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Encyclopedia > Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire

Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July 1833 - 24 March 1908) was a British Liberal statesman, previously known (1858-1891) as Marquess of Hartington (a courtesy title). 8th duke of devonshire This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... The term statesman is a respectful term used to refer to diplomats, politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... A courtesy title is a form of address in the British peerage system used for wives, children, and other close relatives of a peer. ...


Cavendish was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and entered Parliament in 1857. Between 1863 and 1874 Hartington held various Government posts, including lord of the Admiralty, under-secretary for war, postmaster-general, and chief secretary for Ireland. In 1875 he became Leader of the Liberal opposition, and in 1880, after the fall of Benjamin Disraeli's government, he was invited to form a government, but chose instead to serve under William Ewart Gladstone as Secretary of State for India (1880-1882) and Secretary of State for War (1882-1885). In 1886 he broke with Gladstone over Irish Home Rule, and became the leader of the Liberal Unionists. Queen Victoria asked him twice more in 1886-7 to form a government, but again he declined, giving support from the back benches to the Conservative government of Lord Salisbury. Devonshire eventually joined Salisbury's government in 1895 as Lord President of the Council. He resigned from the government in 1903, and from the Liberal Unionist Association the following spring, in protest at Joseph Chamberlain's Tariff Reform scheme. Full name The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity Motto Virtus vera nobilitas Virtue is true Nobility Named after The Holy Trinity Previous names - Established 1546 Sister College Christ Church Master Sir Martin Rees Location Trinity Street Undergraduates 656 Graduates 380 Homepage Boatclub The Great Gate is the main... The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Old Admiralty House, Whitehall, London, Thomas Ripley, architect, 1723-26, was not admired by his contemporaries and earned him some scathing couplets from Alexander Pope The Admiralty was historically the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (December 21, 1804 - April 24, British Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and author. ... William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809–19 May 1898) was a British Liberal politician and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... The office of Secretary of State for India or India Secretary was created in 1858 when India was brought under direct British rule (British Raj). ... The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, a British cabinet-level position, first applied to Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794). ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) Events January 18 _ Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | UK political parties | Historical liberal parties ... Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (February 3, 1830–August 22, 1903). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Office of Lord President of the Council is a British cabinet position, the holder of which acts as Presiding officer of the Privy Council. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... Joseph Chamberlain (July 8, 1836 - July 3, 1914) was a British politician. ...


He was married in 1892, at the age of 59, to Louisa Frederica Augusta von Alten, the wife of the late William Drogo Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester. 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Countess Louisa Frederica Augusta von Alten (15 June 1832-15 July 1911) was born at Hannover, the daughter of Karl Franz Viktor Graf von Alten, a Hanoverian nobleman. ...




Preceded by:
The Earl De Grey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for War
1863–1866
Succeeded by:
The Lord Dufferin and Clandeboye
Preceded by:
The Earl De Grey
Secretary of State for War
1866
Succeeded by:
Jonathan Peel
Preceded by:
The Duke of Montrose
Postmaster-General
1868–1871
Succeeded by:
William Monsell
Preceded by:
Chichester Fortescue
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1871–1874
Succeeded by:
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach
Preceded by:
William Ewart Gladstone
Leader of the British Liberal Party
co-equal with The Earl Granville
1875–1880
Succeeded by:
William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by:
The Viscount Cranbrook
Secretary of State for India
1880–1882
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Kimberley
Preceded by:
Hugh Childers
Secretary of State for War
1882–1885
Succeeded by:
William Henry Smith
Preceded by:
(none)
Leader of the Liberal Unionist Association
1886–1903
Succeeded by:
Joseph Chamberlain
Preceded by:
The Earl of Rosebery
Lord President of the Council
1895–1903
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Londonderry
Preceded by:
The Marquess of Salisbury
Leader of the House of Lords
1902–1903
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Lansdowne


George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon (24 October 1827 - 9 July 1909) was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until his death forty-eight years later. ... Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State for War, 1794-1966 1794: Sir Evan Nepean, Bt 1795: William Huskisson In 1801 the offices for War and the Colonies were merged. ... Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, (June 21, 1826 – February 12, 1902) was a prominent member of Victorian society. ... George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon (24 October 1827 - 9 July 1909) was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until his death forty-eight years later. ... The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, a British cabinet-level position, first applied to Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794). ... Jonathan Peel (1799-1879) was first a soldier and then a Member of Parliament during the long period between 1826 and 1868, first representing Norwich and then Huntingdon. ... James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose, KT (16 July 1799-30 December 1874) was a British politician. ... In the United Kingdom, the Postmaster General is a now defunct ministerial position. ... Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford (18 January 1823–30 January 1898) was a British statesman and Liberal politician of the nineteenth century. ... The Chief Secretary was the most important position for determining Ireland after the Lord Lieutenant, and was frequently a cabinet level position in the 19th and early twentieth centuries. ... The Rt Hon. ... William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809–19 May 1898) was a British Liberal politician and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville (May 11, 1815 - March 31, 1891) was an English statesman. ... William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809–19 May 1898) was a British Liberal politician and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... The Rt Hon. ... The office of Secretary of State for India or India Secretary was created in 1858 when India was brought under direct British rule (British Raj). ... John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (1826-1902), English statesman, was born on 7 January 1826, being the eldest son of the Hon. ... Caricature from Punch, 1882 Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (June 25, 1827 - January 29, 1896) was a British and Australian Liberal statesman of the nineteenth century. ... The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, a British cabinet-level position, first applied to Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794). ... There have been two people named William Henry Smith William Henry Smith (1792-1865) William Henry Smith (1825-1891), the son of the above This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Liberal Unionists were a British political party which split away from the Liberals in 1886, and had effectively merged with the Conservatives by the turn of the century, the formal merger being completed in 1912. ... Joseph Chamberlain (July 8, 1836 - July 3, 1914) was a British politician. ... Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery (May 7, 1847 - May 21, 1929) was a British Liberal statesman and Prime Minister. ... The Office of Lord President of the Council is a British cabinet position, the holder of which acts as Presiding officer of the Privy Council. ... Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 6th Marquess of Londonderry (16 July 1852 - 8 February 1915) was a British Conservative politician who in various capacities in the Conservative administrations of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (February 3, 1830–August 22, 1903). ... Leader of the House of Lords is a function in the British government that is always held in combination with a formal Cabinet position, most often Lord President of the Council, Lord Privy Seal or Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. ... Henry Charles Keith Petty-FitzMaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, KG, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE (14 January 1845 - 3 June 1927) was a British politician and Irish peer who served as Governor General of Canada, Viceroy of India, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. ...

Preceded by:
William Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire Succeeded by:
Victor Cavendish

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dukes of Devonshire (244 words)
The Duke's second title, Marquess of Hartington, is used as a courtesy title by his eldest son; the Marquess of Hartington's eldest son uses the title Earl of Burlington.
The Duke of Devonshire holds the subsidiary titles of Marquess of Hartington, Earl of Devonshire, Earl of Burlington, Baron Cavendish of Hardwick, and Baron Cavendish of Keighley.
Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (1833-1908)
Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of Devonshire - HighBeam Encyclopedia (177 words)
Devonshire, Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of, 1833-1908, British statesman.
Devonshire (he became duke in 1891) later (1904) left the Liberal Unionists because the majority of that group, led by Joseph Chamberlain, had come to favor the abandonment of free trade.
Devonshire, Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th duke of, marquis of Hartington
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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