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Encyclopedia > Spell (paranormal)

The spell is a magical act intended to cause an effect on reality using supernatural means of liturgical or ritual nature. When the goal of such spell is to attempt to determine the future it is usually named divination or augury and when it tries to put someones's will under control, enchantment or incantation. A spell differs from a prayer in that the person preforming a spell claim authority over an entity, whereas a prayer implies submission. Spells are a substantial component of many Pagan religions and can also be found in some monotheistic religions. Others, like Islam and Christianity, explicitly forbid this practice. Medieval collections of spells were called grimoires. Sorcery redirects here. ... Reality in everyday usage means everything that exists. ... From the Greek word λειτουργια, which can be transliterated as leitourgia, meaning the work of the people, a liturgy comprises a prescribed religious ceremony, according to the traditions of a particular religion; it may refer to, or include, an elaborate formal ritual (such as the Catholic Mass), a daily activity such... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ... This man in Rhumsiki, Cameroon, tells the future by interpreting the changes in position of various objects as caused by a fresh-water crab through nggàm[1]. Divination is the practice of ascertaining information from supernatural sources. ... Omens or portents are signs encountered fortuitously that are believed to foretell the future. ... For other uses of the words enchantment, enchanter, or enchantress, see enchantment (disambiguation). ... An incantation is the words spoken during a ritual. ... Maria Magdalene in prayer. ... Monotheism (in Greek monon = single and Theos = God) is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the Quran. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as Jesus Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... This design for an amulet comes from the Black Pullet grimoire. ...

Spells were probably developed during the Neolithic magical belief period and have been practiced since then both in accepted and clandestine environments. They were common in Pagan societies as part of massive official holidays promoted by authorities: this activity is well documented in a number of historical sources and has even survived in vodunist or shamanic religion areas. On the opposite, practitioners were harshly prosecuted in other places and ages, specially in areas whose state religion was Christianity. Nowadays practitioners are protected under the freedom of belief, a fundamental right regarded by most democratic countries, although hoaxes based on the gullibility and need to believe of many people are usually punished as frauds. An array of Neolithic artefacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland. ... The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based religious tradition with primary roots among the Fon-Ewe peoples of West Africa, in the country now known as... Specifically, Shaman (saman) is a term in Evenk, Manchu and other Manchu-Tungus languages for an intellectual and spiritual figure; who usually possess power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, one of which is analogous to the function of a healer in other cultures. ... A state religion (also called an official religion, established church or state church) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state. ... A fundamental right is often referred to the rights a person has according to the constitution. ... Democracy (from Greek δημοκρατία (demokratia), δημος (demos) the common people + κρατειν (kratein) to rule + the suffix ία (ia), literally the common people rule): Democracy may be used either narrowly to describe a nation-state (government) or more broadly to describe a free society. ...

Typically, a spell is a symbolic representation of the purported effect performed under the invocation of a deity. It can even be an unwilling instantaneous action with no spectific shape, like some forms of Evil Eye. But in more developed Pagan beliefs, spells have the following general structure: John Phillip, The Evil Eye (1859), a self-portrait depicting the artist sketching a Spanish gypsy who thinks she is being given the evil eye The evil eye is a widely distributed element of folklore, in which it is believed that the envy elicited by the good luck of fortunate... Paganism (from Latin paganus) and heathenry are blanket terms used primarily by Christians which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices of natural or polytheistic religions, as opposed to the Abrahamic monotheistic religions. ...

  • Preparation, when all needed products are disposed in the appropriate location and the involved individuals perform preliminary activities like fasting, praying, etc.
  • Overture to start the ritual or liturgical performance, create an appropriate, solemn "magical environment" and reinforce the communion effect among participants.
  • Invocation, when the cooperation of supernatural forces is requested to take the spell to reality.
  • Execution, where all ritualized magical acts belonging to the spell are precisely performed.
  • Sacrifice, when a symbolic or tangible gift is offered to participating deities.
  • Closure, to solemnize the end of the act and dissolve the "magical environment" created during the overture.

It is noticeable the similarity between this structure and the liturgy of more modern monotheistic religions, from which these practices are derived. A neat example of such a parallelism is the Catholic Mass. Mass is a property of a physical object that quantifies the amount of matter it contains. ...

When the goal of the spell and the means used to achieved it are regarded as immoral, illegal or pernicious by a certain society, it is defined as black. If a society accepts both the goal and the means as innocuous, it is defined as white. Nowadays, a number of Neopagan religions like Wicca have recovered the usage of spells and vindicate it. Many people perform them privately for themselves, for others or for a price, usually following the instructions of occultist books or other sources, commonly seeking health, wealth and love although sometimes also for revenge or hate. The word pagan is derived from the Latin Paganus, meaning of or from the country. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Most experts agree that the spell was originally created by the human need to create causal associations many millennia prior to the development of the scientific method. The relationship between seed and plant or sex and baby were fully mysterious wonders for thousands of years. In absence of the scientific method, a direct relationship minor act -> major result of an apparent magic nature is established and progressively enshrouded behind sophisticated liturgies until it loses the original meaning and, by association, new superstitious relationships develop new, more obscure spells until a religion is born. Scientific method refers to a body of techniques for the investigation of phenomena and the acquisition of new knowledge of the natural world, as well as the correction and integration of previous knowledge, based on observable, empirical, measurable evidence, and subject to laws of reasoning. ... A common European superstition dictates that it is bad luck for a black cat to cross ones path. ...

See also

Sorcery redirects here. ... Galðr (plural galðrar) is the Old Norse for spell, incantation (compare Old English: gealdor or galdor, derived from which is Modern English yell). ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Spell (paranormal) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (635 words)
Spells are a substantial component of many Pagan religions and can also be found in some monotheistic religions.
Spells were probably developed during the Neolithic magical belief period and have been practiced since then both in accepted and clandestine environments.
Typically, a spell is a symbolic representation of the purported effect performed under the invocation of a deity.
Spell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (102 words)
Look up Spell in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Spell (band), a musical group consisting of Boyd Rice and Rose McDowall
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
  More results at FactBites »



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