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Encyclopedia > Space tourism
The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space
The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space

Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of tourists paying for flights into space. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 136 KB) A Computer Generated photo of what the Earth would look like from high orbit. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 136 KB) A Computer Generated photo of what the Earth would look like from high orbit. ... Tourist redirects here. ... Edward White on a spacewalk during the Gemini 4 mission. ...


As of 2008, space tourism opportunities are limited and expensive, with only the Russian Space Agency providing transport. The price for a flight brokered by Space Adventures to the International Space Station aboard a Soyuz spacecraft is now $20 million. Flights are fully booked until 2009. 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Russian Federal Space Agency, formerly the Russian Aviation and Space Agency (RKA) (in Russian: Российское авиационно-космическое агентство) is the government agency responsible for Russias space science program and general aerospace research. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... ISS redirects here. ... Soyuz (Russian: Союз, pronounced sah-YOUS, meaning union) is a series of spacecraft designed by Sergey Korolyov for the Soviet Unions space program. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Among the primary attractions of space tourism are the uniqueness of the experience, the thrill and awe of looking at Earth from space (described by astronauts as extremely intense and mind-boggling[citation needed]), the experience's notion as an exclusive status symbol, and various advantages of weightlessness. The space tourism industry is being targeted by spaceports in numerous locations, including California, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Florida, Virginia, Alaska, Esrange in Sweden and Wisconsin, as well as Singapore and the United Arab Emirates. Some use the term "personal spaceflight" as in the case of the Personal Spaceflight Federation. This article is about Earth as a planet. ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Zero gravity redirects here. ... A spaceport is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with airport for aircraft. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Esrange, the European Space and Sounding Rocket Range, is a rocket range and research center located outside the town of Kiruna in northern Sweden at 67°5338 N and 21°0625 E. It is a base for atmospheric research with balloons, investigation of the aurora borealis, and rocket... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Personal Spaceflight Federation is a private spaceflight industry group. ...

Contents

Early dreams

After initial successes in space, much of the public saw intensive space exploration as inevitable. In people's minds, such exploration was symbolized by wide public access to space, mostly in the form of space tourism. Those aspirations are best remembered in science fiction works (and one children's book), such as Arthur C. Clarke's A Fall of Moondust and also 2001: A Space Odyssey, Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator, Joanna Russ's 1968 novel Picnic on Paradise, and Larry Niven's Known Space stories. Lucian in 2 A.D. in his book True History examines the idea of a crew of men whose ship travels to the Moon during a storm. Jules Verne also took up the theme of lunar visits in his books, From the Earth to the Moon and Around the Moon. Robert A. Heinlein’s short story The Menace from Earth, published in 1957, was one of the first to incorporate elements of a developed space tourism industry within its framework. During the 1960s and 1970s, it was common belief that space hotels would be launched by 2000. Many futurologists around the middle of the 20th century speculated that the average family of the early 21st century would be able to enjoy a holiday on the Moon. Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space, both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft. ... Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE, Sri Lankabhimanya (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British (lived in Sri Lanka since 1956) science fiction author, inventor, and futurist, most famous for the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, written in collaboration with director Stanley Kubrick, a collaboration which led also to... A Fall of Moondust is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, first published in 1961. ... Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator is a childrens book by British author Roald Dahl. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Known Space is the fictional setting of several science fiction novels and short stories written by author Larry Niven. ... For other uses, see Lucian (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see 2 (disambiguation). ... By Lucian of Samosata-a tale of a group of adventurers who, while sailing through the Pillars of Hercules (the Strait of Gibraltar), are lifted up by a giant waterspout and deposited on the Moon. ... This article is about the French author. ... The projectile, as pictured in an engraving from the 1872 Illustrated Edition. ... Around the Moon, Jules Vernes sequel to A Trip to the Moon, is a science fiction novel continuing the trip to the moon which left the reader in suspence after the previous novel. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... The Menace From Earth is a science fiction short story by Robert A. Heinlein. ... Futurology or futures studies (called futurism in the United States) is the study of the medium to long-term future, by extrapolating present technological, economic or social trends, or by attempting to predict future trends. ... This article is about Earths moon. ...


The end of the Space Race, however, signified by the Moon landing, decreased the importance of space exploration and led to decreased importance of manned space flight.[1] For a list of key events, see Timeline of space exploration. ... Project Apollo was a series of human spaceflight missions undertaken by the United States of America (NASA) using the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicle, conducted during the years 1961 – 1975. ... Human spaceflight is space exploration with a human crew, and possibly passengers (in contrast to unmanned space missions, which are remotely-controlled or robotic space probes). ...


Precedents

The Soviet space program was aggressive in broadening the pool of cosmonauts from the very beginning. The Soviet Intercosmos program also included cosmonauts selected from Warsaw Pact members and later from allies of the USSR and non-aligned countries. Most of these cosmonauts received full training for their missions and were treated as equals, but especially after the Mir program began, were generally given shorter flights than Soviet cosmonauts. The European Space Agency took advantage of the program as well. East German postage stamp The Intercosmos program was a program by the Soviet Union to allow fellow Socialist nations to participate in space exploration. ... Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ... ESA redirects here. ...


The U.S. Space Shuttle program included payload specialist positions which were usually filled by representatives of companies or institutions managing a specific payload on that mission. These payload specialists did not receive the same training as professional NASA astronauts and were not employed by NASA, so they were essentially private astronauts. NASA was also eager to prove its capability to Congressional sponsors, and Senator Jake Garn and (then-Representative, now Senator) Bill Nelson were both given opportunities to fly on board a shuttle. As the Shuttle program expanded, the Teacher in Space program was developed as a way to expand publicity and educational opportunities for NASA. Christa McAuliffe would have been the first Teacher in Space, but she was killed in the Challenger disaster and the program was canceled. During the same period a Journalist in Space program was frequently discussed, with individuals such as Walter Cronkite and Miles O'Brien considered front-runners, but no formal program was ever developed. Eventually, McAuliffe's backup in the Teacher in Space Program, Barbara Morgan, would train and fly as a full-fledged NASA astronaut. She launched aboard STS-118 as a payload specialist and spoke to many students as an educator during the trip. This article is about the space vehicle. ... In NASA vernacular, a Payload Specialist (PS) is a Space Shuttle crewmember selected for a single specific mission. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Edwin Jacob Garn (born October 12, 1932) is an American politician, a member of the Republican Party, and served as a U.S. Senator representing Utah from 1974 to 1993. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... For other people named Bill Nelson, see Bill Nelson (disambiguation). ... Logo of the Teacher in Space Project The Teacher in Space Project (TISP) was a NASA program designed to educate students and spur excitement in math, science, and space exploration. ... -1... STS-51-L was the 25th launch of a Space Shuttle and the tenth launch of the Challenger. ... Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. ... Miles OBrien Miles OBrien (b. ... For other persons named Barbara Morgan, see Barbara Morgan (disambiguation). ...


With the realities of the post-Perestroika economy in Russia, its space industry was especially starved for cash. The Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS) offered to pay for one of its reporters to fly on a mission. For $28 million, Toyohiro Akiyama was flown in 1990 to Mir with the eighth crew and returned a week later with the seventh crew. Akiyama gave a daily TV broadcast from orbit and also performed scientific experiments for Russian and Japanese companies. However, since the cost of the flight was paid by his employer, Akiyama could be considered a business traveler rather than a tourist. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Image:Tokyo Broadcasting System(年末瑞穂第一小学校) in Akasaka . ... Toyohiro Akiyama (秋山豊寛 Akiyama Toyohiro) (born July 22, 1942) is a Japanese TV journalist and cosmonaut. ... For other uses, see Mir (disambiguation). ...


In 1991, British chemist Helen Sharman was selected from a pool of public applicants to be the first Briton in space.[2] As the United Kingdom had no human space program, the arrangement was by a consortium of private companies who contracted with the Russian space program. Sharman was also in a sense a private space traveler, but she was a working cosmonaut with a full training regimen. Helen Patricia Sharman OBE (born May 30, 1963), is a former British astronaut. ...


Private space tourism

At the end of 90s, MirCorp, a private venture by then in charge of the space station, began seeking potential space tourists to visit Mir in order to offset some of its maintenance costs. Dennis Tito, an American businessman and former JPL scientist, became their first candidate. When the decision to dismantle Mir was made, Tito opted to book a trip to the International Space Station through U.S.-based Space Adventures, Ltd., which remains the only company to have sent paying passengers to space.[3][4] Dennis Anthony Tito (born August 8, 1940 in Queens, New York) is a United States multimillionaire who gained celebrity status by becoming the first space tourist to pay for his own ticket, although he himself opposes being called tourist and asks to be called an independent researcher since he performed... For the singer/songwriter, see Jon Peter Lewis. ... A scientist, in the broadest sense, refers to any person that engages in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge or an individual that engages in such practices and traditions that are linked to schools of thought or philosophy. ... ISS redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


In conjunction with the Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation and Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, Space Adventures facilitated the flights for the world's first private space explorers: Dennis Tito, Mark Shuttleworth, Gregory Olsen, Anousheh Ansari and Charles Simonyi. The first three participants paid in excess of $20 million (USD) each for their 10-day visit to the ISS. An artists conception of a Soviet Buran space shuttle lifting off atop the Energia booster. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Dennis Anthony Tito (born August 8, 1940 in Queens, New York) is a United States multimillionaire who gained celebrity status by becoming the first space tourist to pay for his own ticket, although he himself opposes being called tourist and asks to be called an independent researcher since he performed... Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur who was the second self-funded space tourist and first African in space. ... To see the football player on the Miami Hurricanes see Greg Olsen (football player) Gregory Hammond Greg Olsen (b. ... Anousheh Ansari (Persian: , born 12 September 1966) is the Iranian-American co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems, Inc and a spaceflight participant with the Russian space program. ... Charles Simonyi (Hungarian: Simonyi Károly; born September 10, 1948, Budapest) is a computer software executive who, as head of Microsofts application software group, oversaw the creation of Microsofts flagship office applications. ...

The Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination: a specially-designed space-travel currency.
The Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination: a specially-designed space-travel currency.

On April 28, 2001, Dennis Tito became the first "fee-paying" space tourist when he visited the International Space Station (ISS) for seven days. He was followed in 2002 by South African computer millionaire Mark Shuttleworth. The third was Gregory Olsen in 2005, who is trained as a scientist and whose company produces specialist high-sensitivity cameras. Olsen planned to use his time on the ISS to conduct a number of experiments, in part to test his company's products. Olsen had planned an earlier flight, but had to cancel for health reasons. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Some of the new Quid coins The Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination, called the Quid, is a recently created currency for use by space tourists. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Dennis Anthony Tito (born August 8, 1940 in Queens, New York) is a United States multimillionaire who gained celebrity status by becoming the first space tourist to pay for his own ticket, although he himself opposes being called tourist and asks to be called an independent researcher since he performed... ISS redirects here. ... Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur who was the second self-funded space tourist and first African in space. ... To see the football player on the Miami Hurricanes see Greg Olsen (football player) Gregory Hammond Greg Olsen (b. ...


After the Columbia disaster, space tourism on the Russian Soyuz program was temporarily put on hold, because Soyuz vehicles became the only available transport to the ISS. However, in 2006, space tourism was resumed. On September 18, 2006, Anousheh Ansari, an Iranian American (Soyuz TMA-9), became the fourth space tourist (she prefers spaceflight participant). On April 7, 2007, Charles Simonyi, an American billionaire of Hungarian descent, joined their ranks (Soyuz TMA-10). Crew of STS-107 on launch day (Close up of faces and names) STS-107 was a space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Columbia. ... The Soyuz human spaceflight programme was initiated in the early 1960s as part of the Luna programme that was intended to put a Soviet cosmonaut on the Moon. ... Soyuz (Russian: Союз, pronounced sah-YOUS, meaning union) is a series of spacecraft designed by Sergey Korolyov for the Soviet Unions space program. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anousheh Ansari (Persian: , born 12 September 1966) is the Iranian-American co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems, Inc and a spaceflight participant with the Russian space program. ... Crew Will launch ISS Expedition 14 crew: Michael Lopez-Alegria (4) Commander - U.S.A. Mikhail Tyurin (2) Flight Engineer - Russia Daisuke Enomoto (1) Tourist - Japan Will land ISS Expedition 14 crew: Michael Lopez-Alegria (4) Commander - U.S.A. Mikhail Tyurin (2) Flight Engineer - Russia Sunita Williams (1) Flight... The curvature of the Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of individuals paying for space travel, primarily for personal satisfaction. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Charles Simonyi (Hungarian: Simonyi Károly; born September 10, 1948, Budapest) is a computer software executive who, as head of Microsofts application software group, oversaw the creation of Microsofts flagship office applications. ... Soyuz TMA-10 is a current Soyuz mission, a human spaceflight mission transporting personnel to the International Space Station (ISS). ...


In 2003, NASA and the Russian Space Agency agreed to use the term 'Spaceflight Participant' to distinguish those space travelers from astronauts on missions coordinated by those two agencies. Tito, Shuttleworth, Olsen, Ansari, and Simonyi were designated as such during their respective space flights.[5] NASA also lists Christa McAuliffe as a "Space Flight Participant" (although she did not pay a fee), apparently due to her non-technical duties aboard the STS-51-L flight.-1...


The X Prize

The X-Prize being awarded to the Scaled Composites team
The X-Prize being awarded to the Scaled Composites team

On October 4, 2004, the SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan of Scaled Composites and funded by Virgin Galactic, won the $10,000,000 X Prize, which was designed to be won by the first private company who could reach and surpass an altitude of 62 miles (beyond the Karman line, the arbitrarily defined boundary of space).[6] The first flight was flown by Michael Melvill on June 21, 2004 to a height of 62 miles, making him the first commercial astronaut.[7] The prize-winning flight was flown by Brian Binnie, which reached a height of 69.6 miles, breaking the X-15 record.[6] Download high resolution version (948x572, 99 KB)Description: A symbolic $10 million check is presented to the winners of the Ansari X Prize on November 6, 2004. ... Download high resolution version (948x572, 99 KB)Description: A symbolic $10 million check is presented to the winners of the Ansari X Prize on November 6, 2004. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... SpaceShipOne is small, having a three-person cabin and short but wide wings. ... Elbert Leander Burt Rutan (born June 17, 1943 in Estacada, Oregon) is an American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft. ... Scaled Composites (often abbreviated as Scaled), formerly the Rutan Aircraft Factory, is located at the Mojave Spaceport, Mojave, California, United States and is headed by aircraft designer Burt Rutan. ... Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... For other uses, see X Prize (disambiguation). ... Layers of Atmosphere (NOAA) The Kármán line is an internationally designated altitude commonly used to define outer space. ... SpaceShipOne test pilot Mike Melvill Michael W. Melvill (born November 1941) is one of the test pilots for SpaceShipOne, the experimental spaceplane developed by Scaled Composites. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... SpaceShipOne test pilot Brian Binnie Brian Binnie is one of the test pilots for SpaceShipOne, the experimental spaceplane developed by Scaled Composites. ... Description Role: Research Aircraft Crew: one, pilot Dimensions Length: 50. ...


List of flown space tourists

Space tourist Mark Shuttleworth
Space tourist Mark Shuttleworth

All five space tourists flew to and from the International Space Station on Soyuz spacecraft through the space tourism company, Space Adventures:[8] Download high resolution version (1356x1100, 278 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1356x1100, 278 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur who was the second self-funded space tourist and first African in space. ... ISS redirects here. ... Soyuz (Russian: Союз, pronounced sah-YOUS, meaning union) is a series of spacecraft designed by Sergey Korolyov for the Soviet Unions space program. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

  1. Dennis Tito (American): April 28 - May 6, 2001
  2. Mark Shuttleworth (South African / British): April 25 - May 5, 2002 - First African in Space
  3. Gregory Olsen (American): October 1 - October 11, 2005
  4. Anousheh Ansari (Iranian / American): September 18 - September 29, 2006
  5. Charles Simonyi (Hungarian / American): April 7 - April 21, 2007[9]

Dennis Anthony Tito (born August 8, 1940 in Queens, New York) is a United States multimillionaire who gained celebrity status by becoming the first space tourist to pay for his own ticket, although he himself opposes being called tourist and asks to be called an independent researcher since he performed... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Mark Richard Shuttleworth (born 18 September 1973) is a South African entrepreneur who was the second self-funded space tourist and first African in space. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... To see the football player on the Miami Hurricanes see Greg Olsen (football player) Gregory Hammond Greg Olsen (b. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anousheh Ansari (Persian: , born 12 September 1966) is the Iranian-American co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems, Inc and a spaceflight participant with the Russian space program. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Simonyi (Hungarian: Simonyi Károly; born September 10, 1948, Budapest) is a computer software executive who, as head of Microsofts application software group, oversaw the creation of Microsofts flagship office applications. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

Future space tourists

The following people have been named as possible future commercial passengers on Soyuz spacecraft to the ISS:

  • Vladimir Gruzdev (Russia). Expected to fly in 2009.[12] Gruzdev is a United Russia pro-presidential party member. The United Russia party may pay the estimated $25 million for the flight from the party funds. Gruzdev has had a medical examination and been given approval to begin the cosmonaut training program. Gruzdev previously participated in the Arktika 2007 mission, which placed a Russian flag on the seabed near the North Pole.
  • Francisco Navarro-Grau (Peru) expected to fly in August 2008.

Additionally, as of November 2007 Virgin Galactic had pre-sold nearly 200 seats for their suborbital space tourism flights, according to the company's president.[13] Richard Garriott in Lord British attire Richard Allen Garriott (born July 4, 1961; nickname Lord British) is a significant figure in the video game industry. ... // Michael Fincke (2) Commander -  United States Salizhan Sharipov (3) Flight Engineer -  Russia ??? ??? Previous mission: Soyuz TMA-12 Soyuz TMA-13 Next mission: Soyuz TMA-14 Categories: | | | ... Owen Kay Garriott, Ph. ... Vladimir Gruzdev is a Russian millionaire who is expected to become the sixth and first Russian space tourist and be launched in october 2008 on board Soyuz TMA-13. ... United Russia (Yedinaya Rossiya, Russian Единая Россия; the more correct translation is Unified Russia) is a political party in the Russian Federation which usually labels itself centrist. ... Arctic topography Arktika 2007 (Russian: ) was a 2007 expedition in which Russia performed the first ever crewed descent to the ocean bottom at the North Pole, as part of research related to the 2001 Russian territorial claim, one of many territorial claims in the Arctic. ... For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ... Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ...


Legality

In December 2005, the U.S. Government released a set of proposed rules for space tourism. December 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → 31 December 2005 (Saturday) 25-year-old Scottish human rights worker Kate Burton and her parents are freed unharmed in the Gaza Strip by the Palestinian gunmen who kidnapped them two days earlier. ... ...


Under current US law, any company proposing to launch paying passengers from American soil on a suborbital rocket must receive a license from the Federal Aviation Administration's Office of Commercial Space Transportation (FAA/AST). The licensing process focuses on public safety and safety of property, and the details can be found in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 14, Chapter III.[14] This is in accordance with the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act passed by Congress in 2004.[15] FAA redirects here. ... The Office of Commercial Space Transportation is a division of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that approves any commercial rocket launches—that is, any launches that are not classified as model, amateur, or by and for the government. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Suborbital flights

More affordable suborbital space tourism is viewed as a money-making proposition by several other companies, including Space Adventures, Virgin Galactic, Starchaser, Blue Origin, Armadillo Aerospace, XCOR Aerospace, Rocketplane Limited, the European "Project Enterprise",[16] and others.[citation needed] Most are proposing vehicles that make suborbital flights peaking at an altitude of 100-160 kilometres.[17] Passengers would experience three to six minutes of weightlessness, a view of a twinkle-free starfield, and a vista of the curved Earth below. Projected costs are expected to be about $200,000 per passenger.[18][19][20][21][22] This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... Starchaser Industries is a British company headed by CEO Steve Bennet, working on the development of rockets for commercial space access. ... Blue Origin is a privately-funded aerospace company initially focused on sub-orbital spaceflight founded in 2000. ... Armadillo Aerospace is an aerospace startup company based in Mesquite, Texas. ... XCOR Aerospace is a private rocket engine and spaceflight development company based in Mojave, California at the Mojave Spaceport. ... Rocketplane Limited, Inc. ... A sub-orbital spaceflight (or sub-orbital flight) is a spaceflight that does not involve putting a vehicle into orbit. ... “km” redirects here. ...


Virgin Galactic

Main article: Virgin Galactic
Spaceship One, the first private space tourism spaceship to fly above the 100 km Karman Line
Spaceship One, the first private space tourism spaceship to fly above the 100 km Karman Line

Virgin Galactic, one of the leading potential space tourism groups, is planning to have passenger service on its first spaceship, the VSS Enterprise (Scaled Composites SpaceShipTwo), with the inaugural launch in 2008 and main flights beginning in 2009.[23] The price is initially set at $200,000. Headed by Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Group, Virgin Galactic will be the first private space tourism company to regularly send civilians into space, by training them for 3 days before their launch. The SpaceShipTwo spaceship was built as a result of the Ansari X Prize (which was won by SpaceShipOne); both SpaceShipOne and SpaceShipTwo were designed by Burt Rutan. Launches will first occur at the Mojave Spaceport in California, and will then be moved to the permanent spaceport in Upham, New Mexico, near Truth or Consequences. The spaceships used will go 360,000 feet (109.73 km, or 68.18 miles) high; this goes beyond the height of 100 km, which is the internationally defined boundary between Earth and space. Space flights will last 2.5 hours, carry 6 passengers, and reach a speed of Mach 3. SpaceShipTwo will not require a space shuttle-like heat shield for atmospheric reentry as it will not experience the extreme aerodynamic heating experienced during reentry at orbital velocities (approximately Mach 22.5 at a typical shuttle altitude of 300 km, or 185 miles).[24] The glider will employ a "feathering" technique to manage drag during the unpowered descent and landing. SpaceShipTwo will use a single hybrid rocket motor to launch from mid-air after detaching from a mother ship at 50,000 feet, instead of NASA's Space Shuttle's ground-based launch. Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x774, 76 KB) Spaceship One in flight Source: Rokits XPrize gallery, specifically 316_from_ex_1024. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x774, 76 KB) Spaceship One in flight Source: Rokits XPrize gallery, specifically 316_from_ex_1024. ... SpaceShipOne is small, having a three-person cabin and short but wide wings. ... Layers of Atmosphere (NOAA) The Kármán line is an internationally designated altitude commonly used to define outer space. ... The VSS Enterprise is the first commercial spaceship being constructed by Virgin Galactic, based on the design of SpaceShipOne. ... Richard Branson (right) presents the Governor of New Mexico Bill Richardson with (possibly) an early scale model of Virgin SpaceShip (VSS) aka SpaceShipTwo SpaceShipTwo is a suborbital spaceplane currently under development by The Spaceship Company, a joint venture between Scaled Composites and Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, as part... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand of over 360 companies. ... Virgin Group Ltd is a conglomeration of separately run companies that each use the Virgin brand of British celebrity business tycoon Sir Richard Branson. ... SpaceShipTwo is a suborbital spaceplane currently under development by The Spaceship Company, a joint venture between Scaled Composites and Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group of the UK, as part of the Tier 1b program. ... For other uses, see X Prize (disambiguation). ... SpaceShipOne is small, having a three-person cabin and short but wide wings. ... Elbert Leander Burt Rutan (born June 17, 1943 in Estacada, Oregon) is an American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Upham New Mexico is the planned site for the Southwest Regional Spaceport. ... Truth or Consequences is a spa city in Sierra County, New Mexico, United States. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ... This article is about the space vehicle. ... Atmospheric entry is the transition from the vacuum of space to the atmosphere of any planet or other celestial body. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ...


Project Enterprise

Main article: Project Enterprise

The project [25] was launched by the German TALIS Institute in 2004 - it is the first project of this kind in Europe. The goal is to develop a rocket propelled spaceplane until 2011. It will carry one pilot and up to five passengers suborbital into space. The plane will return unpowered like Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo. The concept differs from the others in the following:

  • Ground Launch: The plane will launch from the ground using rockets. This reduces maintenance and costs for a "mothership."
  • Several smaller prototypes will be developed in order to proof the concept before the definitive spaceplane will be constructed.
  • Launch site in Europe: The spaceplane and also the prototypes will be launched from an airport near Cochstedt (Germany; Saxony-Anhalt).
  • Ecofriendly: The rocket engines will use CO2 neutral fuel.

Since 2004, TALIS Institute has gained many industrial partners, most notably:

  • XtremeAir [26], who delivers the airframe. XtremeAir is well known for their acrobatic airplanes and is situated at the launch site in Cochstedt.
  • Swiss Propulsion Laboratory SPL [27], who delivers the propulsion components. SPL has designed and tested liquid propellant rocket engines since 1998.

Current work is focusing on the first prototype, the "Black Sky": An existing acrobatic airplane will be fitted with a single rocket engine and a new wing. The rocket engine will deliver a thrust of 10 kN. The test program for this engine started in 2007 at SPL.


Orbital flights, space stations and space hotels

  • EADS Astrium, a subsidiary of European aerospace giant EADS, announced its space tourism project on June 13, 2007.[28]
  • Bigelow Aerospace is a Las Vegas, Nevada, space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules.[29]
  • SpaceX is a private space company which develops their own rocket family called Falcon and a capsule named Dragon, capable of sending up to 7 people to any space station, either ISS or a possible station by Bigelow Aerospace. Falcon 1 has already undertaken testflights and is on the way to its first commercial flight, Falcon 9 (which would be the rocket for the Dragon capsule) is currently at the test facility and will take its first testflight later that year. The Dragon capsule is slated to enter service 2009.
  • Constellation Services International (CSI) is working on a project to send manned spacecraft on commercial circumlunar missions. Their offer would include a week-long stay at the ISS, as well as a week-long trip around the Moon[citation needed].
  • Space Adventures Ltd. have also announced that they are working on circumlunar missions to the moon, with the price per passenger being $100,000,000.[30] They are currently developing spaceports at the United Arab Emirates (Ras al-Khaimah) and in Singapore.
  • Orbital space tourist flights are also being planned by Excalibur Almaz, using modernized TKS space capsules.

Several plans have been proposed for using a space station as a hotel.[31] American motel tycoon Robert Bigelow has acquired the designs for inflatable space habitats from the Transhab program abandoned by NASA. His company, Bigelow Aerospace already launched the first inflatable habitat module named Genesis I in 12 July 2006. The second test module, Genesis II was launched 28 June 2007. It is also currently planning to launch a prototype space station module by late 2008, and plans to officially launch the first commercial space station by 2010 (tagged Nautilus) which will have 330 cubic meters (almost as big as the ISS's 425 cubic meters of usable volume).[32] EADS Astrium, one of the three business units of EADS Space, this company being a subsidiary of EADS, is an European space manufacturer involved in the manufacture of spacecraft used for science, Earth observation and telecommunication, as well as the equipment and subsystems used therein and related ground systems. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... Mock-up of the vehicle at Paris Air Show 2007 The EADS Astrium Space Tourism Project, also called EADS Astrium TBN according to some sources[1], has been officially unveiled in Paris by EADS Astrium, the space subsidiary of the French-German consortium EADS, on June 13, 2007. ... Bigelow Aerospace is a North Las Vegas, Nevada space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. ... The Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX) is a space-transportation startup company whose stated goal is to improve the cost and reliability of access to space ultimately by a factor of ten. It is based in El Segundo, California, USA. SpaceX is developing a family of partially reusable two-stage... The SpaceX Dragon is a conventional blunt-cone ballistic capsule spacecraft, capable of carrying 7 people or a mixture of personnel and cargo, to and from low Earth orbit. ... Bigelow Aerospace is a North Las Vegas, Nevada space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. ... The Falcon 1 is a partially reusable launch system, designed and manufactured by SpaceX, a space-transportation startup company founded by entrepreneur and PayPal founder Elon Musk to provide commercial launch-to-space services. ... The Falcon 9 is an EELV class launch vehicle planned by SpaceX and scheduled to launch in 2008. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Constellation Services International (CSI) is working on a project to become the first company in history to send paying customers in an orbit around Earths moon. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... --Blux 3 16:10, 7 July 2007 (UTC) The flag of Ras al-Khaimah Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة the top of the tent) is one of the United Arab Emirates. ... Excalibur Almaz is a private spaceflight company which plans to orbit manned spacecraft, by using modernized TKS space capsules and Almaz space stations, derived from the formerly secret Soviet space program. ... The TKS spacecraft was first designed as a Proton rocket launched manned spacecraft, with the VA (Vozvrashaemiy Apparat) capsule on top for the crew, where they would enter the lower portion of the TKS, the FGB (the Functional Cargo Block), through a hatch cut in the heat shield. ... The International Space Station in 2007 A space station is an artificial structure designed for humans to live in outer space. ... Robert Bigelow is a hotel entrepreneur with a keen interest in space flight. ... A cut away view of a Transhab concept. ... Bigelow Aerospace is a North Las Vegas, Nevada space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. ... The Nautilus space station module is the complete full-scale production model of Bigelow Aerospaces inflatable space habitation module program. ...


Bigelow Aerospace is currently offering the America's Space Prize, a $50 million prize to the first US company to create a reusable spacecraft capable of carrying passengers to a Nautilus space station. The Americas Space Prize Logo Americas Space Prize is a US$50 million orbital spaceflight competition established and funded by hotel entrepreneur Robert Bigelow. ...


Other companies have also expressed interest in constructing "space hotels". For example, Excalibur Almaz plans to modernize and launch its Soviet-era Almaz space stations, which will feature the largest windows ever on spacecraft. Virgin's Richard Branson has expressed his hope for the construction of a space hotel within his lifetime. He expects that beginning a space tourism program will cost $100 million.[18] Hilton International announced the Space Islands Project, a plan to connect together used Space Shuttle fuel tanks, each the diameter of a Boeing 747 aircraft.[33] A separate organization, Space Island Group[34] announced their distinct Space Island Project (note the singular "Island"), and plans on having 20,000 people on their "space island" by 2020, with the number of people doubling for each decade.[35] British Airways has expressed interest in the venture. If and when Space Hotels develop, it would initially cost a passenger $60,000, with prices lowering over time.[36] Excalibur Almaz is a private spaceflight company which plans to orbit manned spacecraft, by using modernized TKS space capsules and Almaz space stations, derived from the formerly secret Soviet space program. ... The Almaz (Алмаз - Diamond) program was a series of military space stations launched by the Soviet Union under cover of the Salyut program. ... Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English entrepreneur, best known for his Virgin brand of over 360 companies. ... Hilton Group plc LSE: HG. is a British based leisure company. ... Space Islands is a commercial space station project run by Hilton International. ... This article is about the space vehicle. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... Space Island Group (SIG) is a commercial organization based in West Covina, CA that is dedicated to the development of commerce, research, manufacturing and tourism in space. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Space Island Group. ... 2020 (MMXX) will be a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ...


Fashion designer Eri Matsui has designed clothing, including a wedding gown, intended to look best in weightless environments. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Advocacy, education, and industry organizations

Several organizations have been formed to promote the space tourism industry, including the Space Tourism Society, and others.[37][38][39] More information about the future of Space Tourism can be found at Space Tourism Lecture, which is a free online Space Tourism Lecture handout collection. Since 2003 Dr. Robert A. Goehlich teaches the world's first and only Space Tourism class at Keio University, Yokohama, Japan.


Opinions of commercial space tourism

A recent web-based survey suggested that over 70% of those surveyed wanted less than or equal to 2 weeks in space; in addition, 88% wanted to spacewalk (only 74% of these would do it for a 50% premium), and 21% wanted a hotel or space station.[40]


Objection to "Space Tourist" terminology

Further information: Astronaut#Terminology

Dennis Tito, Gregory Olsen and Anousheh Ansari have all expressed their disapproval of the term, "space tourist", on the basis that all three carried out scientific experiments as part of their journey. Tito has asked to be known as an "independent researcher" while Ansari prefers the term, "private space explorer".[41] For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ...


See also

Armadillo Aerospace is an aerospace startup company based in Mesquite, Texas. ... Bigelow Aerospace is a North Las Vegas, Nevada space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. ... Blue Origin is a privately-funded aerospace company initially focused on sub-orbital spaceflight founded in 2000. ... Patricia G. Smith, Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation at the FAA, presents SpaceShipOne pilot Micheal Melvill the departments first commercial astronaut wings Commercial Astronaut Badge Commercial Astronaut is a title, awarded by United States Federal Aviation Administration to those civilian pilots and crew members on-board an FAA... The space fountain concept is a form of space elevator that does not require the structure to be in geosynchronous orbit, and does not rely on tensile strength for support. ... A list of private companies offering or planning manned spaceflights for space tourism. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Artists conception of a space habitat called the Stanford torus, by Don Davis Space colonization (also called space settlement, space humanization, space habitation, etc. ... The curvature of the Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of individuals paying for space travel, primarily for personal satisfaction. ... The Space Tourism Society (STS) is a new not-for-profit society specifically focused on space tourism based in USA. STS have chapters in Japan, Norway, and the United Kingdom. ... Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... Some of the new Quid coins The Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination, called the Quid, is a recently created currency for use by space tourists. ...

References

  1. ^ "Space: the forgotten frontier?" (2003-03-01). 
  2. ^ "1991: Sharman becomes first Briton in space]" (1991-05-18). 
  3. ^ Int'l space station ticket price climbs. AP.
  4. ^ Boyle, Alan. "Regulators OK Oklahoma spaceport - Suborbital test flights could begin in 2007, setting stage for tourists", MSNBC, 13 June 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-26. 
  5. ^ Payload Specialist Astronauts. Retrieved on 2007-05-20.
  6. ^ a b SpaceShipOne Captures X-PrizeOctober 4, 2004
  7. ^ SpaceShipOne pilot bio: Michael W. Melvill May 2005
  8. ^ "How Space Tourism Works" . 
  9. ^ Charles in Space Charles Simonyi's blog and video blog about his trip to the ISS
  10. ^ CBS News (2007). Russian lawmaker could be next space tourist: report (English). CBS News. Retrieved on September 14, 2007.
  11. ^ William Atkins (2007). Lord British: 6th space tourist, 1st to commercialize space station (English). ITWire. Retrieved on September 11, 2007.
  12. ^ First Russian space flight participant will not lift off until 2009. RIA Novosti (2007-10-05).
  13. ^ Spaceflights now for sale; scary part is price. Seattle Post-Intelligencer (November 14, 2007).
  14. ^ "Electronic Code of Federal Regulations" . 
  15. ^ "Congress Passes Space Tourism Bill" (2004-12-09). 
  16. ^ Project Enterprise. Retrieved on 2008-03-26.
  17. ^ "Scotland 2040: Spaceships head for Moon with lunar golfers and crater ramblers aboard" (2006-10-12). 
  18. ^ a b "British tycoon wants to fly you to space: Virgin Galactic plans to sell $200,000 rides" (2004-09-28). 
  19. ^ X PRIZE Foundation.
  20. ^ Space Adventures.
  21. ^ Zero Gravity Corporation.
  22. ^ The Last Frontier Of Tourism (article by Stefan Tiron, published by monochrom)
  23. ^ Virgin Galactic - Virgin Galactic
  24. ^ "Flight to Orbit" . 
  25. ^ Project Enterprise. Retrieved on 2008-03-26.
  26. ^ Project Enterprise - XtremeAir. Retrieved on 2008-03-26.
  27. ^ Project Enterprise - Swiss Propulsion Laboratory SPL. Retrieved on 2008-03-26.
  28. ^ Europe joins space tourism race, Times online, June 10, 2007
  29. ^ An interview with Michael Gold about Bigelow Aerospace.
  30. ^ "$100 Million Moon Trip: Space Tourism's Hot Ticket?" (2005-08-10). 
  31. ^ Space hotels.
  32. ^ "A Room with a View of Mars, Please" (2006-10-06). 
  33. ^ Hilton to back space hotel (1999-03-09). Retrieved on 2007-05-20.
  34. ^ The Space Island Group's Mission (2006). Retrieved on 2007-05-20.
  35. ^ "http://www.spaceislandgroup.com/sig-vision.html" . 
  36. ^ "Space Future - Prospects of Space Tourism]" (1996=05-15). 
  37. ^ Space Tourism Society
  38. ^ Space Future Journal.
  39. ^ "Space Tourism: Personal Spaceflight for you ..." . 
  40. ^ "http://www.space.com/news/061003_tourism_survey.html" . 
  41. ^ www.anoushehansari.com. Retrieved on 2006-09-22.

is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... RIA (Russian Information Agency) Novosti is a Russian press agency based in Moscow. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... monochrom members: (back) Johannes Grenzfurthner, Evelyn Fürlinger, Roland Gratzer; (front) Günther Friesinger, Franz Ablinger. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... A list of private companies offering or planning manned spaceflights for space tourism. ... Bigelow Aerospace is a North Las Vegas, Nevada space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. ... Blue Origin is a privately-funded aerospace company initially focused on sub-orbital spaceflight founded in 2000. ... Mock-up of the vehicle at Paris Air Show 2007 The EADS Astrium Space Tourism Project, also called EADS Astrium TBN according to some sources[1], has been officially unveiled in Paris by EADS Astrium, the space subsidiary of the French-German consortium EADS, on June 13, 2007. ... Rocketplane Limited, Inc. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Scaled Composites (often abbreviated as Scaled), formerly the Rutan Aircraft Factory, is located at the Mojave Spaceport, Mojave, California, United States and is headed by aircraft designer Burt Rutan. ... The Spaceship Company is a spacecraft manufacturing company formed by Burt Rutan and Richard Branson, jointly owned by Virgin Group and Scaled Composites, which will own the techology created by Scaled for Virgin Galctics Virgin SpaceShip program. ... Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x993, 1709 KB) Summary Uploaded by Johntex NASA Center: Johnson Space Center Image # : 51A-104-049 Date : 11/14/1984 Title Satellites For Sale Full Description Astronaut Dale A. Gardner, having just completed the major portion of his second extravehicular activity... ARCA logo Asociatia Romana pentru Cosmonautica si Aeronautica (ARCA) or Cosmonautics and Aeronautics Romanian Association is a non-governmental organization that promotes aerospace projects as well as other space-related activities. ... LiftPort Group is a privately-held Washington State corporation with headquarters in Bremerton, Washington. ... The Personal Spaceflight Federation is a private spaceflight industry group. ... The Space Tourism Society (STS) is a new not-for-profit society specifically focused on space tourism based in USA. STS have chapters in Japan, Norway, and the United Kingdom. ... AAA logo The Association of Autonomous Astronauts is a world-wide network of community based groups dedicated to building their own spaceships. ... Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne SpaceShipOnes patch The Scaled Composites Model 316 SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched suborbital spaceplane that uses a hybrid rocket motor. ... Genesis I is an experimental space habitat designed and built by the private American firm Bigelow Aerospace and launched in 2006. ... Genesis II is the second experimental space habitat designed and built by the private American firm Bigelow Aerospace. ... The International Space Station in 2007 A space station is an artificial structure designed for humans to live in outer space. ... A pair of ONeill cylinders Interior of a Torus (doughnut-shaped) station A space habitat, also called space colony or orbital colony, is a space station intended as a permanent settlement rather than as a simple waystation or other specialized facility. ... Artists conception of a space habitat called the Stanford torus, by Don Davis Space colonization (also called space settlement, space humanization, space habitation, etc. ... Commercialization of space is the use of outer space for the purpose of generating a profit, either by a corporation or state. ... A suborbital spaceplane is a spaceplane designed specifically for sub-orbital spaceflight. ... The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of tourists paying for flights into space. ... For other uses, see X Prize (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Howstuffworks "How Space Tourism Works" (396 words)
The space tourism industry is officially open for business, and tickets are going for a mere $20 million for a one-week stay in space.
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The only obstacles to opening up space to tourists are the space agencies, who are concerned with safety and the development of a reliable, reusable launch vehicle.
Howstuffworks "How Space Tourism Works" (366 words)
The space tourism industry is officially open for business, and tickets are going for a mere $20 million for a one-week stay in space.
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