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Encyclopedia > Spitak Earthquake

The Spitak Earthquake was a tremor, measuring 6.8 on the Richter Scale, that took place on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC) in the Spitak region of Armenia, then part of the Soviet Union. The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Spitak is a city in northern Armenia. ...


Local housing infrastructure (particularly schools and hospitals) performed poorly in the earthquake and this resulted in 25,000 lost lives. It has been estimated that if the earthquake had occurred 5 minutes later, children would have left their schools' unstable buildings. This short time delay could have saved many lives. American high school students in a school A school is most commonly a place designated for learning. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earths surface. ...


The entire city of Spitak was destroyed, and there was partial damage to the nearby cities of Leninakan (later renamed to Gyumri) and Kirovakan (later renamed to Vanadzor). The tremor also caused damage to many surrounding villages. Gyumri (Armenian: Գյումրի) is the capital and largest city of the Shirak province in northwest Armenia. ... Vanadzor (Armenian: Վանաձոր) — previously known under the Turkish name Karakilisa, meaning black church, and later named Kirovakan — is a city in northern Armenia. ...


Since most of the hospitals in the area were destroyed, and due to freezing winter temperatures, officials at all levels were not ready for a disaster of this scale and the relief effort was therefore not launched properly. The Armenian government let in foreign aid workers to help with the recovery in the earthquake's aftermath, and this was one of the first cases when rescue and relief workers from other countries were allowed to take part in relief works in the Soviet Union.


Many generous students from America and around the world donated money to help the people in Armenia.


External links

  • USGS 1988 earthquake list
  • The USAID Earthquake Zone Recovery Program

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spitak Earthquake - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (259 words)
The Spitak Earthquake was a tremor, measuring 6.8 on the Richter Scale, that took place on December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC) in the Spitak region of Armenia, then part of the Soviet Union.
The entire city of Spitak was destroyed, and there was partial damage to the nearby cities of Leninakan (later renamed to Gyumri) and Kirovakan (later renamed to Vanadzor).
Since most of the hospitals in the area were destroyed, and due to freezing winter temperatures, officials at all levels were not ready for a disaster of this scale and the relief effort was therefore not launched properly.
Spitak - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (54 words)
Spitak (Սպիտակ) is a city in northern Armenia.
It was mostly destroyed by the Spitak Earthquake in 1988.
This page was last modified 21:31, 15 February 2006.
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