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Encyclopedia > Specialization

Specialization, also spelled Specialisation, is an important way to generate propositional knowledge, by applying general knowledge, such as the theory of gravity, to specific instances, such as "when I release this apple, it will fall to the floor". Specialization is the opposite of generalization. Propositional knowledge or declarative knowledge is knowledge that some proposition is either true or false. ... “Gravity” redirects here. ... For the term in the context of mathematical logic, see Generalization (logic). ...


The period of time when the world made the largest productivity gains is industrial revolution. The major reason for increase in productivity is the increase in specialization during production process.


Types of Specialization:


Geographical Specialization: land use in Canada is naturally suited to specific situation.


Labor Specialization: achieved when the population process is broken into tiny tasks. The idea is referred to as the division of labor.


Concept B is a specialization of concept A if and only if:

  • every instance of concept B is also an instance of concept A; and
  • there are instances of concept A which are not instances of concept B.

For instance, 'Bird' is a specialization of 'Animal' because every bird is an animal, and there are animals which are not birds (dogs, for instance). For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ...


In logic, specialization occurs when you take a statement such as: Logic (from Classical Greek λόγος logos; meaning word, thought, idea, argument, account, reason, or principle) is the study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration. ...

"All cars are red"

And use it to derive statements such as:

"My car is red"
"Fred's car is red"

See also


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