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Encyclopedia > Special member state territories and the European Union
Map of European Union in the world      European Union      Outermost regions      Overseas countries and territories
Map of EU member states and candidate countries, with an inset showing the 7 outermost regions

As of 2007 the European Union has 27 member states, most of which participate in all EU policy areas and programs or have signed up to do so. However EU law does not always apply evenly to all of the territory of all of the member states. Many member states have special territories which for either historical, geographical or political reasons have differing relationships with their national governments — and consequently also the European Union — than the rest of the member state's territory. Many of these special territories don't participate in all or any EU policy areas and programs. Some have no official relationship with the EU while others participate in EU programs in line with the provisions of European Union directives or protocols attached to the European Union treaties. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1427x628, 85 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Special member state territories and their relations with the European Union ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1427x628, 85 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Special member state territories and their relations with the European Union ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1150x1000, 207 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1150x1000, 207 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into European Union. ... A directive is a legislative act of the European Union which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result. ... The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ...

Contents

EU Treaties

Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to which the treaty applies, supplemented by the accession treaties; and Articles 182-188 and Annex II on association with the non-European countries and territories which have special relations with the member states. The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ...


Outermost regions

The outermost regions (according to article 299) are the seven regions (four of France, two of Portugal, one of Spain) in which European Union law applies, but where it is possible to derogate to common EU legislation to take account of their remoteness. (The four of France are outside the Schengen zone, while the two of Portugal and one of Spain are inside it.) European Union law is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). ...  Implementing countries  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The 1985 Schengen Agreement is an agreement among...


Overseas countries and territories (OCTs)

The overseas countries and territories (OCTs) are 20 countries that have a special relationship with one of the member states of the European Union: 11 with the UK, six with France, two with the Netherlands, one with Denmark. Together with other countries, they may benefit from the European Development Fund (EDF),[1] but not the Regional policy. The European Development Fund (EDF) is the main instrument for European Community aid for development cooperation in the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT). ... The Regional policy of the European Union is a policy with the stated aim of improving the economic well being of certain regions in the EU. Around one third of the EUs budget is devoted to this policy, the aim of which has been stated to be to remove...


Although OCTs are not subject to most parts of EU law, Articles 182-188 of the Treaty of Rome, OCTs are - in theory at least - subject to restrictions on their tariff regimes with the European Union and EU law in the area of freedom of establishment. The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ...


They are formally not part of the EU customs union, meaning that all imports from the OCT to the EU must be declared to the customs. But they have according to the treaty of Rome freedom from customs duties (correct documentation needed). They can however claim customs when importing from the EU. They do not belong to the EU VAT union. A customs union is a free trade area with a Common External Tariff. ... Map of European Union in the world  European Union  Outermost regions  Overseas countries and territories Map of EU member states and candidate countries, with an inset showing the 7 outermost regions // Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to...


Areas not part of the EU

According to the article 299 of the Treaty of Rome, some areas are not part of the EU at all, like the Faroe Islands, and the Channel Islands. There are, however, special treaties regarding them. The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ... This article is about the British dependencies. ...


The VAT union

The EU VAT union handles value added tax and some other sales taxes like alcohol tax. Buyers across the border pay the VAT to the seller according to the sales country rules. The seller does not have to do any formalities, much easier than before. A private person using it himself does not have to do anything more either. A company selling it again claims the local VAT and sales tax from the customer and pays the difference like domestic goods. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        Value added tax (VAT), or goods and services tax (GST), is...


When trading from outside the VAT union, the seller doesn’t claim VAT, according to export rules, and the buyer must pay the local VAT and sales tax. An exception is for small amounts for personal use ("Duty-free"). This article is about a tax measure. ...


Ferries and aeroplanes which leave and arrive at points inside the VAT union are considered as internal, even if passing international waters. For that reason Åland did not join the VAT union, allowing duty-free sales onboard. Motto: none Anthem: Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  - Governor Peter Lindbäck1  - Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy    - Declared 1920   - Recognized 19212  Accession to EU January 1, 19953 Area  - Total 13,517 km² (n/a) 5,267 sq mi   - Water (%) 89 Population  - 2005 estimate 26...


The customs union

When trading between two countries inside the EU customs union, goods usually do not have to be declared, they are treated like domestic goods. Some areas are formally not part of the EU customs union, but have a Free-Trade agreement with the EU. Imports from them into the EU have to be declared, but for most goods no customs have to be paid. Such areas include the OCT areas, the EEA countries, Switzerland, the EU candidate countries, and a few more. A free trade area is a designated group of countries that have agreed to eliminate tariffs, quotas and preferences on most (if not all) goods between them. ...  EFTA countries (except Switzerland)  EU countries Together these form the EEA. The European Economic Area (EEA) came into being on January 1, 1994 following an agreement between the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the European Union (EU). ...


Freedom of movement for workforce

According to the Maastricht treaty everyone who is a citizen of a member country is granted a work permit in every member country. An exception is for citizens of the "new" countries added to the union in 2004 and 2007. Most of these citizens are not allowed to work in some countries like Germany and France except with special permit. This is a temporary restriction for 7 years from the year the country entered the EU. Some "old" countries like the UK and Sweden already allow them. People living in special areas outside Europe are usually full citizes of their EU country and can work anywhere. Read more in Freedom of movement for workers. Freedom of movement for workers is a policy chapter of the acquis communotaire of the European Union. ...


Austria

The Austrian area of Kleinwalsertal formerly enjoyed a special legal status. Kleinwalsertal has road access only to Germany, and not directly to other parts of Austria. It had a customs union, and currency union with Germany; it used the Deutsche Mark. In addition, there were no border controls between Kleinwalsertal and Germany. When Austria entered the EU in 1995, the special customs union was cancelled, replaced by the standard EU customs union. The Schengen Agreement (1997) and introduction of the euro (2002) caused Kleinwalsertal to lose its remaining legal privileges. It is now legally treated in the same manner as the rest of Austria. Kleinwalsertal is a valley at the border between Austria and Germany. ... A customs union is a free trade area with a Common External Tariff. ... In economics, a monetary union is a situation where several countries have agreed to share a single currency among them, for example, the East Caribbean Dollar. ... The Deutsche Mark (DM, DEM) was the official currency of West and, from 1990, unified Germany. ...  Implementing countries  Implementing through partnership with a signatory state  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The... “EUR” redirects here. ...


Cyprus

Northern part of the island

Although the whole island became part of the European Union on 1 May 2004, EU legislation applies only to the southern part of the island, which is controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. EU legislation is suspended in the occupied Turkish Cypriot northern third of the island -Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (recognised only by Turkey), after a referendum seeking reunion was voted against by the Greek Cypriot component. Turkish Cypriots living there are nonetheless fully European citizens and were entitled to vote at European Parliament election 2004 (though only a few hundred registered). May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish, as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition Only by Turkey  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1,295 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ...


Buffer zone

Protocol 10 annexed to the treaty of accession of Cyprus to the European Union divides the island into those areas controlled by the government of the Republic and those not. It is a moot point whether anyone but the UN controls the UN buffer zone, as the zone is uninhabited, apart from the one mixed Greek and Turkish village — Pyla, east of Larnaka. According to the Protocol the Council of the European Union "shall define the terms under which the provisions of EU law shall apply to the line between those areas referred to in Article 1 [i.e. northern Cyprus] and the areas in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control". However, this mainly refers to whether the line is treated as an external border of the EU for the purposes of imports and immigration, and so governs what happens at the four crossing points rather than inside the buffer zone. There is also a town called Pyla in Greece, see Pyla, Greece. ... Larnaca, or Larnaka, is a city on the southeast coast of Cyprus. ...


UK sovereign bases on Cyprus

For UK sovereign base areas of Akrotiri (Ακρωτήρι) and Dhekelia (Δεκέλεια), see underneath under "United Kingdom". Xylotymvou (Ξυλοτύμβου) and Ormidhia (Ορμήδεια) are Cypriot enclaves within the Dhekelia base, and are therefore part of the EU. The UK Sovereign Base Areas are those British military base areas located in countries formerly ruled by the United Kingdom which were retained by it and not handed over when those countries attained independence. ... Map of Akrotiri (Western) SBA Akrotiri (also known as the Western Sovereign Base Area or WSBA) and Dhekelia (also known as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area or ESBA) are UK Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) in Cyprus, a former British Crown Colony. ... Map of Akrotiri (Western) SBA Akrotiri (also known as the Western Sovereign Base Area or WSBA) and Dhekelia (also known as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area or ESBA) are UK Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) in Cyprus, a former British Crown Colony. ... Xylotymvou is a village in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus. ... Ormidhia is a village in Larnaca District in south-eastern Cyprus. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...




Denmark

Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands are not part of the EU, as explicitly asserted by both Rome treaties. Moreover, a protocol to the treaty of accession of Denmark to the European Communities stipulates that Danish nationals residing in the Faroe Islands are not to be considered as Danish nationals within the meaning of the treaties. Hence, Danish people living in the Faroes are not citizens of the European Union.


The Faroe Islands and Greenland do not formally belong to the Schengen union and have an agreement allowing Danish police to check people arriving from overseas. However, Denmark has a clause in the Schengen Agreement which allows free travel without check between Schengen countries and these two areas, hence checks generally only apply to those arriving from the UK and Canada.  Implementing countries  Implementing through partnership with a signatory state  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The...  Implementing countries  Implementing through partnership with a signatory state  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The...


Greenland

Greenland is not a member of the European Union. It is an OCT area (Overseas countries and territories), like some French and British islands far outside Europe. This means they have freedom from customs when exporting into the EU. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Greenland. ...


When the original Danish referendum on EEC membership took place, Greenland was still an integrated part of Denmark and had no home rule. The results in Greenland showed a majority of 70% against joining the EEC. However, since the referendum was won in the whole country, the territory joined along with the rest of Denmark.


After the establishment of Greenland's home rule in 1979 (effective from 1980), a new referendum on membership was held, where the people decided to leave the community. On February 1, 1985, Greenland left the EEC and EURATOM. Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organisation composed of the members of the European Union. ...


Danish nationals residing in Greenland are nonetheless full European Union citizens; they are not, however, entitled to vote in European Union elections. They are allowed to work in all EU countries where Danes can work. Citizenship of the Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty signed in 1992. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ...




Finland

Åland Islands

The Åland Islands held a separate referendum from Finland to join the EU. The vote was in support, hence Åland also joined the union with Finland. A note in the protocol confirms Åland's special status under international law. The legal currency is the euro. Motto: none Anthem: Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  - Governor Peter Lindbäck1  - Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy    - Declared 1920   - Recognized 19212  Accession to EU January 1, 19953 Area  - Total 13,517 km² (n/a) 5,267 sq mi   - Water (%) 89 Population  - 2005 estimate 26...


Åland is outside the EU tax union, which applies mostly to value added tax, and to alcohol tax. This allows ships to sell duty-free goods if they call at Åland. Trade between Finland and Åland is handled like export. There are restrictions to natural and legal persons who do not have regional citizenship (Swedish hembygdsrätt, Finnish kotiseutuoikeus) in Åland to purchase or hold real estate. There are also restrictions on the right of establishment and the right to provide services. Finnish nationality and Swedish language skills are a prerequisite to obtain the regional citizenship, which may be applied after living five years in Åland. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        Value added tax (VAT), or goods and services tax (GST), is... Functional group of an alcohol molecule. ... Pride of Bilbao, a cruise ferry operated by P&O Ferries. ... This article is about a tax measure. ... Swedish ( ) is a North Germanic language (also called Scandinavian languages) spoken predominantly in Sweden and in parts of Finland, especially along the coast and on the Ã…land islands, by more than nine million people. ...


Saimaa Canal and Malyj Vysotskij Island

Finland leases the Saimaa Canal and the island of Malyj Vysotskij from Russia. Russian legislation is in force, with few exceptions concerning maritime rules and the employment of canal staff, which fall under Finnish jurisdiction. There are also special rules concerning vessels travelling to Finland via the canal. No Russian visa is needed for just passing through the canal. In international law, a concession is a territory within a country that is administered by another entity than the state which holds sovereignty over it. ... Saimaa Canal (Finnish: Saimaan kanava, Swedish: Saima kanal) is a canal in a system of 120 interconnected lakes in the south-central and south-east part of Finland. ... Finnish map of the Vysotsk area (Uuras) with Malyj Vysotskij (Ravansaari) at the top Malyj Vysotskij (Russian: , Finnish: ) is a Finnish island in Russian territory. ... Visa or VISA has several meanings: Look up visa in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Visa (document) — a document required to enter a specific country. ...


France

French overseas departments and overseas regions

The four territories of Martinique, French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Réunion are overseas departments and at the same time mono-departmental overseas regions. According to the EC treaty (article 299 2), overseas departments are outermost regions; provisions of the EC treaty apply there while derogations are allowed. Hence the euro is legal tender, and these four areas are depicted beneath the map of Europe on euro banknotes. They are outside the EU VAT area. Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... Région doutre-mer, or Overseas regions, is a recent designation given to the départements doutre-mer which have similar powers to those of the régions of metropolitan France. ... Map of European Union in the world  European Union  Outermost regions  Overseas countries and territories Map of EU member states and candidate countries, with an inset showing the 7 outermost regions // Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to...


French overseas collectivities and New Caledonia

The four territories of Mayotte, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna are overseas collectivities while New Caledonia is a collectivity sui generis. As concerns the EU treaty, all five are among the OCTs enumerated in Annex II, which means that the majority of EU law does not apply there. However, since the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community applies to the European territories of Member States and to non-European territories under their jurisdiction, EURATOM legislation does apply. Motto: A Mare Labor(Latin) From the Sea, Work[] Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital (and largest city) Saint-Pierre Official languages French Government  - President of the General Council Stéphane Artano  - Préfet (Prefect) Yves Fauqueur Collectivité doutre-mera of France   - ceded by the UKe 30 May 1814   - Territoire d... Sui generis is a (post) Latin expression, literally meaning a scholar like what pradeep is or unique in its characteristics. ... The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organization composed of the members of the European Union. ...


By virtue of Council Decision 1999/95/EC, the euro is the currency of Mayotte and of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. In New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna, the currency is the Franc Pacifique (XPF), tied to the euro (1000 XPF = 8.38 EUR) (a protocol annexed to the Treaty of Rome by the Maastricht treaty has confirmed the privilege of monetary emission for France in its overseas territories). The CFP franc (in French: franc Pacifique or franc CFP ; CFP stood for Colonies françaises du Pacifique (i. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ...


French nationals related to these collectivities are fully European citizens, and European elections are also organized in these collectivities.


On 22 February 2007, St. Barthelemy and St. Martin were detached from the Overseas Department of Guadeloupe, and each were made into their individual collectives, also keeping the euro as their currency. Saint-Barthélemy is a French island located in the Caribbean at 17°54N 62°50W . ... St. ...


French Southern and Antarctic Lands

The French Southern and Antarctic Lands are the sixth and last French territory enumerated in the Annex II of the EC treaty. Hence what has been said above for French overseas collectivities applies there but there are no European elections here because there are no permanent residents, only permanent settlements.


According to the ECB euro faq, the euro is legal tender. Furthermore, several countries do not recognize the French claim to Adelie Land in Antarctica. The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ...


Other unpopulated islands

The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean and Clipperton Island are not enumerated in Annex II of the EC treaty, hence their legal position in relation to the Community seems unclear. In particular it is unclear if Clipperton is to be regarded as part of French Polynesia and thus subject to the annex or not. Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses...


Basel/Mulhouse airport

Basel / Mulhouse airport, also called EuroAirport, is located in France, but is divided between French and Swiss sections. After landing it is possible to either go through French passport control and customs and enter France, or to go through Swiss passport control and customs, and then travel to Switzerland without passing French passport check. In this area, which includes a bus stop, car parks and a 4 km fenced road to Basel, French law applies (including French VAT), but is outside the Schengen area and the EU customs area. Instead it is inside Swiss passport and customs area. A similar area including a road exists at the Geneva airport in Switzerland. Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: , French: , Italian: ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as of 2003). ... Mulhouse (French: Mulhouse, pronounced ; Alsatian: Milhüsa; German: Mülhausen) is a town and commune in eastern France close to Swiss and German border. ... EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (IATA: BSL, EAP, MLH, ICAO: LFSB) is an international airport near Basel (Switzerland), Mulhouse (France), and Freiburg (Germany). ... Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: , French: , Italian: ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as of 2003). ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ...




Germany

Büsingen am Hochrhein

The German exclave town of Büsingen am Hochrhein is in customs union with Switzerland. The euro is legal tender, although the Swiss franc is preferred. Büsingen is excluded from the EU VAT area. Swiss VAT and sales taxes are paid[citation needed], e.g. Swiss petrol prices are used. There are no border controls with Switzerland, but when going to Germany, border controls at the German border must be passed. Büsingen am Hochrhein is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen. ... A customs union is a free trade area with a Common External Tariff. ... ISO 4217 Code CHF User(s) Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Campione dItalia Inflation 1. ... Map of European Union in the world  European Union  Outermost regions  Overseas countries and territories Map of EU member states and candidate countries, with an inset showing the 7 outermost regions // Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to...


Island of Heligoland

Heligoland is part of the EU, but is excluded from the EU VAT area and customs union. For the landscape in Norway, see Helgeland. ...




Greece

Mount Athos

Mount Athos, an autonomous monastic region of Greece, is outside the EU VAT area. Greece's EU accession treaty provides that Mount Athos maintains its centuries-old special legal status. For example, the entry of women to Mt. Athos is prohibited, in spite of EU laws on gender discrimination. Capital Karyes Official languages Koine Greek and Church Slavonic (both liturgical); Modern Greek, Russian, Serbian, Georgian, Bulgarian, Romanian (civil use) Government  -  Head of State2 Dora Bakoyannis  -  Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I Area  -  Total 390 km²  150 sq mi  Population  -   estimate 2,250  Demonyms: Athonite, Hagiorite (English); Αθωνίτης, Αγιορίτης (Greek). ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... Monastery of St. ...




Italy

Campione d'Italia

The enclave town of Campione d'Italia is part of Italy, but is in customs union with Switzerland[citation needed]. The Swiss franc is legal tender[citation needed], but the euro is accepted. This town is excluded from the EU fiscal VAT area. Swiss VAT and sales taxes are paid[citation needed], e.g. Swiss petrol prices are used. There are no border controls against Switzerland. Map showing the location of the Campione enclave near the center. ... ISO 4217 Code CHF User(s) Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Campione dItalia Inflation 1. ...


Livigno commune

The mountainous territory of the municipality of Livigno (at Switzerland borders) is legally part of the EU territory, but a Zona Franca outside EU customs union and excluded from EU VAT area. The euro is legal tender. Border controls must be passed from both Italy (EU) and Switzerland. Livigno is a town in the Alps. ...




Netherlands

Netherlands Antilles and Aruba

As they are autonomous member states of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba are overseas countries and regions, listed under Annex II of the EC treaty. Hence EC law does not apply there. The euro is not legal tender (the local currencies – Netherlands Antillean gulden and Aruban florin – are tied to the U.S. dollar). The gulden is the unit of currency in the Netherlands Antilles. ... The Aruban florin is the official currency of Aruba. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


Dutch nationals related to these autonomous countries are fully European citizens; however, Dutch citizens residing in Netherlands Antilles or Aruba were normally not entitled to vote at European elections. Exceptions were made for (1) Dutch citizens who lived in the European part of the Netherlands for at least ten years and (2) Dutch citizens who work for the Dutch government (the government for the whole Kingdom, not the Antillean or Aruban government) and their partners and children. The European Court of Justice has ruled that this situation is in conflict with the EU treaties. On June 1, 2007 the Dutch government announced that all Dutch citizens, including those residing in Netherlands Antilles or Aruba will be entitled to vote in future European elections.[2] European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Currently, the Netherlands Antilles are in a phase of reform: on December 15, 2008,[3] this Dutch overseas country/state will be dissolved and replaced by the two overseas autonomous countries of Curaçao and Sint Maarten on the one hand, and the three Dutch municipalities of Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius on the other hand. The Netherlands has proposed that the new EU constitution would allow the two autonomous member countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles, to opt for the status of Outermost Region (see above) if and when they wish. December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Himno di Kòrsou Capital (and largest city) Willemstad Official languages Dutch Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  - Prime Minister of N.A. Emily de Jongh-Elhage  - Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag Constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles  Area  - Total 444 km² 171. ... St. ... Anthem: Tera di Solo y suave biento Capital (and largest city) Kralendijk Official languages Dutch Government See Politics of the Netherlands Antilles  - Bonaire Administrator  - Governor of N.A. Frits Goedgedrag Constitutional monarchy part of the Netherlands Antilles  Area  - Total 288 km² 111 sq mi  Population  - 2001 census 10,791  - Density... Motto: Remis Velisque. ... Map showing location of Sint Eustatius relative to Saba and Sint Maarten/Saint Martin. ...




Portugal

Azores and Madeira

According to the EC treaty (article 299 2), Azores and Madeira are outermost regions; provisions of the EC treaty apply there while derogations are allowed. Hence the euro is legal tender. Both places pay VAT taxes. They are inside the EU VAT and customs union. Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... Motto Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres(Portuguese) Of all islands, the most beautiful and free Anthem A Portuguesa(national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira(local) Capital (and largest city) Funchal Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Alberto João Jardim Establishment  -  Settled 1420   -  Autonomy...




Spain

Canary Islands

According to the EC treaty (article 299 2), Canary Islands constitute an outermost region; provisions of the EC treaty apply there while derogations are allowed. Hence the euro is legal tender. Full EU law applies on the Canary Islands, but with special tax provisions (outside EU VAT Area, because of their low VAT, 5 %), but inside the customs area. Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ...


Ceuta and Melilla

Full EU law applies in Ceuta and Melilla, but some exceptions have been made by a protocol annexed to the treaty of accession of Spain to the Communities (notably agricultural policy and fisheries policy do not apply there). They are also excluded from the EU VAT area and the customs union. They are inside the Schengen area. For that reason 6 meter barbed wire fences have been erected at their borders to Morocco. Area  â€“ Total   28 km² Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  75,276  2688. ... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... Schengen is a wine-growing village in south-eastern Luxembourg near the point where the borders of Germany, France and Luxembourg come together. ... The Melilla border fence is a separation barrier between Morocco and Melillas city, in Spain. ...




United Kingdom

Crown dependencies

The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are not part of the United Kingdom, and are excluded from EU legislation (unless otherwise stated) by both treaties of Rome as amended in 1973 by British accession. This article is about the British dependencies. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ...


Islanders are full British citizens and hence European citizens. However, a protocol to the treaty of accession of the United Kingdom stipulates that Channel Islanders or Manx people who are not connected with the United Kingdom itself (through birth, descent from a parent or grandparent, or five years residence) shall not benefit from provisions relating to the free movement of persons and services. A resident of the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man is normally not entitled to vote in European elections.


For VAT purposes the Isle of Man is treated as part of the UK. There is no VAT in the Channel Islands. Goods passing between the Channel Islands and the UK or the Isle of Man are imported or exported for VAT purposes.[4]


Gibraltar

Gibraltar is part of the EU, having joined the EEC with the UK in 1973: by a special provision the EU treaty applies to the European territories for whose external relations a Member State is responsible; in practice Gibraltar is the only territory covered by this clause.


As negotiated by the UK at the request of Gibraltar's government, some EU laws do not extend to Gibraltar. Due to various dispositions of the treaty of accession of the UK to the Communities:

  • Gibraltar is outside the EU's customs territory.
  • Exclusion from EU's agricultural policies.
  • Exclusion from VAT harmonization.
  • No part of Gibraltar's customs revenue goes to the EU.

For trade, Gibraltar is de facto seen as an external country by the community. The euro is not legal tender, but it is accepted informally.


Owing to a declaration lodged by the United Kingdom in 1982 Gibraltarians were to be counted as British nationals for the purposes of European Union law. This was notwithstanding that they were not, at the time, British citizens but were instead British Overseas Territories Citizens. As such Gibraltarians enjoyed full European Union citizenship from its creation in the Maastricht Treaty. All Gibraltarians have since been granted full British Citizenship. British Nationality Law ... // British Nationality Act 1981 The British Nationality Act 1981 came into force on 1 January 1983, and divided Citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies (CUKCs) into three categories: British citizens CUKCs with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and Islands (i. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ...


Despite their citizenship status elections to the European Parliament were not held in Gibraltar until 2004. Its inclusion can be said, at least in part, to relate European Court of Human Rights' ruling in Matthews v. United Kingdom which deemed that Gibraltar's exclusion violated Article 3 of Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights. In the European Parliament election 2004 the territory was deemed to be part of the South West England constituency of the United Kingdom. Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints against States Parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by... The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, also known as the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), was adopted under the auspices of the Council of Europe[1] in 1950 to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... The constituency (first used 2004) within England; Gibraltar is in the inset. ...


A common declaration by Spain and the UK was annexed to the unratified Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe. This declaration read as follows: The constitutional treaty as signed in Rome on 29 October 2004 by representatives of the EU member states The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TECE), commonly referred to as the European Constitution, was an international treaty intended to create a new constitution for the European Union. ...

"The Treaty establishing the Constitution applies to Gibraltar as a European territory for whose external relations a Member State is responsible. This shall not imply changes in the respective positions of the Member States concerned."

Sovereign bases on Cyprus

Article 299(6)(b) of the EC treaty defines the status of the UK sovereign base areas on Cyprus. While they were formerly totally outside the scope of EC law, their legal situation has been modified since the accession of Cyprus to the European Union. The EC treaty now stipulates that This Treaty shall not apply to the United Kingdom Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia in Cyprus except to the extent necessary to ensure the implementation of the arrangements set out in the Protocol on the Sovereign Base Areas of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Cyprus (...) and in accordance with the terms of that Protocol. The UK Sovereign Base Areas are those British military base areas located in countries formerly ruled by the United Kingdom which were retained by it and not handed over when those countries attained independence. ... The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ...


The rather lengthy Protocol N°3[5] referred to by the treaty makes applicable to the Sovereign bases on Cyprus various slices of EU law, for instance provisions relative to agricultural policy, customs and indirect taxation. The UK agrees in the Protocol to keep enough control of the external borders of the SBAs to mean that the SBA-Cyprus boundary can remain fully open without Cyprus having to police it as an external EU border.


Apart from those temporarily living there in connection with the British forces, the majority of the inhabitants are nationals of the Republic of Cyprus and are therefore now European citizens. Very few people now have British Overseas Territories Citizenship by virtue of a connection with the SBAs, and even fewer if any BOTCs do not have Cypriot nationality. SBA-derived BOTC status is the only form of BOTC status which has not now converted to full British Citizenship. It therefore still gives neither right of abode in Britain nor EU citizenship – the reasoning being that the permanent Cypriot population are treated as Cypriots instead, and the UK agreed in 1960 not to settle British Citizens permanently in the SBAs.


Other overseas territories

Eleven out of the twelve other overseas territories of the United Kingdom, namely Anguilla, British Antarctic Territory (under Antarctic Treaty overlaps Argentine and Chilean claims), British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena and Dependencies, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and Turks and Caicos Islands are considered to be "Associated" as Overseas Countries and Territories of the European Union under Part Four of the Treaty of Rome and are consequentially listed in Annex II of that treaty. A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... Motto: Research and Discovery Anthem: God Save the Queen Status British overseas territory Official language(s) - Commissioner Tony Crombie Administrator Michael Richardson Area 1,395,000 km² Population c. ... For alternate uses, see Saint Helena (disambiguation). ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3,903 km²  1... Two parts of the Treaty of Rome deal with special relationships: Article 299 which sets out the territories to which the treaty applies, supplemented by the accession treaties; and Articles 182-188 and Annex II on association with the non-European countries and territories which have special relations with the... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ...


Hence, although commonly said to be outside the European Union, minor aspects of EU law apply in those territories. Such legislation mainly relates to the regulation of trade regimes with EU Member States but also has a limited impact on the rights of EU nationals in those territories. However, with the exception of Pitcairn and Saint Helena, this does not appear to be directly enforceable in local courts. Nevertheless, the United Kingdom has so far seemed willing to intervene, through use of prerogative legislative powers, to implement at least some aspects of EU legislation. The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... A Prerogative is an exclusive legal right given from a government or state and invested in an individual or group, the content of which is separate from the body of rights enjoyed under the general law of the normative state. ...


Additionally, since citizens of the British overseas territories were granted full British citizenship by the British Overseas Territories Act 2002 from 21 May 2002, the citizens of those territories thus acquired, from that date, full citizenship of the European Union. All citizens of those territories – including those connected to Bermuda – are thus able to take full advantage of European Union rights of free movement within the territories of the EU Member States. The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom in 2002, which superseded the British Nationality Act 1981. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Bermuda

The overseas territory of the United Kingdom, Bermuda, falls within the purview of Part Four of the Treaty of Rome (21st OCT) but, by its own request, is excluded from the operation of the scheme by Decision of the Council of Ministers. A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome, signed by France, West Germany, Italy and Benelux (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) on March 25, 1957, established the European Economic Community (EEC). ... The Council of the European Union forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ...


Bermudians are nevertheless, like almost all British Overseas Territories Citizens, entitled to full British citizenship and to thereby take full advantage of EU rights of free movement. // British Nationality Act 1981 The British Nationality Act 1981 came into force on 1 January 1983, and divided Citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies (CUKCs) into three categories: British citizens CUKCs with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and Islands (i. ...


British Indian Ocean Territory

The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 granted British Overseas Territories citizens (BOTC) full British citizenship from 21 May 2002 on the same basis as any other British Overseas territory (except the Sovereign Base Areas on Cyprus). May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Additionally, some Chagossians, not otherwise entitled to BOTC, were granted both British citizenship and BOTC if: Ilois (also known as Chagossians) are a group of Indian descent (also notably from Madagascar, Mauritius, and Mozambique), which dwelled on the Chagos Archipelago for a certain period of time, most having arrived as fisherman, farmers, and coconut plantations workers during the 19th century (some claim that the very first...

A) The person was born on or after 26 April 1969, and before 1 January 1983;
B) The person's mother was a citizen of the United Kingdom and colonies by birth in the BIOT;
C) The person did not hold British Overseas Territories citizenship before the Act came into force.[6]

The reason for this special concession is that prior to 1983, British nationality could not normally be passed on by mothers. The 2002 Act granted, from 21 May 2002, British citizenship (by descent) to those born overseas to Chagossian mothers after a specified date. is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... In British nationality law, the term British subject has at different times had different meanings. ... // British Nationality Act 1981 The British Nationality Act 1981 came into force on 1 January 1983, and divided Citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies (CUKCs) into three categories: British citizens CUKCs with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and Islands (i. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Territories and their relationship with the European Union

This table summarises the various components of EU laws applied in the EU member states and their sovereign territories.

Member States and
Sovereign Territories
Application of
EU Law
Enforceable in local courts EURATOM EU Citizenship EU Election Schengen Area EU VAT Area EU customs territory Eurozone
 Austria Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Belgium Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Bulgaria Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, BGN
 Cyprus, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, ERM II with CYP
- Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus area No No No Yes Yes No No Unclear No, TRY
- UN Buffer Zone Unclear ? ? Yes Yes ? ? ? No, ERM II with CYP
 Czech Republic Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, CZK
 Denmark, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, ERM II with DKK
-  Faroe Islands No No No No No Partial No Partial No, DKK
-  Greenland Minimal (OCT) Yes No Yes No Partial No Partial No, DKK
 Estonia Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, ERM II with EEK
 Finland, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
-  Åland With exemptions Yes Yes With exemptions Yes Yes No Yes Yes
 France (Metropolitan), except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
- Clipperton Island Unclear Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No
- French Guiana With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
- Guadeloupe With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
-  French Polynesia Minimal (OCT) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial No, XPF
- French Southern and Antarctic Lands[7] Minimal (OCT) Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes[8]
- Martinique With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
- Mayotte Minimal (OCT) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial Yes
- New Caledonia Minimal (OCT) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial No, XPF
- Réunion With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
-  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Minimal (OCT) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial Yes
- Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean Unclear ? Yes Yes No No No ? No
- Wallis and Futuna Minimal (OCT) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial No, XPF
 Germany, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
- Büsingen am Hochrhein Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial Yes
- Heligoland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No  ? Yes
 Greece, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
- Mount Athos Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
 Hungary Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, HUF
 Ireland Full Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
 Italy, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
- Campione d'Italia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial No, CHF
- Livigno Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Partial Yes
 Latvia Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, ERM II with LVL
 Lithuania Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, ERM II with LTL
 Luxembourg Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Malta Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, ERM II with MTL
 Netherlands, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
-  Aruba Minimal (OCT) No No Yes Yes No No Partial No, AWG
-  Netherlands Antilles Minimal (OCT) No No Yes Yes No No Partial No, ANG
 Poland Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, PLN
 Portugal, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
-  Azores With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
-  Madeira With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Romania Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, RON
 Slovakia Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes No, ERM II with SKK
 Slovenia Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Signatory Yes Yes Yes
 Spain, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
-  Canary Islands With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
-  Ceuta With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
-  Melilla With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
 Sweden Full Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, SEK
 United Kingdom, except: Full Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No, GBP
-  Akrotiri and Dhekelia Minimal Yes[9] No No No No No No No, CYP
-  Anguilla Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, XCD
-  Bermuda No No No Yes No No No No No, BMD
-  British Antarctic Territory[7] Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No  ? No, GBP[10]
-  British Indian Ocean Territory Minimal (OCT) No No Limited No No No Partial No, GBP, USD[11]
-  British Virgin Islands Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, USD
-  Cayman Islands Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, KYD
-  Falkland Islands Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, FKP
-  Gibraltar With exemptions Yes[12] No Yes Yes No No No No, GIP
-  Guernsey together with dependencies  Alderney,  Herm and  Sark Minimal Yes[13] No Partial No No No Yes No, GGP
-  Jersey Minimal Yes[14] No Partial No No No Yes No, JEP
-  Isle of Man Minimal Yes[15] No Partial No No Yes Yes No, IMP
-  Montserrat Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, XCD
-  Pitcairn Islands Minimal (OCT) Yes[16] No Yes No No No Partial No, NZD
-  Saint Helena together with dependencies Ascension Island and  Tristan da Cunha Minimal (OCT) Yes[17] No Yes No No No Partial No, SHP
-  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, GBP
-  Turks and Caicos Islands Minimal (OCT) No No Yes No No No Partial No, USD
Member States and
Sovereign Territories
Application of
EU Law
Enforceable in local courts EURATOM EU Citizenship EU Election Schengen Area EU VAT Area EU customs territory Eurozone
     current Eurozone countries      ERM II members      EU member with currency pegged to the euro      non-Eurozone EU members      territories outside the Eurozone using the euro      non-EU member with currency pegged to the euro
     Schengen Agreement members      Signatories (agreement not yet implemented)      Signatories (signed but implementation pending)      Expressed interest in joining


European Union law is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organisation composed of the members of the European Union. ... Citizenship of the Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty signed in 1992. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ...  Implementing countries  Implementing through partnership with a signatory state  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The... vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ... The Eurozone (also called Euro Area, Eurosystem or Euroland) is the subset of European Union member states which have adopted the euro, creating a currency union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... ISO 4217 Code BGN User(s) Bulgaria Inflation 7. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... ISO 4217 Code CYP User(s) Cyprus (except in the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus), Akrotiri and Dhekelia Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition Only by Turkey  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1,295 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2. ... TRY banknotes and coins The Turkish new lira is the current currency of Turkey and of the de facto state Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus The United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus is a 300 km (187 mile) separation barrier along the 1974 Green Line (or ceasefire line) de facto dividing the Republic of Cyprus into north and south regions. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... ISO 4217 Code CYP User(s) Cyprus (except in the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus), Akrotiri and Dhekelia Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... ISO 4217 Code CZK User(s) Czech Republic Inflation 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands. ... The Faroese króna is the currency of the Faroes. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greenland. ... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... The Kroon is the official currency of Estonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Aaland. ... Motto: none Anthem: Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  - Governor Peter Lindbäck1  - Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy    - Declared 1920   - Recognized 19212  Accession to EU January 1, 19953 Area  - Total 13,517 km² (n/a) 5,267 sq mi   - Water (%) 89 Population  - 2005 estimate 26... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_French_Polynesia. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint-Pierre_and_Miquelon. ... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wallis_and_Futuna. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Büsingen am Hochrhein is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen. ... For the landscape in Norway, see Helgeland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Capital Karyes Official languages Koine Greek and Church Slavonic (both liturgical); Modern Greek, Russian, Serbian, Georgian, Bulgarian, Romanian (civil use) Government  -  Head of State2 Dora Bakoyannis  -  Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I Area  -  Total 390 km²  150 sq mi  Population  -   estimate 2,250  Demonyms: Athonite, Hagiorite (English); Αθωνίτης, Αγιορίτης (Greek). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... ISO 4217 Code HUF User(s) Hungary Inflation 3. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Map showing the location of the Campione enclave near the center. ... ISO 4217 Code CHF User(s) Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Campione dItalia Inflation 1. ... Livigno is a town in the Alps. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... The 5 lats coin, used before WWII, becamed a popular symbol of independence during the Soviet era The lats (in Latvian: lats, plural lati, the ISO 4217 currency code: LVL) is the official currency of Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... The litas (ISO currency code LTL, symbolized as Lt; plural litai or litų) is the official currency of Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... The Maltese lira, known in the Maltese language as the Lira Maltija, is the currency of Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Aruba. ... The Aruban florin is the official currency of Aruba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands_Antilles. ... The gulden is the unit of currency in the Netherlands Antilles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... ISO 4217 Code PLN User(s) Poland Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Azores. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madeira. ... Motto Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres(Portuguese) Of all islands, the most beautiful and free Anthem A Portuguesa(national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira(local) Capital (and largest city) Funchal Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Alberto João Jardim Establishment  -  Settled 1420   -  Autonomy... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... For the Moldovan currency, see Moldovan leu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... ISO 4217 Code SKK User(s) Slovakia Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Canary_Islands. ... Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ceuta. ... Area  â€“ Total   28 km² Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  75,276  2688. ... Image File history File links Melilla. ... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Anthem God Save the Queen Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Occupied Areas) Sovereign Base Areas indicated in pink. ... ISO 4217 Code CYP User(s) Cyprus (except in the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus), Akrotiri and Dhekelia Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Anguilla. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bermuda. ... ISO 4217 Code BMD User(s) Bermuda Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: Research and Discovery Anthem: God Save the Queen Status British overseas territory Official language(s) - Commissioner Tony Crombie Administrator Michael Richardson Area 1,395,000 km² Population c. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_british_indian_ocean_territory. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_British_Virgin_Islands. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cayman Islands dollar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Falkland_Islands. ... ISO 4217 Code FKP User(s) Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Inflation 3. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gibraltar. ... ISO 4217 code: GIP Symbol: £ 1/100th unit: penny Introduced in: 1927 Exchange Rates May 2006 USD exchange: 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guernsey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Alderney. ... Capital St Anne Status Part of Guernsey, Crown dependency of the UK Official language(s) English Head of Government Sir Norman Browse Population 2,400 Currency Pound sterling (GBP). ... Image File history File links Herm. ... This article is about the island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sark. ... Flag of Sark The location of the Channel Islands in Europe An aerial view of Sark Sark (French: Sercq; Sercquiais: Sèr) is a small island in the English Channel. ... The Guernsey pound (currency code GGP) is the currency used in Guernsey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jersey. ... ISO 4217 Code none User(s) Jersey Inflation 5. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_isle_of_man. ... The pound is the currency of the Isle of Man. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montserrat. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Pitcairn_Islands. ... ISO 4217 Code NZD User(s) New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Helena. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Georgetown Largest city Georgetown Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tristan_da_Cunha. ... Motto: Our faith is our strength Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Status Dependency of Saint Helena Official language(s) English Governor Michael Clancy Administrator Mike Hentley Area 201 km²(120. ... Front and back of a St Helena £5 note. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Georgia_and_the_South_Sandwich_Islands. ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3,903 km²  1... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... European Union law is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organisation composed of the members of the European Union. ... Citizenship of the Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty signed in 1992. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ...  Implementing countries  Implementing through partnership with a signatory state  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The... vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ... The Eurozone (also called Euro Area, Eurosystem or Euroland) is the subset of European Union member states which have adopted the euro, creating a currency union. ... Image File history File links Eurozone2007. ... Image File history File links Eurozone2007. ...  Eurozone countries  ERM II countries  other EU countries  unilaterally adopted euro The European Exchange Rate Mechanism, ERM, was a system introduced by the European Community in March 1979, as part of the European Monetary System (EMS), to reduce exchange rate variability and achieve monetary stability in Europe, in preparation for... Image File history File links SchengenAgreement_map. ... Image File history File links SchengenAgreement_map. ...


Former territories of European Union members

Algeria

Algeria was a part of France and thus part of a predecessor to the EU until independence.


East Timor

East Timor was considered a non-self-governing-territory under Portuguese administration by the United Nations despite Indonesian annexation in 1976 when Portugal became an EU member in 1986. None of the EC laws were in force during its period under Portuguese administration, which formally ceased on 20 May 2002 when Portugal recognised East Timor's independence. // Districts There are 18 Districts (distritos, singular - distrito) in mainland Portugal: note: Territorial division in Portugal is currently in flux, because of planned centralization. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Hong Kong

Hong Kong was a crown colony (later a dependent territory) when the United Kingdom joined the EEC in 1973. It has been a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China since July 1997. EU law did not apply, and since it was not under British jurisdiction, EURATOM did not apply either. Most residents were British Dependent Territory Citizens (BDTCs) and some registered as British National (Overseas) (BN(O)s) after 1987. Neither status were classified as European citizens. Hong Kong BDTCs status cease to exist on July 1997 and BN(O)s are not eligible to vote in EU elections. A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (almost exclusively Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... A Special administrative region (SAR) is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organisation composed of the members of the European Union. ... The British Nationality Act 1981 was an Act of Parliament passed by the British Parliament. ... This article concerns matters of British nationality law in relation to Hong Kong. ...


Macau

Macau was an overseas province of Portugal until 1976 when its status was changed to a special territory. It has been a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China since 1999. EU law did not apply and it had its own currency. Residents who had Portuguese citizenship could vote when they were in Portugal. // Districts There are 18 Districts (distritos, singular - distrito) in mainland Portugal: note: Territorial division in Portugal is currently in flux, because of planned centralization. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative... The European Union is unique among international organizations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ...


See also

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into European Union. ... The European Union has a number of relationships with nations that are not formally part of the Union. ... This is the history of the European Union. ... European Union law is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). ... The Eurozone (also called Euro Area, Eurosystem or Euroland) is the subset of European Union member states which have adopted the euro, creating a currency union. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... A European Union Association Agreement (for short, Association Agreement or AA) is a treaty between the European Union (EU) and a non-EU country that creates a framework for co-operation between them. ... European Union. ... Dependent areas are territories that for some reason do not possess full political independence or sovereignty as states. ...

References

  1. ^ Overseas countries and territories (OCT): introduction, retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  2. ^ Regering.nl - Europees kiesrecht Aruba en Nederlandse Antillen
  3. ^ Staff reporter. "Agreement on division of Netherlands Antilles" (HTML), Government.nl, 2007-02-13. Retrieved on 2007-02-24. (in english) 
  4. ^ http://customs.hmrc.gov.uk/channelsPortalWebApp/downloadFile?contentID=HMCE_CL_001255
  5. ^ http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/treaties/dat/L_2003236EN/L2003236EN.093100.htm
  6. ^ British Overseas Territories Act 2002 §6: The Ilois: citizenship. Accessed 2006-02-24.
  7. ^ a b Sovereignty over territories in Antarctica currently suspended under the Antarctic Treaty System.
  8. ^ According to the ECB euro faq, the euro is legal tender but there does not seem to be any legal foundation to this affirmation. Furthermore, several countries do not recognize the French claim to "Adelie Land" in Antarctica, and France's territorial claim is suspended in accordance with the Antarctic Treaty System.
  9. ^ European Communities (Protocol Measures) Ordinance 2004 (11/2004) (SBAs), s.3. [1]
  10. ^ Since the sovereignty over territories in Antarctica are currently suspended, and several countries have bases, the currency of the home country of each base is probably used.
  11. ^ Both USD and GBP are accepted in the British Indian Ocean Territory; see the CIA's World Factbook.
  12. ^ European Communities Ordinance (1972-18) (Gib.), s. 3. [2]
  13. ^ European Communities (Guernsey) Law 1972
  14. ^ European Communities (Jersey) Law 1973 [3]
  15. ^ European Communities Act 1972 (I.O.M.)
  16. ^ European Communities Act 1972 (UK), s.2 - applied to Pitcairn by Judicature (Courts) Ordinance 1999 (c.2) (Pitcairn).
  17. ^ European Communities Act 1972 (UK), s.2 - applied to Saint Helena and Dependencies by local ordinance.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ...

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