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Encyclopedia > Speech communication

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Speech communication refers to the processes associated with the production and perception of sounds used in spoken language. A number of academic disciplines study speech and speech sounds, including acoustics, psychology, speech pathology, linguistics, and computer science. Image File history File links Information. ... Speech perception refers to the processes by which humans are able to interpret and understand the sounds used in language. ... This article is about compression waves. ... Spoken language is a language that people utter words of the language. ... Acoustics is a branch of physics and is the study of sound (mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids). ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... It has been suggested that Speech-Language Pathology, Speech therapy, Phoniatrics be merged into this article or section. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ...

Contents

Speech production

Main article: Speech production

Human vocal tract In linguistics (articulatory phonetics), manner of articulation describes how the tongue, lips, and other speech organs are involved in making a sound make contact. ...

Speech perception

Main article: Speech perception

Speech perception refers to the processes by which humans are able to interpret and understand the sounds used in language. ...

Problems involving speech

See also: Speech pathology

There are several biological and psychological factors that can affect speech. Among these are: It has been suggested that Speech-Language Pathology, Speech therapy, Phoniatrics be merged into this article or section. ...

  1. Diseases and disorders of the lungs or the vocal cords, including paralysis, respiratory infections, vocal fold nodules and cancers of the lungs and throat.
  2. Diseases and disorders of the brain, including alogia, aphasias, dysarthria, dystonia and speech processing disorders, where impaired motor planning, nerve transmission, phonological processing or perception of the message (as opposed to the actual sound) leads to poor speech production.
  3. Hearing problems, such as otitis media effusion can lead to phonological problems.
  4. Articulatory problems, such as stuttering, lisping, cleft palate, ataxia, or nerve damage leading to problems in articulation. Tourette syndrome and tics can also affect speech.
  5. In addition to aphasias, anomia and certain types of dyslexia can impede the quality of auditory perception, and therefore, expression. Hearing impairments and deafness can be considered to fall into this category.

Human respiratory system The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... Laryngoscopic view of the vocal folds. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A vocal fold nodule reduces or obstructs the ability of the vocal folds to create the rapid changes in air pressure which generate human speech. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... In animals, the brain or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for behaviour. ... In psychology, alogia, or poverty of speech, is a general lack of additional, unprompted content seen in normal speech. ... Look up aphasia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up dysarthria in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dystonia (literally, abnormal muscle tone) is a generic term used to describe a neurological movement disorder involving involuntary, sustained muscle contractions. ... Speech processing is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals. ... Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear: the space behind the ear drum. ... Stuttering, also known as stammering in the United Kingdom, is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases; and involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the stutterer is unable to produce sounds. ... A lisp is a speech impediment. ... For other uses, see Ataxia (disambiguation). ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ... Articulation may refer to several topics: In speech, linguistics, and communication: Topic-focus articulation Articulation score Place of articulation Manner of articulation In music: Musical articulations (staccato, legato, etc) In education: Articulation (education) In sociology: Articulation (sociology) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... Tourette syndrome (also called Tourettes syndrome, Tourettes disorder, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, GTS or, more commonly, simply Tourettes or TS) is an inherited neurological disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by the presence of multiple physical (motor) tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic; these... Tic may also refer to Tenancy in Common. ... Nominal aphasia is a form of aphasia (loss of language capability caused by brain damage) in which the subject has difficulty remembering or recognizing names which the subject should know well. ... This article is about developmental dyslexia. ... Hearing impairment is a full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds. ... The word deaf can have very different meanings depending on the background of the person speaking or the context in which the word is used. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Speech communication - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (246 words)
It is the second oldest form of communication on the planet.
This is speech communication in its purest form.
The quality of such communication is limited by virtue of the one creating the speech; the knowledge of the speaker; the credibility of the speaker; and/or the delivery style of the speaker.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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