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Encyclopedia > Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (29 June 1833 - 19 October 1908) was a British politician, previously known (1858-1891) as Marquess of Hartington.


Cavendish was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and entered Parliament in 1857. Between 1863 and 1874 Hartington held various Government posts, including lord of the Admiralty, under-secretary for war, postmaster-general, and chief secretary for Ireland. In 1875 he became Leader of the Liberal opposition, and in 1880, after the fall of Benjamin Disraeli's government, he was invited to form a government, but chose instead to serve under William Ewart Gladstone as Secretary of State for India (1880-1882) and Secretary of State for War (1882-1885). In 1886 he broke with Gladstone over Irish Home Rule, and became the leader of the Liberal Unionists. Queen Victoria asked him twice more in 1886-7 to form a government, but again he declined, giving support from the back benches to the Conservative government of Lord Salisbury. Devonshire eventually joined Salisbury's government in 1895 as Lord President of the Council. He resigned from the government in 1903, and from the Liberal Unionist Association the following spring, in protest at Joseph Chamberlain's Tariff Reform scheme.



Preceded by:
The Earl of Ripon
Secretary of State for War
1866
Succeeded by:
Jonathan Peel
Preceded by:
The Duke of Montrose
Postmaster General
1868–1871
Succeeded by:
William Monsell
Preceded by:
Chichester Fortescue
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1871–1874
Succeeded by:
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach
Preceded by:
William Ewart Gladstone
Leader of the British Liberal Party
1875–1880
Succeeded by:
The Earl Granville
and William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by:
The Viscount Cranbrook
Secretary of State for India
1880–1882
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Kimberley
Preceded by:
Hugh Childers
Secretary of State for War
1882–1885
Succeeded by:
William Henry Smith
Preceded by:
The Earl of Rosebery
Lord President of the Council
1895–1903
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Londonderry
Preceded by:
New Office
President of the Board of Education
1900–1902
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Londonderry
Preceded by:
The Marquess of Salisbury
Leader of the House of Lords
1902–1903
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Lansdowne





Preceded by:
William Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire
1891–1908
Succeeded by:
Victor Cavendish



  Results from FactBites:
 
Britannicaindia.com: Britannica Browse (1854 words)
Devonshire, Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of, marquess of Hartington, earl of Devonshire, Baron Cavendish of Hardwick
Devonshire, William Cavendish, 1st Duke of, Marquess Of Hartington, Earl Of Devonshire, Baron Cavendish Of Hardwick
Devonshire, William Cavendish, 4th Duke of, Marquess Of Hartington, Earl Of Devonshire, Baron Cavendish Of Hardwick
Duke of Devonshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (539 words)
The Dukes of Devonshire are members of the aristocratic Cavendish family in the United Kingdom.
The Duke of Devonshire's eldest son may use the courtesy title Marquess of Hartington, whilst the eldest son of the eldest son may use the title Earl of Burlington; any sons he may have would use the title Lord Cavendish.
The Marquessate of Hartington, the Earldom of Devonshire and the Barony of Cavendish of Hardwick are in the peerage of England, while the Earldom of Burlington and the Barony of Cavendish of Keighley are in the peerage of the United Kingdom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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