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Encyclopedia > Special wards of Tokyo
Administrative divisions of Japan
Prefectural level
Prefectures
(都道府県 todōfuken)
Subprefectural level
Subprefectures
(支庁 shichō)


Designated cities
(政令指定都市 seirei-shitei-toshi)

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Japan is an island nation in East Asia comprised of a large stratovolcanic archipelago extending along the Pacific coast of Asia. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Some Japanese prefectures are divided into branch offices. ... A position of each city designated by government ordinance A city designated by government ordinance (a designated city or Government Ordinance City (Japanese: 政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi)) is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000; has important economic and industrial functions; and that is...


Districts
(郡 gun)
The district (郡; gun) was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States. ...

Municipal level
Core cities
(中核市 chūkaku-shi)


Special cities
(特例市 tokurei-shi)
Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal. ... Core cities are cities of Japan designated by Article 252, Clause 22 and the first term of the Local Autonomy Law. ... Special Cities (特例市) of Japan are cities with populations of at least 200,000, and are delegated a subset of the functions delegated to core cities. ...


Cities
(市 shi)

A city ) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ...


Special wards (Tokyo)
(特別区 tokubetsu-ku)


Wards
(区 ku)

A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ...


Towns
(町 chō, machi)

A town (町 chō) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ...


Villages
(村 son, mura)
A village (村 mura or son) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ...

The special wards of Tokyo are 23 municipalities that together make up the core and the most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. Together, they occupy the land that was the city of Tokyo before it was abolished in 1943. Within the country, this type of administrative division is unique to Tokyo. In Japanese, their formal name is 特別区 (tokubetsuku, "special wards"), and collectively they are commonly known as the nijūsanku, meaning "twenty-three wards". Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal. ...   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... Tokyo City (東京市 Tōkyō-shi) was a Japanese municipality located in the center of the Tokyo urban area. ...


They are special because although they are autonomous local governments, they at the same time function seamlessly together as one large urban entity in central Tokyo. To this end, certain public services are handled by the government of the larger prefecture, whereas cities normally provide these services themselves. They include water supply, sewage disposal, and fire services. To finance the joint public services provided to the twenty-three wards, the metropolitan government levies some of the taxes that would normally be levied by city governments, and also makes transfer payments to wards that cannot finance their own local administration.


The word "special" distinguishes them from the wards (区 ku) of other major Japanese cities. Before 1943, the wards of Tokyo City were no different from the wards of Osaka or Kyoto. In 1943, when the Tokyo city government and prefectural government merged into a single prefectural government, the wards were placed under the direct control of the prefecture. Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tokyo City (東京市 Tōkyō-shi) was a Japanese municipality located in the center of the Tokyo urban area. ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ...


Since the 1970s, the special wards of Tokyo have exercised a considerably higher degree of autonomy than the wards in other cities, making them more like independent cities than districts. Each special ward has its own elected mayor (区長; kuchō) and assembly (区議会 kugikai).


In 2000, the National Diet designated the special wards as local public entities (地方公共団体 chihō-kōkyō-dantai), giving them a status similar to cities. Since then, they have been calling themselves "cities" instead of wards in English, even though the Japanese designation of tokubetsuku is unchanged. They have also taken over certain public services metropolitan government such as garbage collection and disposal. The National Diet of Japan ) is Japans legislature. ...


The wards vary greatly in area (from 10 to 60 km²) and population (from less than 40,000 to 830,000), and some are increasing as artificial islands are built. Setagaya has the most people, while neighboring Ōta, the largest area. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Before Mexico City, Tenochtitlan was an artificial island of 250,000 (Dr Atl) Dejima, not allowed direct contact with nearby island that has been formed by human, rather than natural means. ... Location of Setagaya-ku in Tokyo. ... ÅŒta (Japanese: 大田区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ...


The total population of the twenty-three special wards was 8,483,140 as of October 1, 2005 [1], about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area. The twenty-three wards have a population density of 13,800 per square kilometre (35,600 per square mile). The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the metropolis of Tokyo and the prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ...


List of special wards

Name Kanji Population Jun 2007 Area
(km²)
Major districts
Number Density
(/km²)
Adachi 足立区 629,392 11,830.68 53.20 Kitasenju, Takenotsuka
Arakawa 荒川区 194,777 18,262.25 10.20 Arakawa, Nippori, Minamisenju
Bunkyō 文京区 194,933 16,009.28 11.31 Hongo, Yayoi, Hakusan
Chiyoda 千代田区 43,802 3,763.06 11.64 Nagatacho, Kasumigaseki, Ōtemachi, Marunouchi, Akihabara, Yurakucho, Iidabashi
Chūō 中央区 104,997 10,344.53 10.15 Nihonbashi, Kayabachō, Ginza, Tsukiji, Hatchōbori, Shinkawa, Tsukishima, Kachidoki, Tsukuda,
Edogawa 江戸川区 661,386 13,264.86 49.86 Kasai, Chūō, Koiwa
Itabashi 板橋区 529,059 16445.72 32.17 Itabashi, Takashimadaira
Katsushika 葛飾区 428,066 12,286.62 34.84 Tateishi, Aoto
Kita 北区 330,646 15,885.67 20.59 Akabane, Oji, Tabata
Kōtō 江東区 436,337 10,963.24 39.8 Kiba, Ariake, Kameido, Toyocho, Monzennakacho, Fukagawa, Kiyosumi, Shirakawa, Etchūjima, Sunamachi
Meguro 目黒区 267,798 18,217.55 14.70 Meguro, Nakameguro, Jiyugaoka
Minato 港区 205,196 10,088.30 20.34 Odaiba, Shinbashi, Shinagawa, Roppongi, Toranomon, Aoyama, Azabu, Hamamatsucho, Tamachi
Nakano 中野区 312,939 20,097.82 15.59 Nakano
Nerima 練馬区 702,202 14,580.61 48.16 Nerima, Oizumi, Hikarigaoka
Ōta 大田区 674,590 11,345.27 59.46 Ōmori, Kamata, Haneda, Denenchofu
Setagaya 世田谷区 855,416 14,728.23 58.08 Setagaya, Sangenjaya, Shimokitazawa, Tamagawa
Shibuya 渋谷区 205,512 13,337.13 15.11 Shibuya, Ebisu, Harajuku, Hiroo, Sendagaya, Yoyogi
Shinagawa 品川区 353,887 15,576.01 22.72 Shinagawa, Ōimachi, Gotanda
Shinjuku 新宿区 309,463 16,975.48 18.23 Shinjuku, Takadanobaba, Okubo, Kagurazaka, Ichigaya
Suginami 杉並区 534,981 15,725.49 34.02 Koenji, Kamiogi, Asagaya
Sumida 墨田区 237,433 16,079.49 13.75 Kinshicho, Morishita, Ryōgoku
Toshima 豊島区 256,009 19,428.44 13.01 Ikebukuro, Senkawa, Komagome
Taitō 台東区 168,277 16,139.38 10.08 Ueno, Asakusa
Overall 8,637,098 13,890.25 621.81
Map of mainland Tokyo showing the twenty-three special wards in (yellow).

Map of Adachi-ku. ... Arakawa (Japanese: 荒川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Arakawa may refer to the family name of several people: Alan Arakawa, mayor of Maui, Hawaii, USA Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese manga artist Minoru Arakawa, former president of Nintendo of America Shizuka Arakawa, Japanese figure skater, gold medalist at the 2006 Winter Olympics Shusaku Arakawa, Japanese artist and architect Toyozo Arakawa... Akamon Gate at the University of Tokyo. ... For the woman who was at one point the oldest person on Earth, see Kamato Hongo. ... Yayoi (弥生) is a neighborhood in Bunkyo, Tokyo. ... National Diet Building, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Yasukuni Shrine, Kudan Kita 3-1-1, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Otemon, the Great Gate of Edo Castle (Kokyo) Chiyoda (千代田区; -ku) is a special ward in central Tokyo, Japan. ... Nagatacho (永田町 Nagata-chō) is a district of Tokyo, Japan, located in Chiyoda Ward. ... Kasumigaseki (霞が関, 霞ヶ関)is a district of Tokyo, Japan, located in Chiyoda Ward. ... Yomiuri Shimbun headquarters ÅŒtemachi ) is a district of Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo. ... Skyline of Marunouchi district, viewed from Imperial Palace gardens Marunouchi gate of Tokyo Station Marunouchi (丸の内) is a commercial district of Tokyo located in Chiyoda Ward, between Tokyo Station and the Imperial Palace. ... Akihabara in 2007 Akihabara ), also known as Akihabara Electric Town ), is a neighborhood in Tokyo, Japan. ... JR train above Yurakucho Yurakucho is a neighborhood of Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan situated in between the Ginza and Hibiya Park, near the neighborhood of Shinbashi. ... Iidabashi (飯田橋) is a district of Tokyo, Japan, located in Chiyoda Ward. ... Chūō ) is one of the 23 special wards that form the heart of Tokyo, Japan. ... Nihonbashi (the bridge) Marker from which distances are measured Bank of Japan For the place in Osaka written with the same kanji in Japanese, see Nipponbashi. ... The Ginza area of Tokyo, Japan The Wako department store occupies a busy corner in Ginza Ginza (銀座) is a place in Chūō Ward, Tokyo named after the silver coin foundry or Ginza established here in 1612 (Edo period). ... Tsukiji as seen from Shiodome Frozen tuna at Tsukiji Tuna auction at Tsukiji The Tokyo Metropolitan Central Wholesale Market, commonly known as the Tsukiji fish market (Japanese: 築地魚市場, Tsukiji uoichiba) is the biggest wholesale fish and seafood market, and one of the biggest markets of any... Tsukishima (月島) is a place located in Chuo Ward, Tokyo, Japan. ... Location of Edogawa-ku in Tokyo. ... Kasai may be Kasai, Hyogo in Japan the Kasai River in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo Kasai province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, now divided into eastern and western districts This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... The Japanese word Chūō (中央) means central. ... Itabashi (板橋区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Itabashi (板橋区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Katsushika (葛飾区; ku) is a special ward located in northeast Tokyo, Japan. ... Tateishi-sama, inside the stone fence behind the torii Tateishi (立石) is a neighborhood in Katsushika, Tokyo, Japan. ... Kita (Japanese: 北区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Tshi, Tchwi, or Oji, a group of Negro peoples of Ghana. ... Kōtō (江東区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Fukagawa (深川市; -shi) is a city located in Sorachi, Hokkaido, Japan. ... Shirakawa can refer to: Emperor Shirakawa of Japan, the 72nd Emperor of Japan. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Tokyo Tower and Zojoji by night, Shiba Park Roppongi Hills Rainbow Bridge connecting central Tokyo to Odaiba Minato (港区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... View of Odaiba in the distance from the Rainbow Bridge, with the Fuji TV studio in the background Odaiba (お台場) (sometimes known as Daiba) is a large artificial island in Tokyo Bay, Japan. ... Dentsu Building Shinbashi Station Shinbashi (æ–°æ©‹) is a district of Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan, located south of Ginza, east of Toranomon and north of Hamamatsucho. ... Shinagawa (品川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Roppongi Hills Roppongi ) is a district of Minato Ward, Tokyo, Japan, famous as home to the rich Roppongi Hills area, an active night club scene, and a relatively large presence of Western tourists and expatriates, though the vast majority of visitors and residents are Japanese. ... Aoyama (青山; lit:Blue mountain) is a neighborhood of Tokyo, located in the northeastern Minato Ward. ... Azabu (麻布) is a district of Minato Ward in Tokyo, Japan, built on a marshy area of foothills south of central Tokyo. ... JR Tamachi Station Tamachi (田町) is the informal name for the area surrounding Tamachi Station in Minato Ward, Tokyo, generally referring to the districts of Shiba, Shibaura and Mita. ... Nakano (中野区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Location of Nerima-ku in Tokyo. ... Nerima (練馬区; -ku) is the northwestern-most of the 23 special wards comprising the urban center of Tokyo, Japan. ... This article is about the Tokyo ward, for other uses, see Ota. ... ÅŒmori Belport, headquarters of Isuzu ÅŒmori ) is a district located a few kilometers south of Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan accessed by rail via the Keihin Tohoku line, or by road via Dai Ichi Keihin. ... Kamata Station (蒲田駅 -eki) is an interchange train station located in Ota, Tokyo, Japan. ... Tokyo International Airport (Japanese: 東京国際空港 Tōkyō Kokusai Kūkō) is an international airport in Ota, Tokyo, Japan. ... A typical view in Den-en-chōfu Den-en-chōfu ), meaning garden suburb, is a district in the Ota ward (大田区 Ota-ku) in South Tokyo. ... Location of Setagaya-ku in Tokyo. ... Setagaya (世田谷区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Shimokitazawa Station Shimo-Kitazawa Station (下北沢駅) is an interchange station on the Odakyu Odawara and the Keio Inokashira lines located in Tokyos Setagaya ward. ... Tamagawa (Japanese: 玉川) may refer to the following places in Japan: Tamagawa, Ehime, a former town in Ehime Prefecture that is now part of the city of Imabari, Ehime Tamakawa, Fukushima, a village in Fukushima Prefecture Tamagawa, Saitama, a village in Saitama Prefecture Tamagawa, Yamaguchi, a town in Yamaguchi Prefecture The... Neon lights in Shibuya Location of Shibuya-ku in Tokyo. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... There is a disputed proposal that this article should be merged with Tokyo Ebisu is a fashionable shopping district (named after Ebisu, the god of wealth), with many sidewalk cafes and fashion shops. ... For other uses of Harajuku, see the disambiguation page Harajuku Station at night Three teens outside Harajuku Station Rockabilly dancers in Yoyogi Park Harajuku (原宿)   is the common name for the area around Harajuku Station on the Yamanote Line in the Shibuya ward of Tokyo, Japan. ... Hiroo can refer to two places in Japan: An area of Minato, Tokyo: see Hiroo, Tokyo A town in Hokkaidō: see Hiroo, Hokkaidō Category: ... Sendagaya Station at Night Takashimaya Times Square, Sendagaya 5-chome Sendagaya (千駄ヶ谷) is an area (neighborhood, quarter) within Shibuya ward 渋谷区), one of Tokyo (東京都), Japans (日本) special 23 wards. ... Yoyogi is located in the metropolis of Tokyo, Japan just south of Shinjuku and north of Shibuya. ... Shinagawa ) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ... Shinagawa (品川区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Location of Shinjuku-ku in Tokyo. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Takadanobaba (Japanese: 高田馬場) is a district located in Tokyos Shinjuku ward. ... The temple of Akagi, at the top end of Kagurazaka. ... Ichigaya (市谷) is a neighborhood in Tokyo, Japan. ... Suginami (杉並区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... View immediately south of Kōenji Station Kōenji (Japanese: 高円寺 kōenji) is a suburb of Tokyo in Suginami ward, west of Shinjuku. ... Sumida (Japanese: 墨田区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... Katsushika Hokusai published this view of the bridge as an ukiyoe print. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... Ikebukuro Ikebukuro at night Ikebukuro at night Ikebukuro (池袋), a part of Toshima ward, is a large commercial and entertainment district of Tokyo, Japan. ... Cherry blossoms at Ueno Park Cast in 1692, the bronze bell at Sensoji rang the time for centuries. ... Shinobazu Pond and Bentendo Hall in early spring Tokyo National Museum Pagoda of Kaneiji, now in Ueno Zoo Rodins Gates of Hell in front of the National Museum of Western Art Ueno (上野) is a district in Tokyos Taitō Ward, best known as the home of Ueno Station... Sensoji Temple The Kaminarimon is the outer gate of the Sensoji, Asakusas famous temple. ... Download high resolution version (1440x801, 43 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1440x801, 43 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

See also

  , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... Tokyo, the seat of the Government of Japan and home of the Emperor, is the capital of Japan. ... The Local Autonomy Law (地方自治法 Chihō-jichi-hō) of Japan was passed as Law No. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ... Japan has many major cities. ...

External links

  • Tokyo Metropolitan Government explanation of special wards (in English)
  • Tokyo Metropolitan Government statistics (in Japanese)

 
 

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