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Encyclopedia > Springfield, Illinois
City of Springfield
City
The Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois, built 1868–1888.
Motto : Home of President Abraham Lincoln [1]
Country United States
State Illinois
County Sangamon
Area 60.3 mi² (156 km²)
 - land 54.0 mi² (140 km²)
 - water 6.3 mi² (16 km²), 10.45%
Center
 - coordinates 39°46′60″N 89°39′01″W / 39.783250, -89.650373Coordinates: 39°46′60″N 89°39′01″W / 39.783250, -89.650373
 - elevation 597 ft (182 m)
Population 111,454 (2000)
 - metro 188,951
Density 2,064 /mi² (797 /km²)
Founded April 10, 1821 [2]
 - Incorporated Town April 2, 1832 [2]
 - City Charter April 6, 1840 [2]
Mayor Timothy Davlin
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Location of Springfield within Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Website : http://www.springfield.il.us

Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. As reported in the 2000 U.S. Census, the city was home to 111,454 people. The land on which Springfield is today was first settled in the late 1810s, around the time Illinois became a state. The city was originally called "Calhoun" after Vice President John C. Calhoun; as public sentiment turned against Calhoun the city was renamed Springfield. Abraham Lincoln is one of the city's most important and prominent past residents, he moved to the area in 1831 and lived in Springfield itself from 1837 until 1861. Former U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant also lived briefly in Springfield in 1861. In 1908 a large race riot erupted in the city which culminated with the lynching of two African American residents. List of cities in Illinois, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 374 KB) Illinois Capitol in Springfield, Rear angle. ... Image File history File links Springfield,_Illinois_flag. ... The flag of Springfield, as it appears in 2007. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The corporate seal of the city of Springfield, Illinois. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Listed are the 102 counties of the state of Illinois. ... Sangamon County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document establishing a municipality such as a city or town. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Timothy J. Davlin has been the mayor of the USA city of Springfield, Illinois since April 2003. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_IL.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Illinois ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading United States Southern politician and political philosopher from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century, best known as a spokesman for slavery, nullification and the rights of electoral minorities, such as slave-holders. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ...


Springfield is known for its food and as a home to such performing arts as ballet, jazz and a carillon festival, which happens annually. Common tourist attractions include a multitude of historic sites affiliated with Lincoln, state government sites and various food-related attractions such as the Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop. The Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop in Springfield, Illinois is one of the remaining Maid-Rite franchises in the United States. ...


The city lies on a mostly flat plain which encompasses much of the surrounding countryside. A large man-made lake, owned by a local public utility company, supplies the city with recreation and drinking water. Weather is fairly typical for middle latitude location, hot summers and cold winters. Spring and summer weather is like that of most midwestern cities-severe thunderstorms are common. Violent storms such as tornadoes are possible, although rare. One of those rare occasions was March of 2006 when two tornadoes touched down in the city. This had been the first time in nearly 50 years that a tornado hit Springfield proper. Lake Springfield is a lake located in the city of Springfield, Illinois, southeast of downtown. ... City Water, Light & Power is the largest municipally owned utility in the U.S. state of Illinois. ...


The city is governed by a mayor-council form of government, under a strong mayor variation. The city proper is also the "Capital Township" governmental entity. In addition, the government of the state of Illinois is also based in Springfield. State government entities located in the city include the Illinois General Assembly, the Illinois Supreme Court and the Office of the Governor of Illinois. There are eight public and private high schools in the city. Public schools in Springfield are operated by District No. 186. The economy of Springfield is marked by government jobs, which account for a large percentage of the work force in the city. Unemployment in Springfield rose from September 2006 to February 2007, from 3.8% to 5.1%. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... : Home of President Abraham Lincoln United States Illinois Sangamon 60. ... The Illinois Capital Building in Springfield, Illinois. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

History

Springfield's original name was Calhoun, after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina.[3] The land that Springfield now occupies was originally settled by trappers and traders who came to the Sangamon River in 1818.[4] The settlement's first cabin was built in 1820, by John Kelly, its site is at the northwest corner of Second Street and Jefferson Street. In 1821, Calhoun became the county seat of Sangamon County; due to the fertile soil, and trading opportunities, settlers from Kentucky, Virginia, and as far as North Carolina came to the city.[4] By 1832, Senator Calhoun had fallen out of the favor with the public and the town was renamed Springfield.[5] By 1837, Springfield became the capital for the state of Illinois, moving it from Vandalia. The designation was largely due to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates; nicknamed the "Long Nine" for their combined height of 54 feet.[4][5] John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading United States Southern politician and political philosopher from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century, best known as a spokesman for slavery, nullification and the rights of electoral minorities, such as slave-holders. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude... Insert non-formatted text here Sangamon River The Sangamon River is a principal tributary of the Illinois River, approximately 250 mi (402 km) long, in central Illinois in the United States. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Madonna of the Trail statue in front of the Vandalia State House. ...


Lincoln arrived in the Springfield area in 1831, though he would not actually live in the city until 1837.[6] He spent the ensuing six years in New Salem where he began his legal studies, joined the state militia and was elected to the Illinois General Assembly. In 1837 Lincoln moved to Springfield and spent the next 17 years rising in political importance there.[6] This article is about the village in Pike County. ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker Militia is the activity of one or more citizens organized to provide defense or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... The Illinois General Assembly convenes at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield. ...


When the American Civil War erupted in 1861, it came as a mixed blessing to the city of Springfield, even though the war took many to battle, new industries, businesses, and railroads were constructed in the city to help support the war effort.[5] Ulysses S. Grant began his Civil War career in the city, marching out of Springfield at the head of a militia on July 3, 1861; Grant would later become President of the United States.[7] The Civil War's first official casualty hailed from Springfield, Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth. He traveled with Lincoln to Washington, D.C., and was later killed in Virginia.[7] In the years following the war, Springfield became a major hub in the Illinois railroad system and besides politics and farming, coal mining was a major industry for Springfield by 1900.[5] Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ulysses S. Grant,[2] born Hiram Ulysses Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885), was an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869–1877). ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Elmer Ephriam Ellsworth (E.E. Ellsworth) (1837-1861) was known as the first conspicuous casualty of the Civil War. ... Ğ: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ...


The Springfield Race Riot occurred in August 1908 when George Richardson, an African American man, was accused of raping a white woman.[8] The crime occurred a few weeks after another black man, Joe James, was arrested for murder.[8] With racial tensions rising, newspapers published headlines which helped fan the flames. The Illinois State Register's front page read, "Dragged from her bed and outraged by Negro," the rival Illinois State Journal's headline simply read, "Negro's heinous crime."[8] An example of the damage caused to black residences in the riot The Springfield Race Riot of 1908 was a mass civil disturbance in Springfield, Illinois, USA sparked by the transfer of two African American prisoners out of the city jail by the county sheriff. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


The pair was safely transported to Bloomington to await trial. Meanwhile, in Springfield, white residents burned many homes and businesses belonging to the city's African-American citizens in retaliation.[8] Much of the eastern part of Springfield, at the time, was on fire during the riot.[8] The violence eventually culminated with the lynching of two black Springfield residents. The riot was suppressed, with the aid of the state militia, and from the ashes the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded by a coalition of black and white citizens on February 12, 1909, Lincoln's birthday.[9][10][8] United States Illinois McLean 22. ... The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP, generally pronounced as EN Double AY SEE PEE) is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Geography

Some of the more minor damage from the 2006 Springfield tornadoes.
Some of the more minor damage from the 2006 Springfield tornadoes.

Springfield is located at 39.783250° N 89.650373° W (39°47′0″N, 89°39′1″W).GR1 The city is at an elevation of 586 feet (178.6 m) above sea level.[11] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x800, 1041 KB) Summary Courtyard by Marriott tornado damage, Springfield, Illinois, March 12, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x800, 1041 KB) Summary Courtyard by Marriott tornado damage, Springfield, Illinois, March 12, 2006. ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ...


Topography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 156.2 km² (60.3 mi²). 139.9 km² (54.0 mi²) of it is land and 16.3 km² (6.3 mi²) of it (10.46%) is water. The city is located in the Lower Illinois River Basin, in a large area known as Till Plain. Sangamon County, and the city of Springfield, are in the Springfield Plain subsection of Till Plain. The Plain is a result of glacial drift, known as the Illinoian drift because of its large exposure over areas of Illinois.[12] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This article is about the river in the U.S. state of Illinois. ...


The majority of the Lower Illinois River Basin is very flat, with relief extending no more than 20 ft. in most areas, including the Springfield subsection of the plain. The differences in topography are based on the age of drift. The Springfield and Galesburg Plain subsections represent the oldest drift, Illinoian, while Wisconsinian drift resulted in end moraines on the Bloomington Ridged Plain subsection of Till Plain.[13] For the term related to television programmes, see watershed (television). ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... This article is about geological phenomena. ...


Lake Springfield is a 4,200 acre (1700 ha) man-made reservoir owned by City Water, Light & Power,[14] the largest municipally owned utility in Illinois.[15] It was built and filled in 1935.[16] The lake is used primarily as a source for drinking water for the city of Springfield, but it also provides cooling water for the condensers at the power plant located on the lake. It attracts approximately 600,000 visitors annually and its 57 miles of shoreline is home to over 700 lakeside residences and eight public parks.[14] Lake Springfield is a lake located in the city of Springfield, Illinois, southeast of downtown. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... City Water, Light & Power is the largest municipally owned utility in the U.S. state of Illinois. ...


Water levels in the lake are measured from mean sea level. The term "full pool" describes the lake at 560 feet (170.7 m) above sea level and indicates the level at which the lake begins to flow over the dam's spillway, if no gates are opened.[16] Normal lake levels are generally somewhere below full pool, depending upon the season. During the drought from 1953-1955 lake levels dropped to their historical low, 547.44 feet (166.9 m) above mean sea level.[16] The highest recorded lake levels were in December 1982 when the lake crested at 564 feet (171.9 m).[16] For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Spillway of Llyn Brianne dam in Wales A Spillway is a structure used to provide for the controlled release of flood flows from a dam or levee into a downstream area, typically being the river that has been dammed. ...


Climate

Monthly Normal and Record
High and Low Temperatures (°F)
Month Rec
Low
Norm
Low
Norm
High
Rec
High
Precip
(inches)
Jan -21 17.1 33.1 71 1.62
Feb -22 22.2 38.9 74 1.8
Mar -12 32.4 51.1 87 3.15
Apr 19 42.2 63.4 90 3.36
May 28 52.7 74.4 95 4.06
Jun 39 61.9 83.3 103 3.77
Jul 48 66 86.5 112 3.53
Aug 33 63.9 84.5 103 3.41
Sep 32 55.4 78.5 101 2.83
Oct 17 44.4 66.6 93 2.62
Nov -3 33.7 50.9 83 2.87
Dec -21 22.6 38 74 2.54
Source: USTravelWeather.com [8]

Springfield experiences typical middle latitude weather. Hot summers and cold winters are the norm. Illinois also experiences large numbers of tornadoes. From 1961 to 1990 the city of Springfield averaged 35.25 inches (89.3 cm) of precipitation per year.[17] During that same period the average yearly temperature was 52.4 degrees Fahrenheit (11.3 °C), with a summer maximum of 76.5 degrees Fahrenheit (24.7 °C) in July and a winter minimum of 24.2 degrees Fahrenheit (-4.3 °C) in January.[18] For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... cm redirects here, alternate uses: cm (disambiguation) A centimetre (symbol cm; American spelling: centimeter) is an SI unit of length. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...


From 1971-2000, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration data showed that Springfield's average annual temperature increased to 62.4 degrees Fahrenheit (16.9 °C).[19] During that period July temperatures, still the hottest month in Springfield on average, maxed out at 86.5 degrees Fahrenheit (30.3 °C) while January temperature increased slightly to an average of 33.1 degrees Fahrenheit (about 1 °C).[19] The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ...


In 1957 a tornado hit Springfield, killing two people.[20] On March 12, 2006, the city was struck by two F2 tornadoes.[20] The storm system which brought the two tornadoes hit the city around 8:30pm; no one died as a result of the weather.[20] Springfield received a federal grant in February 2005 to help improve its tornado warning systems and new sirens were put in place in November 2006 after eight of the sirens failed during an April 2006 test, shortly after the tornado hit.[21][22][23] The cost of the new sirens totaled $983,000.[21] Although tornadoes are not uncommon in central Illinois, the March 12 tornadoes were the first to hit the actual city since the 1957 storm.[20] The 2006 tornados followed nearly identical paths to that of the 1957 tornado.[20] is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1Time from first tornado to last tornado 2Maximum windspeed of most powerful tornado The March 2006 Tornado Outbreak Sequence was an early season and long lasting tornado outbreak sequence in the central United States that started on the morning of March 9 and continued for over four days until the... A tornado in central Oklahoma. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


Cityscape

Springfield proper is greatly based on a grid street system, with numbered streets starting with the longitudinal First Street which leads to the Illinois State Capitol and leading to 32nd Street in the far eastern part of the city. Previously the city had four distinct boundary streets: North, South, East, and West Grand Avenues. Since expansion, West Grand Avenue became MacArthur Boulevard and East Grand became 19th Street on the north side and 18th Street on the south side. 18th Street has since been renamed after Martin Luther King Jr. North and South Grand Avenues (which run east-west) have remained important corridors in the city. At South Grand and Eleventh Street, the old "South Town District" lies, with the City of Springfield undertaking a huge redevelopment project there. Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


Latitudinal streets range from names of presidents in the downtown area to names of notable people in Springfield and Illinois to names of institutions of higher education, especially in the Harvard Park neighborhood.


Springfield has at least eleven separately designated neighborhoods: Eastside, Enos Park, Hawthorne Place, Historic West Side, Lincoln Park, Near South, Oak Ridge, Shalom, Springfield Lakeshore, Twin Lakes, Vinegar Hill neighborhoods.[24] A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ...


The Lincoln Park Neighborhood is an area bordered by 3rd Street on its west, Black Avenue on the north, 8th street on the east and North Grand Avenue. The neighborhood is not far from Lincoln's Tomb on Monument Avenue.[25]


Culture

Abraham Lincoln was one of Springfield's most important residents.
Abraham Lincoln was one of Springfield's most important residents.

Springfield has been home to a wide array of individuals, who, in one way or another, contributed to the broader American culture. Wandering poet Vachel Lindsay, most famous for his poem "The Congo" and a booklet called "Rhymes to be Traded for Bread," was born in Springfield in 1879.[26] At least two notable people affiliated with American business and industry have called the Illinois state capital home at one time or another. Both John L. Lewis, a labor activist, and Marjorie Merriweather Post, the founder of the General Foods Corporation, lived in the city, Post was born there.[27][28] In addition, astronomer Seth Barnes Nicholson was born in Springfield in 1891.[29] Image File history File links Abe_Lincoln_young. ... Image File history File links Abe_Lincoln_young. ... Nicholas Vachel Lindsay (November 10, 1879 – December 5, 1931) was an American poet. ... DAVE ACKERMAN HAS WOOLY SOCKSJohn Llewellyn Lewis (February 12, 1880 – June 11, 1969) was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960. ... Majorie Merriwweather Post ca. ... General Foods Corporation was a company established under that name by Marjorie Merriweather Post in 1929. ... Seth Barnes Nicholson (November 12, 1891 – July 2, 1963) was an American astronomer. ...


Performing arts

A few films have been created or had elements of them created in Springfield. The most notable film was probably Legally Blonde 2 in 2003. Musicians Artie Matthews and Morris Day both once called Springfield home.[30][31] Other performing arts such as music and ballet are also common in Springfield.[32][33] Artie Matthews (November 15, 1888 _ October 25, 1958) was a songwriter, pianist, and ragtime composer. ... This is an article about the Prince-related musician. ...


Tourism

Springfield has long had an affiliation with food. The corn dog on a stick was invented in the city under the name “Cozy Dog,” although there is some debate to the actual origin of the popular snack.[34][35] The horseshoe sandwich, not well-known outside of the city, also originated in Springfield.[36] Springfield was also once home to the Reisch Beer brewery.[37] The alleged first U.S. drive-thru window is still in operation in Springfield at the Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop.[38] The city is also known for its chili, or “chilli”, as it is known in many chili shops throughout Sangamon County.[39] The unique spelling is said to have begun with the founder of the Den Chilli Parlor in 1909, due to a spelling error in the chili parlor’s sign.[40] Another interpretation is that the misspelling represented the “Ill” in the word Illinois.[40] In 1993 the Illinois state legislature adopted a resolution proclaiming Springfield the “Chilli Capital of the Civilized World.”[39] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x800, 779 KB) Summary Lincolns Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x800, 779 KB) Summary Lincolns Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, 2006. ... Abraham Lincolns tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery. ... Outside of a corn dog Corn dog (cross section) The Corn dog is a hot dog coated in cornbread batter and deep fried in hot oil, although some are baked. ... The horseshoe sandwich originated in Springfield, Illinois sometime in the early 20th century. ... Reisch Beer was a brand of American beer established in the city of Springfield, Illinois by Franz Sales Reisch in 1849. ... A drive-through refers to a type of restaurant or part of a restaurant that serves customers in their vehicles. ... The Maid-Rite Sandwich Shop in Springfield, Illinois is one of the remaining Maid-Rite franchises in the United States. ... A bowl of chili con carne with beans and tortilla chips. ...


The city of Springfield is dotted with sites centered around U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, who started his political career in Springfield.[41] These include: the Lincoln Home National Historic Site, a National Historical Park that includes the preserved surrounding neighborhood, the Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices State Historic Site, the Lincoln Tomb State Historic Site, the Old State Capitol State Historic Site, and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Near the village of Petersburg, is New Salem State Park, a restored hamlet of log cabins, recreating the town where Lincoln lived as a young man. With the opening of the Presidential Library and Museum in 2004, the city has seen a number of prominent visitors, including President George W. Bush and the Emir of Qatar.[42][43] For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Lincoln Home National Historic Site Lincoln Home National Historic Site preserves President Abraham Lincolns Springfield, Illinois home and four-block historic district surrounding the home. ... National Historical Park or National Historic Park is a designation for a protected area in the United States that has national historic significance and consists of more than single properties or buildings. ... The Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices State Historic Site is a historic brick building built in 1841 in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Abraham Lincolns tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery The receiving vault (foreground) and the tomb (background) Custodians residence next to the tomb Lincolns Tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, is the final resting place of 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln, his wife, Mary Todd... The Old State Capitol State Historic Site, in Springfield, Illinois, is the fifth capitol building built for the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum looks at the life of the 16th U.S. President, Abraham Lincoln, and the course of the American Civil War. ... Petersburg is a city located in Menard County, Illinois. ... This article is about the village in Pike County. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... This is a list of emirs of Qatar: The emirs of Qatar are members of the Al-Thani dynasty and the state of Qatar was founded in 1868 by Muhammad bin Thani as a sheikhdom. ...

The Donner Party, a group of pioneers who resorted to cannibalism while snowbound in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, began their journey in Springfield.[44] Springfield's Dana-Thomas House is among the best preserved and most complete of Frank Lloyd Wright's early "Prairie" houses.[45] It was built in 1902-1904 and has many of the furnishings Wright designed for it.[45] Springfield's Washington Park is home to Thomas Rees Memorial Carillon and the site of an annual carillon festival, held since 1962.[46] In August, the city is the site of the Illinois State Fair. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 350 KB) Old Illinois Capitol in Springfield. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 350 KB) Old Illinois Capitol in Springfield. ... The Old State Capitol State Historic Site, in Springfield, Illinois, is the fifth capitol building built for the U.S. state of Illinois. ... The Donner Party Memorial at Donner Memorial State Park. ... This article is about the mountain range in the Western United States. ... Second floor plan shown above the ground floor and landscape plan for the Dana-Thomas House The Dana House or Dana-Thomas House (built 1902-04) is an expression of architect Frank Lloyd Wrights Prairie Style. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ... Rees Memorial Carillon Washington Park is a park in Springfield, Illinois, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ... For the University of Regina student newspaper, see The Carillon. ... The Illinois State Fair is an annual festival, centuring on the theme of agriculture, hosted by the State of Illinois in the state capital, Springfield. ...


Although not born in Springfield, Abraham Lincoln is the city's most famous resident. He lived here for 17 years.[6] The only home he ever owned is open to the public, seven days a week, free of charge, and operated by the National Park Service.[6] For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ...


Sports

Historically, Springfield has been home to a number of minor league baseball franchises, the last club leaving the city after 2001. Today, the city is host to the Springfield Junior Blues, a minor league hockey team, and the Springfield Stallions, an indoor football team who played at the Prairie Capital Convention Center in 2007, though the team failed to complete the season due to financial difficulties. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Minor League Baseball. ... This is a list of ice hockey leagues from around the world. ... The Springfield Stallions are an indoor football team that plays their home games at the Prairie Capital Convention Center. ... Indoor football is a variation of American football with rules modified to make it suitable for play within basketball gymnasiums and, particularly, ice hockey arenas. ... The Prairie Capital Convention Center is a 8,900-seat multi-purpose arena in Springfield, Illinois. ...


The city has produced several notable professional sports talents. Current and former Major League Baseball players, Kevin Seitzer, Jeff Fassero, Ryan O'Malley and Robin Roberts were all born in Springfield.[47][48][49][50] National Basketball Association players Kevin Gamble and Andre Iguodala are also both from the city.[51][52] MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... Kevin Lee Seitzer (born March 26, 1962 in Springfield, Illinois) is a former third baseman in Major League Baseball with the Kansas City Royals, Milwaukee Brewers, Oakland Athletics, and Cleveland Indians. ... Jeffrey Joseph Fassero (born January 5, 1963 in Springfield, Illinois) is a pitcher for the Major League Baseball San Francisco Giants. ... Ryan OMalley (born April 9, 1980 in Springfield, Illinois) is a current pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Chicago Cubs. ... Robin Evan Roberts (born September 30, 1926 in Springfield, Illinois) is a former Major League Baseball starting pitcher who played with the Philadelphia Phillies (1948-61), Baltimore Orioles (1962-65), Houston Astros (1965-66) and Chicago Cubs (1966). ... “NBA” redirects here. ... Kevin Douglas Gamble (born November 13, 1965 in Springfield, Illinois) is an American former professional basketball player in the NBA. He is 65 and played as a shooting guard/small forward. ... Andre Tyler Iguodala (born January 28, 1984, in Springfield, Illinois) is an American professional basketball player who plays for the Philadelphia 76ers of the NBA. He was sometimes nicknamed Iggy, and The Other A.I. because his initials are identical to former Sixers teammate Allen Iversons. ...


Media

The State Journal-Register is the primary daily newspaper for Springfield, and its surrounding area. The newspaper was originally founded in 1831 as the Sangamon Journal, and claims to be "the oldest newspaper in Illinois." The local alternative weekly is the Illinois Times. There are four TV channels which include WCFN MYTV 49, WICS ABC 20, WRSP FOX 55, and WSEC PBS 14. There are at least three radio channels based in Springfield, which are WUIS FM 91.9, WXAJ FM 99.7, and WMAY AM 970.[53][54][55] One television station that has since ceased to exist was WJJY-TV, which operated in the Springfield area for three years (1969-1971).[56] The State Journal-Register is the primary daily newspaper for Springfield, Illinois and its surrounding area. ... Illinois Times is a weekly newspaper based in Springfield, Illinois. ... WCFN is the MyNetworkTV affiliate located in Springfield, Illinois. ... WICS, which brands itself as ABC NewsChannel 20, is the ABC affiliate located in Springfield, Illinois. ... WRSP-TV (channel 55) and WCCU (channel 27) are affiliates of the Fox network in central Illinois. ... WSEC-TV/PBS Springfield, Illinois, a Network Knowledge station and PBS affiliate, provides quality public television in Illinois through television stations WMEC in Macomb, Illinois; WQEC in Quincy, Illinois and WSEC in Jacksonville, Illinois & Springfield, while providing educational outreach through a network of volunteers, schools, hospitals and corporate partners in... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled WSIU-TV and WSIU. (Discuss) WSIU is a PBS member television station broadcasting on channel 8, located in Carbondale, Illinois, at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. ... WXAJ is a top 40 radio station in Hillsboro, Illinois broadcasting in the Springfield, Illinois region. ... WMAY-AM is a commercial talk radio station based out of Springfield, Illinois, broadcasting on 970 AM. The station is known for live and local talk throughout the weekdays and a format of live local self help programming on Saturdays. ... For the FM-radio station in Minnesota, see WJJY-FM WJJY-TV was the ABC television affiliate for Quincy, Illinois from 1969 to 1971. ...


Economy

Many of the jobs in the city center around state government, headquartered in Springfield. As of 2002, the State of Illinois is both the city and county's largest employer, employing 17,000 people across Sangamon County.[57] As of February 2007, government jobs, including local, state and county, account for about 30,000 of the city's non-agricultural jobs.[58] Trade, transportation and utilities, and the health care industries each provide between 17,000 and 18,000 jobs to the city.[58] The largest private sector employer in 2002 was Memorial Health Systems. 3,400 people worked for that company.[57] According to estimates from the "Living Wage Calculator," maintained by Pennsylvania State University, the living wage for the city of Springfield is $6.50 per hour for one adult.[59] That is about $13,100 working 2,080 hours per year. For a family of four costs are increased and the living wage is $19.49 per hour within the city.[59] According to the United States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) the Civilian Labor force dropped from 116,500 in September 2006 to 113,400 in February of 2007. In addition, the unemployment rate rose during the same time period from 3.8% to 5.1%.[58] The Pennsylvania State University (commonly known as Penn State) is a state-related, land-grant university. ... Living wage refers to the minimum hourly wage necessary for a person to achieve a basic standard of living. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1840 2,579
1850 4,533 75.8%
1860 9,320 105.6%
1870 17,364 86.3%
1880 19,743 13.7%
1890 24,963 26.4%
1900 34,159 36.8%
1910 51,678 51.3%
1920 59,183 14.5%
1930 71,864 21.4%
1940 75,503 5.1%
1950 81,628 8.1%
1960 83,271 2.0%
1970 91,753 10.2%
1980 99,637 8.6%
1990 105,227 5.6%
2000 111,454 5.9%
Decennial US Census

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 111,454 people, 48,621 households, and 27,957 families residing in the city. The population density was 796.9/km² (2,063.9/mi²). There were 53,733 housing units at an average density of 384.2/km² (995.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.01% White, 15.34% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population. The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 48,621 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.94. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $39,388, and the median income for a family was $51,298. Males had a median income of $36,864 versus $28,867 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,324. About 8.4% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Law and government

See also: List of Springfield city departments, Sister cities of Springfield, and List of mayors of Springfield, Illinois

Springfield city government is structured under the mayor-council form of government. It is the strong mayor variation of that type of municipal government, the mayor holds executive authority, including veto power, in Springfield.[60] The executive branch also consists of 17 non-elected city "offices." Ranging from the police department to the Office of Public Works, each office can be altered through city ordinance.[60] This is a list of Springfield city departments. ... Springfield, Illinois, USA has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, they include the following places: Villach (Austria) Unknown Killarney (Ireland) Unknown San Pedro (Mexico) Unknown Ashikaga (Japan) Unknown List of sister cities in the United States Springfield International Relationships. ... This is a list of mayors of Springfield, Illinois, USA. William Jaynes Bio Political Graveyard Info on Nelson O. Howarth J. Michael Houston Roy Reece Categories: | ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Elected officials in the city, mayor, aldermen, clerk, and treasurer, serve four year terms.[61] The elections are not staggered.[61] The council members are elected from ten districts throughout the city while the mayor, city clerk and city treasurer are elected on an at-large basis.[61] The council, as a body, consists of the ten aldermen and the mayor, though the mayor is generally a non-voting member who only participates in the discussion.[62] There are a few instances where the mayor does vote on ordinances or resolutions: if there is a tie vote, if more than half of the aldermen support the motion, whether there is a tie or not, and where a vote greater than the majority is required by the municipal code.[62] A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... An alderman is a member of a municipal legislative body in a town or city with many jurisdictions. ... In the United States, a city clerk as an elected or appointed official who is charged with the responsibility of being the official keeper of the municipal records. ... In many governments, a treasurer is the person responsible for running the treasury. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single multimember constituency. ... Look up ordinance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


As the state capital Springfield is home to the three branches of Illinois government. Much like the United States federal government, Illinois government has an executive branch, occupied by the state governor, a legislative branch, which consists of the state senate and house, and a judicial branch, which is topped by the Illinois Supreme Court.[63] The Illinois legislative branch is collectively known as the Illinois General Assembly.[64] In countries with federal constitutions divided into subnational entities known as states, the state capital is the administrative center of a state. ... The Illinois Capital Building in Springfield, Illinois. ... The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... Supreme Court of Illinois is the apex court of judicature of the state of Illinois, United States of America. ... The Illinois General Assembly convenes at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield. ...


Township

Outline of the Township area and the City of Springfield in Sangamon County.
Outline of the Township area and the City of Springfield in Sangamon County.

The Capital Township formed from Springfield Township on July 1, 1877, and was established and named by the Sangamon County Board on March 6, 1878, and the limits of the township and City of Springfield were made co-extensive on February 17, 1892 to better serve the people. There are three functions of this township: assessing property, collection first property tax payment, and assisting residents that live in the township. One thing that makes the Capital township unique is that the township never has to raise taxes for road work, since the roads are maintained by the Springfield Department of Public Works.[65][66] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Springfield Township is located in Sangamon County, Illinois. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Education

Springfield is home to at least eight public and private high schools. The public school district is District No. 186. The city is also home to two community colleges and the Springfield campus of the University of Illinois, is located on the southeast side of the city. The city is home to the Springfield campus of the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine,[67] which is in the early stages of building a Cancer Institute in Springfield's Medical District.[68] There are also two junior colleges located in Springfield, Springfield College, and Lincoln Land Community College. Due to an agreement of partnership with Springfield College in 2003, Benedictine University also has presence in Springfield. The University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS) is a small, liberal arts university and the third campus of the University of Illinois. ... The University of Illinois is a system of public universities in Illinois. ... Southern Illinois University is a university in southern Illinois with two institutions and multiple campuses. ... Springfield College or Springfield College in Illinois (SCI) is a college in the capital city of the U.S. state of Illinois, Springfield. ... A Community College located in Springfield Illinois. ... Benedictine University is a private Catholic university located in Lisle, Illinois. ...


Springfield Public School District 186 operates 24 elementary schools and an early learning center, (pre-K), in the city of Springfield. The district operates three high schools, Lanphier High School, Springfield High School and Southeast High School, and five middle schools.[69] Lanphier High School, in the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois, Springfield, is a public high school affiliated with Springfield Public School District 186. ... Springfield High School is the oldest high school in Springfield, Illinois. ... Southeast High School, in the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois, Springfield, is a public high school affiliated with Springfield Public School District 186. ...


Springfield's Sacred Heart-Griffin High School is a city Catholic high school.[70] Other area high schools include the Catholic Ursuline Academy,[71] and Lutheran High School.[72] Sacred Heart-Griffin High School is Springfield, Illinois largest private high school. ... Ursuline Academy, in the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois, Springfield, is a Catholic high school affiliated with Springfield College in Illinois (SCI). ... Lutheran High School in the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois, Springfield, is a private, Lutheran high school that was founded in 1979. ...


Infrastructure

Health systems

There are two Springfield hospitals, Springfield Memorial Medical Center and St. John's Hospital. St. John's Hospital is home to the Prairie Heart Institute, which performs more cardiovascular procedures than any other hospital in Illinois. The dominant health care provider in the area is Springfield Clinic. The major medical education concern in the area is the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine -- located in Springfield.[73] Memorial Medical Center in Springfield, Illinois is a hospital operated by the Memorial Health Systems network. ... St. ...


Parks

The Springfield Park District operates more than 30 parks throughout the city. The two best-known are Carpenter Park, an Illinois Nature Preserve on the banks of the Sangamon River, and Washington Park and Botanical Garden on the city's southwest side. Carpenter Park is a 322-acre (1. ... Insert non-formatted text here Sangamon River The Sangamon River is a principal tributary of the Illinois River, approximately 250 mi (402 km) long, in central Illinois in the United States. ... Rees Memorial Carillon Washington Park is a park in Springfield, Illinois, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Public utilities

The owner of Lake Springfield, City Water, Light and Power, supplies electric power for the city of Springfield and eight surrounding communities, the company also provides the cities and towns with water from the lake. Natural gas is provided via AmerenCILCO, formerly Central Illinois Light Company (CILCO).[74] For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Ameren Corporation is a holding company for several power companies and energy companies. ...


Transportation

Interstate 55 runs from north to south past Springfield, while I-72, also known as US 36, runs from east to west. Springfield is also served by Amtrak passenger trains, which operate between Chicago and St. Louis and stop at the former Gulf, Mobile & Ohio station.[75] Local mass transportation needs are met by a bus service. The Springfield Mass Transit District (SMTD) operates Springfield's bus system.[76] The city also lies along historic Route 66. Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Interstate 72 is an interstate highway in the midwestern United States. ... United States Highway 36 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 1,414 miles (2,276 km) from east-central Ohio to Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Other information Accessible Code SPI Traffic Passengers (2006) 110,276 0% The Springfield Amtrak station, a brick railroad depot, serves Springfield, Illinois, the state capital. ... |The Springfield Mass Transit District (SMTD) is the mass transit district serving Springfield, Illinois, the state capital. ... Alternate meanings of Route 66: New Jersey State Highway 66, Interstate 66, and a company named after the route US Highway 66 or Route 66 was and is the most famous road in the United States highway system and quite possibly the most famous and storied highway in the world. ...


Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport serves the capital city with air service to Chicago/O'Hare, Chicago/Midway,Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, Las Vegas, and Dulles/Washington, D.C..[77] Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport (IATA: SPI, ICAO: KSPI) also known simply as Capital Airport, is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) northwest of the city of Springfield in Sangamon County, Illinois, USA. American Airlines AmericanConnection operated by RegionsAir (St. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... The Greater-Chicago Area featuring Chicago-Midway and OHare International Airports Chicago Midway International Airport (IATA: MDW, ICAO: KMDW, FAA LID: MDW), also known simply as Midway Airport, is an airport in Chicago, Illinois, United States, located on the citys southwest side, eight miles from Chicagos Loop. ... Lambert-St. ... FAA diagram of McCarran International Airport “LAS” redirects here. ... FAA Airport Diagram Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD, FAA LID: IAD) is a public airport located 25 miles (32 km) west of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Loudoun County, Virginia, United States. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Abraham Lincoln Memorial Garden is a self-governing 100-acre (0. ... Camp Butler National Cemetery is a United States National Cemetery located a few miles northeast of Springfield and a few miles southwest of Riverton, a small town nearby to Springfield, in Sangamon County, Illinois. ... The Illinois Executive Mansion is the official residence of the governor of Illinois. ... The Sixth Illinois Capitol The Illinois State Capitol, located in Springfield, Illinois, is the capitol and seat of government of the U.S. state of Illinois. ... The Illinois State Fair is an annual festival, centuring on the theme of agriculture, hosted by the State of Illinois in the state capital, Springfield. ... Lincoln Home National Historic Site Lincoln Home National Historic Site preserves President Abraham Lincolns Springfield, Illinois home and four-block historic district surrounding the home. ... Abraham Lincolns tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery The receiving vault (foreground) and the tomb (background) Custodians residence next to the tomb Lincolns Tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, is the final resting place of 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln, his wife, Mary Todd... Four vessels of the United States Navy have been named after Springfield, any of eighteen named places in the United States, notably Springfield, Massachusetts and Springfield, Illinois. ... For other ships with the same name, see USS Springfield. ... Simpsons redirects here. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Official City Website Retrieved on February 20, 2007
  2. ^ a b c Springfield Online Retrieved on April 13, 2007
  3. ^ Springfield history Retrieved on February 21, 2007
  4. ^ a b c Springfield, Illinois Retrieved on February 20, 2007
  5. ^ a b c d A Brief Sketch of Springfield, Illinois Retrieved on February 20, 2007
  6. ^ a b c d "Springfield, Illinois", American History 32 (4): 60, ISSN: 1076-8866, <http://www.ulib.niu.edu:4513/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9710070017&site=ehost-live>, Academic Search Premier, (EBSCO). Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  7. ^ a b About the City of Springfield Retrieved on February 21, 2007
  8. ^ a b c d e f Crouthame, James L. The Springfield Race Riot of 1908, The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 45, No. 3, (July 1960), pp. 164-181, (JSTOR). Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  9. ^ History of the NAACP Retrieved on February 20, 2007
  10. ^ The Springfield Race Riot of 1908 Retrieved on February 21, 2007
  11. ^ Annual Climatology: Springfield Illinois (SPI), National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  12. ^ Leverett, Frank. The Pleistocene Glacial Stages: Were There More Than Four?," (JSTOR), Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 65, No. 2. 1926, pp. 105-118. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  13. ^ Warner, Kelly L. "Lower Illinois River Basin - Physiography," Water-Quality Assessment of the Lower Illinois River Basin: Environmental Setting, USGS Water Resources of Illinois [1], United States Geological Survey, pg. 3. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  14. ^ a b Lake Springfield, City Water, Light & Power, City of Springfield. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
  15. ^ About CWLP, City Water, Light & Power, City of Springfield. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
  16. ^ a b c d Lake Water Levels, City Water, Light & Power, City of Springfield. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  17. ^ Normal Monthly Precipitation, Inches, Department of Meteorology, University of Utah. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  18. ^ Normal Daily Temperature, Degrees F, Department of Meteorology, University of Utah. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  19. ^ a b Normal Daily Maximum Temperatures, Deg F, 1971-2000, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  20. ^ a b c d e Springfield Tornados, Central Illinois Region, National Weather Service. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  21. ^ a b New City Tornado Sirens are Fully Operational, Press Release, City of Springfield. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  22. ^ Springfield and Quincy Fire Department Awarded $146,646 in Homeland Security Grants, Press Release, Office of Congressman Ray Lahood, 23 February 2005. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
  23. ^ Minutes of the Springfield City Council - April 4, 2006, (PDF), City of Springfield, City Clerk. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
  24. ^ Neighborhood Associations, Office of Planning & Economic Development, City of Springfield. Retrieved 11 March 2007.
  25. ^ "Boundaries," Lincoln Park Neighborhood Association. Retrieved 20 May 2007.
  26. ^ Wood, Thomas J. and Kirsch, Sarah. "Rhymes to Be Traded for Bread", Web Exhibit, University of Illinois-Springfield. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  27. ^ John L. Lewis House, Historic Sites Commission of Springfield, Illinois. Retrieved 21 February 2007
  28. ^ Hales, Linda. Getting One's Fill at Hillwood, Editorial Review, Washington Post, 24 September 2000. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  29. ^ Murdin Paul, ed. Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Abstract, Smithsonian/NASA ADS, Astronomy Abstract Service [2]. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  30. ^ Artie Matthews, Biography, AllMusic.com. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  31. ^ Morris Day and The Time, Richard De La Fonte Agency, Inc. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  32. ^ [3] Springfield Music Retrieved on March 21, 2007.
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  35. ^ Storch, Charles. Birthplace (maybe) of the corn dog, Chicago Tribune, 16 August 2006, Newspaper Source, (EBSCO). Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  36. ^ Harris, Patricia and Lyon, David. hottest thing in sandwiches, Boston Globe, 20 November 2006. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  37. ^ 117-Year-Old Brewing Co. Closes, (PDF) Chicago Tribune, (1963-Current file); August 8, 1966; pg. C6. ProQuest Historical Newspapers Chicago Tribune (1849 - 1985). Retrieved 10 March 2007
  38. ^ Pearson, Rick. A Guide for the National Press, Chicago Tribune, 9 February 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2007.
  39. ^ a b Zimmerman-Wills, Penny. Capital City Chilli, Illinois Times, 30 January 2003. Retrieved 23 February 2007.
  40. ^ a b About the City, Springfield, Illinois Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 23 February 2007.
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  42. ^ The visit of The Emir of Qatar to the United States (May 2005), Press Release, Embassy of the State of Qatar in Washington D.C.. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  43. ^ Museum Dedication - A Look Back, (note:automatically plays band music), Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  44. ^ Reardon Patrick T. Donner Party began here too, Chicago Tribune, 7 February 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  45. ^ a b Dana-Thomas House, State Historic Sites, Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
  46. ^ The 46th Annual Carillon Festival, Press Release, Thomas Rees Memorial Carillon. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
  47. ^ Jeff Fassero, Player Pages, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
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  49. ^ Ryan O'Malley, Player Pages, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  50. ^ Robin Roberts, Player Pages, Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  51. ^ Freedman, Lew. Gamble Paying Off, Chicago Tribune, 10 February 2007.
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is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... &#8249;The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... JSTOR®, begun in 1995, is an online system for archiving academic journals. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... JSTOR®, begun in 1995, is an online system for archiving academic journals. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... &#8249;The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

External links

  • City of Springfield
  • Illinois General Assembly
  • The State Journal-Register

  Results from FactBites:
 
Springfield, Illinois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1261 words)
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County.
Ragtime composer Artie Matthews (1888 - 1958) was raised in Springfield.
The astronomer Seth Barnes Nicholson (1891 - 1963) was born in Springfield.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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