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Encyclopedia > Special Services Group
Military of Pakistan
Pakistan Joint Service
Military manpower
Military age 16 years of age
Availability 39,028,014 (2005)
Males ages 16-49
Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005)
Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 9th)
Military expenditures
Dollar figure $3.848 billion (2004)
Percent of GDP 4.9% (2004)
Pakistan Armed Forces
Pakistan Army
Pakistan Air Force
Pakistan Navy
Pakistan Coast Guard
Personal
Chiefs of Army Staff
Generals
Wars
Battles between Indo-Pakistan
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Bangladesh Liberation War
Kargil War
Waziristan War
Related Info
List of Weapons
Nishan-E-Haider
Special Services Group
Inter-Services Intelligence

Special Service Group or SSG is an Independent Commando Corps of the Pakistan Army. It is an elite commando force similar to the Green Berets. Official numbers are put at 45,000 men, in 41 Battalions; however the actual strength is classified. It is estimated to have been increased to 50 Battalions, with the eventual formation of 2 Divisions of Special Forces (16 Battalions). Pakistans 610,000-member armed forces, the worlds 7th largest in 2005, are well trained and disciplined. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This is a list of countries ranked in order of active troops in each state. ... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 9th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (Pakistan Fizaya in Urdu) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Pakistan Navy is the naval wing of the Pakistan military. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Pakistan Coast Guard (PCG) was recently hived off from the Navy. ... The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 sometimes known as the First Kashmir War was a war fought between India and Pakistan over the region of Kashmir from 1947 to 1949. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Lt Gen Harbakhsh Singh Strength Casualties 3,000 killed 3,800 killed {{{notes}}} The 1965 war between India and Pakistan, also known as the Second Kashmir War, was the culmination of a series of skirmishes that occurred between April 1965 and September 1965. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora A. A. K. Niazi Strength Casualties The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military conflict between India and Pakistan. ... The Bangladesh Liberation War (two other names are also used occasionally) refers to an armed conflict between West Pakistan (now Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) that lasted for roughly nine months in 1971. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Strength 20,000 5,000+ Casualties Nearly 600 killed , ~1,400 wounded 4000+ killed ,  ??? Wounded {{{notes}}} The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict , was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan between April and June 1999 in Kashmir. ... Combatants Pakistan Waziristan tribesmen, al-Qaeda members Commanders Pervez Musharraf Ayman al-Zawahiri (probable) Strength ~ ~ Casualties several hundreds unknown The Waziristan War is an armed conflict that begun in 2004 when the Pakistani Army begun its search for al-Qaeda members in the area. ... Television screenshot of the first known nuclear test conducted by Pakistan, 28 May 1998. ... Nishan-E-Haider The Nishan-E-Haider is the highest award given by Pakistans military. ... The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (also Inter-Services Intelligence or I.S.I.) is the principal intelligence body of the nation of Pakistan. ... The French Navy commando Jaubert storm the Alcyon in a mock assault. ... A corps (a word that immigrated from the French language, pronounced like English core, but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body; plural same as singular) is either a large military unit or formation, a administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery... Military manpower Military age 16 years of age Availability 39,028,014 (2005) Males ages 16-49 Reaching military age males: 1,969,055 (2005) Active troops 620,000 (Ranked 9th) Military expenditures Dollar figure $3. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO code In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ...

Contents


Origins

Based out of Cherat and Attock, the SSG started out in the 1950s with active support from U.S. Special Operations Forces as an irregular military unit called the 19th Baluch Regiment. SSG officers were sent in large numbers to the United States for Special Forces training. Today, it consists of various companies within each battalion specialized in specific roles including desert warfare, ranger, mountain warfare, etc. Cherat is the home for Pakistan Armys elite Special Services Group. ... Attock is a city in Punjab Province of Pakistan. ... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category where the U.S. Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. ... Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century Irregular military refers to any non-standard military. ... Desert warfare is combat in deserts. ... A typically white color clothes of a soldier trained for mountain warfare. ...


All members of the SSG must be parachute qualified (para qualifications are given after conducting 15 day and 20 night static-line jumps). A large number of the SSG operators are also HALO/HAHO qualified. Additionally, a Counter-terrorist hostage rescue company commonly referred to as Musa Company (all companies and Battalions of the SSG have names ascribed to them) is also part of the SSG. The Apollo 15 capsule landed safely despite a parachute failure. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Operations

  • The SSG were first used in 1964 in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. Codenamed Operation Gibraltar, their aim was continued reconnaissance, sabotage of Indian Military facilities and eventual liberation of Kashmir from Indian control. This Operation was a success and led to a full scale war after India discovered the infiltrators and attacked Pakistan in retaliation.
  • The SSG was used as a full-fledged unit in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 with impressive results, due to good planning and information about the targets (3 Indian Airbases). The commandos, numbering approx. 180, were airdropped into Indian territory with the intention of sabotaging these airbases in Western India. However, the Indian troops did not manage to foil the attempt, . Approx. 20 or so commandos managed to make it back to Pakistan.
  • In the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 they were once again used, this time in assistance to regular infantry units and for non-conventional and rescue operations. SSG conducted what would be considered to be "classic special forces missions" against Indian forces during this war. Eventually faced against massive political and military onslaught in East Pakistan, the SSG could do little in turning the tide of war. Of note is that Pervez Musharraf commanded a company of commandos during the war.
  • The SSG was active in Afghanistan in the 1980s during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, conducting different type of covert and direct action missions. Again when the balance of power shifted, it led some covert operations against the very Afghan government (Taliban) that Pakistan (along with Saudi Arabia and UAE) had once aided, this time as part of the allied forces in operation Enduring Freedom. The SSG has aided in the capture of many senior Al Qaeda leaders, most notably Abu Zubaida and Khalid Shaikh Mohammed and conducts regular operations as part of the Pakistani Special Operations Task Force in the Tribal Areas of North West Pakistan.
  • The SSG has also conducted many operations in Siachen Glacier against Indian positions. The most noted one took place in 1987 when Pervez Musharraf (then Brigadier) led an SSG unit assault on Indian posts before being beaten back. [1] In addition, some covert Operations in United Nations Millitary missions in Bosnia Herzegovina, Somalia and Sierra Leone have also been executed by SSG operators.
  • The involvement in the Kargil War involved early gains which were later lost due to political/military pressure and eventual withdrawal of Pakistani forces to the Line of Control.
  • The SSG has been the primary outfit for Counter-terrorism capability in Pakistan (However as of 1994, each province has established its own CT-Swift Response Team which were trained by joint US CT experts and SSG operators from the Musa company as part of US support to Pakistan). The SSG team of operators (referred to as Musa Company of the SSG) has been involved in various successful hostage rescue operations including hijacking incidents since its inception in 1981.

For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Jammu and Kashmir is a historic state in Asia which is currently disputed between India, Pakistan, and to a lesser extent, China. ... ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening an enemy through subversion, obstruction, disruption, and/or destruction. ... The Indian Armed Forces is Indias primary defence organisation. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Lt Gen Harbakhsh Singh Strength Casualties 3,000 killed 3,800 killed {{{notes}}} The 1965 war between India and Pakistan, also known as the Second Kashmir War, was the culmination of a series of skirmishes that occurred between April 1965 and September 1965. ... An Airbase, sometimes referred to as a military airport or airfield, provides basing and support of military aircraft. ... A C-130 Hercules airdropping a light tank. ... An Airbase, sometimes referred to as a military airport or airfield, provides basing and support of military aircraft. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora A. A. K. Niazi Strength Casualties The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military conflict between India and Pakistan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... // US Army In the United States military, infantry companies are usually made up of three rifle platoons and a heavy weapons platoon; tank companies are usually made up of three tank platoons and a command element. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... A Soviet soldier on guard in Afghanistan in 1988. ... Flag flown by the Taliban. ... UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) is the military response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States . ... Osama bin Laden, leader of al-Qaeda al-Qaeda (Arabic: , el-Qā‘idah or al-Qā‘idah; the foundation or the base) is the name given to an international Islamic fundamentalist campaign comprised of independent and collaborative cells that all profess the same cause of reducing outside influence upon Islamic... Abu Zubaydah is the highest_ranking al-Qaida leader in U.S. custody Abu Zubaydah (1973 - present) (Arabic: ابو زبيدة) was a high_ranking member of al-Qaida and close associate of Osama bin Laden. ... Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Arabic: خالد شيخ محمد; also transliterated as Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, and other ways) (b. ... The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Pashtuns (Afghans) and various other groups. ... The Siachen Glacier is marked in orange The Siachen Glacier is located in the East Karakoram/Himalaya, at approximately 35. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Brigadier is a rank in the British Army, Royal Marines, Australian Army, New Zealand Army, and several other armies, ranking above Colonel and immediately below Major-General. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Strength 20,000 5,000+ Casualties Nearly 600 killed , ~1,400 wounded 4000+ killed ,  ??? Wounded {{{notes}}} The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict , was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan between April and June 1999 in Kashmir. ... Indian map of Kasmir depicting the LOC and LAC. Note the term Pakistan Occupied Kashmir to indicate the part of Kashmir under Pakistani administration. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A hostage is a person (sometimes another entity) which is held by a captor in order to compel another party to act, or refrain from acting, in a particular way. ... Hijacking or highjacking is the forcible robbery from, or seizure of, a vehicle in transit. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Organization

Pakistani Special Forces have 3 Division (divs):

  • 1st "Yaldaram" Commando Division,
  • 2nd "Pawinda" Commando Division,
  • 3rd "Rahbar" Commando Division.

Plus two independent Commando brigades: The French Navy commando Jaubert storm the Alcyon in a mock assault. ...

  • "Musa" brigade - Antiterrorist brigade and,
  • "Akbar" brigade - A combat diver unit.

Components of the Brigades are constantly rotated between Cherat, Attock, and any other hot spot (such as Pakistan-India border or when Pakistani forces are deployed overseas as part of the UN Peace Keeping operations) in order to provide experience to the operators. Cherat is the home for Pakistan Armys elite Special Services Group. ... Attock is a city in Punjab Province of Pakistan. ...


The SSG is also used for providing security to various vital points such as the strategic nuclear facilities in Pakistan. It is thought that a number of SSG operators are stationed in Saudi Arabia for the protection of the Saudi royal family. Many SSG Officers and other ranks are routinely seconded to the Directorate of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) for clandestine and reconnaisance missions. The House of Saud refers to the royal family of Saudi Arabia. ... The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (also Inter-Services Intelligence or I.S.I.) is the principal intelligence body of the nation of Pakistan. ... Clandestine is an adjective meaning that its reference is something secret or guerrilla in nature. ...


The SSG also has a unit in the Pakistan Navy : NSSG, otherwise known as SSGN. The SSGN currently maintains headquarters in Karachi headed by Pakistan Navy Commander. It has a strength of one Corps( 3 Divisions) and is assigned to unconventional warfare operations in the coastal regions. During war it is assigned to Midget submarines. All other training and is similar to the Army SSG with specific marine oriented inputs provided at its Headquarters. The strength of the Navy commandos is put at 35,000. The Pakistan Navy is the naval wing of the Pakistan military. ... Karachi (كراچى) is the largest city in Pakistan and the capital of the province of Sindh. ... German midget submarine Seehund, with a torpedo A midget submarine is a small submarine, typically with a one or two person crew and with no on-board living accommodation. ...


Appearance and Equipment

The commandos are distinguished by their insignia of maroon berets with a silver metal tab on a light blue felt square with a dagger & lightning bolts, and a wing on right side of chest. The combat uniform of the SSG is similar to the US woodland pattern camouflage coat and Khaki Pants. Other uniforms include cammies and black dungarees (for the CT team). SSGN (SSG Navy) is distinguished by a dark blue beret with three versions of the "fouled anchor" Navy badge for officers, NCOs and enlisted men. A metal SSGN qualification badge featuring a vertical dagger superimposed over a midget submarine is worn over the left pocket on dress uniforms. Parachute wings are worn over the right pocket. ... Maroon is a color mixture composed of brown and purple. ... Black beret A beret (UK: , US: ; IPA) is a soft round cap with a flat crown which is worn by both men and women. ... Felt was also the name of a 1980s UK Indie band. ... A dagger (from Vulgar Latin: daca - a Dacian knife) is a blade weapon (essentially a double-edged knife) used for stabbing, thrusting or as a secondary defense weapon in close combat. ... Wonderful Rainbow, the bands 2003 release on Load. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is differentiated from a forest. ... Anolis caroliensis showing blending camouflage and counter-shading. ... Khaki, in British or European parlance, is a type of green tinged brown fabric, or the colour of such fabric. ... An overall is usually used as protective clothing when working, but they have sometimes been items of fashion. ... A ships or boats anchor is used to attach the vessel to the bottom at a specific point. ...


The SSG is equipped with an array of modern weaponry which includes, Steyr AUG, HK G3, and Chinese Type-81/56 rifles, Colt M4 Carbines, and FN P90 and HK-MP5 (many diff. variants) Submachine guns. Light Machine Gun in use is Rheinmetall MG3 (locally produced along with HK G3s and MP 5s). In sniper role, the SSG CT teams are equipped with Steyr SSG-69, Finnish Tikka bolt-action and HK PSG1 and Dragunov SVD Semi-automatic rifles. Side arms includes various HK models. Most of the gear in use by the SSG is (and has been) of US origin. Steyr AUG refers to a family of firearms, first introduced in 1977 by the Austrian company Steyr Mannlicher. ... The Heckler und Koch G3 The G3 (G3A3) series battle rifle is manufactured by Heckler und Koch. ... The Chinese Type 81 Assault Rifle is the principle automatic rifle used by the Peoples Liberation Army. ... The Chinese Type 81 Assault Rifle is the principle automatic rifle used by the Peoples Liberation Army. ... Rampant Colt - The original logo of Colts Firearms Colts Manufacturing Company was founded in Hartford, Connecticut in 1847 by Samuel Colt in order to produce revolvers, which Colt held the patent on, during the Mexican-American War. ... // Headline text The M4 Carbine traces its lineage back to earlier carbine versions of the M16, all based on the original AR-15 made by Armalite. ... Caliber: 5. ... The Heckler & Koch MP5 is a submachine gun, developed by German weapons manufacturer Heckler & Koch (HK) in the 1960s. ... MP5KA4 9 x 19 mm with 3-round burst trigger group A submachine gun is a firearm that combines the automatic fire of a machine gun with the ammunition of a pistol, and is usually between the two in weight and size. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... MG74 of the Austrian Bundesheer (MG3 version) The German MG3 is an air-cooled, belt-fed multi-use machine gun manufactured by Rheinmetall, as well as license produced in other places. ... The traditional definition of a sniper is an infantry soldier especially skilled in field craft and marksmanship, who kills selected enemies from concealment with a rifle at long distances. ... A bolt-action firearm is typically a rifle that is manually operated (i. ... Heckler und Koch PSG-1 sniper rifle The PSG-1 is a widely known semi-automatic sniper rifle designed by the German company Heckler und Koch. ... The Dragunov (Драгунов) is a Russian sniper rifle, more formally known as the Snaiperskaya Vintovka Dragunova (Снайперская винтовка Драгунова), which translates into English as Dragunov Sniper Rifle, and is often abbreviated as SVD (СВД). ... A semi-automatic rifle is a type of rifle that, when the trigger is pulled, fires a bullet and loads another cartridge from a magazine, without the need to operate a bolt or other loading mechanism. ... A Browning 9 millimetre semiautomatic pistol Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century A pistol or handgun is a usually small firearm that can be used with one hand. ...


See also

Major General Abu Bakr Osman Mitha (1923–December 1999) was the pioneer of stay behind concept introduced and manifested in the creation of Pakistan Armys Commando Special Forces to carry out secret and covert operations. ...

Sources and external Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Special Operations.Com (783 words)
SSG units have also been seconded in covert operations in Afghanistan during the Afghan war, as air marshals on passenger airlines and as VIP security.
Two SSG battalions are normally rotated through Cherat with a third battalion divided between the border and other strategic locations such as the Terbella Dam and nuclear research facilities.
SSG officers must have at least two years of prior military experience and volunteer from other formations for three-year assignments with the SSG; NCO and enlisted men volunteer from other formations to serve permanently in the SSG.
Special Service Group: Information from Answers.com (1279 words)
Special Services Group (SSG) is an independent commando brigade of the Pakistan Army.
The SSG was active in Afghanistan in the 1980s during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, conducting different type of covert and direct action missions.
It is thought that a number of SSG operators are stationed in Saudi Arabia for the protection of the Saudi royal family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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