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Encyclopedia > Sport utility vehicle
A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States.
A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States.

A sport utility vehicle, or SUV, is a passenger vehicle which combines the towing capacity of a pickup truck with the passenger-carrying space of a minivan or station wagon together with on or off road ability. Most SUVs are designed with a roughly square cross-section, an engine compartment, a combined passenger and cargo compartment, and no dedicated trunk. Most mid-size and full-size SUVs have three rows of seats with a cargo area directly behind the last row of seats. CompactSUVs and mini SUVs, such as the Toyota RAV4 and Suzuki Vitara, may have five or fewer seats. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x624, 106 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ford Explorer Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x624, 106 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ford Explorer Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... The Ford Explorer is a mid-size sport utility vehicle sold mostly in North America and built by the Ford Motor Company since 1990. ... ... A vehicle specification setting the upper limit to the weight of a trailer it can tow. ... Mazda B-Series compact pickup truck with extended cabin and home-made wooden rack. ... Lloyd LT 600, a vintage minivan 05 Mercury Monterey minivan Buick GL8, sold exclusively in China A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle, people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle is a type of automobile similar in shape to a van that is designed for personal use and has between four... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... A 3-D view of a beverage-can stove with a cross section in yellow. ... Mini SUV is a class of small sport utility vehicles which are more or less under 4,15 m long. ... The Toyota RAV4 (pronounced rav-four) is a compact crossover SUV built and marketed by the Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Suzuki Vitara is a type of automobile made by the Suzuki motor company. ...


It is known in some countries as an "off-road vehicle" or "four-wheel drive", often abbreviated to "4WD" or "4x4", pronounced "four-by-four". However, not all SUVs have four-wheel drive capabilities (see Mazda Tribute, for example). Conversely, not all 4WD passenger vehicles are SUVs (see, for example, Subaru Impreza). This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... The Mazda Tribute is a small crossover SUV based on the front-wheel drive Mazda 626 platform. ... The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that was first introduced by Subaru in 1993. ...


More recently, manufacturers have responded to buyers' complaints that SUVs "drive like trucks" and demands for "carlike ride" with a new type of SUV. A new category, the crossover SUV uses car design and components for lighter weight and better fuel efficiency, but is no longer designed or recommended by the manufacturer for off-road usage or towing. A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile or motor (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Fuel efficiency sometimes means the same as thermal efficiency, that is, the efficiency of converting energy contained in a carrier fuel to kinetic energy or work. ...

Contents

Etymology

Other names

Outside of North America and India, these vehicles are known simply as "four-wheel-drives", often abbreviated to "4WD" or "4x4". North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ...


In countries such as the UK, where the U.S. distinction between cars and "light trucks" is not used, they are classified as cars.


In Australia, parts of the automotive industry and press are promoting the term "SUV" in place of "four-wheel drive" in an attempt to disassociate this type of vehicle from its increasingly negative public image; despite this, the term "four wheel drive" is still widely used. The motor industry in that country uses the term "AWD" for vehicles that are driven by all four wheels, but not designed for harsh off-road conditions, while the motoring press prefers the term "soft roader" for this type of vehicle. This article is missing citation of sources. ...


The Australian "utility" or "ute" (an abbreviation of "coupe utility", a body style created in Australia in 1934) traditionally refers to a car-based commercial vehicle with an integral, "styled", open load area at the rear. However, it now also applies to dedicated commercial vehicles with separate tray type ("table top") load areas, such as the Toyota Hilux, including 4wd versions. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pickup. ...


For decades, SUVs were often referred to generically as "jeeps." This practice was actively discouraged by every owner of the Jeep trademark, and this terminology is now almost entirely out of use. Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ...


Slang

In England, SUVs are often referred to in derogatory terms as "soft roaders" or "Chelsea tractors,"[1] due to their popularity among affluent people living in central London areas such as Chelsea. In New Zealand they are occasionally called "Fendalton tractors" or "Remuera tractors" after the higher priced suburbs in Christchurch and Auckland respectively. In Australia, Victoria, they are sometimes referred to as "Toorak Tractors," though this is rare. In Norway, they are known as 'bourse tractors' due to yuppie stereotypes. In Russia the name "SUV" is not used at all: vehicles sized up to RAV4 are called "parquet off-roaders" due to their limited cross-country abilities, the others are referred as "jeeps". In the Netherlands, they are often called "PC Hooft-tractors" after Amsterdam's most exclusive shopping street. SUVs are also criticized in the Netherlands for similar reasons, and some environmentalists are pushing local governments to deny SUV users parking spaces. In Greece, owners of SUVs are sometimes called 'Kolonaki Farmers'(Αγρότες του Κολωνακίου), referring to Kolonaki, a posh area of Athens (in the same vein as in the term 'Chelsea Tractors'). "Stadsjeep", meaning "City Jeep" is a very common slang word in Sweden, where SUVs seldom are associated with prosperity and high incomes. Instead, "Stadsjeep" hints at the somewhat absurd phenomena of town dwellers driving around in large jeeps on well paved city streets. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... Slogan or Nickname: Garden State, The Place to Be Motto(s): Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Government Constitutional monarchy Governor David de Kretser Premier Steve Bracks (resigning effective 30th July 2007) (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 37  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05... A stock exchange is an organization of which the members are stock brokers. ... Yuppies (or young urban professionals and young upwardly-mobile professionals[1]) is a market segment whose consumers are characterized as self-reliant, financially secure individualists who do not exhibit or aspire to traditional American values. ... It has been suggested that Mokum be merged into this article or section. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ...


Design characteristics

Although designs vary, the SUV are stereotypically medium sized non-commercial passenger vehicles constructed using a body-on-frame chassis similar to that found on crew cab or light truck. They can be either gas or diesel, and often the engines especially in American SUV's are that of the same engine line or even the same engine as in the equivalent pickup truck.[2] Body-on-frame is an automobile construction technology. ... A Dodge Ram 1500 crew cab Crew Cabs are an extended cab bodystyle commonly found on utes or pickup trucks. ... Light truck is a vehicle classification generally used by the United States government for regulating fuel economy and safety. ... Today Internal combustion engines in cars, trucks, motorcycles, construction machinery and many others, most commonly use a four-stroke cycle. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


A few of the most known design characteristics of SUV's are their high ground clearance and upright, boxy body. However, since this creates a lot of drag, their bodies have been more aerodynamic over the years to improve fuel economy. Look up Drag in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


History

Origins

Sport utility vehicles were originally descended from commercial and military vehicles such as the Jeep and Land Rover.[3] The phrase sport utility vehicle was first used by Toyota in 1960, and was soon picked up by Jeep[4] (images of the Toyota and Jeep advertisements can be seen at the SUV page at FirstMention.com). SUVs have been popular for many years with rural buyers due to their off-road capabilities. The Toyota Land Cruiser, Land Rover, Jeep Wagoneer and the Ford Bronco were early SUV examples, followed by the Chevrolet Blazer and the GMC Jimmy. International Harvester also sold SUVs, notably the three-door Scout and the five-door Travelall. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... For other uses of Cruiser, see Cruiser (disambiguation). ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... 1976 AMC Jeep Wagoneer Jeep Wagoneer (XJ model) The Jeep Wagoneer was an early SUV, produced under varying marques from 1963 to 1991. ... The Ford Bronco was an SUV produced from 1966 through 1996, with five distinct generations. ... The Chevrolet Blazer (and similar GMC Jimmy and Oldsmobile Bravada) was an early SUV from General Motors. ... The Chevrolet Blazer (and similar GMC Jimmy and Oldsmobile Bravada) was an early SUV from General Motors. ... Navistar (formerly International Harvester) started in Chicago, United States, which produced agricultural machinery, construction equipment and vehicles. ... The International Harvester Scout was one of the first production American civilian off-road sport utility vehicles. ... The Travelall was an early full-size SUV similar to the Chevy Suburban made by International Harvester in the 1960s and early 70s. ...


In the last 25 years, and even more in the last decade, SUVs have become popular with urban buyers. Consequently, more modern SUVs often come with luxury features and some crossover SUVs, such as the Infiniti FX-45, Toyota RAV4, Mitsubishi Outlander (2007 onward), and BMW X3, have adopted lower ride heights and utilize unibody construction to better accommodate on-road driving. A luxury SUV is a North American term for sport utility vehicles which have features that resemble other luxury vehicles. ... A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... The Toyota RAV4 (pronounced rav-four) is a compact crossover SUV built and marketed by the Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Mitsubishi Outlander is a compact crossover SUV manufactured by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors. ... The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV (though BMW advertises it as an SAV, or Sport Activity Vehicle) produced by the German automaker BMW. It is based on the BMW 3-Series automobile platform. ...


Popularity

SUVs became popular in the United States, Canada, and Australia in the 1990s and early 2000s for a variety of reasons. Vehicle buyers were drawn to their large cabins, higher ride height, and perceived safety. Additionally, some full-size SUVs have far greater towing capacities than conventional cars, allowing owners to tow travel trailers (caravans), trailers, and boats with relative ease.All this coincided with very low oil prices of the 1990s which made the running costs of SUVs affordable to the vast majority of North Americans who unlike Europeans pay no or very low fuel taxes. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... Ride Height (or simply clearance) is the amount of space between the base of an automobile tyre and the underside of the chassis. ... Car safety is the avoidance of car accidents or the minimization of harmful effects of accidents, in particular as pertaining to human life and health. ... A travel trailer or caravan is a trailer towed behind a road vehicle (or even a horse) to provide a place to sleep which is more comfortable, sheltered and protected than a tent (although there are fold-down tent trailers [1]) . It provides the means for people to have their... Utility trailer A Trailer is generally an unpowered vehicle pulled by a powered vehicle. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Some of the SUV's popularity can be attributed to it "utilitarian" image, which could explain the large growth in SUV popularity and among some women. Women constitute more than half of SUV drivers, and SUVs are one of the most popular vehicle choice of women in the United States. Template:Bradsher, 2001 A common relation of this is in the term "Soccer Mom" In North American social, cultural and political discourse, soccer mom (and less used soccer dad for the male equivalent) refers broadly to a demographic group of women with school-age children. ...


In Australia, a unique situation resulted in the growth in popularity of SUVs. There, SUVs have a much lower import duty than cars. This means a typical SUV has a price advantage over a similarly-equipped, imported sedan. However, in recent years, the import duty has been lowered for cars as well, and is currently at 10% (compared with 5% for SUVs). An import duty is a tariff paid at a border or port of entry to the relevant government to allow a good to pass into that governments territory. ...


In the mid 2000s, however, their popularity has waned, due to higher fuel prices, rollover accident fatalities and higher relative pollution.


Current model SUVs (crossovers) take into account that most SUV owners never go offroad. As such, some SUVs now have lower ground clearance and suspension designed primarily for paved road usage.[5] However with the advent and popularization of air suspension, many SUVs such as the Touareg, and Land Rover's Range Rover have the benefits of a low suspension while on road with the ability to raise it to go offroad where a car or other vehicle might not be able to. In addition increased ground clearance is useful in climates with heavy snow. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Off-roading. ... Ride Height (or simply clearance) is the amount of space between the base of an automobile tyre and the underside of the chassis. ... The Volkswagen Touareg is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 2003. ... The Land Rover Range Rover is a four-wheel drive / luxury SUV produced by Land Rover in the United Kingdom, and first introduced in 1970. ...


In addition, full-sized SUVs such as the Chevrolet Suburban and Ford Expedition have replaced old-fashioned full-size station wagons and bear similar features such as 3-row seating. The Chevrolet Suburban is a large sport utility vehicle from Chevrolet. ... The Ford Expedition is a full-size SUV built by the Ford Motor Company. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


Use in remote areas

SUVs are often used in places such as the Australian Outback, Africa, the Middle East, Alaska, Northern Canada, South America and most of Asia, which have limited paved roads and require the vehicle to have all-terrain handling, increased range, and storage capacity. The low availability of spare parts and the need to carry out repairs quickly allow model vehicles with the bare minimum of electric and hydraulic systems to predominate. Typical examples are the Land Rover and the Toyota Land Cruiser. SUVs intended for use in urbanised areas have traditionally been developed from their more rugged all-terrain counterparts. For example the Hummer H1 is derived from the HMMWV, originally developed for the US Armed Forces. A tourism sign post Yalgoo, Western Australia The Dingo Fence near Coober Pedy Fitzgerald River National Park in Western Australia Outback refers to remote and arid areas of Australia, although the term colloquially can cover any lands outside of the main urban areas. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... For other uses of Cruiser, see Cruiser (disambiguation). ... The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ... This article refers to the Military HMMWV, not the civilian Hummer sold by General Motors General Characteristics (Humvee) Manufacturer: AM General Length: 4. ...


Use in recreation and motorsport

SUVs are also used to explore off-road places otherwise unreachable by other vehicles. In Australia, China, Europe, South Africa, South America and the United States at least, many 4WD clubs have been formed for this purpose. Modified SUVs also take part in races, most famously in the Paris-Dakar Rally, and the Australian Outback. World map showing the location of Europe. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Paris Dakar Rally (or The Dakar) is an annual, organized, professional off-road race. ... For the restaurant chain, see Outback Steakhouse; for the station wagon, see Subaru Outback. ...


With the increasing urbanisation of the world, SUVs are also used by those seeking unmodified landscapes and isolation, especially in nations with large wilderness areas lacking extensive road networks. Since most roads are meant to directly connect locations, many natural features of interest are inaccessible or not visible to most vehicles. The ability to travel without having to use roads is part of the appeal of SUV ownership due to a sense of independence this invokes in many people.


SUVs also allow drivers to connect on an aesthetic level with the physical environment by allowing owners to go off road, SUVs promote a greater value being applied to wilderness areas, an attachment difficult to gain through reading or simply seeing things on television. SUV clubs often promote this ideal and a commercial manifestation of this can be seen in the number of tourism operators dependent on SUVs for their activities, Australia being a strong example.


Luxury SUV

Main article: Luxury SUV

Many luxurious SUVs and pickup trucks have been introduced lately. The category was created in 1966 with Kaiser Jeep's luxurious Super Wagoneer that was first to offer a V8 engine, automatic transmission, and luxury car trim and equipment in a serious off-road model. The trend continued through the segment leading Wagoneer Limited models under American Motors (AMC) and then rapidly expanded in the 1990s to include the Cadillac Escalade, Lincoln Navigator, and many others. A luxury SUV is a North American term for sport utility vehicles which have features that resemble other luxury vehicles. ... Kaiser Jeep was the result of the merger between the Kaiser-Frazer Corporation, an independent automobile manufacturing company based in Willow Run, Michigan, and the Toledo, Ohio-based Willys-Overland Company. ... 1976 AMC Jeep Wagoneer Jeep Wagoneer (XJ model) The Jeep Wagoneer was an early SUV, produced under varying marques from 1963 to 1991. ... American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed on January 14, 1954 by the merger of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and the Hudson Motor Car Company. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Lincoln Navigator is a full-size luxury SUV produced by the Lincoln division of Ford Motor Company. ...


Criticism

SUVs have been criticized for many reasons, including their safety, marketing practices, fuel enonomy, pollution record and size. Criticism of sport utility vehicles is the expression of disapproval of sports utility vehicles (SUVs) made by various groups, organisations, and individuals. ... Ford Excursion and Toyota Camry File links The following pages link to this file: Sport utility vehicle Toyota Camry Ford Excursion Categories: GFDL images ... Ford Excursion and Toyota Camry File links The following pages link to this file: Sport utility vehicle Toyota Camry Ford Excursion Categories: GFDL images ... The Excursion was the largest SUV in the Ford Motor Company lineup. ... The Toyota Camry is a mid-size sedan assembled by Toyota in Georgetown, Kentucky; Altona, Victoria, Australia; Guangzhou, China and the original factory in Toyota City, Japan. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... Subaru Forester, one of the first vehicles to be named a compact SUV Suzuki Grand Vitara, a modern compact SUV Compact SUV is a class of small sport utility vehicles with a length between 4. ... A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... Esuvee. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ... A luxury SUV is a North American term for sport utility vehicles which have features that resemble other luxury vehicles. ... Mini SUV is a class of small sport utility vehicles which are more or less under 4,15 m long. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Recreational Vehicle (RV) is a broad term used to describe a large enclosed piece of equipment with wheels designed to be moved from place to place for people to temporarily live in and be protected from the elements while away from their permanent domicile. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... This page lists sports utility vehicles currently in production (as of May 2006) as well as past models. ...

References

  1. ^ Skidproof your SUV. The Economist. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  2. ^ Consumer Search [1] SUV-Review
  3. ^ Keith Bradsher. High and Mighty: SUVs--The World's Most Dangerous Vehicles and How They Got That Way. Published by PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-203-3
  4. ^ Sport Utility Vehicle 1960
  5. ^ "The Unstoppable SUV," Keith Naughton. Newsweek, July 2, 2001
  • Gladwell, M. (2004, January 12). Big and bad. The New Yorker, LXXIX, 28-30. [2]
  • Motor Trend. (Complete information on the Motor Trend reference is unavailable. However, the article was Motor Trend's announcement of the Lexus RX 300 as the 1999 SUV of the Year.)

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Additional reading

  • Keith Bradsher. High and Mighty: SUVs--The World's Most Dangerous Vehicles and How They Got That Way. Published by PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-203-3
  • Adam Penenberg. Tragic Indifference: One Man's Battle with the Auto Industry over the Dangers of SUVs. Published by HarperBusiness. ISBN 0-06-009058-8

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
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