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Encyclopedia > Special Olympics
The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin, Ireland.
The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin, Ireland.


Special Olympics is an international organization created to help people with intellectual disabilities develop self-confidence, social skills and a sense of personal accomplishment through sports training and competition. Among their other activities, Special Olympics conducts the Special Olympics World Games every four years. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 736 KB) The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World Games Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin , Ireland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 736 KB) The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World Games Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin , Ireland. ... Iraqi athletes departing Dublin after the 2003 Special Olympics World Games The 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games were hosted in Ireland, with participants staying in various host towns around the island in the lead up to the games before moving to dublin for the events. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Special Olympics. ... Developmental disability is a term used to describe severe, life-long disabilities attributable to mental and/or physical impairments, manifested before the age of 22. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Special Olympics. ...


The Special Olympics was founded by Eunice Kennedy Shriver in 1962. Shriver’s sister, the late Rosemary Kennedy, had an intellectual disability, and is often credited as her inspiration to create the Special Olympics. Zurab Tsereteli with Eunice Kennedy Shriver (right) Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver (born July 10, 1921 in Brookline, Massachusetts), USA, is a member of the Kennedy family. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rose Marie Kennedy (September 13, 1918 – January 7, 2005) was the third child and first daughter of Joseph and Rose Kennedy, born a year after the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ...


The Special Olympics originally conducted a series of sports camps known as Camp Shriver, beginning in June 1962. These evolved into an international sporting competition for intellectually disabled athletes. The first International Special Olympics Games were held in Chicago, Illinois, USA, in 1968. The first Winter Special Olympics were held in February 1977 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, USA. [1] (Redirected from 1968 Special Olympics World Summer Games) The First International Special Olympics Games (Summer Special Olympics) were held in Soldier Field, Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


In 1988, the Special Olympics was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It is the only sports organization authorized by the IOC to use the name Olympics in its title. Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ...


On October 30, 2004, President George W. Bush signed into law the "Special Olympics Sport and Empowerment Act," Public Law 108-406. The bill authorized funding for its Healthy Athletes, Education, and Worldwide Expansion programs.[2] Co-sponsored by Representatives Roy Blunt (R-MO), and Steny Hoyer (D-MD), and Senators Rick Santorum (R-PA) and Harry Reid (D-NV), the bills were passed by unanimous consent in both chambers. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Roy D. Blunt (born January 10, 1950) is a Republican politician from Missouri, currently representing that states 7th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives. ... Steny Hamilton Hoyer (born June 14, 1939) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the Marylands 5th congressional district since 1981. ... “Santorum” redirects here. ... Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party. ...


In July of 2006, the first United States National Special Olympic games were held at Iowa State University. Teams from all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated. [3] Iowa State University of Science and Technology (ISU) is a public land-grant and space-grant university located in Ames, Iowa, USA. Until 1959 it was known as Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. ... ...


Participation

Over two million athletes of all ages are involved in Special Olympics sports programs in more than 150 countries [4]. The organization offers year-round training and competition in 26 Olympic-type summer and winter sports. There is no charge to participate in Special Olympics. Events are geared to accommodate a variety of levels of ability so that athletes can compete with others who have similar capabilities.


The Special Olympics Oath is "Let me win. But if I cannot win, let me be brave in the attempt."


Popular culture

  • Intellectual disability, like other disabilities, are a popular subject matter for simple off-color jokes, circulated through the media or by word of mouth. The disability is frequently referenced by mentioning the Special Olympics.
  • In 2002, the United States Postal Service issued a postage stamp honoring the Special Olympics. [5]
  • The 2005 film The Ringer, about a man who pretends to be intellectually disabled in order to cheat at the Special Olympics, was made with the approval of Special Olympics. [6]

Image:Http://www.ulster.ac.uk/news/images/special-olympics.jpg The term off-color humor (also known as dirty jokes or blue humor) is used to describe various dirty jokes, prose, poems, black comedy and skits that deal with topics that are considered to be in poor taste or overly vulgar by the prevailing morals in a culture. ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... For The Legend of Zelda episode with the same name, see The Ringer (episode) The Ringer is a 2005 comedy starring Johnny Knoxville, Katherine Heigl, and Brian Cox with cameos by Terry Funk and Jesse Ventura. ...


See also

1. ... This article should appear in one or more categories. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Special Olympics. ... Logo of the 2008 Plunge The Maryland State Police Polar Bear Plunge was created to raise money for Special Olympics Maryland to help 10,000+ athletes from around the state train and compete year-round. ...

External links

  • Special Olympics
  • Special Olympics Live Internet video coverage of the 2007 Special Olympics games.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Special Olympics (291 words)
Special Olympics is an international program of year-round sports training and athletic competition for more than one million children and adults with mental retardation.
Special Olympics athletes carry these benefits with them into their daily lives at home, in the classroom, on the job, and in the community.
Special Olympics believes that competition among those of equal abilities is the best way to test its athletes' skills, measure their progress and inspire them to grow.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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