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Encyclopedia > Special school

A special school is a school catering to students who have special educational needs (SEN), for example, because of learning difficulties or physical disabilities. The Camphill special schools provide education for disabled children in a community setting. Integration promotes diversity and acceptance. However, opponents of integration argue that those with SEN's receive a better education at special schools. Private schools, or independent schools, are schools not administered by local, state, or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public (state) funds. ... Special education, also known as special ed or additional support needs, is instruction that is modified or particularized catering to students who have singular needs or disabilities, for example, because of mental illness or mental retardation. ... In the United States and Canada, the term learning disability is used to refer to psychological and neurological conditions that affect a persons communicative capacities and potential to be taught effectively. ... The Camphill Movement is an international movement of therapeutic intentional communities for those with special needs or disabilities. ...

United States

Although such schools still exist and serve important functions, many special education students today attend regular schools under a practice called mainstreaming. The idea behind mainstreaming is to bring special education students out of the isolation of special schools and into the "mainstream" of student life. Schools began to mainstream students with singular needs or disabilities into regular classrooms. Students who previously might have attended special schools with other students with similar needs or disabilities have begun to attend regular public schools in a major attempt at deinstitutionalization. These efforts are known as programs of inclusion. Today, special schools serve a small portion of students whose special educational needs cannot be met in the regular public schools. Students are placed in one of the following, listed from more to the most restrictive environment: Mainstreaming in education, also known as inclusion, is the process of grouping disabled students with general education students in the classroom. ... Deinstitutionalisation is the practice of moving people (especially those with developmental disability) from mental institutions into community-based or family-based environments. ... Inclusion is the practice in special education of placing children with disabilities into the general classrooms of elementary and secondary schools, either all or most of the time. ...

  • A BOCES program
  • An approved Private School (day)
  • State Operated school
  • An approved Residential Placement
See also: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

New York State public school districts are served by regional consortiums known as Boards of Cooperative Educational Services, or BOCES. The BOCES organizations provide support to schools through Cooperative Services (also known as COSERs). ... The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a United States federal law, , most recently amended in 2004, meant to ensure a free appropriate public education for students with disabilities, designed to their individualized needs in the Least Restrictive Environment. ...

United Kingdom

While many still argue that those with SEN's receive a better education at special schools, they are falling out of favour in the UK and instead the pupils with SEN's are being integrated into mainstream schools. For this reason, education cost is a lot cheaper to place pupils with SEN's in a mainstream school rather than maintain separate establishments. Studies show that special-education students who are integrated have higher academic achievement, higher self-esteem, a greater probability of attending college, and better physical health. They are more likely to graduate and find employment. Because they are not labeled, pupils who are integrated do not feel the hopelessness that hinders their potential. As far as advantages as a whole, integration promotes diversity and acceptance. It also allows opportunity for all students to advance. For those with SEN's, they are motivated through competition to improve. The general education students have the ability to rise up to leadership roles.

See also: List of schools in the United Kingdom

  Results from FactBites:
Basic Information - Special education (2690 words)
Special education is a set of services -- including specially designed instruction, related services, supplemental aids and supports, and transition services -- that children with disabilities have a right to receive to meet their individualized needs.
Special education services are for students who are classified as having one of 13 different disabling conditions: autism, deaf-blindness, emotionally disturbed, hard of hearing, learning disabled, mentally retarded, multiply disabled, orthopedically impaired, speech-impaired, traumatic brain injury, visually impaired, and other health impairment.
A key concept in special education is that children with disabilities should, to the maximum extent appropriate, be educated with their non-disabled peers, or – as the law puts it – in the least restrictive environment.
Gavar Special School (1812 words)
Gavar Special School is always looking for ways to participate in new projects as it continues to strive to become the model special needs school in Armenia that will have the ability to educate the more than 700 special needs children in the Gegharkunik Region.
Gavar Special School is very fortunate to have many friends who wish to see it improve and be able to meet the needs of the special needs children of Gegharkunik Marz.
Special thanks to Anahid Ugurlayan, President of the Armenian Relief Society Mayr Chapter and her Staff for organizing the event to aid the children of Gavar Special School!
  More results at FactBites »



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