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Encyclopedia > Sparrow
Old World sparrows
House Sparrow
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passeridae
Illiger, 1811
Genera

Passer
Petronia
Carpospiza
Montifringilla Sparrow can refer to Old World sparrows, birds in the family Passeridae, often specifically as the House Sparrow New World sparrows, birds in the family Emberizidae The Sparrow air-to-air missile The Corbin Sparrow electric vehicle Sparrow Records Record Label The Sparrow, science fiction novel (1996) written by Mary... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (994 × 664 pixel, file size: 221 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Male House Sparrow If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you an authorization to... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae, and is, somewhat controversially, considered a relative of the Weaver Finch Family. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger (November 19, 1775 - May 1813) was a German entomologist who also worked on birds and mammals. ... Species Many, see text Passer is a genus of Old World sparrows. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Carpospiza brachydactyla (Bonaparte, 1850) The Pale Rockfinch is a little African sparrow, which is the only member of the genus Carpospiza. ... Species The snowfinches are the genus Montifringilla of passerine birds. ...

The "true sparrows", the Old World sparrows in the family Passeridae, are small passerine birds. Generally, sparrows tend to be small, plump brown-grey birds with short tails and stubby yet powerful beaks. The differences between sparrow species can be subtle. They are primarily seed-eaters, though they also consume small insects. A few species scavenge for food around cities and, like gulls or pigeons, will happily eat virtually anything in small quantities. This family ranges in size from the Chestnut Sparrow (Passer eminibey), at 11.4 cm (4.5 inches) and 13.4 g., to the Parrot-billed Sparrow (Passer gongonensis), at 18 cm (7 inches) and 42 g. (1.5 oz). The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... The beak, bill or rostrum is an external anatomical structure of birds which, in addition to eating, is used for grooming, manipulating objects, killing prey, probing for food, courtship, and feeding their young. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... “Seagull” redirects here. ... “Rock pigeon” redirects here. ... Binomial name Passer eminibey (Hartlaub, 1880) The Chestnut Sparrow (Passer eminibey) is a sparrow that likes dry savanna and is found in central Africa. ... Binomial name Passer gongonensis (Oustalet, 1890) The Parrot-billed Sparrow (Passer gongonensis) is found in the arid lowlands of east central Africa. ...


The Old World true sparrows are found indigenously in Europe, Africa and Asia. In Australia and the Americas, early settlers imported some species which quickly naturalised, particularly in urban and degraded areas. House Sparrows, for example, are now found throughout North America, in every state of Australia except Western Australia, and over much of the heavily populated parts of South America. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere historically considered to consist of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae, and is, somewhat controversially, considered a relative of the Weaver Finch Family. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Some authorities also classify the closely related estrildid finches of the equatorial regions and Australasia as members of the Passeridae. Like the true sparrows, the estrildid finches are small, gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short, thick, but pointed bills. They are broadly similar in structure and habits, but tend to be very colourful and vary greatly in their plumage. About 140 species are native to the old world tropics and Australasia. Most taxonomic schemes list the estrildid finches as the separate family Estrildidae, leaving just the true sparrows in Passeridae. Genera Many:see text The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Closeup on a single white feather A feather is one of the epidermal growths that forms the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on a bird. ... A noontime scene from the Philippines on a day when the Sun is almost directly overhead. ... Look up taxonomy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


American sparrows, or New World sparrows, are not closely related to the true sparrows, despite some physical resemblance, such as the seed-eater's bill and frequently well-marked heads. They are in the family Emberizidae. Genera Arremon Arremonops Melozone Pipilo Aimophila Oriturus Torreornis Spizella Pooecetes Chondestes Amphispiza Calamospiza Passerculus Ammodramus Passerella Xenospiza Melospiza Zonotrichia Junco American sparrows are a group of mainly New World passerine birds forming part of the family Emberizidae. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... The Emberizidae are a large family of passerine birds. ...


The Hedge Sparrow or Dunnock (Prunella modularis) is similarly unrelated. It is a sparrow in name only, a relic of the old practice of calling any small bird a "sparrow". Binomial name Prunella modularis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Dunnock, Prunella modularis, is a small passerine bird found throughout temperate Europe and into Asia. ...


There are 35 species of Old World sparrows. Below is the full list.

Contents

Species list in taxonomic order

Species Many, see text Passer is a genus of Old World sparrows. ... Binomial name Passer ammodendri Gould, 1872 The Saxaul Sparrow (Passer ammodendri) is a sparrow found in southern Russia, Turkestan, Mongolia and China. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae, and is, somewhat controversially, considered a relative of the Weaver Finch Family. ... Binomial name Passer hispaniolensis (Temminck, 1820) The Spanish Sparrow, (Passer hispaniolensis) occurs around the Mediterranean (in Spain, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Greece and northern Africa, and across temperate southern Asia. ... Binomial name Passer pyrrhonotus Blyth, 1844 The Sind Sparrow (Passer pyrrhonotus) is a sparrow found in Iran, Pakistan and India, where is habitat is usually tall grass and scrub. ... Binomial name Passer castanopterus Blyth, 1855 The Somali Sparrow (Passer castanopterus) is a sparrow found in northern Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya. ... Binomial name Passer rutilans (Temminck, 1835) The Cinnamon Sparrow or Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans) is a sparrow found throughout Asia in woodlands and towns. ... Binomial name Passer flaveolus Blyth, 1844 The Pegu Sparrow or Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus is a sparrow found in the Asian countries of Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Malaya. ... Binomial name Passer moabiticus (Tristram, 1864) The Dead Sea Sparrow (Passer moabiticus), as its name suggests, is a breeding bird around the River Jordan, Dead Sea, and into Iraq, Iran and western Afghanistan. ... Binomial name Passer motitensis Smith, 1836 The Rufous Sparrow or Southern Rufous Sparrow (Passer motitensis) is found in Africa in dry, wooded savannah and towns. ... Binomial name Passer insularis Sclater & Hartlaub, 1881 The Socotra Sparrow (Passer insularis) is found on the islands of Socotra and Abd al Kuri in the Indian Ocean, off the Horn of Africa. ... Binomial name Passer iagoensis (Gould, 1838) The Iago Sparrow (or Cape Verde Sparrow) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae. ... Binomial name Passer melanurus (Statius Muller, 1776) The Cape Sparrow or Mossie (Passer melanurus) lives in dry areas of southern Africa. ... Binomial name Passer griseus (Vieillot, 1817) The Grey-headed Sparrow (Passer griseus) is a resident breeding bird species in much of tropical Africa. ... Binomial name Passer swainsonii Rüppell, 1840 Swainsons Sparrow (Passer swainsonii) lives in the highlands of Ethiopia and Somalia. ... Binomial name Passer gongonensis (Oustalet, 1890) The Parrot-billed Sparrow (Passer gongonensis) is found in the arid lowlands of east central Africa. ... Binomial name Reichenow, 1904 The Swahili Sparrow (Passer suahelicus) was until recently treated as a race of Grey-headed Sparrow (Passer griseus). ... Binomial name Passer diffusus (Smith, 1836) The Southern Grey-headed Sparrow (Passer diffusus) is sometimes treated as a race of the Grey-headed Sparrow (Passer griseus). ... Binomial name Amphispiza Bilineata (Cassin,, 1850) The Black-throated Sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata, is a small sparrow. ... Binomial name Passer montanus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus, breeds over most of Europe and Siberia, and allied forms occur in other parts of Asia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Binomial name Passer euchlorus (Bonaparte, 1851) The Arabian Golden Sparrow (Passer euchlorus) is a sparrow found in south west Arabia and also the coast of Somalia and Djibouti where it enjoys thorn savanna and scrub habitats. ... Binomial name Passer eminibey (Hartlaub, 1880) The Chestnut Sparrow (Passer eminibey) is a sparrow that likes dry savanna and is found in central Africa. ... Binomial name (Vieillot, 1817) The Italian Sparrow (Passer italiae) is found in Italy (except Sardinia), and adjoining regions of southeasternmost France (including Corsica), southern Switzerland, southwesternmost Austria, and western Slovenia. ... Binomial name Passer rufocinctus Fischer & Reichenow, 1884 The Kenya Rufous Sparrow Passer rufocinctus is a sparrow found in southern Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. ... Binomial name Smith, 1836 The Rufous Sparrow, Southern Rufous Sparrow or in South Africa the Great Sparrow, (Passer motitensis) is found in Africa in dry, wooded savannah and towns. ... Binomial name Smith, 1836 The Rufous Sparrow, Southern Rufous Sparrow or in South Africa the Great Sparrow, (Passer motitensis) is found in Africa in dry, wooded savannah and towns. ... The Asian Desert Sparrow is a sparrow found in Iran and Russia, it is a sub-species of the Desert Sparrow (Passer simplex). ... Species See text. ... Binomial name (Heuglin, 1862) The Yellow-spotted Petronia (Petronia pyrgita) is a species of bird in the Passeridae family. ... Binomial name Petronia xanthocollis (Burton, 1838) The Chestnut-shouldered Petronia or Yellow-throated Sparrow (Petronia xanthocollis) is a species of sparrow-like bird found in South Asia. ... Binomial name (Blyth, 1845) The Yellow-throated Petronia (Petronia superciliaris) is a species of bird in the Passeridae family. ... Binomial name (Sundevall, 1850) The Bush Petronia (Petronia dentata) is a species of bird in the Passeridae family. ... Binomial name Petronia petronia (Linnaeus, 1766) The term rock sparrow can also be used to refer to the genus Petronia as whole The Rock Sparrow, Petronia petronia, is a small passerine bird. ... Binomial name Carpospiza brachydactyla (Bonaparte, 1850) The Pale Rockfinch is a little African sparrow, which is the only member of the genus Carpospiza. ... Species The snowfinches are the genus Montifringilla of passerine birds. ... Species The snowfinches are the genus Montifringilla of passerine birds. ... Binomial name Montifringilla nivalis (Linnaeus, 1758) The White-winged Snowfinch, or just Snowfinch, Montifringilla nivalis, is a small passerine bird. ... Binomial name Adams, 1858 The Black-winged Snowfinch, Adamss Snowfinch or Tibetan Snowfinch (Montifringilla adamsi) is a species of bird in the sparrow family. ... Binomial name Przewalski, 1876 The White-rumped Snowfinch (Montifringilla taczanowskii) is a species of bird in the sparrow family. ... Binomial name (Verreaux, 1871) The Small Snowfinch or Père Davids Snowfinch (Montifringilla davidiana) is a species of bird in the sparrow family. ... Binomial name Blanford, 1871 The Rufous-necked Snowfinch (Montifringilla ruficollis) is a species of bird in the sparrow family. ... Genera Passer Petronia Carpospiza Montifringilla This article is about the Old World sparrows in the family Passeridae. ... The Afghan Snowfinch (Montifringilla theresae) is a bird of the sparrow family and is an Afghan endemic. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The White-winged Snowfinch, or just Snowfinch, Montifringilla nivalis, is a small passerine bird. ...

Sparrows in literature

References to Old World sparrows in literature usually refer to the House Sparrow. Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae, and is, somewhat controversially, considered a relative of the Weaver Finch Family. ...

  • The Greek poet Sappho, in her "Hymn to Aphrodite", pictures the goddess's chariot as drawn by sparrows.
  • The Roman poet Catullus addresses one of his odes to his lover Lesbia's pet sparrow (Passer, deliciae meae puellae...), and writes an elegy on its death (Lugete, o Veneres Cupidinesque...). The sparrow's playful erotic intimacy with its mistress ('To whose seeking she often gives her first finger/And provokes sharp pecks') makes the poet envious. At the climax of its elegy he reproaches it for dying, and distressing her ('Now, by your deeds, my girl's/Little eyes are slightly swollen and red from weeping'). The diminutiveness of the sparrow, and the hugeness and eternity of the afterlife, form a bathos that is typical of the mock elegy form: ‘qui nunc it per iter tenebricosum/illuc unde negant redire quemquam’ ('He now goes on a journey through that gloomy place,/From where they say no one returns'). The sparrow's hopping is represented metrically.
  • In the New Testament, Jesus reassures his followers that even a sparrow cannot fall without God's notice, suggesting therefore that their own, more significant suffering will not be forgotten. (Luke 12:6; Matthew 10:29.)
  • In Phyllyp Sparowe (pub. c. 1505), by the English poet John Skelton, Jane Scrope's laments for her dead sparrow are mixed with antiphonal Latin liturgy from the Office of the Dead. It belongs to the same tradition as Catullus' poem, or Ovid's lament for a parrot in the Amores: 'And on me it wolde lepe/Whan I was aslepe,/And his fethers shake,/Wherewith he wolde make/Me often for to wake/And for to take him in/Upon my naked skyn'.
  • The bird is also alluded to in the line "He who lives by the stick, dies by the stick" in James Wilson's "The Stick Finch".
  • In the Redwall series of fantasy novels, sparrows are somewhat important to the plot. They are portrayed as fierce fighters; the main sparrow character is Warbeak.
  • In the novel The Dark Half, sparrows are called "psychopomps", creatures that carry spirits from the land of the dead to the land of the living.
  • Hamlet, by William Shakespear, as Hamlet faces his tragic fate. he says, " There's a special providence in the fall of a sparrow"

Ancient Greek bust. ... The Birth of Venus, (detail) by Sandro Botticelli, 1485 For other uses, see Aphrodite (disambiguation). ... Latin poetry was a major part of Latin literature during the height of the Latin language. ... Fresco from Herculaneum, presumably showing a love couple. ... For other uses, see Ode (disambiguation). ... This article is about women in ancient Rome. ... Catullus 2 is a poem by the Roman poet Gaius Valerius Catullus. ... For other uses, see Elegy (disambiguation). ... Catullus 3 is a sequel to Catullus 2 written to honor the passing of a much-loved pet bird of the poets girlfriend. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. For other uses, see Hades (disambiguation). ... For the Aarni album, see Bathos (album). ... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον, Kata Maththaion or Kata Matthaion) is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. ... See also: 15th century in literature, other events of the 16th century, 17th century in literature, list of years in literature. ... Many regard William Shakespeare as the greatest English poet. ... John Skelton (c. ... An antiphon is a response, usually sung in Gregorian chant, to a psalm or some other part of a religious service, such as at Vespers or at a Mass. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... The Office of the Dead was an office traditionally read before a burial mass in the Roman Catholic Church. ... For other uses, see Ovid (disambiguation) Publius Ovidius Naso (March 20, 43 BC – 17 AD) was a Roman poet known to the English-speaking world as Ovid who wrote on topics of love, abandoned women and mythological transformations. ... Systematics (but see below) Family Cacatuidae (cockatoos) Subfamily Microglossinae (Palm Cockatoo) Subfamily Calyptorhynchinae (dark cockatoos) Subfamily Cacatuinae (white cockatoos) Family Psittacidae (true parrots) Subfamily Loriinae (lories and lorikeets) Subfamily Psittacinae (typical parrots and allies) Tribe Arini (American psittacines) Tribe Cyclopsitticini (fig parrots) Tribe Micropsittini (pygmy parrots) Tribe Nestorini (kakas and... Amores are Ovids first completed book, published somewhat after 18 BC. Amores was written in the elegiac dystic. ... Redwall was the first book in the eponymous series by Brian Jacques. ... --58. ... For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ...

References

  • Clement, Harris and Davis, Finches and Sparrows ISBN 0-7136-8017-2 (hardcover) ISBN 0-7136-5203-9 (paperback)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Passeridae
  • Old World sparrow videos on the Internet Bird Collection

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sparrow - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (337 words)
American sparrows, or New World sparrows, are not closely related to the true sparrows, despite some physical resemblance, such as the seed-eaters bill and frequently well-marked heads.
The Hedge Sparrow or Dunnock (Prunella modularis) is similarly unrelated.
Iago Sparrow or Cape Verde Sparrow, Passer iagoensis
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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