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Encyclopedia > Spaceport

A spaceport is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with airport for aircraft. Typically the site is large enough that, should a rocket explode, it will not endanger human lives or adjacent launch pads. A spacecraft is designed to leave Earths atmosphere and operate beyond the surface of the Earth in outer space. ... Airbus A380 An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... A Redstone rocket, part of the Mercury program The traditional definition of a rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving fluid from within a rocket engine. ...


Typically preferred are launches from near the equator in an easterly direction. This allows maximum use of the Earth's rotational speed, and a good orientation for arriving at a geostationary orbit. It also increases mass-to-orbit. For polar or Molniya orbits, these aspects do not apply. For safety, a launch vector over water or deserted land is important. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with geosynchronous orbit. ... Molniya orbit is a class of a highly elliptic orbit with inclination of +/-63. ...


It is believed that future hypersonic aircraft will require a very long runway rather than a vertical launch pad. Such hypothetical spaceports will present unique challenges in noise abatement, zoning, and passenger access, with as much as a 5 mile wide corridor surrounding a 30 mile long runway. A dedicated mass transit system from the nearest public access point to the aircraft boarding area will be required. In aerodynamics, hypersonic speeds are speeds that are highly supersonic. ... Runway 13R/31L of El Dorado International Airport, Bogotá, D.C. Aerial picture of a runway of Chennai International Airport, Tamil Nadu A runway is a strip of land on an airport, on which aircraft can take off and land. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ...


The space tourism industry is being targeted by spaceports in numerous locations, including California, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Florida, Virginia, Alaska and Wisconsin, as well as Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.[1] Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of space travel by individuals for the purpose of personal pleasure. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Spanish Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq mi (170,451 km²)  - Width 162 miles (260 km)  - Length 497 miles (800 km)  - % water 17. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq. ...

Contents


North America

The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... Merritt Island is a census designated place in Brevard County, on the Atlantic coast of the U.S. state of Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq mi (170,451 km²)  - Width 162 miles (260 km)  - Length 497 miles (800 km)  - % water 17. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) at Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. ... Vandenberg Air Force Base is a base with a spaceport, located in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Kodiak Launch center (also KLC) is a commercial rocket launching site at 57°2609 northern latitude and 152°2016 western length. ... Kodiak Island Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Mojave Airport, storage location for commercial airliners. ... Mojave is a town located in Kern County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Aerial view from the southwest. ... Burns Flat is a town located in Washita County, Oklahoma. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Southwest Regional Spaceport is the planned name of the U.S.s first built-from-scratch commercial spaceport. ... Upham New Mexico is the planned site for the Southwest Regional Spaceport. ... Official language(s) English Spanish Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Wallops Flight Facility Coordinates: Latitude 37. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ...

South America

The Alcântara rocket launch site, Centro de Lançamento de Alcântara (CLA), is located at the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in the north of Brazil, in the state of Maranhão. ... Maranhão is one of the states of Brazil in the north-eastern region. ... The Guiana Space Centre (French: Centre Spatial Guyanais) is a French/European spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana. ... Kourou Kourou is a town and commune in French Guiana, some 40 km northwest of the capital Cayenne at the mouth of the Kourou river on the Atlantic coast. ... The European Space Agency (ESA), established in 1975, is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space, currently with 17 member states. ...

Europe

Esrange, the European Space and Sounding Rocket Range, is a rocket range and research center located outside the town of Kiruna in northern Sweden at 67°5338 N and 21°0625 E. It is a base for atmospheric research with balloons, investigation of the aurora borealis, and rocket... Cyclone-3 rocket launching Meteor-3 satellite (Plesetsk, August 15, 1991) Plesetsk Cosmodrome is a Russian spaceport, located about 800 km north of Moscow and south of Arkhangelsk (coordinates vary in different sources, but 62°08′ N 41°01′ E seems plausible). ... Kapustin Yar (Russian Капустин Яр; today Знаменск/Znamensk) is a Russian rocket launch and development site in the Astrakhan Oblast, between Volgograd and Astrakhan. ... Andøya Rocket Range is the designation of a rocket launch site on Andøya island (the northernmost in the VesterÃ¥len archipelago) in northern Norway. ...

Asia

The Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ÄŸarış aylağı; Russian: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Baykonur), also called Tyuratam, is the worlds oldest and largest working space launch facility. ... Tyuratam is a station on the main Moscow to Tashkent railway, located in Kazakhstan. ... Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center (酒泉卫星发射中心) is a Peoples Republic of China space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) in the Gobi desert in Gansu Province located about 1,600 km from Beijing. ... The Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC) (Chinese: 太原卫星发射中心; pinyin: ) is a Peoples Republic of China space and defence launch facility. ... Xichang Satellite Launch Center is a Chinese facility approximately 64 km northwest of Xichang City in Sichuan Province. ... Wenchang Satellite Launch Center (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wénchāng WeìxÄ«ng Fāshè ZhōngxÄ«n) located at , is a former sub-orbital test center and currently under expansion. ... Yoshinobu Launch Complex (© JAXA) The Tanegashima Space Center (TNSC) is one of Japans space development facilities. ... Tanegashima (種子島) is an island lying to the south of Kyushu, south Japan. ... M-V rocket at the Uchinoura Space Center (Febr. ... The Satish Dhawan Space Centre, located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, in India, is the launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). ... Space Adventures has proposed a USD$115 million spaceport to be located in Singapore, near Changi Airport. ... The Ras Al Khaimah spaceport will be located in the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates. ... Korea Space Center is South Koreas first spaceport scheduled to be completed by the end of 2006 at Goheung County, Jeollanam-do. ...

Open ocean

Sea Launch command ship Sea Launch Commander Sea Launch launch platform Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch is a spacecraft launch service, which uses mobile sea platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on top of specialized Zenit-3SL rockets. ... An oil platform is a large structure used to house workers and machinery needed to drill and then produce oil and natural gas in the ocean. ... Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: Government Country State County United States California Los Angeles County Mayor Bob Foster Geographical characteristics Area 170. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The equator is an imaginary circle drawn around a planet (or other astronomical object) at a distance halfway between the poles. ... The San Marco Launch Platform, with a Scout rocket on the launchpad The Italian space research program was launched in 1959 with the creation of the CRA (Centro Ricerche Aerospaziali) in the Rome university. ...

See also

A rocket launch site is a facility for the launch of rockets. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ...

References

  1. ^ Boyle, Alan. "Regulators OK Oklahoma spaceport - Suborbital test flights could begin in 2007, setting stage for tourists", MSNBC, 13 June 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-26.

June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
spaceport
  • MSNBC: Spaceports compete in race for business
  • Spaceport could be in the stars for Sheboygan The Daily Cardinal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spaceport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (317 words)
Such hypothetical spaceports will present unique challenges in noise abatement, zoning, and passenger access, with as much as a 5 mile wide corridor surrounding a 30 mile long runway.
The space tourism industry is being targeted by spaceports in numerous locations, including California, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Florida, Virginia, Alaska and Wisconsin, as well as Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.
Spaceport could be in the stars for Sheboygan The Daily Cardinal
Mojave Spaceport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (353 words)
The Mojave Spaceport (IATA: MHV, ICAO: KMHV), also known as the Mojave Airport and Civilian Aerospace Test Center, is the first facility to be licensed in the United States for horizontal launches of reusable spacecraft.
It was certified as a spaceport by the Federal Aviation Administration on June 17, 2004.
It is favored for these purpose as, due to its proximity to the Edwards Air Force Base, the airspace is restricted from ground level to an unlimited height.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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