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Encyclopedia > Spaghetti western
Once Upon a Time in the West, in true Sergio Leone style, ends with an extended shootout scene between Harmonica (Charles Bronson) and Frank (Henry Fonda).

Spaghetti Western is a nickname for a broad sub-genre of Western film that emerged in the mid-1960s, so named because most were produced by Italian studios. Originally they had in common the Italian language, low budgets, and a recognizable highly fluid, violent, and minimalist cinematography that eschewed (some said "demythologized") many of the conventions of earlier Westerns — partly intentionally, partly as a result of the work being done in a different cultural background and with limited funds. The term was originally used disparagingly, but by the 1980s many of these films came to be held in high regard, particularly because it was hard to ignore the influence they had in redefining the entire idea of a western. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... For other persons named Charles Bronson, see Charles Bronson (disambiguation). ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Justus D. Barnes, from The Great Train Robbery The Western is one of the classic American literary and film genres. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... The history of Italian cinema began a just few months after the Lumière brothers had discovered it, and it was precisely with a few seconds of film in which Pope Leo XIII was blessing the camera. ... This article is about minimalism in art and design. ...


The best-known and perhaps archetypal Spaghetti Westerns were the Man With No Name trilogy (or the Dollars Trilogy) directed by Sergio Leone, starring then-TV actor Clint Eastwood and with musical scores composed by Ennio Morricone (all of whom are now synonymous with the genre): A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). Atypically for the genre, the last had a relatively high budget, over one million USD. His following film after the so-called "trilogy" was Once Upon a Time in the West, which is often lumped in with the previous three for its similar style and accompanying score by Morricone, differing by the absence of Clint Eastwood in the starring role. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Dollars Trilogy, also known as The Man with No Name Trilogy, refers to the three Spaghetti Westerns starring Clint Eastwood and directed by Sergio Leone: A Fistful of Dollars (1964) For a Few Dollars More (1965) The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) Although it was not Leone... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... For a Few Dollars More (Italian: Per qualche dollaro in più) is a 1965 spaghetti western film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Gian Maria Volonté. German actor Klaus Kinski also plays a supporting role as a secondary villain. ... For the album by Frankee, see The Good, The Bad, The Ugly (Frankee album). ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ...


The films were primarily shot in the Andalucia region of Spain, and in particular the Tabernas Desert of Almería, because it resembles the American Southwest. (A few were shot on Sardinia.) Because of the desert setting and the readily available southern Spanish extras, a usual theme in Spaghetti Westerns is the Mexican Revolution, Mexican bandits, and the border region shared by Mexico and the US. A view of the badlands in the Granada Plateau (Hole of Guadix). ... Almería province Almería is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. ... The Southwest region of the United States is drier than the adjoining Midwest in weather; the population is less dense and, with strong Spanish-American and Native American components, more ethnically varied than neighboring areas. ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ... This article is about the Mexican Revolution of 1910. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...

Contents

Notable films

This is a list of spaghetti western films which includes western films primarily produced and directed by Italian and other European production companies between 1960 and 1975. ... A Fistful of Dollars (Per un pugno di dollari in Italy and officially on-screen in the U.S. and UK as simply Fistful of Dollars) is a 1964 film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood. ... For a Few Dollars More (Italian: Per qualche dollaro in più) is a 1965 spaghetti western film directed by Sergio Leone and starring Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef and Gian Maria Volonté. German actor Klaus Kinski also plays a supporting role as a secondary villain. ... For the album by Frankee, see The Good, The Bad, The Ugly (Frankee album). ... Navajo Joe (1966) is an Italian Spaghetti Western directed by Sergio Corbucci, known more for its bloodiness and brutality than quality. ... Django is a 1966 Italian film directed by Sergio Corbucci and starring Franco Nero in the title role. ... The Big Gundown (Italian title: La resa dei conti - roughly Account Rendered) is a 1966 spaghetti western directed by Sergio Sollima and starring Lee Van Cleef and Tomas Milian. ... Originally entitled El Chuncho, quién sabe?, A Bullet for the General is a 1967 film which starred Gian Maria Volonte, Klaus Kinski, Lou Castel and Martine Beswick. ... Faccia a faccia (Spanish title: Cara a cara, English title: Face to Face) is a spaghetti western film written and directed by the Italian film director Sergio Sollima in 1967. ... Day of Anger (Italian: I giorni dellira), also known by its UK video title Gunlaw, is a 1967 spaghetti western film directed by Tonino Valerii. ... Death Rides a Horse (aka Da uomo a uomo, or As Man to Man) is a 1968 spaghetti western directed by Giulio Petroni, written by Luciano Vincenzoni, and starring Lee Van Cleef and John Philip Law. ... The Great Silence (Il Grande Silenzio, 1968), or The Big Silence, is an Italian spaghetti western. ... If You Meet Sartana Pray for Your Death (Italian: Se incontri Sartana prega per la tua morte), also known as Sartana, is a 1968 spaghetti western film directed by Gianfranco Parolini. ... The Mercenary (Italian: Il mercenario), also known as A Professional Gun, is a 1968 spaghetti western film directed by Sergio Corbucci. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... The Price of Power (Il Prezzo del potere, 1969) is an Italian Spaghetti Western directed by Tonino Valerii. ... Sabata (Italian: Ehi amico . ... Compañeros (Italian title: Vamos a matar, compañeros) is an Italian Zapata-themed spaghetti western film directed by Sergio Corbucci in 1970. ... A Fistful of Dynamite is a 1971 film by Sergio Leone (original Italian title: Giù la testa; also known as Duck, You Sucker and Once Upon a Time … The Revolution). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Trinity is STILL My Name! (Sometimes known as My Name is Still Trinity) is a 1972 spaghetti western directed by Enzo Barboni. ... My Name is Nobody (also known as Il mio nome è Nessuno and Lonesome Gun) is a 1973 spaghetti western comedy film. ... Four of the Apocalypse ( aka I Quattro dellapocalisse) is a (1975) spaghetti western starring Fabio Testi and directed by horror film maestro Lucio Fulci. ... China 9, Liberty 37 (Italian title: Amore, piombo e furore) is a 1978 western film directed by Monte Hellman, starring Warren Oates, Jenny Agutter, and Fabio Testi. ...

Notable personalities

Directors

Actors

Composers

Dario Argento (born September 7, 1940) is an Italian film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Enzo G. Castellari (July 29, 1938 in Rome, as Enzo Girolami) is an Italian film director. ... Sergio Corbucci (December 6, 1927 - December 1, 1990) was an Italian movie director. ... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... Sergio Sollima (born April 17, 1921 in Rome) is an Italian former film director and script writer. ... Tonino Valerii (b. ... German gore director Andreas Schnaas (left) and the late Lucio Fulci (right) at the 1994 Eurofest, London, England Lucio Fulci (June 17, 1927 - March 13, 1996) was an Italian film director, screenwriter, and actor. ... Alex Cord is an American actor who is perhaps best known for portraying the role of Archangel on the television series Airwolf. ... William Berger (b. ... Barbara Bouchet, born Barbara Goutscher on August 15, 1943 in Reichenberg, (now Liberec), Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic]. She has acted in more than 80 films and television episodes. ... Mario Brega (Rome, March 5, 1923-July 23, 1994) is an Italian actor. ... For other persons named Charles Bronson, see Charles Bronson (disambiguation). ... Claudia Cardinale (born April 15, 1938) is an Italian actress born in Tunis, Tunisia to Sicilian parents. ... Lee Van Cleef (January 9, 1925 – December 16, 1989) was an American film actor, who appeared mostly in Western and action pictures. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... Jack Elam (November 13, 1920 — October 20, 2003) was an American film actor. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Gianni Garko (born Giovanni Garcovich in 1935 and often billed as John Garko) is a Dalmatian actor who found much fame in Italian westerns especially as the enigmatic Sartana, starting with the first official film If You Meet Sartana Pray for Your Death. ... Giuliano Gemma (born September 29, 1938) is an italian actor. ... Sancho Gracia (September 27, 1936 in Madrid, Spain) is a motion picture and television actor. ... Image:Richardharrison. ... Terence Hill (born Mario Girotti March 29, 1939) is an Italian-born actor. ... George Hilton ( Sometimes Credited as Jorge Hilton) is an actor well-known for his many spaghetti western performancers. ... Klaus Kinski (October 18, 1926 – November 23, 1991) was a German actor, famous for his ability to project onscreen intensity, and for his explosive temperament. ... Guy Madison Guy Madison (January 19, 1922 - February 6, 1996) was an American film and television actor. ... link titleTomas Milian (born Tomas Quintin Rodriguez in Havana, Cuba, on march 3, 1932), is an american actor. ... Gordon Mitchell was an United States actor who was born Charles Allen Pendleton in Denver, Colorado, on July 29, 1923 and died in Marina Del Rey, California, on September 20, 2003. ... Franco Nero Franco Nero (born November 23, 1941) is an Italian actor. ... Jack Palance (February 18, 1919 - November 10, 2006) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Luigi Pistilli (July 19, 1929 - April 21, 1996) was an Italian actor of stage, screen, and television. ... Jack Betts (born in Miami, Florida) is an American stage, movie, and television actor. ... Fernando Sancho Fernando Sancho (born January 7, 1916; died July 31, 1990) was a Spanish actor. ... Bud Spencer (born October 31, 1929), born as Carlo Pedersoli, is a famous Italian actor, known for his height 6 4 (1. ... Woodrow Wilson Woolwine Strode (born July 25, 1914, Los Angeles, California; died December 31, 1994) was a decathlete and football star at UCLA before becoming a pioneering African-American film actor. ... Gian Maria Volonté (April 9, 1933 – December 6, 1994) was an Italian actor. ... Eli Herschel Wallach (born December 7, 1915) is an American film, TV and stage actor. ... Born Walter Frank Hermann Wolff on May 11, 1928 in San Francisco, Frank Wolff became a well-know character actor in low budget American and Italian films of the 50s and 60s. ... Categories: People stubs | 1948 births | Soap opera actors ... Luis Enríquez Bacalov (b. ... Francesco De Masi (January 11, 1930 – November 6, 2005) was an Italian conductor and film score composer. ... Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928; sometimes also credited as Dan Savio or Leo Nichols) is an Italian composer especially noted for his film scores. ... Bruno Nicolai is a pseudonym for composer-conductor Ennio Morricone. ... Riz Ortolani is an Italian film composer whose scores have recently been featured in Kill Bill: Vol. ... Piero Piccioni (Turin, December 6, 1921 - Rome, July 23, 2004), was an Italian pianist, organist, conductor, composer, and author of more than 100 film soundtracks. ... Armando Trovaioli (also Trovajoli) (September 2, 1917, Rome - ) is an Italian film composer with over 200 credits as composer and/or conductor, many of them jazz scores for low-budget exploitation films. ... Piero Umiliani (born July 17, 1926 in Florence, Italy –- died February 14, 2001 in Rome) was an Italian film music composer, most famous for his song Mah Nà Mah Nà of 1968, that was originally used for a Mondo documentary about Sweden –- Svezia, Inferno e Paradiso (Sweden, Heaven and Hell...

Other "Food Westerns"

The name led to various other non-U.S. westerns being associated with food and drink. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Sometimes the names chorizo/paella western are used for similar films financed by Spanish capital, although Leone's earlier films were actually shot in Almería. Publicity for the Japanese comedy film Tampopo coined the phrase "Noodle Western" to describe the parody made about a noodle restaurant. Robert Rodriguez's westerns, El Mariachi, Desperado and Once Upon a Time in Mexico, have been called "Burrito Westerns." Sometimes Hrafn Gunnlaugsson's Viking movies are called "Cod Westerns." The German Westerns of the 1960s, which were successful in Europe before the Italian Westerns, often made after novels by Karl May and mostly filmed in Yugoslavia are often called "Sauerkraut Westerns". The GDR DEFA Studios made Sauerkraut Westerns in Yugoslavia like their West German counterparts and also had a Native American as hero (usually played by Gojko Mitic). Chorizo (in Spanish; IPA: [tʃoriθo] or [tʃoɹɪso]) or Chouriço (in Portuguese) is a term encompassing several types of pork sausage originating from the Iberian Peninsula. ... Valencian paella. ... Spanish cinema is not held in as high esteem worldwide as French or American cinema. ... “Almeria” redirects here. ... Comedy film is genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. ... Tampopo (タンポポ or 蒲公英 which translate to dandelion) is a 1985 Japanese comedy film by director Juzo Itami, starring Tsutomu Yamazaki, Nobuko Miyamoto and Ken Watanabe. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... El Mariachi is a 1992 motion picture production directed by Robert Rodriguez as the first chapter in his Mariachi Trilogy. ... Desperado is a 1995 film directed by Robert Rodriguez. ... Once Upon a Time in Mexico (2003) is an action film by Robert Rodriguez and the final film in the Mariachi Trilogy, which includes El Mariachi and Desperado. ... Hrafn Gunnlaugsson (born June 17, 1948, Reykjavík, Iceland) is an Icelandic moviemaker. ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... Karl May. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... “DEFA” redirects here. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Gojko Mitic (1940-) was a famous director, actor, stuntman, and author. ...


The Red Dwarf episode Gunmen of the Apocalypse has been described as the world's only "Roast Beef Western", although the British director Shane Meadows' film Once Upon a Time in the Midlands has been described as a "tinned-spaghetti Western." John Woo's Western movies were described by Roger Ebert as "Dim Sum Western." The Thai film Tears of the Black Tiger by director Wisit Sasanatieng has been dubbed both a "stir-fry horse opera" and "a Pad Thai Western" by critics. The "Red Western" or "Ostern" is the Soviet and eastern bloc's take on the genre. (Time magazine dubbed the animated TV series Samurai Jack, which combined elements of — among others — anime and the Sergio Leone films, a "Soba Western.") Monty Python's Flying Circus provided a "cheese Western" parody as a film critic discussed Sam Peckinpah's Rogue Cheddar film. Red dwarfs constitute the majority of all stars According to the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, a red dwarf star is a small and relatively cool star, of the main sequence, either late K or M spectral type. ... Gunmen of the Apocalypse was the third epsiode to air in the sixth series of Red Dwarf. ... Shane Meadows (born 26 December 1972) is a British film director and screenwriter, from Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England. ... Once Upon a Time in the Midlands is a film directed and co-written by Shane Meadows and set in an anonymous town in the Midlands. ... For other uses, see John Woo (disambiguation). ... Tears of the Black Tiger (Thai: , or Fah talai jone, literally, the heavens strike the thief) is a 2000 Thai western film written and directed by Wisit Sasanatieng. ... Wisit Sasanatieng (Thai วิศิษฏ์ ศาสนเที่ยง, born April 25, 1964 in Bangkok, Thailand) is a Thai film director and screenwriter. ... The Ostern (Eastern) or Red Western was the Soviet Union and Iron Curtain countries take on the Western movie. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... Samurai Jack is an American animated television series created by animator Genndy Tartakovsky that aired on Cartoon Network from 2001 until 2004. ... Animé redirects here. ... Soba served on a zaru Soba ) is the Japanese word for buckwheat. ... This article is about the television series. ... David Samuel Sam Peckinpah (February 21, 1925 – December 28, 1984) was an American film director who achieved iconic status following the release of his 1969 Western epic The Wild Bunch. ...


An entire sub-genre of Westerns produced by the Indian film industry, and especially Bollywood based in Mumbai, is whimsically named "curry Western." Notable as being one of the most successful box-office hits of all time in India is the "curry Western" Sholay. Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Sholay (Hindi: शोले, Urdu: شعلے) (advertised in English as Embers or Flames) is the biggest blockbuster in the history of Bollywood, Indias Hindi film industry. ...


Danish moviemakers did a couple of dismal westerns in the sixties, which are usually referred to as "potato-westerns". The Danish word is "kartoffel-western".


See also

The Revisionist Western, Modern Western or Anti Western traces to the late 1960s and early 1970s as a sub-genre of the Western movie. ... Zapata Westerns, nickname given to a subgenre of the so-called Italian Spaghetti Westerns which dealt with overtly political themes in the mid-to-late 1960s. ...

Games

  • Sunset Riders, a Spaghetti Western themed run and gun shooter by Konami (creators of Contra).
  • Deadlands, a role playing game sometimes described as "The Spaghetti Western... With Meat!"
  • Desperados: Wanted Dead or Alive, a Spaghetti Western-themed computer game specially based on the Dollars trilogy
  • Desperados 2: Cooper's Revenge, the sequel to Desperados
  • Outlaws, a Spaghetti Western-themed computer game
  • Red Dead Revolver, another Italian Western themed video game
  • Bang!, a non-collectible card game produced in Italy and translated to several languages, has a Spaghetti Western theme to it, even keeping the Italian text along with the translated text in the cards

Sunset Riders ) is a run and gun arcade game created by Konami in 1991. ... Deadlands is a genre-mixing alternate history roleplaying game which combines the Western and horror genres. ... This article is about traditional role-playing games. ... The Dollars Trilogy, also known as The Man with No Name Trilogy, refers to the three Spaghetti Westerns starring Clint Eastwood and directed by Sergio Leone: A Fistful of Dollars (1964) For a Few Dollars More (1965) The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) Although it was not Leone... Outlaws is a first-person shooter Doom clone released by LucasArts in 1997 using an enhanced version of the Jedi game engine, first seen in Star Wars: Dark Forces. ... Red Dead Revolver is a western third-person shooter video game published by Rockstar Games and developed by Rockstar San Diego. ... This article is about the Bang! card game. ...

References

  • Weisser, Thomas, Spaghetti Westerns: the Good, the Bad and the Violent — 558 Eurowesterns and Their Personnel, 1961–1977. (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1992)

External links

  • A Fistful of Westerns
  • The Spaghetti Western Database
  • 10,000 Ways to Die Book about Spaghetti Westerns made between 1963 and 1973, released under a Creative Commons license by its author Alex Cox.
Alexander Morton Cox (b. ...

 
 

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