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Encyclopedia > Soviet War Memorial (Treptower Park)
The statue of the Soviet soldier holding a child
The statue of the Soviet soldier holding a child
Soviet 1-ruble commemorative coin, issued in 1965
Soviet 1-ruble commemorative coin, issued in 1965
The inner area flanked by stone monuments, with four symbolic bronze garlands
The inner area flanked by stone monuments, with four symbolic bronze garlands

The Soviet War Memorial (sometimes translated as the Soviet Cenotaph), is a vast war memorial and military cemetery in Berlin's Treptower Park. It was built to the design of the Soviet architect Yakov Belopolsky to commemorate the 20,000 Soviet soldiers who fell in the Battle of Berlin in April-May 1945. It opened four years after the war ended on May 8, 1949, and served as the central war memorial of East Germany. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x1632, 647 KB) Summary Self Made Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x1632, 647 KB) Summary Self Made Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links URSS_1_rublo_ventennale_vittoria_WW2. ... Image File history File links URSS_1_rublo_ventennale_vittoria_WW2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1784 KB) Summary The Treptower Park war memorial in Berlin. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1784 KB) Summary The Treptower Park war memorial in Berlin. ... This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place (usually an enclosed area of land) in which dead bodies are buried. ... For other uses, see Berlin (disambiguation). ... hayfield Treptower Park is a park area along the river Spree south of downtown Berlin in the district of Treptow-Köpenick. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union (incl. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... GDR redirects here. ...


The monument is highly controversial because of the massive Soviet war crimes and crimes against humanity against the population of Berlin and elsewhere, and because of the role of the soldiers in Stalin's occupation and repression of large parts of Europe. A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ...


The monument should not be confused with the Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten), built in 1945 in the Tiergarten district of what would later become West Berlin, or the Soviet War Memorial (Schönholzer Heide), in Berlin's Pankow district. The Soviet War Memorial in the Tiergarten The central pillar of the Memorial, showing the inscription The Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten) is one of several war memorials in Berlin, capital city of Germany, erected by the Soviet Union to commemorate its war dead, particularly the 20,000 soldiers of the... Tiergarten (Animal Garden) is a large park and a former borough of Berlin, since 2001 a part of the expanded borough Mitte. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Pankow is a borough of Berlin. ...

Contents


Layout

The focus of the ensemble is a monument by Soviet sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich: a 12-m tall monument of a Soviet soldier with a sword holding a child, standing over a broken swastika. Vuchetich's inspiration for the monument was Soviet soldier Nikolai Masalov (1922-2001), who on April 30, 1945 found a German girl wandering near Potsdamer Platz during the Battle of Berlin and brought her to safety. Despite rumors that this episode was Soviet propaganda, owing to a journalist use of a different name for the girl's rescuer,[1] officially confirmed documents exist that substantiate at least five cases of Russian solders delivering small German children to orphanages during the Battle of Berlin. The base of the statue contains a small room lined in mosaics, in which wreaths are usually laid. Let Us Beat Swords into Plowshares, by Evgeniy Vuchetich, c. ... A right-facing Swastika in decorative Hindu form For the town in Ontario, see Swastika, Ontario. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Potsdamer Platz is an important square and traffic intersection in central Berlin, Germany. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union (incl. ... An orphanage is an institution dedicated to caring for orphans (children who have lost their parents). ... Combatants Nazi Germany Soviet Union (incl. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ...


Before the monument is a central area lined on both sides by 16 stone block with relief carvings of military scenes and quotations from Joseph Stalin, on one side in Russian, on the other side the same text in German. The area is the final resting place for some 5000 soldiers of the Red Army. (Russian: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин, Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin; December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953), also spelled Josef Stalin, was the leader (Premier) of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s to his death in 1953 and General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ...


At the opposide end of the central area from the statue is a portal consisting of a pair of stylized Soviet flags clad in marble recovered from Adolf Hitler's demolished Reich Chancellery. (Leftover marble was used to line Mohrenstraße station on the Berlin U-Bahn, adjacent to the former chancellery.) These are flanked by two statues of kneeling soldiers. The first official flag of the Soviet Union was adopted in July of 1923. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Model of the new Reich Chancellory. ... Mohrenstraße is an Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U2. ... The Oberbaumbrücke on the U1. ...


Beyond the flag monuments is a further sculpture, along the axis formed by the soldier monument, the main area, and the flags, is another figure, of the Motherland weeping at the loss of her sons.


In recent years, the ensemble has undergone a thorough renovation. In 2003 the main statue was removed and sent to a workshop on the island of Rügen for refurbishment. It was replaced on May 4, 2004. Map of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania highlighting the district Rügen Rügen (Polish: Rugia) is an island located off the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Baltic Sea. ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gallery

See also

The twin columns symbolize the joint struggle of Poles and Germans against fascism Memorial wreaths left before the monument on May 8, 2006 Skateboarders in front of the monumental slogan, For your and our freedom The dedication of the memorial was commemorated on this 1972 Polish postage stamp The Memorial... Holocaust-Memorial (Spring 2004) The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also known as Holocaust memorial for short, is a memorial in Berlin a block to the south of the Brandenburg Gate. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Soviet Cenotaph
  • Satellite photo of the Memorial - centered on the statue of a Soviet soldier holding a German girl
  • Photos of the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park

 
 

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