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Encyclopedia > Spring (water)
A natural spring.
A natural spring.
Bottle spring water from Turkey
Bottle spring water from Turkey

A spring is a point where groundwater flows out of the ground, and is thus where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface. Dependent upon the constancy of the water source (rainfall or snowmelt that infiltrates the earth), a spring may be ephemeral (intermittent), perennial (continuous) or artesian. When it leaves the ground it may form into a pool or a stream. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (594x792, 745 KB) A natural spring on Mackinaw Island (Picture taken by Louis Andary, DaemonDivinus 2005-08-13. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (594x792, 745 KB) A natural spring on Mackinaw Island (Picture taken by Louis Andary, DaemonDivinus 2005-08-13. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (664x2068, 201 KB) Beschrijving ÅžaÅŸal memba suyu Ä°ÅŸletmesi - Spring water - Ä°zmir, Turkey. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (664x2068, 201 KB) Beschrijving ÅžaÅŸal memba suyu Ä°ÅŸletmesi - Spring water - Ä°zmir, Turkey. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of geologic formations. ... An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well. ... A running stream. ...


Minerals become dissolved in the water as it moves through the underground rocks. This gives the water flavour, and even carbon dioxide bubbles, depending upon the nature of the geology. This is why spring water is often bottled and sold as mineral water, although the term is often the subject of deceptive advertising. Springs that contain significant amounts of minerals are sometimes called "mineral springs". Springs that contain large amounts of dissolved sodium salts, mostly sodium carbonate, are called "soda springs". Sedimentary, volcanic, plutonic, metamorphic rock types of North America. ... Mineral water is water containing minerals or other dissolved substances that alter its taste or give it therapeutic value. ... Deception is providing intentionally misleading information to others. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas, usually by an identified sponsor. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sodium, Na, 11 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 3, s Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 22. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) In chemistry, a salt is any ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... R-phrases S-phrases , , Flash point non flammable RTECS number VZ4050000 Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ...


Classification

Springs are often classified by the volume of the water they discharge. The largest springs are called "first-magnitude," defined as springs that discharge water at a rate of at least 100 cubic feet per second (2800 L/s). The scale for spring flow is as follows:

  • 1st Magnitude - > 100 ft³/s (2800 L/s)
  • 2nd Magnitude – 10 to 100 ft³/s (280 to 2800 L/s)
  • 3rd Magnitude – 1 to 10 ft³/s (28 to 280 L/s)
  • 4th Magnitude - 100 US gal/min (gallons per minute) to 1 ft³/s or 448 US gal/min (6.3 to 28 L/s)
  • 5th Magnitude - 10 to 100 gal/min (0.63 to 6.3 L/s)
  • 6th Magnitude - 1 to 10 gal/min (63 to 630 mL/s)
  • 7th Magnitude - 1 pint to 1 gal/min (8 to 63 mL/s)
  • 8th Magnitude - Less than 1 pint/min (8 mL/s)
  • 0 Magnitude – no flow (sites of past/historic flow)

See also

A pond is a body of water smaller than a lake. ... The River Bourne at Winterbourne Gunner, a typical chalk stream Chalk stream is a term generally applied to the winterbournes, streams and rivers of the Southern England Chalk Formation in Hampshire, Wiltshire, and Dorset, England although it could well be used for similar watercourses elsewhere. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57 F or... Clepsydra Geyser in Yellowstone A geyser is a type of hot spring that erupts periodically, ejecting a column of hot water and steam into the air. ... A seep is a wet place, where a liquid, usually water, has oozed from the ground to the surface. ... The water cycle—technically known as the hydrologic cycle—is the circulation of water within the earths hydrosphere, involving changes in the physical state of water between liquid, solid, and gas phases. ... A water well is an artificial excavation or structure put down by any method such as digging, boring or drilling for the purposes of withdrawing water from underground aquifers. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ...

External links

  • "The Science of Springs" (via Wayback Machine)
  • "What Is A Spring?"
  • List of First-Magnitude springs in Florida

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spring (water) (407 words)
A spring is a point where groundwater flows out of the ground, and is thus where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface.
This is why spring water is often bottled and sold as mineral water, although the term is often the subject of deceptive advertising.
Springs are often classified by the volume of the water they discharge.
spring mineral water, spring water, mineral water, spring, natural spring, bottled spring water, spring water company (201 words)
The characteristics of the spring of mineral water are important to determinate the quality of the water, in fact mineral water is bottled just like it gush from the spring.
Paradiso spring mineral water derives from the Carniche Alps and after a long journey, protected by large waterproof banks of clay, emerges spontaneously at Paradiso’s source, a spring of pure water.
The spring of mineral water is in a geographical location that lets to the water the pureness and the pleasant flavour.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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