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Encyclopedia > Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast
A road bridge in Sovetsk
A road bridge in Sovetsk

Sovetsk (Russian: Советск; until 1946 German: Tilsit. Lithuanian: Tilžė) is a town on the Neman River in the Russian Kaliningrad Oblast, which until 1945 was part of East Prussia. It is located at 55°05′N 21°53′E, and has 43,278 inhabitants (2004). A railway bridge in Tilsit This work is copyrighted. ... A railway bridge in Tilsit This work is copyrighted. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Neman (Belarusian: ; Lithuanian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ; German: ) is a major Eastern European river rising in Belarus and flowing through Lithuania before draining into the Baltic Sea near KlaipÄ—da. ... Map of the Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калининградская область), informally called Yantarny kray (Russian:Янтарный Край - meaning Amber region) is an administrative division (oblast) of Russia on the Baltic coast, with no land connection to the rest of Russia: an enclave of the European Union. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tilsit, which received civic rights in 1552, grew up around a castle of the Teutonic order, known as the Schalauner Haus, founded in 1288. It owes most of its interest to the peace treaty signed here in July 1807, the preliminaries of which were settled by the emperors Alexander and Napoleon on a raft moored in the Neman. This treaty, which constituted the kingdom of Westphalia and the duchy of Warsaw, registers the nadir of Prussia's humiliation under Napoleon. During the XIX century when Lithuanian language was banned in Russia, Tilsit was an important center for printing Lithuanian books which then were smuggled by Knygnešiai to the Russian occupied part of Lithuania. In general, Tilsit thrived back then and was an important city. After World War 2 Sovetsk lost its importance however and did not grow, now it is not center of district, but a part of Neman district. Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... Events February 22 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope. ... The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July, 1807. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Aleksander Pavlovich Romanov or Tsar Alexander I (The Blessed), (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster, Bielefeld, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4,3 million Existed 1806–1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: KsiÄ™stwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Lithuanian is the official language of Lithuania, spoken by about 4 million native speakers (Lithuanians). ... KnygneÅ¡iai (singular: knygneÅ¡ys) is a Lithuanian word with no direct translation in any of the word languages (see Untranslatability), litteral translation of the parts of the word (knyga + neÅ¡ti) would mean something like book carrier. Actually, the word meant people who were smuggling printed material across the... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest...


The poet Max von Schenkendorf was born at Tilsit in 1784; John Kay, lead singer of the popular late 1960s rock band Steppenwolf, was also born there, in 1944. Hitler visited the town just before the start of World War II, and there is a famous picture of him on the bridge over the river. Modern Sovetsk has tried to keep Tilsit's rich traditions of cheese production (Tilsiter, Sovetsky). 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... John Kay (born Joachim Fritz Krauledat in Tilsit (East Prussia) April 12, 1944) is a Canadian singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Steppenwolf album cover Steppenwolf is a 1960s and 1970s rock & roll band, best known for the hits Born to Be Wild and Magic Carpet Ride. They were named after the novel Steppenwolf by German author Hermann Hesse. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest... Cheese is a solid food made from the curdled milk of cows, goats, sheep, or other mammals. ...


Although great numbers of buildings were destroyed during World War II and afterwards, some examples of German Jugend style (German form of Art Noveau) still remains in the center, reminding of the golden age of city. The bridge of Queen Louise, now connecting the city to Panemunė in Lithuania, also retains an old styled arch; prior to the war, the bridge was even more impressive. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest...


External link and references

  • Town of Tilsit (now Sovetsk) website in English - www.tilsit.com

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tourism of the Amber Land (2424 words)
Kaliningrad oblast has 200 km border on Lithuania in the north and in the east and 210 km border on Poland in the south.
Kaliningrad is connected with the open sea by navigational canal (it was built in the beginning of the 20th century).
Kaliningrad (former Koenigsberg) is an administrative and cultural centre of the region, it was founded in 1255 on the place of the Prussian fortress Tvangste.
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