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Encyclopedia > Spousal abuse

Spousal abuse refers to a wide spectrum of abuse. This includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economic abuse and financial abuse. The abuser can be the husband or wife as can the victim. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause pain, injury, or other physical suffering or harm. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Emotional abuse refers to a long-term situation in which one person uses his or her power or influence to adversely affect the mental well-being of another. ...

Contents

Common Misunderstandings

Most of the information today confuses spousal abuse with domestic violence, which is only part of the whole spectrum of abuse. 'Domestic violence' which is a specific form of violence where physical or sexual abuse is perpetuated by one spouse upon another, or by both partners upon each other. The term was coined in the late 1970s once such crimes were given wider attention in society. There are separate legalities and punishments applied to such a crime as opposed to random assault or assaults of another nature (see battered woman defence and battered person syndrome). [1] “Domestic disturbance” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The battered woman defense is a legal defense representing that the person accused of an assault or murder was suffering from battered person syndrome at the material time. ... Battered person syndrome is a physical and psychological condition that is classified as ICD-9 code 995. ...


Spousal abuse is committed by both males and females in intimate relationships, although studies prove that the majority of spousal abuse is violence by men towards women. It should be pointed out that a misunderstanding of the family abuse issue is so pervasive, male versus female, or the focus on violence statistics only, that city and county governments, the courts, law enforcement, prosecutorÌs offices, mental health clinics, and other tax supported agencies[2] are now funding programs based on gender politics, rather than responsible scientific studies, current programs often appear motivated by feminist ideology.[3] Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ...


Sex of assailant

Dr. Martin Fiebert, from the Department of Psychology of California State University, has compiled an annotated bibliograhy of research relating to spousal abuse by women on men. This bibliography examines 155 scholarly investigations: 126 empirical studies and 29 reviews and/or analyses, which demonstrate that women are as physically aggressive, or more aggressive, than men in their relationships with their spouses or male partners. The aggregate sample size in the reviewed studies exceeds 116,000. Very few studies have shown men to aggress more frequently than women. However, until recently the bulk of domestic violence research did not even ask about woman-on-man violence. It has also been found that many kinds of behavior, such as pushing and slapping, are experienced by both genders, but are mainly called "violence" by female victims. Early studies that merely asked "have you been a victim of domestic violence" did find far lower levels of male victims; but when they asked about specific behaviors ("have you been slapped, punched,...), the numbers evened out. Justice Department studies show that men are 32 percent less likely than women to report any form of violent victimization. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Straus and Gelles found in couples reporting spousal violence, 27 percent of the time the man struck the first blow; the woman in 24 percent. The rest of the time, the violence was mutual, with both partners brawling. The results were the same even when the most severe episodes of violence were analyzed. In order to counteract claims that the reporting data was skewed, female-only surveys were conducted, asking females to self-report, and the data was the same.


The simple tally of violent acts is typically found to be similar in those studies that examine both directions, but some studies show that men's violence may be more serious. Men's violence may do more damage than women's[4]; women are much more likely to be injured and/or hospitalized, wives are much more likely to be killed by their husbands than the reverse (59%-41% Dept of Justice study), and women in general are more likely to be killed by their spouse than by all other types of assailants combined.[5]


Coramae Richey Mann, a researcher at the Department of Criminal Justice, Indiana University/Bloomington, found that only 59 percent of women jailed for spousal murder claimed self-defense and that 30 percent had previously been arrested for violent crimes.


Women charged with killing their husbands were acquitted in 12.9 percent of the cases, while husbands charged with killing their wives were acquitted only 1.4 percent of the time. In addition, women convicted of killing their husbands receive an average sentence of only six years, while male spousal killers got 17 years, according to an LA Times article citing Department of Justice data.


These findings, however, may have other problems. Women are far more likely to use weapons in their domestic violence, whether throwing a plate or firing a gun. Women are also much more likely than men to enlist help if they wish to kill their spouse; but such multiple-offender homicides are not counted toward domestic-violence statistics. In addition Farrell[6] points out that there are several "female-only" defenses to murder charges, such as the posthumous allegation of abuse; in short, our data on rates of domestic homicide are incomplete. Furthermore, women are more likely to inflict mental abuse on men more and usually resort to physical abuse first. In such a case the men has no option to defend himself to protect himself when physical abuse occurs. As a result many men are unfairly labeled as abusers when actually the woman is the abuser. This brings the debate on what is an allowable amount of physical defense when trying to avoid the abuser.


In their study of severely violent couples, Neil Jacobson and John Gottman conclude that the frequency of violent acts is not as crucial as the impact of the violence and its function, when trying to understand spousal abuse; specifically, they state that the purpose of battering of whatever direction is to control and intimidate, rather than just to injure.[7]


There is a whole source of new evidence to suggest that some of the research into family abuse has been politicized. Sam and Bunny Sewell, Family Resources & Research state "that However, misleading statistics are a deliberate fund raising tactic for women's shelters. The shelter movement almost never mentions scientific studies.


During the OJ Simpson murder trial, Miami talkshow host Pat Stevens appeared on a segment of CNN's Crossfire show. Stevens estimated that when adjusted for underreporting, the true number of battered women is 60 million. However, 60 million is more than 100% of all the women in the US who are currently in relationships with men.


See also

The Duluth Model or Domestic Abuse Intervention Project was developed by Minnesota Program Development, Inc. ... The extent to which domestic violence is sanctioned or opposed by Islam is a matter of debate. ...

References

  1. ^ The Feminist view of Domestic Violence verses Scientific Studies
  2. ^ Faye Peterson Transition House - Anti-Male "Feminist" Perspective
  3. ^ The Feminist view of Domestic Violence verses Scientific Studies
  4. ^ Dina Vivian and Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, "Are Bi-directionality Violent Couples Mutually Victimized? A Gender-sensitive Comparison", Violence and Victims 9 (1994): pp. 107-123
  5. ^ Angela Browne and Kirk R. Williams, "Exploring the Effect of Resource Availability and the Likelihood of Female-perpetrated Homicides", Law and Society Review 23 (1989): pp. 75-94
  6. ^ Warren Farrell. The Myth of Male Power. Berkley Trade; Reprint edition (January 9, 2001) ISBN-10: 0425181448.
  7. ^ Neil S. Jacobson and John M. Gottman, "When Men Batter Women: New Insights into Ending Abusive Relationships", New York, Simon & Schuster (1998)

This be the Danster with a few new trickoms ahahahahahahahahahahahahah Hace fun life life // January 1 - NAFTA goes into effect. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

Further reading

  • Shackelford, T. K., Goetz, A. T., Buss, D. M., Euler, H. A., & Hoier, S. (2005). When we hurt the ones we love: Predicting violence against women from men's mate retention tactics. Personal Relationships, 12, 447-463. Full text

External Links

  • RAINN. Information about the rights of spouses and how to protect oneself from spousal abuse.
  • Stop Abuse For Everyone. Services for victims of domestic violence who typically fall between the cracks, such as abused men, gay and lesbian victims, the elderly, teens, and immigrants.
  • Domestic Violence Against Men In Colorado. Information and research about partner violence against men.
  • Family Violence Prevention Fund.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spousal abuse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (438 words)
Spousal abuse is a specific form of domestic violence where physical or sexual abuse is perpetuated by one spouse upon another.
Men tend not to report spousal abuse at the same rate as women; partly because they diminish the impact themselves and partly because society, media, police and courts also tend to diminish its impact.
He was a victim of Clergy abuse in his homeland, Ireland and fled to Germany in his early twenties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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