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Encyclopedia > Springtail
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Springtails
Isotoma sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Entognatha
Order: Collembola
Lubbock, 1870
Families [1]

Suborder Arthropleona
Image File history File links Isotoma_Habitus. ... Isotoma is a common genus of springtails, the type genus of the family Isotomidae. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... Classes & Orders Class Insecta (insects) Unplaced orders:    Order Diplura    Order Collembola (springtails)    Order Protura The subphylum Hexapoda constitutes the largest (in terms of number of species) grouping of arthropods and includes the insects as well as a few much smaller groups of wingless arthropods closely related to insects: Collembola, Protura... Orders The Entognatha are a class of ametabolous arthropods, which, together with insects, make up the hexapods. ... John Lubbock. ...

Superfamily Entomobryoidea
Entomobryidae
Isotomidae
Oncopoduridae
Paronellidae
Tomoceridae
Superfamily Poduroidea
Brachystomellidae
Hypogastruridae
Neanuridae
Odontellidae
Onychiuridae
Poduridae

Suborder Symphypleona
The family Entomobryidae contains the so-called slender springtails, a group of springtails characterised as having an enlarged fourth abdominal segment and a well-developed furcula. ... Binomial name Podura aquatica Linnaeus, 1758 The Water Springtail (Podura aquatica) is a species of springtail, the only described species in the family Poduridae. ...

Dicyrtomidae
Katiannidae
Sminthuridae
Sminthurididae
Bourletiellidae
Arrhopalitidae

Springtails (Order Collembola) form the largest of the three orders of modern hexapods that are no longer considered to be insects (along with the Protura and Diplura). The three orders are sometimes grouped together in a class called Entognatha because they have internal mouthparts, but they do not appear to be more closely related to one another than they are to the insects, which have external mouthparts. Recent genetic studies suggest that the Collembola are a separate evolutionary line from the other Hexapoda [2][3][4]. In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... Classes & Orders Class Insecta (insects) Unplaced orders:    Order Diplura    Order Collembola (springtails)    Order Protura The subphylum Hexapoda constitutes the largest (in terms of number of species) grouping of arthropods and includes the insects as well as a few much smaller groups of wingless arthropods closely related to insects: Collembola, Protura... Orders See taxonomy Insects (Class Insecta) are a major group of arthropods and the most diverse group of animals on the Earth, with over a million described species—more than all other animal groups combined. ... Families [1] Acerentomata Hesperentomidae Protentomidae Acerentomidae Eosentomata Antelientomidae Eosentomidae Sinentomata Sinentomidae The Protura, or proturans, are an order of hexapods previously treated as insects, and sometimes treated as a class [2]. They are very small (<2 mm long) soil-dwelling animals and are unique among arthropods for showing anamorphic development... This article is about the hexapod order, for the plant genus see Diplura (Algae). ... Orders The Entognatha are a class of ametabolous arthropods, which, together with insects, make up the hexapods. ... The mouthparts of arthropods have evolved into a number of forms, each adapted to a different style of feeding. ... An evolutionary lineage (also called a clade) is composed of species, taxa, or individuals that are related by descent from a common ancestor. ... Classes & Orders Class Insecta (insects) Unplaced orders:    Order Diplura    Order Collembola (springtails)    Order Protura The subphylum Hexapoda constitutes the largest (in terms of number of species) grouping of arthropods and includes the insects as well as a few much smaller groups of wingless arthropods closely related to insects: Collembola, Protura...


Members of Collembola are normally less than 6 mm in length, have six or fewer abdominal segments and possess an eversible tubular appendage (the collophore) projecting ventrally from the first abdominal segment. An abdominal, tail-like appendage, called the furcula, is present in most species and is folded beneath the body, to be used for jumping when the animal is threatened. There is a small structure called the retinaculum which holds the furcula in place under tension, and when it is released, the furcula snaps against the substrate, flinging the springtail into the air. A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... The abdomen (from the Latin word meaning belly) is the part of the body between the pelvis and the thorax. ... Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation) is one of three fundamental aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation. ... An appendage is, in general, an external body part that projects from the body, or a natural prolongation or projection from a part of any organism. ... A collophore is a tube-like structure on the ventral side of the first abdominal segment of the body of a collembolan. ... The furcula is a tail-like appendage shaped like a fork, found on the fourth abdominal segment of springtails. ... Retinaculum (Latin for rope, plural: retinacula) can refer to: Peroneal retinacula Flexor retinaculum of the hand Extensor retinaculum of the hand the retinaculum of a moth wing the retinaculum of a springtail abdomen Category: ...


The suborder Arthropleona has an elongated body in contrast to the globular body of the Symphypleona.


Springtails are cryptozoa frequently found in leaf litter and other decaying material [5], where they are primarily detritivores, and one of the main biological agents responsible for the creation of soil. In sheer numbers, they are reputed to be one of the most abundant of all macroscopic animals, with estimates of 100,000 individuals per cubic meter of topsoil, essentially everywhere on the planet that soil occurs; only nematodes, crustaceans, and mites are likely to have global populations of similar magnitude, and each of those groups is of a higher taxonomic rank (nematodes are a phylum, crustaceans a subphylum, and mites are a subclass). Most springtails are small and difficult to see by casual observation, but one species, Hypogastrura nivicola (the so-called snow flea) is readily observed on warm winter days when it is active and its dark color contrasts sharply with a background of snow. Cryptozoa is the collective name for the small (generally microscopic) animals that permanently live under conditions with high relative humidity. ... Fungus growing in leaf litter Leaf litter (sometimes called leaf mold or tree litter) is the layer of leaves and other forms of decomposing matter found on the ground beneath vegetation. ... A dung beetle rolling a ball of dung Detritivores (also known as saprophages, detrivores or detritus feeders) are organisms that recycle detritus (decomposing organic material), returning it into the food chain. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland Soil comprising the pedosphere is positioned at the interface of the lithosphere and biosphere with the atmosphere and hydrosphere. ... Classes Adenophorea    Subclass Enoplia    Subclass Chromadoria Secernentea    Subclass Rhabditia    Subclass Spiruria    Subclass Diplogasteria The nematodes or roundworms (Phylum Nematoda from Greek (nema): thread + -ode like) are one of the most common phyla of animals, with over 20,000 different described species (over 15,000 are parasitic). ... Classes & Subclasses Branchiopoda Phyllopoda Sarsostraca Remipedia Cephalocarida Maxillopoda Thecostraca Tantulocarida Branchiura Pentastomida Mystacocarida Copepoda Ostracoda Myodocopa Podocopa Malacostraca Phyllocarida Hoplocarida Eumalacostraca The nauplius larva of a dendrobranchiate Porcellio scaber, the common rough woodlouse, a terrestrial crustacean Pollicipes polymerus, the gooseneck barnacle Glyphea pseudastacus, a fossil glypheoid The crustaceans (Crustacea) are... Families Tetranychidae - Spider mites Eriophyidae - Gall mites Sarcoptidae - Sarcoptic Mange mites The mites and ticks, order Acarina or Acari, belong to the Arachnida and are among the most diverse and successful of all the invertebrate groups, although some way behind the insects. ... For the linguistic term, see Phylum (linguistics). ... In biology, a subphylum is a taxonomic rank intermediate between phylum and superclass. ... In biology, a subclass is one level below a class. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


References

  1. ^ Frans Janssens (2006-08-26). Checklist of the Collembola.
  2. ^ Alexandre Hassanin (2006). Phylogeny of Arthropoda inferred from mitochondrial sequences: Strategies for limiting the misleading effects of multiple changes in pattern and rates of substitution. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution 38: 100–116. 
  3. ^ David Whitehouse. "Evolution's new line", BBC News, 2003-04-08. 
  4. ^ Bob Beale. "Insects result of convergent evolution", ABC Online, 2003-03-24. 
  5. ^ Hopkin, Steve. The Biology of the Collembola. Natural History Museum. 

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E-1205 Springtails in Sugarbeet: Identification, Biology, and Management (1026 words)
Springtails are one of the most abundant and diverse animal groups on earth with over 6,000 described species and an estimated eight times as many remaining to be identified.
The springtails have worldwide distribution and occupy a diverse habitat range that includes soil, algae, old snowbanks, beaches, caves, cisterns, vacant bird nests, tropical rain forest canopies, tidal pools, deserts, the surfaces of freshwater ponds and streams, and even the frozen terrain of Antarctica.
Springtails that commonly infest sugarbeet fields in the Red River Valley are semiaquatic.
Frequently asked questions at CCE - Snow-Fleas (349 words)
The insect nicknamed the "snow-flea" is not a flea at all, but instead is a species of springtail that may occur in very large numbers on the snow.
Although springtails are very common insects and often very abundant, they are seldom observed.
Springtails occur in leaf mold, damp soil, under bark, in decaying logs and in fungi.
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