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Encyclopedia > Speyer

Coordinates: 49°19′N 8°26′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ...

Speyer
Coat of arms of Speyer Location of Speyer in Germany
 
Federal state Rhineland-Palatinate
Administrative region
District urban district
Population 50,247 NA (2003)
Area 42.58 km²
Population density 1,180/km²
Elevation 110 m
Coordinates 49°19′ N 8°26′ E
Postal code 67346
Area code 06232
Licence plate code SP
Mayor Werner Schineller (CDU)
Website speyer.de

Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. 50000 inhabitants, located on the Rhine river. It lies 25 km south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Its oldest known name was Civitas Nemetum, named by a Teutonic tribe, the Nemeter, settling in this area. Around the year 500 the town gets the name Spira, named after the stream Speyerbach which estuary in the Rhine river is here. Image File history File links Wappen_Speyer. ... Image File history File links Speyer-Position. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This page as shown in the aol 9. ... Night view of Taipei City. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Map of Germany showing Ludwigshafen am Rhein Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, with about 166,000 inhabitants. ... Basic information Country: Germany Federal state: Land Baden-Württemberg Regions: Rhein-Neckar District: Independent municipality Population: 324,787 (Mai 2005) Additional information Area: 144. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ...

Image File history File links Speyer-dom. ... Image File history File links Speyer-dom. ... Speyer Cathedral West portal The Speyer Cathedral in Speyer, Germany is a very large and imposing basilica of red sandstone, and one of the noblest examples of Romanesque architecture now extant. ...

History

Archaeological data suggests that the site of the city was originally inhabited by Celts around 500 BC. Under the Romans the city was known as Augusto Nemetum and during the Middle Ages it was a place of considerable importance, 29 imperial diets having been held within its walls. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech/discourse) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... A Celtic cross. ...

  • In 10 BC, the first Roman military camp is established (situated between the city hall and the episcopal palace).
  • In 346 a bishop for the town is mentioned for the first time.
  • In 496 or 506 the name "Spira" first occurs. (see Spira (family name))
  • In 1030, emperor Conrad II starts the construction of Speyer Cathedral, today one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • In 1076, emperor Henry IV embarks from Speyer, his favourite town, for Canossa.
  • In 1096, during the First Crusade, the Jewish community of Speyer was massacred.
  • In 1294 the bishop lost most of his previous rights, and from now on Speyer is a free city of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Between 1527 and 1689 Speyer is the seat of the Imperial Chamber Court (Reichskammergericht).
  • In 1526 at the First Diet of Speyer, interim toleration of Lutheran teaching and worship is decreed.
  • In 1529 at the Second Diet of Speyer, the Lutheran states of the empire protested against the anti-Reformation resolutions (hence the term Protestantism.)
  • In 1689, the city is heavily damaged by French troops.
  • Between 1792 and 1814 Speyer is under French jurisdiction.
  • In 1816 Speyer becomes the seat of administration of the Palatinate and of the government of the Rhine District of Bavaria (later called the Bavarian Palatinate), and remains so until the end of World War Two.
  • Between 1883 and 1904 the Memorial Church is built in remembrance of the Protestation of 1529.
  • In 1947 the State Academy of Administrative Science is founded (later renamed German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer).
  • 1990 2000th anniversary of Speyer.

Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC 12 BC 11 BC 10 BC 9 BC 8 BC 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Events Athanasius is restored as Patriarch of Alexandria. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Events Battle of Tolbiac; Clovis I defeats the Alamanni accepts Catholic baptism at Reims. ... Events Byzantine Empire and Persia accept a peace agreement based on status quo. ... // The names Spira, Spiro, Shapira and Shapiro are derived from Speyer, a city in Germany, south of Mannheim on the Rhine river. ... Events July 29 - Battle of Stiklestad in Norway. ... Conrad II (c. ... Speyer Cathedral West portal The Speyer Cathedral in Speyer, Germany is a very large and imposing basilica of red sandstone, and one of the noblest examples of Romanesque architecture now extant. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... HEINRIC·IMP[ERATOR], Emperor Henry Henry IV (November 11, 1050 – August 7, 1106) was King of Germany (Holy Roman Empire) from 1056 and Emperor from 1084, until his abdication in 1105. ... Canossa is a former castle of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, situated in the foothills of the Apennines, in the province of Reggio Emilia and about eighteen miles from Parma. ... Events Bernhard becomes Bishop of Brandenburg First documented teaching at the University of Oxford Beginning of the Peoples Crusade, the German Crusade, and the First Crusade Vital I Michele is Doge of Venice Peter I, King of Aragon, conquers Huesca Phayao, now a province of Thailand, is founded as... The First Crusade was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II to regain control of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land from Muslims. ... The Holy Roman Empire and from the 16th century on also The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... Events January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... The first Diet of Speyer was the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire in the city of Speyer, Germany. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Events April 22 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297. ... The second Diet of Speyer was convened in March, 1529, for action against the Turks, and against the further progress of Protestantism. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Protestantism is a movement within Christianity, representing the splitting away from the Roman Catholic Church during the mid-to-late Renaissance in Europe—a period known as the Protestant Reformation. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A palatinate is a territory administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign, but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...

Famous citizens

// The names Spira, Spiro, Shapira and Shapiro are derived from Speyer, a city in Germany, south of Mannheim on the Rhine river. ... J.J. Becher Johann Joachim Becher (May 6, 1635 — October 1682), was a German physician, alchemist, precursor of Chemistry, scholar and adventurer. ... Anselm Feuerbach (September 12, 1829—January 4, 1880), German painter, born at Speyer, the son of a well-known archaeologist, was the leading classicist painter of the German 19th-century school. ... Karl Haas (1913 - February 6, 2005) was a classical music radio show host. ... Henry Villard (April 10, 1835 – 1900), was an American journalist and financier of German origin. ... Hans Marsilius Purrmann (April 10, 1880 - April 17, 1966) was a German artist. ... Christoph Bechmann (born November 23, 1971 in Speyer) is a field hockey player from Germany, who was a member of the Mens National Team that won the bronze medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Speyer, Germany


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Important cities and touristic sites in Germany:
Area of Heidelberg / Rhine-Neckar
Major cities: Heidelberg | Kaiserslautern | Ludwigshafen | Mannheim | Neustadt | Speyer | Worms
Other touristic sites: Bad Dürkheim | Bad Rappenau | Buchen | Eberbach | Edenkoben | Ladenburg | Lorsch | Mosbach | Neckargemünd | Sinsheim | Weinheim | Walldürn
Landscapes: Kurpfalz | Neckar river | Odenwald | Pfalz (Palatinate) | Rhine river
Neighboring areas: Frankfurt | Heidelberg | Karlsruhe | Stuttgart | Trier | Würzburg, see also: Alsace (F) | Lorraine (F) | Wissembourg (F)


Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heidelberg is a scenic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, halfway between Stuttgart and Frankfurt. ... This article is about the greater Rhine Neckar area in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heidelberg is a scenic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, halfway between Stuttgart and Frankfurt. ... // Overview Located in the state of the Rhineland-Pfalz in southwest Germany on the edge of the Pfalz forest (Pfälzerwald) Kaiserslautern hosts a population of 100,000 people + approximately 30,000 NATO military personnel (mostly US-Americans) and their families, who call the city K-Town due to its... Map of Germany showing Ludwigshafen am Rhein Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, with about 166,000 inhabitants. ... Basic information Country: Germany Federal state: Land Baden-Württemberg Regions: Rhein-Neckar District: Independent municipality Population: 324,787 (Mai 2005) Additional information Area: 144. ... Neustadt an der Weinstraße, otherwise known as Neustadt a. ... // Worms (pronounced ) is a city in the southwest of Germany. ... Bad Dürkheim is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, capital of the district Bad Dürkheim. ... The city of Eberbach (IPA /e:bÉ™rbax/) lies in northern Baden-Württemberg, 33 km east of Heidelberg, and belongs to the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. ... Edenkoben, a town of Germany, in the Bavarian Palatinate, 6 m. ... Lorsch is a small town in southwest germany ( 60 kilometers in the south of frankfurt). ... Mosbach and the other cities on the Neckar River Watershed of the Rhine River Mosbach is the capital of the Neckar-Odenwald district in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany about 58 km east of Heidelberg. ... Neckargemünd is a town in Germany, in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Sinsheim is a town in southwestern Germany, in the state Baden-Württemberg in the district Rhein-Neckar between Heidelberg and Heilbronn. ... Weinheim (Bergstrasse) is a town in the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany with 43 000 inhabitants. ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... The Neckar is a river in Germany, a major tributary of the River Rhine, which it joins at Mannheim. ... The Odenwald is a mountain chain in southern Hessen, northern Bavaria and northern Baden-Württemberg. ... The Palatinate (German: Pfalz), historically also Rhenish Palatinate (German: Rheinpfalz), is a region in south-western Germany. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Skyline of Frankfurt at night is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany. ... Heidelberg is a scenic city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, halfway between Stuttgart and Frankfurt. ... Karlsruhe (population 275,049 in December 2005) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... Stuttgart, a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 as of September 2005 in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ... Trier (French: Trèves, Spanish: Treveris, Italian: Treviri) is Germanys oldest city. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ... Capital Strasbourg Land area¹ 8,280 km² Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Population  - Jan. ... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité (English: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity) Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital Paris 48°51′ N 2°20′ E Largest city Paris Official language French1 Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Prime Minister Unitary republic Jacques Chirac Dominique de Villepin Formation 843 (Treaty of Verdun) (5th Republic: 1958) Accession to the EU March 25... Capital Metz Land area¹ 23,547 km² Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité (English: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity) Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital Paris 48°51′ N 2°20′ E Largest city Paris Official language French1 Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Prime Minister Unitary republic Jacques Chirac Dominique de Villepin Formation 843 (Treaty of Verdun) (5th Republic: 1958) Accession to the EU March 25... Wissembourg (German: Weißenburg) is a small town and commune situated on the border between France and Germany, in the Alsace région, approximately 60 km north of Strasbourg. ... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité (English: Liberty, Equality, Fraternity) Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital Paris 48°51′ N 2°20′ E Largest city Paris Official language French1 Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Prime Minister Unitary republic Jacques Chirac Dominique de Villepin Formation 843 (Treaty of Verdun) (5th Republic: 1958) Accession to the EU March 25...

Flag of Rhineland-Palatinate
Cities and rural districts in the
Federal State of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany

Cities Image File history File links Flag_of_Rhineland-Palatinate. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

Frankenthal | Kaiserslautern | Koblenz | Landau | Ludwigshafen | Mainz | Neustadt (Weinstraße)
Pirmasens | Speyer | Trier | Worms | Zweibrücken Political status Country: Germany Federal state: Rhineland-Palatinate Region: Rhine Neckar Area District: Independent municipality Facts Population: 47,564 (December 2003) Area: 43. ... // Overview Located in the state of the Rhineland-Pfalz in southwest Germany on the edge of the Pfalz forest (Pfälzerwald) Kaiserslautern hosts a population of 100,000 people + approximately 30,000 NATO military personnel (mostly US-Americans) and their families, who call the city K-Town due to its... Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German spellings; French Coblence; from ) is situated on the left bank of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck (German Corner) and its monument are situated. ... Map of Germany showing Landau Coat of Arms of Landau, 1291 – 1955 Landau or Landau in der Pfalz is an autonomous (Kreisfrei) city surrounded by the Südliche Weinstraße (southern wineroute) district of southern Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Ludwigshafen am Rhein Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, with about 166,000 inhabitants. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... Neustadt an der Weinstraße, otherwise known as Neustadt a. ... Pirmasens is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, near the border with France. ... Trier (French: Trèves, Spanish: Treveris, Italian: Treviri) is Germanys oldest city. ... // Worms (pronounced ) is a city in the southwest of Germany. ... Zweibrücken is a city of Germany in Rhineland-Palatinate, on the Schwarzbach river at the border of the Palatine Forest. ...

Rural
districts

Ahrweiler | Altenkirchen | Alzey-Worms | Bad Dürkheim | Bad Kreuznach | Bernkastel-Wittlich | Birkenfeld | Bitburg-Prüm
Cochem-Zell | Daun | Donnersbergkreis | Germersheim | Kaiserslautern | Kusel | Mainz-Bingen
Mayen-Koblenz | Neuwied | Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis | Rhein-Lahn-Kreis | Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis
Südliche Weinstraße | Südwestpfalz | Trier-Saarburg | Westerwaldkreis Categories: Districts of Rhineland-Palatinate ... Categories: Districts of Rhineland-Palatinate ... Categories: Districts of Rhineland-Palatinate ... Bad Dürkheim is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Categories: Districts of Rhineland-Palatinate ... Bernkastel-Wittlich is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Birkenfeld is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Bitburg-Prüm is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Categories: Districts of Rhineland-Palatinate ... Daun is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... The Donnersbergkreis is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Germersheim is a district (Kreis) in the south-east of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Kaiserslautern is a district (Kreis) in the south of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Kusel is a district (Kreis) in the south of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Mainz-Bingen is a district (Kreis) in the east of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Mayen-Koblenz is a district (Kreis) in the north of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Neuwied is a district (Kreis) in the north of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Rhein-Hunsrück is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Rhein-Lahn is a district (Kreis) in the east of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... The Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis is a district (Kreis) in the east of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Südliche Weinstraße is a district (Kreis) in the south of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Südwestpfalz is a district (Kreis) in the south of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Trier-Saarburg is a district in the west of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... The Westerwaldkreis is a district (Kreis) in the east of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
speyer.de | Sehenswürdigkeiten (437 words)
The imperial Cathedral of Speyer, the foundation of which is in the form of a latin cross, is one of the largest and most significant Romanesque edifices in Germany.
Designed by the architect to the court of the Palatinate, Johann Peter Grabner, it was built from 1701-1717 as a Lutheran church.
The city hall of Speyer, once a free city of the Holy Roman Empire, is a good example of late Baroque architecture.
Speyer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (407 words)
Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx.
Between 1527 and 1689 Speyer is the seat of the Imperial Chamber Court (Reichskammergericht).
In 1816 Speyer becomes the seat of administration of the Palatinate and of the government of the Rhine District of Bavaria (later called the Bavarian Palatinate), and remains so until the end of World War Two.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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