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Encyclopedia > Sovereigntist

The term sovereigntist has two meanings in political discourse. The more established meaning alternatively describes the position favoring the independence of Quebec from Canada and of France from the European Union. More recently, the term has been used to describe anti-internationalist academics and policymakers in the United States who argue that U.S. participation in international legal regimes may in many cases violate domestic constitutional constraints.


Quebec/France

Here "sovereigntist" (also spelled sovereignist), or souverainiste in French, refers to proponents of two distinct political ideologies, depending on the society.

While the two deal with the concept of political sovereignty, they actually differ on mainly one aspect. Most Quebec sovereigntists are not opposed to the idea of relatively decentralized supranational unions of a confederal nature, where partner nations are considered equal, quite on the contrary. Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... The Quebec sovereignty movement is a political movement aimed at attaining sovereignty for Quebec, currently a province of Canada. ... The Quebec sovereignty movement is a political movement aimed at attaining sovereignty for Quebec, currently a province of Canada. ... A neologism is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (coined) — often to apply to new concepts, or to reshape older terms in newer language form. ... René Lévesque (pronounced ) (August 24, 1922 – November 1, 1987) was a reporter, a minister of the government of Quebec, Canada, (1960 – 1966), the founder of the Parti Québécois political party, and 23rd Premier of Quebec (November 25, 1976 – October 3, 1985). ... Option Québec is a political manifesto written by René Lévesque, a cabinet minister in the government of Quebec, Canada, in 1968. ... The Mouvement Souveraineté-Association (MSA, or Movement for Sovereignty-Association) was formed on November 19, 1967 by René Lévesque to promote the concept of sovereignty-association between Quebec and the rest of Canada. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada, as well as social democratic policies and has traditionally had support from the labour movement though unlike other social democratic parties it has no formal ties with labour. ... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... Supranationalism is a method of decision-making in international organizations, where power is held by independent appointed officials or by representatives elected by the legislatures or people of the member states. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ...


The main current party with the Quebec sovereignty ideal, the Parti Québécois, actually has a long history of basing itself on the European Union to sketch its plan for a similar union between eventual sovereign, equal countries of Quebec and Canada. Many renowned Quebec sovereigntists are admirerers of the European Union, like former PQ leader Bernard Landry. René Lévesque himself spoke of independence within interdependence and slightly preferred the word souverainiste to indépendantiste because, in his opinion, it highlighted this dichotomy. The Parti Québécois or PQ is a political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada, as well as social democratic policies and has traditionally had support from the labour movement though unlike other social democratic parties it has no formal ties with labour. ... Jean-Bernard Landry, born March 9, 1937 in Saint-Jacques, Quebec, (near Joliette), is a Quebec lawyer, teacher, politician, past Premier of Quebec, Canada, (2001–2003), former leader of the Opposition (2003–2005) and former leader of the Parti Québécois (2001–2005). ... René Lévesque (pronounced ) (August 24, 1922 – November 1, 1987) was a reporter, a minister of the government of Quebec, Canada, (1960 – 1966), the founder of the Parti Québécois political party, and 23rd Premier of Quebec (November 25, 1976 – October 3, 1985). ...


United States

In the context of US foreign policy, "sovereigntist" has been applied to describe those who, working from anti-internationalist premises, hold that the United States Constitution precludes the undertaking of certain international obligations. This position, well developed by a cohort of American legal academics in the late 1990s and following in a long tradition of American exceptionalism, has been influential in setting US foreign policy during the administration of George W. Bush. Among those who have been identified as sovereigntists include John Yoo and John Bolton. The term appears to have been coined by Peter J. Spiro in a 2000 essay in the journal Foreign Affairs. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... John Yoo is a professor of law at the University of California, Berkeley (Boalt Hall), and is best known for his work from 2001 to 2003 in the United States Justice Departments Office of Legal Counsel. ... There are several people named John Bolton, including: John Gatenby Bolton – British-Australian astronomer (1922–1993) John R. Bolton – U.S. politician and diplomat U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. (2005-current) (b. ...


External links

  • Peter J. Spiro, The New Sovereigntists: American Exceptionalism and Its False Prophets, Foreign Affairs (Nov.-Dec. 2000)

  Results from FactBites:
 
uni.ca - BQ 2000 Programme (10878 words)
The Bloc Québécois is a sovereigntist party operating on the federal scene whose mission is to promote sovereignty and to defend the rights of the Québec people.
The workshops, which brought together Bloc members and those of the sovereigntist movement, also helped in coming to an appreciation of the opinions of participants who were not necessarily associated with the sovereigntist cause.
Sovereigntists share these aspirations, which are unfortunately limited by the existing federal political structure.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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