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Encyclopedia > Spanish Army
Emblem of the Spanish Army.
Emblem of the Spanish Army.

The Spanish Army (Ejército de Tierra in Spanish; literally, "Land Army") is one of oldest active armies in the world and a branch of the Spanish Armed Forces, in charge of land operations. The Spanish Armed Forces consists of the Army, Navy and Air Force. ...

Contents

Introduction

The Spanish Army has existed continuously since the reign of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella (late 15th century). The oldest and largest of the three services, its mission was the defense of peninsular Spain, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Melilla, Ceuta and the Spanish islands and rocks off the northern coast of Africa. The army is completing a major reorganization. It had previously been organized into nine regional operational commands. These were reduced to six commands in conjunction with a revised deployment of forces: Central Command, Southern Command, Levante Command, Eastern Pyrenees Command, Northwestern Command, and Western Pyrenees Command. In addition there were the two military zones of the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands. Ceuta and Melilla fell within the Southern Command. At the head of each regional and zonal command was an officer of three-star rank. Although his authority had been reduced, the regional commander, who held the title of captain general, was still among the most senior officers of the army. Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ... This article is about the islands in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ...


Under its earlier organization, the army was grouped into two basic categories: the Immediate Intervention Forces and the Territorial Operational Defence Forces. In theory, the former, consisting of three divisions and ten brigades, had the missions of defending the Pyrenean and the Gibraltar frontiers and of fulfilling Spain's security commitments abroad. The latter force, consisting of two mountain divisions and fourteen brigades, had the missions of maintaining security in the regional commands and of reinforcing the Civil Guard and the police against subversion and terrorism. In reality, most of the Immediate Intervention Forces were not positioned to carry out their ostensible mission of protecting the nation's borders. Many units were stationed near major cities--as a matter of convenience for officers who held part-time jobs--from which they also could be called upon to curb disturbances or unrest.


In a gradual process that had not been fully completed, the division of the army into the Immediate Intervention Forces and the Territorial Operational Defence Forces was being abolished. The brigade had become the fundamental tactical unit. The total number of brigades had been reduced from twenty-four to fifteen by the dismantling of nine territorial defence brigades. Eleven of the brigades had been organized within the existing five divisions; three brigades were to be independent, and one was to be in general reserve.


The best equipped of the five was the First Division, the Brunete Armored Division, with its armored brigade in the Madrid area and its mechanized brigade farther to the southwest near Badajoz. The motorized Second Division, Guzman el Bueno Division, which had acquired a third brigade as a result of the reorganization, was the major defensive force in the south, with full capability for rapid maneuver. The mechanized Third Division, the Maestrazgo Division, under the Levante Command, consisted of two brigades considered to have a moderate degree of mobility. The two mountain divisions, the Fourth Division--or Urgel Division and the Fifth Division--or Navarra Division, each consisting of two mountain brigades, remained in the Pyrenees border area of the north. Two of the four independent brigades were armored cavalry, one was an airborne brigade, and one was a paratroop brigade (in general reserve). This article is about the Spanish capital. ...


Numerous other changes were introduced as well, including the reorganization of artillery forces not included in the major combat units. This involved the creation of a field artillery command that consisted of a restructured and consolidated former artillery brigade, the creation of a single straits coastal artillery command that replaced two former coastal artillery regiments, and the introduction of an antiaircraft artillery command that was expected to benefit from significant modernizing of its weapons inventory.


The personnel strength of the army, which previously had been maintained at about 280,000, including 170,000 conscripts, had been trimmed to 240,000 by 1987. This was achieved through lower intakes of conscripts and volunteers and through cuts in the table of organization for officers and NCOs. The government's goal was a smaller but more capable army of 195,000 effective by 1991. Outside peninsular Spain, about 19,000 troops were stationed in Ceuta and Melilla. These included, in addition to the Spanish Legion and other specialized units, four regular regiments of North Africans. An additional 5,800 troops were assigned to the Balearic Islands, and 10,000 were in the Canary Islands. Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ...


The Spanish Legion, founded in Morocco in 1920, has always been under the direct command of the chief of the army staff. It has had a reputation as the toughest combat unit in the service, although modelled after the French Foreign Legion, reduced in size in 1987, as a result of successive reorganizations, the legion was scheduled to undergo further cuts to an overall strength of 6,500. It had a higher number of career soldiers than other units, but it was manned mostly by conscripts who had volunteered for the legion. Recruitment of non-Spanish personnel, who had never exceeded 10 percent of the group's manpower, ended in 1986. Foreign legionnaires already in the service were not affected. The Spanish Legion (Spanish: Legión Española or simply La Legión), formerly Spanish Foreign Legion, is an elite unit of the Spanish Army. ...


The Spanish Legion is grouped into four tercios (sing., tercio), a unit intermediate between a regiment and a brigade, each commanded by a colonel. The first and the second tercios constituted the core of the military garrisons at Melilla and Ceuta (North Africa). Each had been reduced by a motorized battalion, leaving it with a single motorized battalion, a mechanized battalion, an antitank company, and a headquarters company. They were equipped with BMR armored personnel carriers. The Third Tercio, stationed in the Canary Islands, consisted of two motorized battalions and a headquarters company. The Fourth Tercio was being converted from a support role to a combat unit at the legion headquarters in Ronda near Malaga. Although, probably not as "glamorous" outside Spain as their French counterparts, the Spanish legion has nothing to envy in professionalism and "fiercy" to any other elite force in the world.


The Ministry of Defence was planning the creation of a rapid deployment force composed entirely of volunteers. This force, which would include the Spanish Legion, the Paratroop Brigade, the Airborne Brigade, and Marine units, would be available for use in trouble spots on twelve hours' notice. Lack of adequate air and naval transport would, however, be a limiting factor.


In spite of new procurement programs, introduced in the mid-1980s, arms and equipment were not in sufficient supply, and they were not up to the standards of other NATO armies. The inventory of medium tanks was made up of nearly 700 American models, as well as about Franco-Spanish 300 AMX-30s manufactured in Spain between 1974 and 1983. Although the military felt that it was essential to adopt a new main battle tank for the 1990s, some considerations led to a postponement of the decision and the upgrading of the AMX-30s with new German-designed diesel engines and transmissions, reactive armor panels, and laser fire-control systems. The AMX 30 is a main battle tank designed by GIAT Industries with a focus on good firepower and superior mobility and first delivered to the French Army in 1966. ...


Armored troop carriers included about 1,200 American-designed M-113s as well as AML-60s and AML-90s of French design. The Spanish army is in the process of being equipped with more than 1,200 BMRs, a new armored vehicle designed and manufactured in Spain. A variety of towed and self-propelled artillery was available, ranging from 105mm to 203mm guns and howitzers. The main antitank weapons were recoilless rifles; 88.9mm rocket launchers; Milan, Cobra, and Dragon missiles; and a small number of TOW (tube-launched, optically tracked, wireguided ) and HOT (high subsonic, optically guided, tube-launched) antitank missile systems. A considerable quantity of additional antitank missiles and rocket launchers was on order. The army aircraft inventory included about 280 helicopters, about 40 of which were armed with 20mm guns or HOT antitank missiles. The M113 during the Vietnam War The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family. ...


Manpower

The army will be increased to about 135.000 troops (50.000 officers and 85.000 soldiers) by the end of 2007. Before 2001 mandatory military service was still in use. Currently, the Spanish Army is a fully professionalized force. In case of war or siege state, an additional force of 80,000 Civil Guards comes under the Ministry of Defence command. Patrol boat, Nervion river, Bilbao. ...


Ranks

The enlisted military ranks of the Spanish Army are as follows below, (for a comparison with other NATO ranks, see Ranks and Insignia of NATO. This article is about the use of the term rank. ... Ranks and insignia of NATO are combined military insignia used by the member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. ...

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF-D- Student Officer
Flag of Spain Spain
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent
Capitán general1 General de Ejército Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez
  • 1 Retained by His Majesty the King of Spain as his constitutional role.
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Flag of Spain Spain
(Edit)
Suboficial mayor Subteniente Brigada Sargento primero Sargento Cabo mayor Cabo primero Cabo Soldado de primera Soldado

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF9. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF8. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF7. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF6. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF5. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF4. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF3. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF2. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF1a. ... Image File history File links SP-Army-OF1b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Suboficial mayor Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Subteniente Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Sargento primero Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Sargento Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Cabo mayor Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Cabo primero Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Cabo Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Soldado de primera Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ... Image File history File links Soldado Source: NA File links The following pages link to this file: Template:Ranks and Insignia of NATO Armies/OR/Spain Ranks and insignia of NATO Armies Enlisted ...

1985: situation and equipment

In this year Spanish Army had started a reorganization that included a 45,000 unit reduction in organic. It had, at the time, 1 Armoured division (2 armoured brigades and one as reserve), one Mechanized division, one motorized, and other five brigades (paratroopers, armored, air-lifted, infantry, heavy artillery). These units, together with some regiments, were in FII, while FDOT had: This article is about the year. ...

  • 2 Mountain divisions
  • 1 Alpine brigade
  • 9 infantry brigades (each based on: three bataloons, one artillery group, one scout company, one genius company, one transmission company)
  • 4 Tercio regiments
  • 1 artillery brigade
  • 1 brigade and five regiments coastal artillery
  • 2 heavy artillery regiments, and some minor units.

Other forces were: Baleares (three infantry regiments and support units), Canarias (one Tercio regiment and three infantry regiments), Ceuta and Melilla (2 regiments African troops and three Tercio).


Weapons were (SP means Self Propelled):

  • tanks: M47E/E1/E2, M48A5E, AMX-30E, M41
  • Armoured: AML-60, AML-90, VEC, BMR-600, BLR, M113
  • Artillery: M108 SP, Model 56 (105 mm), M109 SP, M44 SP, M114, M59 (155 mm), M107 SP(175 mm), M110 SP (203 mm), MLR Teruel 1 (140 mm), L21 (216 mm), L10(300 mm).
  • Coastal artillery: 88, 152, 203, 305, 381 mm
  • Mortars: Esperanza 60, 81, 120 mm, M125 SP(81 mm), M125A1 SP(120 mm)
  • A.A. Weapons: M55 12,7 mm, GAO-B1 20 mm, GDF 35 mm, L70 40 mm, M117 90 mm. SAM AMX-30 Roland, HAWK, Nike Hercules.

A.T weapons: rocket launchers M65 89 mm, M 40 RLC 106 mm, ATGW Cobra, MILAN, HOT, TOW, M 47 Dragon

  • Infantry weapons: M41/59 7,62 mm, CETME automatic rifles 7,62 mm.
  • Aviation: UH-1B/H, Aluette III, BO 105, AB.212, O-58, CH-47

1991: situation and reorganization

At that time there was a plan called META, in Spanish Modernization of Army, that was discussed between 1982 and 1988. Military regions were reduced from 9 to 6, FII and DOT (Field Army and Territorial Army) were joined and the brigades were reduced from 24 to 15. Men were recently reduced from 279,000 to 230,000. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Five divisions had 11 of these brigades. They were

  • 1st Armoured Division BRUNETE (XI mechanized brigade and XII armoured brigade)
  • 2nd Motorized division GUZMAN EL BUENO (XXI mechanized brigade and XXII and XXIII motorized brigades)
  • 3rd mechanized division MAESTRAZGO (XXXII and XXXIII Mechanized brigades)
  • 4th Mountain division URGEL (XLI and XLII mountain brigades)
  • 5th Mountain division NAVARRA (LI mountain brigade and LII Motorized brigade).

Three indipendend brigades were: the Air-lifted Brigade, JARAMA and CASTILLEJOS armoured brigades, and Paratrooper brigade BRICAP, this latter with the General Reserve. Minor units with 14,000 men were in Canaries, 9,000 in Baleares, 7,000 in Ceuta and Melilla. Six groups and three companies were devoted to special operations (GOE and COE). Standard divisional structure was:


12,000-17,000 men, with one HQ, one light armoured cavalry regiment, two or three brigades, artillery regiment on two groups (12 or 18 pieces each), one Bofors group and several support units (genius, NBC, transport).


Brigades were organized with a 3-5000 strength, 3 or 4 bataloons, one artillery group and support units.


As for weapons, at that time there was a total of 850 tanks: 299 AMX-30E. 164 M-48 A5E1, 325 M-47 E1 and 46 M-47E2. The CFE agreements downed it to a 794 maximum, but this was not happened at this time. The AMX 30 is a main battle tank designed by GIAT Industries with a focus on good firepower and superior mobility and first delivered to the French Army in 1966. ... M48 or M-48 may be: M1948, a Soviet artillery piece M48 motorway, in England M48 Patton tank Open Cluster M48, a Messier object and open cluster in the Hydra constellation This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


AMX-30E were license-built by Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara between 1974 and 1983. They were the mainstay of the Army, and despite their recent age they were below aspectatives because trasmission problems. 150 were predicted to be upgraded to AMX-30E2 with enhanced protection (with ERA bricks), fire-control systems (based on laser and ballistic computers), mobility improvements. Total cost was planned 30 billions pesetas. Over 80% of this bill was about the replacement of Hispano-Suiza HA-110 engine and mechanical transmission, with the same of Leopard 1 (MTU 833, 840hp) and ZF LSG-3000 automatic transmission. FCS is Hughes Mk 9, while ERA is BLAZER, Israeli-made. Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... An era is a long period of time with different technical and colloquial meanings, and usages in language. ... The Leopard is the primary post-WWII German tank design, a design that has been in use as the primary main battle tank for most European countries in various versions since the early 1960s. ...


M-47 E1 and E2 had diesel engines instead of originals ran with gasoline, M-47 E2 and M-48 A5E1 had 105 mm guns, and the latters had computerized FCS Hughes Mk 7. Advanced night-vision sistems were also in program. To replace many of these tanks there was a program for 272 M60A1 and 260 M60A3 ex-US Army. This meant that all M-47 and M-48 will been phased out and sent arguably to Pakistan and Bolivia.


Cavalry had at the time 13 regiments (infantry had around 40), 7 light (RCLAC), 4 armoured (RCAC) and one school. They had several units: 1 with M113 and one tank squadron with 30 vehicles (13 tanks and 17 M113 basic or with 120 mm SP mortar). BMR VEC were the mainstay of cavalry squadrons (three for each regiment). These 6x6 armoured were built in Spain, had OTO-Melara turrets and different weapons: 20 had the relatively weak 20 mm Rh-202, while 70 had Cockerill 90 mm gun, far powerful also for anti-tank actions. But the mainstay had M-242 Bushmaster gun, the same of M2 Bradley (Without DU ammunitions), for a total of 208 out 298. M242 have range and power to threat many tanks and all light AFV with APDS ammunitions. Other valuable machines were 1,200 M113, included special versions like 81 and 120 mortar-carriers. The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... Armor Piercing Discarding Sabot is a type of shell used to combat heavy vehicles. ...


MAAA (Anti-aircraft Command) and MACA (Field artillery command) were also commanded by General Reserve, directly dependent by ET HQ.


The six regiments of MAAA had 12 groups. Six had Bofors guns, 3 had Oerlikon 35 mm, 1 HAWK and NIKE-HERCULES, 1 Roland, and 1 with TOLEDO, a combination of 35/90 mm gun and ASPIDE missiles. For other uses, see Hawk (disambiguation). ...


All the units had:

  • SAM: 9 launchers for Hercules, the heavier and older of all the Army a.a. weapons. This normally served in Air forces, but in Spain it's used by Army. 24 HAWK launchers (recently modernized, with 5 billions pesetas) were a minimal force with around four batteries fielded. Mistral missile was evaluated at the time together with Stinger and RBS-70, and resulted in a first order of 500 missiles and 100 launchers. They were the first for ET, before never equipped with SHORAD systems. As medium-range missiles, there were also Aspide and Roland. Roland was in 71th regiment. There were 19 launchers, 16 of them used for the armoured division. Only nine had all-weather capability with AMX-30 chassis, that allowed high mobility. All the program (19 AMX-30 launchers, and 414 missiles) cost 29 billions pesetas. Aspide missiles were for 73 Regiment, with three batteries: 12 x 35 mm guns and 12 quad-launchers for Aspide missiles. The system was called TOLEDO and had Super-Fledermaus radars. 13 ASPIDE launchers were bough, with 200 missiles and 7 Super-Fledermaus FCS. Total cost, 22 billions (average cost for each Aspide, twice than Roland). Aspide are much less mobile, and used for static target defences, like Cartagena naval base, and 3nd Division.
  • Guns: on the contrary, the successful Bofors L/70 guns were well 243, produced in Spain under license. Their production took place between 1956 and 1962, and the modernization at the time was planned for 1,6 billions pesetas. This program was about 164 artilleries, 82 fire-direction FELIS, PFHE ammunitions, LPD-20 radars, and the boosting from 230 to 300 rpm. FELIS was projected by CETME and produced by INISEL. LPD-20 radar was already in service (34 pieces) in 35mm batteries, with Super-Fledermaus FCS.

MACA was organized with an HQ and several regiments: 61 localization Regiment, 62 MLR Regiment and 63 Artillery Regiment. 62 was organized with one group TERUEL MLR (12 140 mm launchers, 40 tubes each) and two groups with old 122/46 mm guns. 63th had one group with 122 mm guns and one with 203/25 M115 guns. Programs at the time saw the increasing to 64 TERUEL launchers and 60 new cannons with two different Spanish models, Santa Barbara REMA (155/39 mm) and SITECSA ST-102 with longer range , 40 km with Base-Bleed projectiles(155/45 mm) compared to 30 km of REMA gun. FCS for artillery was AN/TPQ-36 (four) and SORAS (Swedish model). The M115 203 mm howitzer, also known as the M115 8 inch howitzer, was a towed howitzer used by the United States Army. ...


Totally, at the time ET had: 90 OTO Model 56 howitzers (105/26 mm), 64 122/46 mm, 64 203/25 mm M-115, 12 M110A2, 48 M108 (105/30 mm), 96 M-109, 12 TERUEL for a total of 442 pieces. Cleary, the field artillery of ET was obsolete and modest compared with a.a artillery. Other artilleries were in Command coastal defence, serving in 30 batteries. These weapons were obsolete but powerful having 150, 152, 305 and even 381 mm guns. Also for them it was planned a replacement with missiles and modern artilleries. Many small weapons were projected or manifactured in Spain, among them 40 mm grenade-launchers and ECIA 81 mm mortars, both self propelled and ground used. CETMA 7,62 mm automatic rifles were the standard.


FAMET was also a part of General Reserve. This service had as main tasks the air mobility, recognition and attack for the Army and was organized with several units, among them five support and six flight units. One attack bataloon was BHELA I (mainly with BO-105), One BHELTRA for transport (CH-47 and Hueys), four BELMHA multi-role. Over 180 helicopters were in charge, making FAMET one of the most modern and effective among the ET forces. 71 BO-105, 17 OH-58, 60 UH-1H, 6 AB-212, 18 CH-47, 18 Super Puma (under license mounted by CASA). Weapons were HOT missiles (for 28 BO-105), 20 mm guns (for 18 BO-105), 70 mm M-158 and M-9 launchers, 7,62 (also gatling model) and 12,7 mm weapons, 40 mm Mk 94 automatic grenade-launchers.


Spanish Legion had 7,000 men among SLEG and four Tercios: 1, 2, 3, 4.


Current units and structure

  • Spanish Units are actually separated in two fighting forces, as a result of the 2005 reorganization according to the instruction no. 59/2005, of 4th April, from the Chief of the Army Staff on Army Organisation and Function Regulations
    • The main fighting force, the Fuerza de Maniobra (Manoeuvre Force), FMA, comprises a mechanized division, a light division plus two independent brigades (mountain and cavalry) and support troops
      • Cuartel General de la FMA y Núcleo de Apoyo (FMA Headquarters and Support Core)
        • Brigada de Transmisiones (Communications Brigade)
        • Mando de Ingenieros (Engineer Command)
          • Regimiento de Especialidades de Ingenieros 11 (11th Engineer Regiment)
          • Regimiento de Pontoneros 12 (12th Pontoneer Regiment)
          • Regimiento de Ferrocarriles 13 (13th Railroad Sapper Regiment)
        • Mando de Operaciones Especiales (Special Operations Command)
          • Grupo de Operaciones Especiales "Valencia" III (3rd Special Operations Group)
          • Grupo de Operaciones Especiales "Tercio del Ampurdán" IV (4th Special Operations Group)
        • Fuerzas Aeromóviles del Ejército de Tierra (FAMET) (Army Airmobile Force)
        • Mando de Artillería de Campaña (Field Artillery Command)
      • Brigada de Caballería "Castillejos" II (2nd Cavalry Brigade)
        • Rgto. de Caballería Ligera Acorazada "España" 11 (11th Light Armored Cavalry Regiment)
        • Rgto. de Caballería Ligera Acorazada "Numancia" 9 (9th Light Armored Cavalry Regiment)
        • Rgto. de Caballería Acorazada "Pavía" 4 (4th Heavy Cavalry Regiment)
        • Regimiento de Artillería de Campaña 20 (20th Field Artillery Regiment)
        • Grupo Logístico 22 (22nd Logistic Battalion)
        • Unidad de Zapadores Acorazada 22 (22nd Armored Sapper Company)
        • Batallón de Cuartel General II (Second Brigade's Headquarter Group)
      • Brigada de Cazadores de Montaña "Aragón" I (1st Mountain Brigade)
        • Regimiento de Cazadores de Montaña "Galicia" 64 (64th Mountain Regiment)
        • Regimiento de Cazadores de Montaña "America" 66 (66th Mountain Regiment)
        • Grupo de Artillería de Montaña I (1st Mountain Artillery Battalion)
        • Grupo Logístico de Montaña I (1st Mountain Logistic Battalion)
        • Batallón de Cuartel General I (1st Headquarters Battalion)
        • Unidad de Zapadores de Montaña 1 (1st Mountain Sapper Company)
      • División de Infantería Mecanizada "Brunete" 1 (First Mechanized Division)
        • Núcleo de Tropas Divisionario (Divisional Troop Core)
          • Cuartel General de la División (Divisional Headquarters)
          • Rgto. de Caballería Ligera Acorazada Farnesio 12 (12th Light Armored Cavalry Regiment)
          • Regimiento de Artillería de Campaña 11 (11th Field Artillery Regiment)
          • Regimiento de Artillería Antiaérea 82 (82nd Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment)
          • Regimiento de Ingenieros 1 (1st Engineer Regiment)
          • Agrupación Logística Divisionaria (Divisional Logistic Group)
        • Brigada de Infantería Mecanizada "Guzmán el Bueno" X (10th Mechanized Brigade)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Mecanizada "La Reina" 2 (2nd Mechanized Regiment)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Mecanizada "Córdoba" 10 (10th Mechanized Regiment)
          • Grupo de Artillería de Campaña Autopropulsada X (10th Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion)
          • Grupo Logístico X (10th Logistic Battalion)
          • Batallón de Cuartel General X (10th Headquarters Battalion)
          • Unidad de Zapadores 10 (10th Mechanized Sapper Company)
        • Brigada de Infantería Mecanizada "Extremadura" XI (11th Mechanized Brigade)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Mecanizada "Saboya" 6 (6th Mechanized Infantry Regiment)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Mecanizada "Castilla" 16 (16th Mechanized Infantry Regiment)
          • Grupo de Artillería de Campaña Autopropulsada XI (11th Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion)
          • Grupo Logístico XI (11th Logistic Battalion)
          • 11th Headquarters Battalion
          • Unidad de Zapadores 11 (11th Mechanized Sapper Company)
        • Brigada de Infantería Acorazada "Guadarrama" XII (12th Armored Brigade)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Mecanizada "Asturias" 31 (31st Mechanized Regiment)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Acorazada "Alcázar de Toledo" 61 (61st Armored Regiment)
          • Grupo de Artillería de Campaña Autopropulsada XII (12th Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion)
          • Grupo Logístico XII (12th Logistic Battalion)
          • Batallón de Cuartel General XII (12th Headquarter Battalion)
          • Unidad de Zapadores Acorazada 12 (12th Armored Sapper Company)
      • One light division, known as the Fuerza de Acción Rápida (Rapid Action Task Force), made up of:
        • Brigada de Infantería Ligera Aerotransportada "Galicia" VII (7th Airborne Light Infantry Brigade)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Ligera Aerotransportada "Príncipe" 3 (3rd Airborne Regiment)
          • Rgto. de Infantería Ligera Aerotransportada "Isabel la Católica"29 (29th Airborne Regiment)
          • Grupo de Artillería Aerotransportada VII (7th Airborne Artillery Battalion)
          • Grupo Logístico Aerotransportado VII (7th Airborne Logistic Battalion)
          • Batallón de Cuartel General VII (7th Headquarters Battalion)
          • Unidad de Zapadores Aerotransportada 7 (7th Airborne Sapper Company)
        • Brigada Paracaidista "Almogávares" VI (6th Parachute Light Infantry Brigade)
          • Bandera Paracaidista "Roger de Flor" I (First Parachute Battalion)
          • Bandera Paracaidista "Roger de Lauria" II (Second Parachute Battalion)
          • Bandera Paracaidista "Ortiz de Zárate" III (Third Parachute Battalion)
          • Grupo de Artillería Paracaidista VI (6th Parachute Artillery Battalion)
          • Grupo Logístico Paracaidista VI (6th Parachute Logistic Battalion)
          • Unidad de Zapadores Paracaidista 6 (6th Parachute Sapper Company)
          • Batallón de Instrucción Paracaidista (Parachute Instruction Battalion)
        • Brigada de la Legión "Rey Alfonso XIII" (Brigade of the Spanish Legion)
          • Tercio "Don Juan de Austria", tercero de la Legión (Legion's Third Tercio)
          • Tercio "Alejandro Farnesio", cuarto de la Legión (Legion's Fourth Tercio)
          • Batallón de Cuartel General de la Legión (Legion's Headquarter Battalion)
          • Grupo de Artillería (Legion's Artillery Battalion)
          • Unidad de Zapadores de la Legión (Legion's Sapper Company)
    • The Fuerza Terrestre (Land Force) comprises the rest of the fighting units. It's often regarded as the national garrison, while the FMA acts as a deployable unit. The 52nd Light Infantry Regiment "Regulares", stationed in Melilla, commemorates the Moorish colonial troops who played a major role in the Spanish Civil War.

Special Operations Command sleeve insignia. ... Location Coordinates : 39°29′ N 0°22′ W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Catalan) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... Fuerzas Aeromóviles del Ejército de Tierra - Spanish Army Airmobile Force FAMET Ensign An Independent Army Aviation force was formed in 1965 as Aviacion Ligera del Ejercito de Tierra and renamed FAMET in 1973. ... Motto (Latin) Further Beyond Anthem  1(Spanish) Royal March Spain() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Madrid Official languages Spanish2 Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State King Juan Carlos I  -  President of the Government Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification... Soria province (red) in Spain (grey) Numantia (Numancia in Spanish) was a town in Hispania (modern-day Spain), which for a long time resisted conquest by Romans in what was known as the Numantine War. ... This article is about the battle in 1525. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Mechanized military units are otherwise slow-moving or immobile military units that have had trucks or other ground transport systems added to their formation to add to or improve their mobility. ... Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (1545 - 1592) was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margaret, the illegitimate daughter of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V. Thus Alessandro was the nephew of Philip II of Spain and of Don John of Austria. ... Not to be confused with Golgotha, which was called Calvary. ... British regiment A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - commanded by a colonel. ... Queen Sofia of Spain Queen Sofía (Sophia Margarita Victoria Frederika), born Princess Sofia of Greece and Denmark is the Queen Consort of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. ... Location Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... A sapper, in the sense first used by the French military, was one who sapped (undermined) anothers fortifications. ... Capital Mérida Official languages Spanish; Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 5th  41,634 km²  8. ... The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Guadarrama is a town in the Community of Madrid in Spain. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Don Felipe, Prince of Asturias (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia) born January 30, 1968), is the third child of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía of Spain. ... Isabella I of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... The Almogavars (Aragonese: Almogabars, Catalan: Almogàvers, Spanish: Almogávares, from Arabic: Al-Mugavari) were a class of Aragonese and Catalan soldiers, well-known during the Christian reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian peninsula. ... Roger de Flor, also known as Rutger von Blum (1266 in Brindisi - April 4, 1306 in Adrianople), a military adventurer of the 13th and 14th century, was the second son of a German falconer named Richard Blum (Blum means flower in German) in the service of the Holy Roman Emperor... Roger of Lauria Roger of Lauria, also Ruggero or Ruggiero di Lauria (c. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 - February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... The Spanish Legion (Spanish: Legión Española or simply La Legión), formerly Spanish Foreign Legion, is an elite unit of the Spanish Army. ... Tercio was a term used by the Spanish army to describe a mixed infantry formation of about 3,000 pikemen and musketeers, sometimes referred to by other nations as a Spanish Square. ... The tomb of Don Juan de Austria in San Lorenzo de El Escorial Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan de Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was an illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ...

Future units and structure

The Spanish Army is currently undertaking a major restructuring; augmenting its capabilities and expanding its strength. The reorganization started in 2006 and it is scheduled to finish by early 2009. The new Structure is:

Future Structure of the Spanish Army (click to enlarge).
Future Structure of the Spanish Army (click to enlarge).

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 270 pixelsFull resolution (5891 × 1988 pixel, file size: 444 KB, MIME type: image/png) The future Structure of the Land Forces of the Spanish Armed Forces; done by myself: noclador File historyClick on a date/time to view the file... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 270 pixelsFull resolution (5891 × 1988 pixel, file size: 444 KB, MIME type: image/png) The future Structure of the Land Forces of the Spanish Armed Forces; done by myself: noclador File historyClick on a date/time to view the file...

Land Forces Command

1st Land Force Command – Heavy Forces

  • 10th Mechanized Infantry Brigade “Guzmán el Bueno” (Cerro Muriano, Córdoba)
    • HQ Battalion
    • 1/2nd Mechanized Infantry Battalion “Princesa
    • 10th Armoured Infantry Rgt. “Córdoba”
      • 2/10th Tank Infantry Battalion “Almansa
      • 3/10th Tank Infantry Battalion “Málaga"
    • 10th Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 10th Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery
    • 10th Armoured Engineer Battalion
    • 10th Logistics Group
    • 10th Signals Company
  • 11th Mechanized Infantry BrigadeExtremadura” (Botoa, Badajoz).
    • HQ Battalion
    • 3/16th Mechanized Infantry Battalion “Alcántara
    • 6th Mechanized Infantry Rgt. “Saboya”
      • 1/6th Mechanized Infantry Battalion “Cantabria
      • 2/6th Mechanized Infantry Battalion “Las Navas
    • 11th Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 11th Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery
    • 11th Armoured Engineer Battalion
    • 11th Logistics Group
    • 11th Signals Company
  • 12th Mechanized Infantry BrigadeGuadarrama” (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid).
    • HQ Battalion
    • 1/31st Mechanized Infantry Battalion “Covadonga
    • 61st Armoured Infantry Rgt. “Alcázar de Toledo”
      • 2/61st Tank Infantry Battalion “Wad-Ras”
      • 3/61st Tank Infantry Battalion “León
    • 12th Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 12th Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery
    • 12th Armoured Engineer Battalion
    • 12th Logistics Group
    • 12th Signals Company

Don Alonso Pérez de Guzmán (1256-1309), surnamed El Bueno, the good, in the sense of good at need, or stout-hearted, was the founder of the line which the dukes of Medina Sidonia belonged to. ... Location Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ... Princess is the feminine form of prince (from Latin princeps, meaning principal citizen). ... Combatants Philippists Kingdom of France Kingdom of Spain Austriacists Britain Portugal United Provinces Commanders Duke of Berwick Marquis de Ruvigny Marquês das Minas Strength 25,000 22,000 Casualties 3,500 dead or wounded 5,000 dead or wounded 12,000 captured The Battle of Almansa, fought on April... Location of Málaga Government  - Mayor Francisco de la Torre Prados Area  - Total 385. ... Capital Mérida Official languages Spanish; Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 5th  41,634 km²  8. ... Location Badajoz, Spain location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Badajoz (Spanish) Spanish name Badajoz Founded 875 Area code 34 (Spain) + 924 (Badajoz) Website http://www. ... Roman bridge of Alcántara For other uses, see Alcántara (disambiguation). ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... The Cantabrian Wars (29 BC-19 BC) occurred during the Roman conquest of the ancient province of Cantabria. ... Combatants Castile, Aragon, Portugal, Navarre Almohads Commanders Alfonso VIII of Castile Sancho VII of Navarre Peter II of Aragon Afonso II of Portugal Muhammad al-Nasir Strength ~50,000 reliable sources suggest it was between 125,000 - 150,000 ~125,000 - 400,000 Casualties ~2,000 dead or wounded ~100... Guadarrama is a town in the Community of Madrid in Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Combatants Kingdom of Asturias Umayyad Caliphate Commanders Pelayo of Asturias Munuza † Alqama † Strength 300[1] 800 Casualties 289 dead 600 dead The Battle of Covadonga was the first major victory by a Christian military force in Iberia following the Muslim Moors conquest of that region in 711. ... Combatants Spanish Republic Nationalist Spain Commanders Cándido Cabello José Moscardó Ituarte, Pedro Romero Basart Strength 8,000 militia 1,028 regulars and militia Casualties Unknown 65 dead, 438 wounded, 22 missing The Siege of the Alcázar was a highly symbolic battle in the opening stages of the Spanish... Combatants Morocco Spain Commanders Mohammed IV of Morocco Juan Prim Leopoldo ODonnell Strength 40,000 140,000 Casualties 6,000 dead or wounded 4,000 dead or wounded The Spanish-Moroccan War of 1859, known as the African War in Spain (Spanish: La Guerra de África), was a war... León province León (Llión in Asturian-leonese language) is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ...

2nd Land Force Command – Light Forces

  • 2nd Cavalry Brigade “Castillejos” (Zaragoza)
    • HQ Battalion
    • 8th Light Armoured Cavalry Rgt. “Lusitania” (Marines, Valencia)
    • 11th Light Armoured Cavalry Rgt. “España”
    • 12th Light Armoured Cavalry Rgt. “Farnesio” (Santovenia de Pisuerga, Valladolid)
    • 20th Field Artillery Rgt.
    • 22nd Armoured Engineer Battalion
    • 2nd Logistics Group
    • 2nd Signals Company
  • 5th Light Infantry BrigadeSan Marcial” (Vitoria, Alava)
    • HQ Battalion
    • 1/5th Tank Infantry Battalion “Flandes
    • 45th Light Infantry Rgt. “Garellano” (Munguía, Vizcaya)
    • 67th Light Infantry Rgt. “Tercio Viejo de Sicilia” (San Sebastián, Guipúzcoa)
      • 3/67th Light Infantry Battalion “Legazpi
      • 4/67th Light Infantry Battalion “Colón
    • 5th Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 5th Field Artillery Battery
    • 5th Engineer Battalion
    • 5th Logistics Group
    • 5th Signals Company
  • 7th Light Infantry BrigadeGalicia” (Figueirido, Pontevedra)
    • HQ Battalion
    • 3/29th Light Infantry Battalion “Zaragoza” (Figueirido)
    • 3rd Light Infantry Rgt. “Príncipe” (Siero, Asturias)
      • 1/3rd Light Infantry Battalion “Toledo
      • 2/3rd Light Infantry Battalion “San Quintín
    • 7th Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 7th Field Artillery Battery
    • 7th Engineer Battalion
    • 7th Logistics Group
    • 7th Signals Company
  • 6th Parachute Infantry Brigade “Almogávares” (Paracuellos del Jarama, Madrid)
    • HQ Battalion
    • 1st Air- Transportable Battalion “Roger de Flor
    • 2nd Air-Assault Battalion “Roger de Lauria
    • 3rd Parachute Infantry Battalion “Ortiz de Zárate” (Murcia)
    • 6th Parachute Artillery Battery Paracaidista
    • 6th Parachute Engineer Battalion Paracaidista
    • 6th Logistics Group
    • 6th Signals Company
  • Mountain Units Command (Jaca, Huesca)
    • Support Battalion
    • 62nd Mountain Infantry Rgt. “Arapiles” (San Clemente de Sasebas, Gerona)
    • 66th Mountain Infantry Rgt. “América” (Pamplona)
      • 1/64th Mountain Infantry Battalion “Pirineos” (Jaca, Huesca)
      • 2/66th Mountain Infantry Battalion “Montejurra
    • Skiing and Climbing Company
    • 1st Mountain Artillery Battery
    • 1st Mountain Engineer Battalion
    • 1st Logistics Group
    • 1st Mountain Signals Company

Castillejos is a municipality in the province of Zambales, Philippines. ... For other uses, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Viriathus (known as Viriato in Portuguese and Castilian) (180 BC - 139 BC) was one of the leaders of the Lusitani tribe that countered the Romans in the regions known today as Portugal and Extremadura. ... France Marines is the name of a commune in the département of Val dOise, France. ... Look up Valencia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Alexander Farnese Portrait by Otto Vaenius (ca 1585). ... For the city in Mexico, see Valladolid, Yucatán. ... Combatants French Empire Spain Commanders Nicolas Jean Dieu Soult Manuel Freire Strength 18,000–55,000[1] 16,000[2] Casualties 4,000 dead or wounded[3] 2,500 dead or wounded[3] At the Battle of San Marcial, August 31, 1813, the Spanish Army of Galicia under General Freire... Vitoria (population: 224,965 (2004 est), is the capital city of the province of Álava and of the Comunidad Vasca Spanish autonomous region, though it is the second city of the region by population. ... lava (Basque Araba, Spanish lava) is a province of northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... Combatants France Aragon Commanders Marquis of Saluzzo Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Bartolomeo dAlviano The Battle of Garigliano was fought on December 29, 1503 between an Aragonese army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba and a French army commanded by the Marquis of Saluzzo. ... (For the Vizcaya mansion in Florida, see Villa Vizcaya) Vizcaya province Vizcaya (Basque Bizkaia) is a province of northern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Guipuscoa province. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ... Location Image:Donostia (San Sebastian), Euskadi location. ... Miguel López de Legazpi (1502 - August 20, 1572, Manila), also known as El Adelantado (The Governor) and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador who established the first colony in the Philippine Islands in 1565. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Pontevedra is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Pontevedra in Galicia. ... Combatants France Spain Commanders Jeannot de Moncey Édouard Mortier José de Palafox y Melzi Strength 35,500 regulars 33,000 regulars Casualties 10,000 dead 54,000 dead The Second Siege of Saragossa was the second of the two sieges of that city during the Peninsular War and is widly... Capital Pola de Siero Area  - total  - % of Asturias Ranked 17th 211. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... The Spanish won a significant victory over the French in the Battle of San Quentin (1557) during the Franco-Habsburg War (1551-1559), which Philip II of Spain resumed having gained English support with Queen Mary as an ally. ... The Spanish Legion (Spanish: Legión Española or simply La Legión), formerly Spanish Foreign Legion, is an elite unit of the Spanish Army. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 - February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Almeria redirects here. ... Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan De Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was the illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a military leader whose most famous victory was at the Battle of Lepanto. ... Valenzuela City is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... Colón may refer to: Colón (currency) Costa Rican colón currency of Costa Rica (ISO 4217: CRC) El Salvador colón currency of El Salvador (ISO 4217: SVC). ... Alexander Farnese Portrait by Otto Vaenius (ca 1585). ... Ronda sits at the edge of a canyon Ronda city view Ronda is a city in the Spanish province of Málaga. ... Location of Málaga Government  - Mayor Francisco de la Torre Prados Area  - Total 385. ... José Millán-Astray as a young officer. ... The Almogavars (Aragonese: Almogabars, Catalan: Almogàvers, Spanish: Almogávares, from Arabic: Al-Mugavari) were a class of Aragonese and Catalan soldiers, well-known during the Christian reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian peninsula. ... Roger de Flor, also known as Rutger von Blum (1266 in Brindisi - April 4, 1306 in Adrianople), a military adventurer of the 13th and 14th century, was the second son of a German falconer named Richard Blum (Blum means flower in German) in the service of the Holy Roman Emperor... Roger of Lauria Roger of Lauria, also Ruggero or Ruggiero di Lauria (c. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Jaca is also another name for the jackfruit. ... Huesca (Aragonese Uesca, Catalan Osca) is a city in Aragon, Spain. ... Combatants United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain French Empire Commanders Earl of Wellington Auguste Marmont Strength 51,949[1] 49,647[2] Casualties 5,914 dead or wounded 13,000 dead, wounded, or captured The Battle of Salamanca (July 22, 1812) was an important victory for an Anglo-Portuguese army under Earl... Girona (Catalan: Girona, Spanish: Gerona, French: Gérone) is a city located in the northwest of Catalonia, Spain on the confluence of the rivers Ter and Onyar. ... Alba de Tormes is a village and municipality in the province of Salamanca, western Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Chiclana de la Frontera is a city in southwestern Spain, in the province of Cadiz, near the Gulf of Cadiz. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other meanings, see Pamplona (disambiguation). ... For other meanings see: Pyrenees, Victoria and Montes Pyrenaeus. ... Montejurra in Spanish and Jurramendi in Basque are the names of a mountain in Navarre (Spain) region. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Climbing (disambiguation). ...

Ceuta General Command

  • Infantry Brigade “Teniente Ruiz”
    • HQ Battalion
    • 2nd Tercio “Duque de Alba”
    • 54th Regulares Light Infantry Rgt. “Ceuta”
    • 3rd Armored Cavalry Rgt. “Montesa
    • 30th Mixed Artillery Rgt. (Field & Air Defence Artillery)
    • 7th Engineer Rgt.
    • 23rd Logistics Group
    • Signals Company

Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba. ... Three battles have been known as the Battle of Lepanto: Battle of Lepanto (1499) during the Turkish-Venetian Wars Battle of Lepanto (1500) during the Turkish-Venetian Wars Battle of Lepanto (1571) defeat of the Turkish fleet An earlier battle near modern Lepanto was called the Battle of Naupactus (429... Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. ... Regulares (Spanish for Regulars, officially called the Fuerzas Regulares Indígenas) was the name commonly used to designate the volunteer infantry and cavalry units of the Spanish Army recruited in Spanish Morocco. ... The Order of our Lady of Montesa was founded in 1317 by [[James II) (Jayme or Jaíme II, called The Just), King of Aragon from 1291 to 1327, as the replacement for the Templars. ...

Melilla General Command

  • Infantry Brigade “Melilla”
    • HQ Battalion
    • 1st Tercio “Gran Capitán
    • 52nd Regulares Light Infantry Rgt. “Melilla”
    • 10th Armored Cavalry Rgt. “Alcántara
    • 32th Mixed Artillery Rgt. (Field & Air Defence Artillery)
    • 8th Engineer Rgt.
    • 24rd Logistics Group
    • Signals Company

Capital Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  20 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  66,871    3,343. ... Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Carlos, King of Portugal (Eng. ... Regulares (Spanish for Regulars, officially called the Fuerzas Regulares Indígenas) was the name commonly used to designate the volunteer infantry and cavalry units of the Spanish Army recruited in Spanish Morocco. ... Roman bridge of Alcántara For other uses, see Alcántara (disambiguation). ...

Baleares General Command

    • 1/47th Light Infantry Battalion “Filipinas
    • 91st Mixed Artillery Battery (Field & Air Defence Artillery)

Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Castilian Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 17th 4 992 km² 1,0% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 14th 916 968 2,2% 183,69/km² Demonym  - English  - Catalan  - Spanish Balearic balear balear Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166... This article is about the country in Southeast Asia. ...

Support Units of the Land Forces:

  • Special Forces Command
    • HQ Battalion
    • Special Forces Battalion "Valencia" III
    • Special Forces Battalion "Tercio del Ampurdán" IV
    • Special Forces Battalion "Maderal Oleaga" XIX
    • Signals Company
  • Field Artillery Command (San Andrés del Rabanedo), León)
    • 11th Field Artillery Rgt. (Castrillo del Val, Burgos)
      • 1/11th Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery
      • 2/11th Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery
    • 62nd MLRS & Field Artillery Rgt. (Astorga, León)
      • 1/62nd MLRS Battery
      • 2/62nd Field Artillery Battery
    • 63rd Field Artillery Rgt.
      • 1/63rd Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery (M110A2)
      • 2/63rd Self Propelled Field Artillery Battery (M110A2)
      • 3/63rd Light Field Artillery Battery
  • Coastal Artillery Command (Tarifa, Cádiz)
    • 4th Coastal Artillery Rgt. (San Fernando, Cádiz)
      • 1/4th Coastal Artillery Battery
      • 2/4th Coastal Artillery Battery
    • 5th Surveillance & Acquisition Battery (San Roque, Cádiz)
  • Air Defence Command (Madrid)
    • 71st Air Defence Artillery Rgt.
    • 72nd Air Defence Artillery Rgt. (Zaragoza)
    • 73rd Air Defence Artillery Rgt. (Cartagena, Murcia)
    • 74th Air Defence Artillery Rgt. (Dos Hermanas, Sevilla)
    • 81st Air Defence Artillery Rgt. (Marines, Valencia)
    • Air Defence Artillery Rgt. (San Fernando, Cádiz)
    • Signals Platoon (Madrid)
  • Engineer Command (Salamanca)
    • 1st Engineer Rgt. (Cáceres)
    • 11th Special Engineer Rgt.
      • Road Building Battalion
      • Shelter Building Battalion
    • 12th Special and Bridging Engineer Rgt. (Zaragoza)
  • Airmobile Forces of the Army “FAMET”
    • 1st Attack Helicopter Battalion (Almagro, Ciudad Real)
    • 3rd Manoeuvre Battalion” (Agoncillo, La Rioja)
    • 4th Manoeuvre Helicopter Battalion (El Copero, Sevilla)
    • 5th Transport Helicopter Battalion (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid)
    • FAMET Signals Battalion (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid)
    • FAMET Logistic Battalion (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid)
  • Signals Brigade (Bétera, Valencia)

Other Units of the Land Forces: León province León (Llión in Asturian-leonese language) is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ... A Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) is a form of rocket artillery that can be reused. ... Episcopal Palace of Astorga Astorga (Latin Asturica Augusta) is a small city located in the province of León of Spain. ... A Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) is a form of rocket artillery that can be reused. ... The 8 inch (203 mm) Self-Propelled Howitzer M110 was the largest available self-propelled howitzer in the United States Armys inventory. ... The 8 inch (203 mm) Self-Propelled Howitzer M110 was the largest available self-propelled howitzer in the United States Armys inventory. ... 19th century coastal artillery guns preserved in Suomenlinna fortress in Helsinki Coastal artillery is the branch of armed forces concerned with operating mobile anti-ship artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal fortifications. ... Location of Tarifa Municipality Cádiz Mayor Miguel Manella Guerrero Area    - City 419 km²  - Land 419 km²  - Water 0. ... Location Location of Cádiz Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Cádiz (Spanish) Spanish name Cádiz Postal code – Website http://www. ... San Roque is a 5th class municipality in the province of Northern Samar, Philippines. ... For other places with the same name, see Cartagena (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Dos Hermanas is a city 6. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Marines (Valencian) Spanish name Marines Administration Country Autonomous Community Valencian Community Province Valencia Comarca Camp de Túria Geography Land Area 35. ... Valencia province Valencia (Castilian Spanish: Valencia /balenθja/; Valencian Catalan: València /vałεnsia/) is a province of Spain, in the central part of the Valencian Country. ... Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community (region) of Castile-Leon (Castilla y León). ... The following places are called Cáceres: The Cáceres province in Spain. ... Almagro may refer to: People Diego de Almagro, Spanish Explorer Places Almagro, Buenos Aires, a neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Ciudad Real (Spanish for: Royal City) is a city in Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. ... Agoncillo is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Capital Logroño Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 16th  5 045 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 17th   281 614  0,7%  55,82/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  riojano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 Parliament  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats  4  1 President Pedro Sanz... Colmenar Viejo is a town of about 40,000 inhabitants, located in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, 30 kilometers north of Madrid by highspeed road M-607. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bétera (Valencian) Spanish name Bétera Administration Country Autonomous Community Valencian Community Province Valencia Comarca Camp de Túria Geography Land Area 75. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... // Electronic warfare (EW) is the use of the electromagnetic spectrum to effectively deny the use of this phenomena by an adversary, while optimizing its use by friendly forces. ... Palacio Real de El Pardo is a Spanish royal palace near Madrid. ...

  • 1st Guards Rgt. “Inmemorial del Rey” (Madrid)
  • 1st. NBC Rgt. “Valencia” (Valencia)
  • Civil Affairs Bn. (Valencia)
  • 3rd Signals Rgt. (Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid)

This article is about the television network. ... Pozuelo de Alarcón is an over 75,000 inhabitants suburb near the city of Madrid, capital of Spain. ...

Canarias General Command

  • Light Infantry Brigade “Canarias” (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas)
    • HQ Battalion
    • 9th Light Infantry Rgt. “Soria” (Fuerteventura, Las Palmas)
    • 49th Light Infantry Rgt. “Tenerife” (Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Tenerife)
    • 50th Light Infantry Rgt. “Canarias”
    • 93rd Field Artillery Rgt. (San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Tenerife)
    • 94th Air Defence Artillery Rgt.
    • 15th Engineer Battalion (San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Tenerife)
    • 82nd Logistics Group
    • 6th Helicopter Battalion (San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Tenerife)
    • Signals Company

Capitals Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Santa Cruz de Tenerife Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 13th  7 447 km²  1,5% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 8th  1 843 755  4,4%  247,58/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Canary Islander  canario/a Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Soria is a city in north-central Spain, the capital of the province of Soria in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Morro Jable Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... Flag of Tenerife Tenerife in the Canary Islands chain. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 223,148) is a city on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ... San Cristóbal de La Laguna is a municipality of the northern part of the island of Tenerife in the Santa Cruz de Tenerife province, on the Canary Islands. ...

Logistic Operation Forces

  • Logistic Support Command (Valencia)
  • 1st Logistics Forces (Sevilla)
    • 11th Logistic Support Group (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid).
    • 21st Logistic Support Group
    • 81st Logistic Support Group (San Cristóbal de la Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife)
    • 22nd Logistic & Service Support Group (Granada)
  • 2nd Logistics Forces (Zaragoza)
    • 31st Logistic Support Group (Paterna, Valencia)
    • 41st Logistic Support Group
    • 61st Logistic Support Group (Valladolid)
  • Medical Brigade (Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid)
    • 1st Medical Battalion
    • 2nd Medical Battalion (Mislata, Valencia)
    • 3rd Medical Battalion (Zaragoza)
    • Field Hospital
    • Medical Support Battalion

Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Paterna (Valencian) Spanish name Paterna Administration Country Spain Autonomous Community Valencian Community Province Valencia Comarca Horta Oest Geography Land Area 35. ... For the city in Mexico, see Valladolid, Yucatán. ... Mislata is a municipality of Arabic origin in the community of Valencia , Spain. ...

Equipment

Weapons

  • Star 30M 9mm Pistol
  • Llama M-82 Pistol
  • HK G36E - 5.56 mm assault rifle in the G36 export variant (no red dot sight, 1.5x day scope) and other variants like G-36K & G-36C for Special forces and other singular units, some units have been equipped with .4x day scope, aimpoint and holografic variants.
  • CETME L - 5.56 mm NATO assault rifle, currently being replaced by the G36E. Its LC (short barreled) and LV (Marksman rifle) versions are still in use.
  • Ameli - (Acronym of AMEtralladora LIgera - Light machine gun) 5.56 mm light machine gun
  • MG3 - 7.62 mm NATO air-cooled medium machine gun
  • Browning M2 HB - 12.70 mm heavy machine gun
  • HK MG4 light machine gun
  • SB-40 LAG M1 (Spanish grenade launcher 40 mm)
  • Instalaza Alhambra-DO hand grenade
  • Instalaza C-100 Alcotán - 100 mm anti-tank grenade launcher
  • Instalaza C-90 CR (M3) - 90 mm disposable anti-tank grenade launcher
  • M-82 semi-automatic pistol - 9 mm Para reglementary service pistol
  • Barrett M95 - 12.7 mm heavy sniper rifle
  • Accuracy AW - 7.62 mm NATO sniper rifle
  • ECIA L65/60 60 mm light mortar
  • ECIA L65/81 mortar - 81mm medium mortar
  • ECIA L65/105 mortar - 105 mm medium mortar
  • ECIA L65/120 mortar - 120 mm heavy mortar

The G36 is a German 5. ... U.S. Military 5. ... An AKM, a commonly-used assault rifle designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov An assault rifle is a selective fire rifle or carbine firing ammunition with muzzle energies intermediate between those typical of pistol and battle rifle ammunition. ... The name CETME is an acronym for Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales, a Spanish government design and development establishment. ... A US Marine marksman. ... Spanish rival of the FN Minimi, Basically a scaled down MG3 to take 5. ... The German MG3 is one of the most popular universal machine guns in the World. ... NATO 7. ... This article is about the . ... The MG4 is a belt-fed 5. ... Grenade redirects here. ... Alcotán C-100 is a recoilless, one-man portable, single-use anti-tank rocket launcher used by infantry. ... Introduction The Instalaza C90 is a 90mm disposable, shoulder-fired and one-man operated grenade launcher(RPG) which can be fitted with a VN38-C night vision device for full night combat capability. ... RS-82 rockets mounted under the wing of a LaGG-3 fighter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Barrett M95 (also known as the 95M) is a rifle by the Barrett Firearms Company. ... Accuracy International AWP, with AWP standing for Arctic Warfare Police. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ...

Combat vehicles

  • 90 AMX 30E Main Battle Tank. To be retired
  • 244 M60A3TTS Main Battle Tank.To be retired
  • 108 Leopard 2A4 Main Battle Tank.
  • 219 Leopard 2E (A6) Main Battle Tank
  • 84 VRC-105B1 Centauro light wheeled tank
  • 356 Pizarro infantry fighting vehicle
  • 566 BMR-M1, a medium, six-wheeled APC used in peacekeeping deployments
  • 1213 M113A2 armored personnel carrier vehicles
  • 208 VEC-M1 cavalry scout vehicle
  • Alacran CZ25/10, combat engineer variant of the M60A1
  • TOM Bv206S mountain tracked vehicle
  • URO VAMTAC, high tactic mobility, all terrain 4x4 vehicle.
  • Santana Anibal, an all terrain 4x4 utilitary vehicle
  • Iveco Eurocargo all terrain utility vehicle
  • Iveco M250W.37

Overview Perhaps the most successful post-war French armored vehicle design, the AMX-30 main battle tank was designed by GIAT Industries with a focus on good firepower and superior mobility. ... For other uses, see M60. ... The Leopard 2 is a German main battle tank built by the German company Krauss-Maffei-Wegmann, developed in the early 1970s and first entering service in 1979, replacing the earlier Leopard 1 as the foremost MBT in the Bundeswehr. ... The Centauro is a wheeled tank-destroyer developed by a consortium of manufacturers, the Consorzio Iveco Fiat - Oto Melara. ... The ASCOD (Austrian Spanish Cooperation Development) AFV family is the product of a cooperation agreement between Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG (in 1998 the production of heavy armed vehicles was sold out under the name Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug, which is now the producer) and Spanish Santa Bárbara Sistemas. ... The Pegaso BMR prominently featured in a c. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... The VEC-M1 is the Spanish cavalry reconnoissance vehicle. ... For other uses, see M60. ... BV206S ARMOURED ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLE French Army Bv206S fjording a river BvS10 Version The Bv206S is an armoured tracked all-terrain personnel carrier jointly developed by BAE Land Systems Hägglunds and the Swedish Army Materiel Command. ...

Artillery

  • M109 - 155/39 mm self-propelled howitzer, as the M109A5E
  • M110A2 - 203/40.5 mm self-propelled howitzer
  • 155/52 APU SBT - 155/52 mm howitzer
  • L-118A1 - 105/37 mm. light field howitzer
  • M56 - 105/14 mm pack howitzer
  • Vickers H 1912 - 305/50 mm coastal artillery piece
  • Vickers 1923 - 152.4/50 mm coastal artillery piece
  • Vickers 1926 - 381/45 mm coastal artillery piece
  • OERLIKON GDF-005 35/90 35 mm Anti-aircraft artillery piece
  • Raytheon MIM-23 HAWK - Surface-to-Air missile system
  • Raytheon MIM-104 Patriot - Surface-to-Air missile system
  • Roland air defense system - Mobile short-range Surface-to-Air missile system
  • Skyguard-Aspide - Anti-aircraft missile system
  • NASAMS - Anti-aircraft missile system
  • MBDA SATCP Mistral missile - Anti-aircraft infrared homing missile system
  • Teruel MRL - Self Propelled Multi Launch Rocket System
  • HIMARS - Self Propelled Multi Launch Rocket System

The M109 is an American-made self-propelled 155 mm howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s. ... 19th century 12 pounder (5 kg) mountain howitzer displayed by the National Park Service at Fort Laramie in Wyoming, USA A howitzer is a type of artillery piece that is characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles at trajectories with... The 8 inch (203 mm) Self-Propelled Howitzer M110 was the largest available self-propelled howitzer in the United States Armys inventory. ... The L118 Light Gun is a 105 mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970s and widely exported since, including to the United States, where a modified version is known as the M119A1. ... The OTO-Melara Mod 56 is an Italian 105 mm pack howitzer designed by OTO-Melara. ... Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 2004. ... 19th century coastal artillery guns preserved in Suomenlinna fortress in Helsinki Coastal artillery is the branch of armed forces concerned with operating mobile anti-ship artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal fortifications. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major American defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in defense systems and defense and commercial electronics. ... The Raytheon MIM-23 HAWK is an American medium range surface-to-air missile. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major American defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in defense systems and defense and commercial electronics. ... Four Patriot missiles like the one shown here can be fired from this mobile launcher between loadings. ... The Roland is a Franco-German mobile short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system. ... A RIM-7 Sea Sparrow being launched from the USS Essex (LHD-2). ... NASAMS - Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System - is a distributed and netted medium range Air and Missile Defense system. ... MBDA is a European arms company which manufactures missiles and is the result of the 2001 merger of Aérospatiale-Matra Missiles (of EADS), Alenia Marconi Systems missile divisions and Matra BAe Dynamics. ... Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) is a U.S. light multiple rocket launcher system mounted on a truck. ...

Helicopters

CH-47 Chinook helicopter.
CH-47 Chinook helicopter.

Other types of helicopters include Bell 205 and Bell 212 Twin Huey. Planned to enter in service are 21 attack Eurocopter Tigre and 45 NHI NH-90 -tactical transport helicopters. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3000x2000, 798 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Spanish Army FAMET Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3000x2000, 798 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Spanish Army FAMET Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is a versatile, twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter. ... The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is a versatile, twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter. ... The Eurocopter Super Puma (originally built by Aérospatiale) is a helicopter marketed for civil and military use. ... AS 532 Cougar The Eurocopter Cougar is a twin-engined, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... The Bo 105 is a light, twin-engine, multi-purpose utility helicopter developed by Bölkow of Stuttgart, Germany. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... The Eurocopter Tiger is an attack helicopter manufactured by the Eurocopter Group. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly (or officially in the USMC) known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... This article is about the civil versions of the Bell 212. ... The Eurocopter Tiger is an attack helicopter manufactured by the Eurocopter Group. ... The NHI NH90 is a medium sized, twin-engine, multi-role military helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. ...


See also

Fuerzas Aeromóviles del Ejército de Tierra - Spanish Army Airmobile Force FAMET Ensign An Independent Army Aviation force was formed in 1965 as Aviacion Ligera del Ejercito de Tierra and renamed FAMET in 1973. ...

References

  • Instruction no. 59/2005, of 4 April 2005, from the Chief of the Army Staff on Army Organisation and Function Regulations, published in B.O.D. NO. 80 of 26 April 2005
  • Lehardy, Diego, Spanish Army in a difficult phase of its transformation, RID magazine, July 1991.

is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Inc (RID) is a non-profit organization founded in 1964 and incorporated in 1972 that seeks to uphold the standards, ethics, and professionalism of the interpreting career. ...

External links and Further Reading

The Spanish Armed Forces consists of the Army, Navy and Air Force. ... Image File history File links Naval_Jack_of_Spain. ... The Spanish Armada (in Spanish, Armada Española) is the maritime arm of the Spanish Military. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Spanish Air Force (Spanish: Ejército del Aire; literally, Army of the Air) is the air force of Spain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 375 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1064 × 1701 pixel, file size: 534 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Royal Guard is an independent unit of the Spanish Army dedicated to the protection of H.M. the King of Spain and the members of the Spanish Royal Family. ... Río Nervión patrol boat, in Bilbao. ...

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