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Encyclopedia > Spandau

For the 1980's New Wave group, see Spandau Ballet. New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in American, Australian, British, Canadian and European popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... Spandau Ballet was a popular British band in the 1980s. ...


Spandau is the westernmost borough (Bezirk) of Berlin, situated at the confluence of the Havel and Spree rivers and along the western bank of the Havel. It encompasses an area of 91.91 km² and has (as of 2003) about 226.100 inhabitants. Its current mayor is Konrad Birkholz (CDU). Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs (Bezirke in German), which are administrative units with political rights comparable to incorporated communities in the rest of Germany (although they are not separate legal entities from the city). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A confluence is the merger or meeting of two or more objects (or subjects) that seem to inseparably bind their respective forces or attributes into a point of junction. ... For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ... The Spree (Slavic Å preva or Å preja, older form Sprevja, Sorbish Sprowja) is a river in Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin, Germany. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

Contents


History

The history of Spandau begins in the 7th or 8th century, when the Slav Heveller first settled in the area and later built a fortress there. It is conquered in 928 by the German King Henry I, but returns to Slavic rule later in the 10th century. // Overview Events The Roman-Persian Wars end. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... The Havolane (Slavonic name) or Heveller (German name) were a Slavic tribe who lived around the river Havel in the Brandenburg area in eastern Germany from the 8th century onwards. ... Events Dao Kang Di succeeds Gong Hui Di and is followed in the same year by Tai Zu, all of the Dali Gu Dynasty in southeast China. ... Henry I, the Fowler (German: Heinrich der Vogler) (876 - July 2, 936), was Duke of Saxony from 912 and king of the Germans from 919 until his death in 936. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ...


In 1156, the Ascanian Earl Albrecht von Ballenstedt ("Albrecht the Bear") took possession of the region. 1197 marked the first mention of Spandau in a document - then called Spandowe. It was given City rights in 1232. During the Ascanian Rule the construction of the Spandau Citadel began, which was completed between 1559 and 1594 by Joachim II of Brandenburg. In 1558 the village of Gatow became part of Spandau. The city was surrendered to the Swedes in 1634. Events Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland. ... The Ascanian dynasty of the rulers of Brandenburg began with Albert the Bear who inherited the territory from its last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. ... Albert I (c. ... Events Amalric II succeeds Henry II of Champagne as king of Jerusalem. ... // Events Canonization of Saint Anthony of Padua, patron of lost items Pope Gregory IX driven from Rome by a revolt, taking refuge at Anagni First edition of Tripitaka Koreana destroyed by Mongol invaders Battle of Agridi 15 June 1232 Births Arnolfo di Cambio, Florentine architect (died 1310) Manfred of Sicily... The Spandau Citadel is the oldest remaining structure in Berlin. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Joachim II Hector Hohenzollern, Margrave of Brandenburg, Imperial Elector was born in 1505 and died in 1571. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Berlin-Gatow, a district of south-western Berlin is located west of the Havelsee lake and has forested areas within its boundaries. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement...


In 1806, after the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt, French troops under Napoleon took possession of the city and stayed there until 1807. In 1812, Napoleon returned and the Spandau Citadel was sieged in 1813 by Prussian and Russian troops. 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Jena was fought on October 14, 1806, in Jena, in todays Germany, and resulted in a French victory under Napoleon Bonaparte against the Prussians under General Hohenlohe. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: Prūsa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad...


In 1920, Spandau (whose name had been changed from Spandow in 1878) was incorporated into Berlin as a borough. Before World War I, the city was a seat of large government cannon foundries, factories for making gunpowder and other munitions of war. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... World War I, also known as the First World War, and (before 1939) the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict lasting from August 1914 to the final Armistice (cessation of hostilities) on November 11, 1918. ...


After World War II, it was part of the British Occupation Zone in West Berlin and the Spandau Prison was built to house Nazi war criminals who were sentenced to imprisonment at the Nuremberg Trials. After the death of Rudolf Hess, the prison's last inmate, it was completely destroyed by the allied powers. World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Spandau Prison from the air Spandau Prison was a purpose-built prison situated in the borough of Spandau in western Berlin, constructed in 1876. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international (criminal) law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... The Nuremberg Trials is the name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in World War II and the Holocaust. ... Rudolf Hess Rudolf Hess should not be confused with another prominent Nazi, Rudolf Höß (also spelled Höss or Hoess. ...


Places of interest

  • Spandau Citadel, Fortress build in the 16th century
  • St. Nikolai Church, Church from the Middle Ages (there is a church with the same name in Berlin-Mitte)

The Spandau Citadel is the oldest remaining structure in Berlin. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Berlin-Mitte or Mitte is the central-most borough of Berlin (Mitte is German for centre). ...

See also

Berlin-Gatow, a district of south-western Berlin is located west of the Havelsee lake and has forested areas within its boundaries. ... Map of Kladow in Berlin Kladow is the southernmost district of the Borough of Spandau in Berlin. ...

External links

  • ((German)) Official Homepage


Boroughs of Berlin Flag of Berlin
Mitte | Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg | Pankow | Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf | Spandau | Steglitz-Zehlendorf | Tempelhof-Schöneberg | Neukölln | Treptow-Köpenick | Marzahn-Hellersdorf | Lichtenberg | Berlin-Reinickendorf

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spandau Ballet | View the Music Artists Biography Online | VH1.com (793 words)
It was in this incarnation that Spandau Ballet experienced its greatest success, as "True" reached number one in Britain and number four in America.
Spandau Ballet began playing nightclubs in London that had responded to punk by embracing exaggeratedly fashionable clothes and makeup.
Spandau Ballet managed to hit the Top Ten once more in the UK with "Gold," which peaked at number two; in the US, it reached 29.
Spandau Prison (1190 words)
Spandau Prison was built as a 19th Century penitentiary.
A photograph of one of the Watchtowers on Spandau Prison, Berlin 1972, whilst occupied by 'B' Coy, 1st DERR.
To take cigarettes and Cameras into the sentry posts in Spandau Prison whilst on duty was strictly illegal, but as you would expect the 'Farmersboys' worked their way around the regulations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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