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Encyclopedia > Soviet Western Front
WWII Eastern Front at the beginning of Operation Barbarossa
WWII Eastern Front at the beginning of Operation Barbarossa

The Western Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army, one of the Soviet Army Fronts during the Second World War. This sense of the term is not identical with the more general usage of military front which indicates a geographic area in wartime, although a Soviet Front usually operates within designated boundaries. Download high resolution version (1201x920, 228 KB)German advances on the Eastern Front of World War II during Operation Barbarossa, 1941-06-22 to 1941-09-09. ... Download high resolution version (1201x920, 228 KB)German advances on the Eastern Front of World War II during Operation Barbarossa, 1941-06-22 to 1941-09-09. ... Combatants Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler General (later Mareşal) Ion Antonescu Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Joseph Stalin Strength ~ 3. ... A Front (фронт) was a major military organization in the Soviet Army, roughly equivalent to an army or army group in British or American military terminology. ... This article is about the armed forces of the Soviet Union. ... Front was a major military subdivision of the Soviet Army. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33... A military front is an area in which an army or nation expects to do most of its fighting. ...


It is likely that the Western Front still exists in some form within the Headquarters of the present Moscow Military District of the Russian Ground Forces. The Moscow Military District is a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. ... The Russian Ground Forces (Russian: Сухопутные силы России) are the land forces of Russia, formed from parts of the collapsing Soviet Army in 1992. ...


The Western Front was created on June 22, 1941 from the Western Special Military District (which before July 1940 was known as Belorussian Special Military District). The first Front Commander was Dmitry Pavlov (continuing from his position as District Commander since June 1940). June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Dmitry Grigorevich Pavlov (Russian: , 1897-July 22, 1941) was a Soviet general who commanded the key Soviet Western Front during the initial days of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, or Operation Barbarossa, in June 1941. ...


The western boundary of the Front in June 1941 was 470 km long, from the southern border of Lithuania to the Pripyat River and the town of Vlodava. It connected with the adjacent Northern Front, which extended from the Lithuanian border to the Baltic Sea, and the Southwestern Front in the Ukraine. The Pripyat River (Ukrainian: Припять, Prýpyat; Belarusian: Прыпяць, Prýpyats, Polish Prypeć) is a river in Eastern Europe, of approximately 440 miles (710 km). ... External link http://www. ... Northern Front was a front (Soviet Army group) during the World War II that operated in the Northern direction, hence its name. ... The Southernwestern Front was one of the Soviet Army fronts during the World War II. In 1941 it took part in the tank battles in western Ukraine and the defensive operation around Kiev, in which the Front Chief of Staff General Mikhail Kirponos was killed and the entire Front captured...

Contents

Operational History

Defeat on the Frontiers

The Western Front was on the main axis of attack by the German Army Group Centre during Operation Barbarossa. At the outbreak of war with Germany, the front included the 3rd Soviet Army, 4th Soviet Army, and 10th Soviet Army along the frontier. The 13th Soviet Army initially existed as a headquarters unit only, with no assigned forces. The Front's tanks and aviation at airfields were annihilated by German air strikes. The 1939 partition of Poland according to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact established a new western border with no permanent defense installations, and the army deployment within the Front created weak flanks. The major forces of the Soviet Western Front were concentrated in the Bialystok salient. The German Ninth and Fourth Armies of Army Group Centre penetrated the border north and south of this salient. In the evening of 25 June, the German 47th Panzer Corps cut between Slonim and Volkovysk, forcing the attempted withdrawal of troops in the salient to avoid encirclement and opening the southern approaches to Minsk. Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was created on 22 June 1941 when Army Group B was renamed Army Group Centre. ... Combatants Germany Romania Finland Italy Hungary Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler General (later Mareşal) Ion Antonescu Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Joseph Stalin Strength ~ 3. ... The Soviet Third Army was an important Soviet Red Army field division during World War II. The Third Army was created in 1939 in the Special Belorussian Military District as part of Army Group Vitebsk. ... Molotov signs the German-Soviet non-aggression pact. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Dmitry Pavlov Casualties Unknown 425,000 The Battle of Białystok-Minsk was one of the Border Battles during the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was created on 22 June 1941 when Army Group B was renamed Army Group Centre. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... Slonim (Belarusian: Сло́нім; Russian: Сло́ним Polish: Słonim) is a city in Belarus in the Hrodna voblast, located at the junction of the Scara and Isa rivers, 143 km southeast of Hrodna. ... Vaŭkavysk (Belarusian: ) is a town in the Minsk Province of Belarus. ...


On 27 June 1941, German Panzergruppe 2 and Panzergruppe 3 striking from south and north linked up near Minsk, surrounding and eventually destroying the 3rd Soviet Army and 10th Soviet Army, 13th Soviet Army, and portions of the 4th Soviet Army Soviet Armies, in total about 20 divisions, while the remainder of the Fourth Army fell back eastwards towards the Berezina River. The Soviet Third Army was an important Soviet Red Army field division during World War II. The Third Army was created in 1939 in the Special Belorussian Military District as part of Army Group Vitebsk. ... The Soviet Fourth Army was a Soviet field army of World War II that served on the Eastern Front. ... Categories: Rivers of Belarus | Belarus-related stubs ...


On 28 June 1941, the Ninth and Fourth German Armies linked east of Bialystok splitting the encircled Soviet forces into two pockets: a larger Bialystok pocket containing the Soviet Tenth Army and a smaller Novogrudok pocket. Ultimately, in 17 days the Soviet Western Front lost 420,000 personnel from a total of 625,000. Navahradak (Нава́градак in Belarusian; Polish: Nowogródek; Russian: Novogrudok, Lithuanian: Naugardukas) is a Belarusian city with an old history, the first capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. ...


The Front commander, General of the Army Dmitri G. Pavlov, and the Front Staff were recalled to Moscow. There they were accused of intentional disorganization of defense and retreat without battle, sentenced as traitors, and executed. The families of the traitors were repressed according to NKVD Order no. 00486. This order dealt with families of traitors of Motherland. (They were rehabilitated in 1956.) General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... Dmitry Grigorevich Pavlov (Russian: , 1897-July 22, 1941) was a Soviet general who commanded the key Soviet Western Front during the initial days of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, or Operation Barbarossa, in June 1941. ... The NKVD Order no. ...


Assault on Moscow

The command was transferred to Acting Commander Andrei Yeremenko, and later to Marshal Semyon Timoshenko in July 1941, briefly before newly promoted Colonel General Ivan Konev took over in September. The Front took part in the fierce Battle of Smolensk (1941), which managed to disrupt the German blitzkrieg for two months. When Zhukov took over on 10 October, the Soviet Reserve Front had just been disbanded and its forces incorporated into Western Front, but given the pounding that Soviet forces had suffered, the force numbered only 90,000 men. [1] 16th Soviet Army under Konstantin Rokossovsky held at Volokolamsk, and General L.A. Govorov had 5th Soviet Army, recently raised from 1st Guards Rifle Corps, and soon to include the Soviet 32nd Rifle Division at Mozhaisk. The 43rd Soviet Army was under General K.D. Golubev at Maloyaroslavets, and the 49th Soviet Army was near Kaluga under General I.G. Zakharin. Meanwhile 33rd Army was forming at Naro-Fominsk under General Lieutenant M.G. Yefremov, and was to be assigned to Zhukov's command. The Soviets just managed to halt the German advance in the Battle of Moscow, leading to further furious fighting in the Battles of Rzhev just to the west. Marshal of the Soviet Union Andrei Yeremenko Andrei Ivanovich Yeremenko (Yeryomenko, Андрей Иванович Ерёменко) (October 14, 1892 - November 19, 1970) Soviet general during World War II, Marshal of the Soviet Union... Marshal of the Soviet Union Semyon Timoshenko Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Russian: Семён Константинович Тимошенко) (February 6 O.S (February 18 N.S.), 1895-March 31... Marshal Ivan Konev Ivan Stepanovich Koniev (Russian Иван Степанович Конев) (December 28, 1897 – May 21, 1973), Soviet military commander, was born into a peasant family near Podosinovsky in central Russia (now in Kirov Oblast). ... The eastern front at the time of the Battle of Smolensk. ... The defining characteristic of what is commonly known as Blitzkrieg is that it is a highly mobile form of mechanized warfare. ... Steppe Front was a Front of the Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky (Russian: Константин Константинович Рокоссовский, Polish name Konstanty Rokossowski) (December 21, 1896 – August 3, 1968), Soviet military commander and Polish Defence Minister. ... Volokolamsk (Волокола́мск in Russian) is an administrative center of the Volokolamsky District of the Moscow Oblast in Russia. ... The Soviet Fifth Army was a Soviet field army of World War II. The Fifth Army was created in August 1939 in the Special Kiev Military District. ... The 32nd Rifle Division was first raised in 1934 at Vladivostok and organized as an Siberian Rifle Division. ... Mozhaysk (Можа́йск) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, 110 km to the west from the Russian capital, on the historic road leading to Smolensk and then to Belarus. ... The term Army, besides its generalized meaning (see army) specifically denotes a major military formation in militaries of various countries, including the Soviet Union. ... Naro-Fominsk (Russian: ) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, situated 70 km south-west from Moscow. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Georgi Zhukov Strength ~ 1,500,000 ~ 1,500,000 Casualties 250,000 700,000 The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January... The formation of the Rzhev salient during the winter of 1941-1942. ...


The Front appears to have controlled the three armies - the 5th Soviet Army, 33rd Soviet Army, and 10th Soviet Guards Army - which formed the assault force in the Battle of Smolensk (1943). The Soviet Fifth Army was a Soviet field army of World War II. The Fifth Army was created in August 1939 in the Special Kiev Military District. ... Combatants Axis Soviet Union Commanders Günther von Kluge Andrei Yeremenko, Vasily Sokolovsky Strength 850,000 men, 8,800 guns, 500 tanks, 700 planes[1] 1,253,000 men, 20,640 guns, 1,430 tanks, 1,100 planes[1] Casualties (Soviet est. ...


On 24 April 1944, the Front was divided into the 2nd Belorussian Front and 3rd Belorussian Front. April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The 2nd Belorussian Front (alternative spellings are 2nd Byelorussian Front and 2nd Belarusian Front) was one of the Soviet Army fronts during World War II. The term front was used by the Soviets army in World War II to describe a grouping of two or more armies in the same... The 3rd Belorussian Front (alternative spellings are 3rd Belarusian Front) was one of the Soviet Army fronts during the World War II. At various times, it was commanded by Marshal of the Soviet Union Aleksandr Vasilevsky and General Ivan Chernyakhovsky. ...


Status Today

The Russian Ground Troops continue the Soviet Army’s organizational arrangement of having Military Districts that have both a wartime territorial administration role and the capability to generate formation headquarters (HQs) to command Fronts. This was emphasized by reports of a Moscow Military District exercise in April 2001, when the district’s units were to be divided into two groups, ‘one operating for the western front and the other for the wartime military district’. [2]


It appears likely that the Western Front is still an active formation held within the Headquarters of the Moscow Military District. Plans probably call for it to be mobilised as part of the Russia-Belarus Regional Grouping of Troops (Forces).


Commanders During World War II

General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... Dmitry Grigorevich Pavlov (Russian: , 1897-July 22, 1941) was a Soviet general who commanded the key Soviet Western Front during the initial days of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, or Operation Barbarossa, in June 1941. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Semyon Timoshenko Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Russian: Семён Константинович Тимошенко) (February 6 O.S (February 18 N.S.), 1895-March 31... Marshal Ivan Konev Ivan Stepanovich Koniev (Russian Иван Степанович Конев) (December 28, 1897 – May 21, 1973), Soviet military commander, was born into a peasant family near Podosinovsky in central Russia (now in Kirov Oblast). ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov, GCB (Russian: ) (December 1, 1896 [O.S. November 19]–June 18, 1974), was a Soviet military commander who, in the course of World War II, led the Red Army to liberate the Soviet Union from the Nazi occupation, to overrun... Marshal of the Soviet Union Vasily Sokolovsky Vasily Danilovich Sokolovsky (Russian: Василий Данилович Соколовский) (July 21, 1897 - May 10, 1968), Soviet military commander, was born into a peasant family in Kozliki, a small town in the province of Grodno, near Bialystok in Poland (then part of the Russian Empire). ...

References

  1. ^ Erickson, The Road to Stalingrad, 1975, p.218
  2. ^ AVN Military News Agency 16 April 2001, via BBC Monitoring Global Newsline FSU Political File 17 April 2001.
  • Dr Steven J. Main 'The Belarusian Armed Forces: a Military-Political Analysis 1991-2003', G126, Conflict Studies Research Centre, October 2003, available via CSRC website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Soviet Western Front - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1000 words)
The Western Front was a Front (military subdivision) of the Soviet Army, one of the Soviet Army Fronts during the Second World War.
The western boundary of the Front in June 1941 was 470 km long, from the southern border of Lithuania to the Pripyat River and the town of Vlodava.
The Western Front was on the main axis of attack by the German Army Group Centre during Operation Barbarossa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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