FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Special Task Force
Special Task Force

50th passing out parade of the STF
Active 1983 - present
Country Sri Lanka
Branch Sri Lanka Police
Type Special Forces
Role Counter Terrorism
Counter insurgency
Size Approx. 6000 personal[1]
Nickname STF
Motto Niyatha Jaya(Certain victory)
Battles/wars Sri Lankan civil war
Commanders
Current
commander
Inspector General of Police Victor Perera
Colonel of
the Regiment
Deputy Inspector General of Police Nimal Lewke

The Special Task Force (STF)(In Sinhala: විෙශ්ෂ කාර්ය බළකාය) is an elite special force unit of the Sri Lanka Police specializing in Counter-Terrorist and Counter-Insurgency operations. It was formed in 1983 not as a military force but rather a highly-specialised police unit. The STF heads Counter-Terrorist missions and – as the most highly trained police organisation in Sri Lanka – it would be the lead unit whenever law enforcement forces engaged the Tamil Tigers (LTTE). The STF has been stationed in the Eastern Province in Sri Lanka where the LTTE organisation is active. Other units are based in Colombo and are used as VIP security. Image File history File linksMetadata STF_passing_out. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of the term, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... Counterterrorism refers to the practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Counter-insurgency is a term for governmental police and/or military operations against terrorist and/or insurgent groups. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka IPKF Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam TamilEela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal (LTTE breakaway group that fighting against with them since March 2004) Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai... a resource to look at current viewpoints Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of Sri Lanka | Wikipedia cleanup | Language stubs ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... An insurgency, or insurrection, is an armed uprising, or revolt against an established civil or political authority. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Eastern Province is a province of Sri Lanka. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 14. ... A Very Important Person, or VIP (pronouced vee-eye-pee) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ...

Contents

History

Following the insurrection in Sri Lanka in 1971, in which many Police Stations were targeted by the insurgents, there were suggestions to train and equip the Police for duties above normal Police functions. However nothing was done until 1983 when the outbreak of violence convinced the government to form a special Counter Terrorist and Counter Insurgency police force called the Special Task Force. The Peoples Liberation Front (Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna) is a marxist Sinhalese political party in Sri Lanka was involved in 1971 youth uprising in Sri Lanka which were lost around 15,000 youth lives. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... A typical suburban police station in the United States (this one is in San Bruno, California). ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka IPKF Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam TamilEela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal (LTTE breakaway group that fighting against with them since March 2004) Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai...


Formation

When the Special Task Force (STF) was formed in 1983, it comprised mainly of existing policemen. Trained by the Sri Lankan Army in the handling of Infantry weapons and were given basic training in Jungle warfare, They deeply resemble a para-military organisation and later separate training facilities for the Special Task Force have been established in Kalutara, 96 kilometers south of Colombo. The first platoons formed were deployed in the North of Sri Lanka to provide additional support for Police Stations and to stem the LTTE separatists.[2] 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sri Lankan Army Flag The Sri Lankan Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations. ... A personal weapon is a weapon that can be carried and employed by a single person, although their use may be restricted to specialist members of attack or defense teams. ... // Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain. ... A paramilitary is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 14. ... Platoon is a term from military science. ...


The STF was enhanced considerably in 1983 when crack former British Special Air Service (SAS) teams were brought in to provide specialized training in all aspects of Counter Terrorism and Counter insurgency operations.[3] August 11, 1984, that the Israel Internal Security Agency Shin Beth was involved in the training of the Sri Lankan armed forces. Many officers belonging to Israel were involved in the training of the Sri Lankan soldiers in Colombo.[4] The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army. ... Counterterrorism refers to the practices, tactics, techniques, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Counter-insurgency is a term for governmental police and/or military operations against terrorist and/or insurgent groups. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ...


Operations

STF troopers on Operation Definite Victory
STF troopers on Operation Definite Victory

By 1987, heavily involved in the Sri Lankan civil war, the STF was in control of the area from Kiran to Potuvil in the Batticaloa Division. The STF was deployed in Company formation into 15 separate camps. When the Indian Peace Keeping Force was moved into the Batticaloa in 1987 as part of the ongoing peace process, the STF was in complete control of Batticoloa, and had restored a level of normalcy to the area. From 1983 to 1987 when the STF was in control over Batticoloa not a single STF camp had come under attack from the LTTE. [5] Image File history File links STF_on_mission. ... Image File history File links STF_on_mission. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka IPKF Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam TamilEela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal (LTTE breakaway group that fighting against with them since March 2004) Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai... Batticaloa (මඩකළපුව in Sinhala, மட்டக்களப்பு in Tamil) was the provincial capital of the eastern province of Sri Lanka. ... Location of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation that was formed to oversee the peace accord signed between India and Sri Lanka in 1987, trying to solve the conflict between Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and Sri Lankan armed forces. ...


Operation Definite Victory

 This section documents a current event.
Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.
Illegal Timber
Illegal Timber
Skull of a Tusker
Skull of a Tusker
Cannabis
Cannabis
Torture Chambers
Torture Chambers

In January 04, 2007 Special Task Force troops launched a limited offensive named “Definite Victory” (In Sinhala: නියතයිි ජය) against the LTTE militants in the Kanchikudichcharu and Thoppigala regions of the Ampara District, as a reaction to the child abductions in Bakmitiyawa, Ampara and abduction of two teachers and 23 Tamil children in December while returning from extra classes to their homes.[6][7][8] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_01. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_01. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_03. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_03. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_04. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_04. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_05. ... Image File history File links Kanchi_OP_05. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... a resource to look at current viewpoints Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of Sri Lanka | Wikipedia cleanup | Language stubs ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... Ampara(අමිපාර)is a district of Sri Lanka. ... Ampara is a remote city on the East Coast of Sri Lanka, about 320km from the capital city of Colombo. ...


As a result of this offensive, elite police commandos were able to overrun more than fifteen (15) rebel camps[9] including the Stanly Base, which was the main LTTE camp in the Ampara District[10] and a regional intelligence and supply camp,[11] Bagayadi Base, where local and foreign foodstuffs and sanitary material was stored, Janak Base, which made clothing identical to Sri Lanka Army and Special Task Force uniforms,[12] Jeewan Base, which was another supply camp from which the STF was able to recover four vehicles and the Diana Base where LTTE leaders meet. This camp was furnished with luxury items which were denied to the ordinary LTTE cadres.[13] Sri Lanka Army Flag And Crest The Sri Lanka Army is a branch of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces with the responsbility of overseeing land-based operations. ...


After the fall of Stanly Base, STF troops were able to find a explosive laden truck and a motor cycle that the rebels were planning to use to carry out suicide attacks in the capital of Colombo. And it is also reported that LTTE was housing a large number of child soldiers conscripted by them in this camp.[14][15] Other than that, STF troops were able to recover a large quantity of arms and ammunition, coffins, large number of anti-personnel mines[11] , satellite and radio receivers, global positioning systems, power generators, boats with name and logo of the Non Governmental Organization "Save the Children", tents with the logo of "UNHCR" and a fully equipped hospital donated to the militants by a Dutch INGO named ZOA Refugee Care[16] This NGO donated hospital is named by the tigers as Thileepan memorial hospital. STF also said that they also found a water tanker truck donated by , the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) which is a front organization of the LTTE, who collect funds especially in the United States and Canada purportedly for civilians, but actually for the terrorist group.[11][17] Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 14. ... This article is about the US NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS). ... An electrical generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy, generally using electromagnetic induction. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Save the Children Logo Save the Children is an international non-profit organization dedicated to working for children. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... This article is about fictional characters from the video game The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. ...


The STF offensive in the Kanchikudichchiaru forest reserve has brought to light many illegal activities of the LTTE. The LTTE has engaged in illegal timber, ivory, Torture chambers, lockups, and cannabis trade in addition to their routine abductions, extortions and forced recruitment. The STF had come across a large plantation of cannabis grown by the LTTE deep inside the Kanchikudichchiaru forest reserve. STF troops also detected carcasses of elephants dumped in swamps which indicate that they had been killed for their tusks. Torture chambers allegedly used by Tamil Tigers to punish escaping rebels and informers, including women fighters. Acoording to the STF officials, The torture cells were small concrete cells with kennel-like iron grills and "many of the surrendered LTTE child cadres have repeatedly revealed the harassment meted out to them by the LTTE if they are caught escaping."[18][19][20][21][22][23] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A torture chamber is a room where torture is carried out. ... Lock up can refer to: Lock-up provision, a corporate finance term Lock up period, a term concerning initial public offerings of stock Lock Up (US band), an American rock band. ... Look up Cannabis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


As a result of this mission STF troops able to kill four rebels and the STF commented that the militants were fleeing from the area without retaliating against their troops.[24][25] As a reaction for the this government calls to Surrender to Fleeing LTTE Carders[26] and offered overseas jobs after a rehabilitation programme.[27]


Allegations of human rights abuses

Distributing water to the Tsunami effected refugees in Eastern Province
Distributing water to the Tsunami effected refugees in Eastern Province

A special rapporteur from the United Nations transmitted allegations regarding violations of the right to life related to gang rape, detention, killings, and disappearances, committed by members of the armed forces in Jaffna, and death while in the custody of the Special Task Force of Sri Lanka in Colombo. [28] Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... Image File history File links 44599102_20c003dd82. ... Image File history File links 44599102_20c003dd82. ...


The Special Task Force has been known to "disappear" individuals from areas it controls. An United Nations commissioned study, has attributed 6% of these disappearances to the Special Task Force, mainly targeting Tamil males from the ages 10 - 35, comparable to the Tamil Tiger 'Terrorist' who constitute less than 2.5% of the 'disappearances' in the area.[29]


On 9 October, eight Tamil people were killed by Special Task Force personnel at Kanjirankuda. The eight were shot outside the Special Task Force camp during a demonstration against an alleged attack on LTTE members. [30]


Over this past summer, 31 mutilated bodies were discovered in lakes and rivers in the vicinity of the capital; some of the victims were later identified as Tamils who had been abducted and subsequently "disappeared." On June 29, President Kumaratunga ordered an investigation into the discovery of, at the time, 11 bodies found in one lake. At the end of August, the police announced the arrests of 18 members of the security forces and seven civilian informants suspected of being responsible for the "disappearance," torture and killing of at least 21 people. 10 of those arrested are members of the Special Task Force, an elite police commando unit. President Kumaratunga also reportedly suspended the head of the Task Force. Amnesty publicly welcomed the arrests and suspension and has urged the government to ensure that the investigations proceed smoothly and that those responsible for these crimes be promptly brought to justice. [31]


On March 23, Special Task Force (STF) personnel allegedly threatened Anura Kirithi Rajah, a union organizer for a garment factory in the EPZ. The union president at the same factory reported also receiving a death threat at the same time. On April 11, the BOI intervened to settle the labor dispute. [32]


On 5 January 2007 Sri Lankan Special Task Force personnel and Sri Lankan police simultaneously stormed the regional offices of the Tamil Rehabilitation Organisation (TRO) in Trincomalee and Vavuniya. The following day the Colombo office of the TRO was raided, without any warrant. [33]


In the months following the April collapse of the cease-fire, 21 corpses, all believed to be young Tamil males, were found floating in lakes in the vicinity of Colombo. The victims had been starved and tortured. In most cases mutilation and decomposition made identification impossible. On August 17, police Special Task Force (STF) officers, one army captain and seven civilians were arrested and charged with the murders, which police said were committed at the STF headquarters in residential Colombo. Further security force suspects were being questioned, and investigations were continuing at year's end. [34]


Police (mostly STF officers) and army personnel committed at least 17 extrajudicial killings in Eastern Province after April. In some cases these murders were reprisals against civilians for LTTE attacks in which members of the security forces were killed or injured. Several occurred during cordon and search operations by the STF. In many cases, the security forces claimed that the victims were members of the LTTE. However, human rights monitors determined that these victims were civilians. In most cases, the perpetrators of these killings had not been arrested by the Government at year's end. There were also a number of suspicious deaths, mostly involving detainees acting as informants for security forces who died during operational missions against the LTTE. [35]


External links

References

  1. ^ "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, Sri Lanka", U.S. State Department, 28 February 2005.
  2. ^ "Strength, Sri Lanka", Photius Coutsoukis, 12 November 2004.
  3. ^ "Military Balance, Sri Lanka", Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, 01 December 2002.
  4. ^ "Sri Lanka: The untold story", Asia Times, 26 October 2001.
  5. ^ "[http://www.sangam.org/PIRABAKARAN/Part47.htm Nuda Veritas on The Muslim Factor]", Ilankai Tamil Sangam, 15 November 2002.
  6. ^ "Commandos take eight Tiger bases in Sri Lanka", Zee News, 13 January 2007.
  7. ^ "Torture chambers used by Tamil LTTE found : Defense Ministry", Lankaeverything, 16 January 2007.
  8. ^ "MCNS - PRESS BRIEFING", Media Center for National Security, 17 January 2007.
  9. ^ "Sri Lanka says captures Tiger lines, kills 30 rebels", The Washington Post, 16 January 2007.
  10. ^ "Sri Lankan military seizes more camps of rebel LTTE", Kuwait News Agency, 14 January 2007.
  11. ^ a b c "Elite commando forces of the police over runs a large Tamil Tiger base in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka", To The Center, 8 January 2007.
  12. ^ "Tamil Tigers in a death groan in the East of Sri Lanka, after the STF capture of Janak Camp in Amparai", Asian Tribune, 12 January 2007.
  13. ^ "Three LTTE camps tumble as STF advances in the East", Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka, 13 January 2007.
  14. ^ "Sri Lanka commandos capture truck packed with Tamil explosives", The China Post, 12 January 2007.
  15. ^ "Rebel base falls in east Sri Lanka", United Press International, 12 January 2007.
  16. ^ "Sri Lanka probes aid groups for suspected rebel links", Reuters, 11 January 2007.
  17. ^ "Colombo tightens transport security", Gulf Times Newspaper, 10 January 2007.
  18. ^ "Torture chambers used by Tamil Tigers found in eastern Sri Lanka, defense ministry says", The International Herald Tribune, 15 January 2007.
  19. ^ "STF Consolidating Their Positions in Kanchikudichchiaru", Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka, 16 January 2007.
  20. ^ "Torture chambers used by Tigers found in Lanka", Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka, 16 January 2007.
  21. ^ "Torture chambers used by Tigers found in Lanka", Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka, 16 January 2007.
  22. ^ "Sri Lanka says captures Tiger lines, kills 30 rebels", The Washington Post, 16 January 2007.
  23. ^ "Sri Lanka says captures Tiger lines, kills 30 rebels", REUTERS, Union-Tribune Publishing Co., 16 January 2007.
  24. ^ "MCNS - PRESS BRIEFING", Media Center for National Security, 17 January 2007.
  25. ^ "Elite police overrun top rebel base in east Sri Lanka, says military", The International Herald Tribune, 8 January 2007.
  26. ^ "Call to Surrender to Fleeing LTTE Carders", Media Center for National Security, 13 January 2007.
  27. ^ "Overseas jobs for Surrendered LTTE cadres =", Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka, 16 January 2007.
  28. ^ http://www.hri.ca/fortherecord1998/vol3/srilankatr.htm
  29. ^ http://www.disappearances.org/mainfile.php/frep_sl_ne/78/
  30. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/report2003/lka-summary-eng
  31. ^ http://www.infolanka.com/org/srilanka/issues/ai1.html
  32. ^ http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61711.htm
  33. ^ http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO0701/S00035.htm
  34. ^ http://stockholm.usembassy.gov/human/human95/srilanka.htm
  35. ^ http://stockholm.usembassy.gov/human/human95/srilanka.htm


February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Zee News is an Indian Hindi News Channel run by Zee Network. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The Asian Tribune is an online newspaper that provides news and editorial on the current affairs of Asia, with a special emphasis on South Asia. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The China Post (Chinese: 英文中國郵報) is one of the three English-language newspapers published in Taiwan, the other two being Taiwan News and the Taipei Times. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... Front of UPI Headquarters, Washington, D.C. UPI redirects here. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... Overview The Gulf Times newspaper was founded in 1978 as part of the Gulf Publishing and Printing Company in the capital city of Qatar, Doha (or ad-Dawhah. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The International Herald Tribune (or IHT) is fully owned by the New York Times, which along with its own staff journalists and news agencies supplies it with news and features. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The International Herald Tribune (or IHT) is fully owned by the New York Times, which along with its own staff journalists and news agencies supplies it with news and features. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ...

 
Military of Sri Lanka
Flag of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan army Sri Lanka Army | Sri Lankan Navy ensign Sri Lanka Navy | Sri Lankan Airforce Sri Lanka Air Force |

  Results from FactBites:
 
Special Task Force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (173 words)
The Special Task Force (STF) was formed in 1983 to operate as a counterinsurgency force in Sri Lanka, not as a military force but rather a highly specialized police unit.
The STF has been stationed in the Eastern Province in Sri Lanka where the LTTE is active.
A Special Task Force was constituted by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to nab forest bandit and sandalwood smuggler Veerappan in May 1990.
Monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1024 words)
The monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force is a political concept formalized by the sociologist Max Weber, in his 1918 speech Politik als Beruf ( Politics as a Vocation).
The state might also delegate certain tasks requiring the use of force to other bodies, such as law enforcement to the police.
The philosopher Thomas Hobbes strongly supported the right of the state to use force as he believed that only the threat and use of force by the state maintains an orderly society.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m