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Encyclopedia > Sozopol
Sozopol
Sozopol
Architectural heritage of Sozopol
Architectural heritage of Sozopol
Fishermen's boats in Sozopol
Fishermen's boats in Sozopol
Ancient remains
Ancient remains
Old wooden houses in the town
Old wooden houses in the town
Fortress
Fortress
Beach located in the old quarter
Beach located in the old quarter
The peninsula of the old city quarter
The peninsula of the old city quarter

Sozopol (Bulgarian: Созопол) is a small ancient town located 30 km south of Burgas on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, in Bulgaria. Today the town is mostly a seaside resort known for the Apollonia art and film festival (which takes place in early September) and is named after one of Sozopol's ancient names. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (780 × 624 pixel, file size: 255 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (780 × 624 pixel, file size: 255 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,280 × 960 pixels, file size: 967 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,280 × 960 pixels, file size: 967 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (600 × 800 pixels, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (600 × 800 pixels, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (960 × 1,280 pixels, file size: 964 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (960 × 1,280 pixels, file size: 964 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (600 × 800 pixels, file size: 190 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (600 × 800 pixels, file size: 190 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (960 × 1,280 pixels, file size: 937 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (960 × 1,280 pixels, file size: 937 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sozopol, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... “km” redirects here. ... Burgas (Bulgarian: , sometimes transliterated as Bourgas) is the second-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast with population 205,821. ... The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast covers the whole eastern border of Bulgaria. ...


The busiest times of the year are, of course, the summer months, ranging from May to September as tourists from around the world come to enjoy the fine weather, sandy beaches, history and culture, fusion cuisine (Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish), and overall atmosphere of the colourful resort. The increasing popularity of the town has led to it being dubbed the Bulgarian St. Tropez, seeing stars like Ralph Fiennes, Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie and Goldfrapp exploring its beauty and charm[1]. Saint-Tropez is a commune of the Var département in southern France, located on the French Riviera. ... Ralph Nathaniel Fiennes, (IPA: ), born 22 December 1962) is a Tony Award-winning, Academy Award-nominated and Genie Award-nominated British actor. ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Angelina Jolie (born Angelina Jolie Voight on June 4, 1975) is an American film actor, a former fashion model, and a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN Refugee Agency. ... Goldfrapp is a British electronica group known for their visual theatrics and contribution to the popularization of electronic dance music. ...


Part of Burgas Province, as of September 2005 Sozopol has a population of 4,641.GRBulgaria The town is located at 42°25′N, 27°42′E and the mayor is Veska Karamanova. One of the most active and popular mayors had been Nikola Kaloyanov, who initiated numerous infrastructure changes to modernize the town in the 70s. Burgas Province or oblast (Bulgarian: Област Бургас) is located in southeastern Bulgaria, on the southern Black Sea coast. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nikola Kaloyanov (Cyrillic: Никола Калоянов) was born on June 14, 1934 in Bulgaria. ...

Contents

History

Sozopol is one of the oldest towns on Bulgarian Thrace's Black Sea coast. The first settlement on the site dates back to the Bronze Age. Undersea explorations in the region of the port reveal relics of dwellings, ceramic pottery, stone and bone tools from that era. Many anchors from the second and first millennium BC have been discovered in the town's bay, a proof of active shipping since ancient times. View of the city of Sliven and the eastern Upper Thracian Plain from southern Stara Planina The Upper Thracian Plain (Bulgarian: , Gornotrakiyska nizina) constitutes the northern part of the historical region of Thrace. ... For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


The town, at first called Antheia, was colonized in Thrace on the shore of the Pontus Euxinus, principally on a little island, by Anaximander (born 610-609 BC) at the head of Milesian colonists. The name was soon changed to Apollonia, on account of a temple dedicated to Apollo in the town, containing a famous colossal statue of the god Apollo by Calamis, 30 cubits high, transported later to Rome by Lucullus and placed in the Capitol. At various times, Apollonia was known as Apollonia Pontica (that is, Apollonia on the Black Sea, the ancient Pontus Euxinus) and Apollonia Magna (Great Apollonia). Anaximander Possibly what Anaximanders map looked like Anaximander (Greek: Αναξίμανδρος)(c. ... The Milesians of Hellenic (Greek) civilization were the inhabitants of Miletus, a city in the Anatolia province of modern-day Turkey, near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and at the mouth of the Meander River. ... Apollonia was a Thracian city on the Black Sea (afterwards Sozopolis and Sizeboli, now Sozopol in modern Bulgaria), colonized by the Milesians, and famous for its colossal statue of Apollo by Calamis, which Lucullus removed to Rome. ... For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... Omphalos Apollo, Roman copy, Musei Capitolini Calamis (fl. ... Lucius Licinius Lucullus (c. ... The Capitoline Hill (Capitolinus Mons), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the most famous and smallest of the seven hills of Rome. ...


The coins, which begin in the fourth century BC, bear the name Apollonia and the image of Apollo; the imperial coins, which continue to the first half of the third century AD, and the Tabula Peutinger also contain the name Apollonia; but the "Periplus Ponti Euxini", 85, and the Notitiæ episcopatuum have only the new name Sozopolis. In 1328 Cantacuzene (ed. Bonn, I, 326) speaks of it as a large and populous town. The islet on which it stood is now connected with the mainland by a narrow tongue of land. Sozopolis, in Greek Sozòpolis (Σωζωπολις, meaning the "preserve" city), in Turkish Sizebolu, in Bulgarian Sozopol, is in Burgas Province, Bulgaria. Its inhabitants, in the past mostly Greeks, lived by fishing and agriculture. Tabula Peutingeriana (section) — top to bottom: Dalmatian coast, Adriatic Sea, southern Italy, Sicily, African Mediterranean coast The Tabula Peutingeriana (Peutinger table) is an itinerarium showing the cursus publicus, the road network in the Roman Empire. ... The Notitiae Episcopatuum (singular: Notitia Episcopatuum) is the name given to official documents that furnish for Eastern countries the list and hierarchical rank of the metropolitan and suffragan bishoprics of a church. ...


The town established itself as a trade and naval centre in the following centuries. It kept strong political and trade relations with the cities of Ancient GreeceMiletus, Athens, Corinth, Heraclea Pontica and the islands Rhodes, Chios, Lesbos, etc. Its trade influence in the Thracian territories was based on a treaty with the rulers of the Odrysian kingdom dating from the fifth century BC. The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... The lower half of the benches and the remnants of the scene building of the theater of Miletus (August 2005) Miletus (Carian: Anactoria Hittite: Milawata or Millawanda, Greek: Μίλητος transliterated Miletos, Turkish: Milet) was an ancient city on the western coast of Anatolia (in what is now Aydin Province, Turkey), near... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Corinth, or Korinth (Greek: Κόρινθος, Kórinthos; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a Greek city-state, on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnesus to the mainland of Greece. ... Heraclea Pontica (Greek: Ηράκλεια Ποντική; modern day Karadeniz EreÄŸli, in the Zonguldak Province of Turkey, on the Black Sea), an ancient city on the coast of Bithynia in Asia Minor, at the mouth of the river Lycus. ... This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... Chios (Greek: , alternative transliterations Khios and Hios), is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea seven kilometres (five miles) off the Turkish coast. ... Lesbos (Modern Greek: Lesvos (Λέσβος), Turkish: Midilli), is a Greek island located in the northeastern Aegean Sea. ... Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak  Thrace (Bulgarian: , Greek: , Attic Greek: ThrāíkÄ“ or ThrēíkÄ“, Latin: , Turkish: ) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. ... The Odrysian kingdom was a union of Thracian tribes that endured between the 5th century BC and the 3rd century BC. It consisted of present-day Bulgaria, spreading from Romania to northern Greece and Turkey. ...


The symbol of the town – the anchor, present on all coins minted by Apollonia since the sixth century BC, is proof of the importance of its maritime trade. The rich town soon became an important cultural centre. At these times it was called Apollonia Magna.


Occupied in turn by Byzantines, Bulgarians and Ottomans, Sozopol was assigned to the newly independent Bulgaria in the 19th century. Almost all of its Greek population moved to Greece to be replaced by Bulgarian refugees from Eastern Thrace. Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... Prominent issues in Greek foreign policy include a dispute over the name of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the enduring Cyprus problem, Greek-Turkish differences over the Aegean, and relations with the USA. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Greek refusal to recognize the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia...


Ecclesiastical history

Sozopol was Christianized early. Bishops are recorded as resident there from at least 431. At least eight bishops are known (Le Quien, Oriens christianus, I, 1181): Athanasius (431), Peter (680), Euthymius (787) and Ignatius (869) (all of whom in the Roman Catholic Church); Theodosius (1357), Joannicius, who became Patriarch of Constantinople (1524), Philotheus (1564) and Joasaph (1721) (all of whom in the Eastern Orthodox Church[1]). Michel Le Quien (Boulogne-sur-Mer 8 October 1661–Paris 12 March 1733) was a French historian and theologian. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, ranking as the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox communion. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The...


From being suffragan to the archbishopric of Adrianopolis, it became in the fourteenth century a metropolis without suffragan sees; it disappeared perhaps temporarily with the Turkish conquest, but reappeared later; in 1808 it was united to the See of Agathopolis. The titular resided at Agathopolis, in Ottoman days called Akhtébolou, in the vilayet of Adrianopolis (Edirne, in European Turkey). A bishop is an ordained person who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... Adrianople redirects here. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... Ahtopol (Bulgarian: ; Greek: , Agathoúpolis) is a town and seaside resort on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... Ahtopol (Bulgarian: ; Greek: , Agathoúpolis) is a town and seaside resort on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575 Edirne is a city in Thrace, the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. ...


Eubel (Hierarchia catholica medii ævi, I, 194) mentions four Latin bishops of the fourteenth century. Konrad Eubel (1842-1923) was a German Franciscan historian. ...


The city remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church, that of Sozopolis in Haemimonto, suffragan of Adrianopolis. The seat has stood vacant since the death of the last titular bishop in 2000[2]. When first appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Honolulu in Hawaii, Joseph Anthony Ferrario became a titular bishop of the titular see of the ancient Egyptian city of Cusae. ...


Art flourished in the Christian era. The ancient icons and magnificent woodcarving in the iconostases are a remarkable accomplishment of the craftsmanship of these times. The architecture of the houses in the old town from the Renaissance period makes it a unique place to visit today. Five-panel Deesis row, Iconostasis in the Cathedral of the Annunciation in Moscow Kremlin by Theophanes the Greek, 1405 In Eastern Christianity an iconostasis (the plural is iconostases), also called the templon, is a wall of icons and religious paintings, separating the nave from the sanctuary in a church. ... The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ...


Names

The original name of the city is attested as Antheia [3]. Coins were minted in the town bearing the inscription Apollonia, which date from the sixth century BC to the first half of the third century AD. During this period, appellations such as Apollonia Pontica (Apollonia on the Black Sea) and Apollonia Magna (Great Apollonia) have been recorded. By the first century AD, the name Sozopolis began to appear in written records (e.g., in the Periplus Ponti Euxini). After the town became part of the Ottoman Empire, the name was Turkified to Sizeboli, Sizebolu or Sizebolou. After Bulgaria took possession of the town, it was Slavicized to Sozopol.


See also

St. ... Bulgarian Navy ship anchored near St. ... St. ... St. ...

Sources and external links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Sozopol

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Burgas Province or oblast (Bulgarian: Област Бургас) is located in southeastern Bulgaria, on the southern Black Sea coast. ... Ancient Rocks, Aitos Crafts Alley, Aitos Aitos municipality is located in the eastern part of the Republic of Bulgaria and belongs to the administrative boundaries of Burgas county. ... Burgas (Bulgarian: , sometimes transliterated as Bourgas) is the second-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast with population 205,821. ... Karnobat, a city in the Bourgaska State, Karnobat Municipality of Bulgaria. ... Historic buildings in Malko Tarnovo Malko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: ; Little Tarnovo, as opposed to Veliko Tarnovo, Turkish: ) is a town in southeastern Bulgaria 5 km from the Turkish border, part of Burgas Province. ... Nesebar (Bulgarian: Несебър, Nesebăr, though other transliterations are also used), previously known as Mesembria (Greek: Μεσημβρια, Mesimvria) and before that as Menebria, is an ancient city on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, located in Nesebar municipality, Burgas Province. ... Coin of Roman Emperor Caracalla minted in Anchialos (Pomorie) Pomorie (Bulgarian: ; formerly known as Anchialos in Greek, Anchialus in Latin, Tuthom in Bulgar and Анхиало, Anhialo, a Bulgarianized Greek form) is a town in southeastern Bulgaria, located on a narrow rocky peninsula in Burgas Bay on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea... Primorsko (Приморско) is a town in southeastern Bulgaria, part of Burgas Province. ... Sredets (Bulgarian: ) is a town in southeastern Bulgaria, part of Burgas Province. ... A view over Tsarevo Tsarevo (formerly Vassiliko and Michurin) is a resort and fishing town on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, situated on three small coves 72 km southeast of Bourgas, at the eastern foot of the Strandzha Mountain. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://travel.independent.co.uk/news_and_advice/article358117.ece

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sozopol (407 words)
Sozopol is regarded as the oldest and the most artistic town on the Black Sea Southern Coast because of its atmosphere and lifestyle.
The architectural wealth of Old Sozopol is the 46 traditional houses from the period of the Bulgarian Revival and the Christian chapels half-built in the ground.
Sozopol is a popular tourist destination, famous with the artistic community of Bulgaria, as well as the numerous foreign tourists who visit it.
Sozopol - Bulgaria (447 words)
Sozopol is situated in a picturesque small rocky peninsula connected to the mainland by small man-made isthmus, which is wide about 100m only and 10m high.
Sozopol is one of the oldest Hellenic colonial towns nn the Bulgarian Black Sea coast.
Sozopol is very very attractive for Bulgarian and foreign tourists with its charm - the old narrow streets with two storey houses - the first floor is done by stones, the second one is done by wood with a lot of windows.
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