster racing is a sport in which hamsters are placed in hamster balls fitted to miniature racing vehicles and raced down a straight 9 meter (30 ft) course. ... Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially-built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles. ... The sprint is a track cycling event involving a one-on-one match race between opponents who, unlike in the individual pursuit, start next to each other. ... Swimmer redirects here. ...

See also

A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ... Middle distance track events are track races longer than sprints up to (and arguably including) 5000 meters. ... Harry Aikines-Aryeetey - GBR Deji Aliu - NGR William Applegarth - GBR Alonzo Babers - USA Donovan Bailey - CAN Kirk Baptiste - USA Jamie Baulch - GBR Michael Blackwood - JAM Ato Boldon - TRI Valeri Borzov - URS Derrick Brew - USA Leroy Burrell - USA Leonard Byrd - USA Bert Cameron - JAM Darren Campbell - GBR Menzies Campbell - GBR John... For long track speedskating, see Speed skating. ... During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ... Footspeed, or sprint speed, is the maximum speed at which a human can run. ... Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ...

External links

  • Top 10 greatest sprint races in history
Athletics events

Sprints: 60 m | 100 m | 200 m | 400 m This article is about the sprint event. ... This article is about the 100-metre race. ... A 200 metre race is a sprint running event. ... 400 m is a common track running event. ...


Hurdles: 60 m hurdles | 100 m hurdles | 110 m hurdles | 400 m hurdles Hurdling In track and field athletics there are sprint hurdle races and long hurdle races. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Womens 400 m Hurdles The 400 m Hurdles are an Olympic athletics (track and field) discipline. ...


Middle distance: 800 m | 1500 m | 3000 m | steeplechase Middle distance track events are track races longer than sprints up to (and arguably including) 5000 meters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1,500 metres is a premier middle distance track event. ... A track event where you run 7 and 1/2 times around a 400m track. ... The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ...


Long distance: 5000 m | 10000 m | half marathon | marathon | ultramarathon | multiday races | Cross country running For long track speedskating, see Speed skating. ... 5000 meters, a popular running distance also known as a 5 km, colloquially five-K (equal to 3. ... ... In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... For other senses of this word, see Marathon (disambiguation). ... An ultramarathon is any running event longer than the traditional marathon length of 42. ... Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days. ... The Minnesota State Highschool Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ...


Relays: 4 × 100 m | 4 × 400 m;       Racewalking;       Wheelchair racing During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ... The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mens 20 km walk during the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland. ... Wheelchair racingis the racing of wheelcahirs, typically by athletes who are unable to run. ...


Throws: Discus | Hammer | Javelin | Shot put | 35 lb weight throw Discus redirects here. ... A hammer thrower competing in a Highland games event in Dornoch, Scotland The modern or Olympic hammer throw is an athletic throwing event where the object is to throw a heavy metal ball attached to a wire and handle. ... An athlete throwing the javelin. ... Shot put The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible. ...


Jumps: High jump | Long jump | Pole vault | Triple jump This article is about the athletic event. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ... Pole vaulting is an athletic event where a person uses a long, flexible pole (usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to leap over a bar. ... This article is about the athletics event. ...


Combination: Pentathlon | Heptathlon | Decathlon | Triathlon | Duathlon The womens pentathlon was contested in the Olympics from 1964 until 1980, and it was replaced in the 1984 games with the heptathlon. ... A heptathlon is a sportive contest made up of seven events (from the Greek hepta (seven) and athlon (contest)). More specifically, the term heptathlon refers to an athletics event consisting of seven events. ... Decathlon is an athletic event combining 10 track and field events. ... This article is about a type of athletic competition. ... Duathlon is an athletic event (not to be confused with biathlon) that consists of a running leg, followed by a cycling leg and then another running leg in a format bearing some resemblance to triathlons. ...


Highly uncommon: Standing high jump | Standing long jump | Standing triple jump The Standing high jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing long jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing triple jump is an athletic sport. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
:: Planet Adventure Sprint Race :: Race Info :: (838 words)
The Planet Adventure Sprint Adventure Race is the ideal race for those looking to enter the great sport of adventure racing.
A must do race for novice adventure athletes looking to experience adventure racing and ideal for experienced racers looking to have fun or prepare for a longer race.
We look forward to seeing all of you racing in the 3rd Annual Planet Adventure Sprint Race soon and please don't hesitate to call or email with any questions.
Sprint (race) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1220 words)
While this event is a sprint, there is more scope to use tactics in the race; the fact that 400 m times are considerably more than four times a typical 100 m time demonstrates this.
Races may be held at less than 1 km, which are known as sprints.
Track cycling features a sprint event, in which usually two riders compete over a distance of 1000 metres, though only the final 200 m may be timed.
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