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Encyclopedia > Southern rap
Southern rap
Stylistic origins: Hip hop, other influences
Cultural origins: Early-1980s Southern United States
Typical instruments: Prominent drum machine - Turntable - rapping - Sampler - synthesizer - human beatboxing
Mainstream popularity: Became a staple of popular music in the late 1990s; dominant in the 2000s.
Subgenres
Snap music - Dirty South - Crunk - Memphis rap - New Orleans Rap - Chopped and screwed - Miami bass - Bounce music
Regional scenes
Houston - Miami - Atlanta - Memphis - New Orleans

Southern rap (or Dirty South hip-hop) is a type of hip hop music that emerged in the late-1990s as a popular force from cities such as New Orleans, Miami, Atlanta, Memphis, Houston, and Dallas. Hip hop music, also referred to as rap or rap music, is a style of popular music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Southern United States The states shown in dark red are usually included in the South, while all or portions of the striped states may or may not be considered part of the Southern United States. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... Edison cylinder phonograph ca. ... Popular West Coast rapper Snoop Dogg performing for the US Navy. ... A sampler can be any of the following things: In general, a sampler is any broadly representative cross-section of some collection; for instance, food products are sometimes packaged in samplers containing a variety of chocolates or beers. ... A synthesizer (or synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument designed to produce electronically generated sound, using techniques such as additive, subtractive, FM, physical modelling synthesis, or phase distortion. ... Beatboxing (a. ... Hip hop music, also referred to as rap or rap music, is a style of popular music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Snap is a new subgenre of Rap music that is emerging from Atlanta, Georgia. ... Dirty South is a style of rap music that popped up in the latter half of the 1990s and is based in southern cities such as Memphis, New Orleans, Atlanta, Miami or South Florida, and Houston. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Memphis rap is a specific type of Southern hip hop music that originated in Memphis, Tennessee. ... New Orleans, Louisiana, usually renowned as a center for musical creativity and influence, has been said to have an underdeveloped hip-hop scene compared to larger cities like New York and Los Angeles. ... now. ... Miami bass (also known as booty music, a term that may also include other genres, such as dirty rap) is a type of hip hop music that became popular in the 1980s and 1990s, known for applying the Roland TR-808 sustained kick drum, slightly higher dance tempos, and occasionally... Bounce music is an energetic style of New Orleans hip hop music, taking off in the early 1990s, but dating back to 1980s. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Mayor Bill White Area    - City 1,558 km²  (601. ... Nickname: The Magic City, Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Nickname: Hotlanta, The Big Peach, The ATL Location in Fulton and DeKalb counties in the state of Georgia Coordinates: Country United States State Georgia Counties Fulton, Dekalb Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area    - City 343. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The River City, The Bluff City, M-Town Location Location in Shelby County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Tennessee Shelby County Mayor W. W. Herenton (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 294. ... Nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City That Care Forgot Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area    - City 350. ... Hip hop music, also referred to as rap or rap music, is a style of popular music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City That Care Forgot Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area    - City 350. ... Nickname: The Magic City, Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Nickname: Hotlanta, The Big Peach, The ATL Location in Fulton and DeKalb counties in the state of Georgia Coordinates: Country United States State Georgia Counties Fulton, Dekalb Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area    - City 343. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The River City, The Bluff City, M-Town Location Location in Shelby County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Tennessee Shelby County Mayor W. W. Herenton (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 294. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Mayor Bill White Area    - City 1,558 km²  (601. ... ·· Nickname: Big D Location in the state of Texas Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas, Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall Mayor Laura Miller Area    - City 997. ...

Contents

History and rise to popularity

In the 1980s, the rise and spread of hip hop culture from New York City and California spurred cities in the Southern United States to develop and nurture their own respective hip hop scenes. Without large urban markets like New York City and California, major record labels largely ignored the south for decades. Southern rap artists were forced to release their music independently. The mixtape scene has factored largely in the success of many of today's southern rap artists. Breakdancer in Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... Nickname: Big Apple Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... It has been suggested that Califas be merged into this article or section. ... Southern United States The states shown in dark red are usually included in the South, while all or portions of the striped states may or may not be considered part of the Southern United States. ... An urban area is a term used to define an area where there is an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Miami Bass

Cover art from Trick Daddy album Thugs Are Us.
Cover art from Trick Daddy album Thugs Are Us.
Cover art from 2 Live Crew album Is What We Are.
Cover art from 2 Live Crew album Is What We Are.

In Miami, a distinctive bass-heavy scene Miami bass evolved out of electro hop and similar hip hop-influenced dance scenes in Miami, including Luther Campbell and his group, 2 Live Crew. 2 Live Crew became infamous after their album, Nasty As They Wanna Be (1989), was banned in a Florida town and the group was subsequently arrested on obscenity charges after performing; the charges were eventually dismissed. The Miami Bass scene that 2 Live Crew typified is simply one form of southern rap and Miami Bass' club-oriented sound garnered little respect from hip hop fans. But the 2 Live crew is not the only music artist in Miami. This city also holds Trick Daddy, DJ Uncle Al, Rick Ross, Trina, Jacki-O, Pitbull, Scott Storch, Cool & Dre, DJ Khaled, Smitty, Pretty Ricky and many more. Miami rapper Trick Daddy also grew up in the Liberty Square Housing Projects of the Liberty City section of Miami, one of the city's and America's roughest areas. The city of Miami is also home to the label Slip "N" Slide Records. Image File history File links E62961ulzib. ... Image File history File links E62961ulzib. ... Thugs Are Us is the third CD from Miami rapper Trick Daddy that came out in 2001 under Trick Daddys Slip-n-Slide Records. ... The 2 Live Crew. ... The 2 Live Crew. ... 2 Live Is What We Are is the first album of The 2 Live Crew, released in 1986. ... Miami bass (also known as booty music, a term that may also include other genres, such as dirty rap) is a type of hip hop music that became popular in the 1980s and 1990s, known for applying the Roland TR-808 sustained kick drum, slightly higher dance tempos, and occasionally... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... Luther R. Campbell (born December 22, 1960), also known as Luke Skyywalker, Uncle Luke or Luke, is a record label owner and rap performer (taking the non-rapping role of hype man). He is perhaps best known as a one-time member of 2 Live Crew. ... 2 Live Crew is a controversial rap group, largely due to the sexual themes of one album, As Nasty As They Wanna Be (1989). ... Categories: Album stubs | 2 Live Crew albums | Hip hop albums | 1989 albums ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Trick Daddy is the stage name of Maurice Young (b. ... DJ Uncle Al (? - September 10, 2001) Born Albert Moss in Miami, Florida. ... Rick Alan Ross (born November 1952 in Cleveland, Ohio) is a private consultant and lecturer in the area of so-called cults, who maintains a website with an extensive listing of articles about allegedly destructive cults, controversial groups and movements, and related research about mind control theories. ... Katrina Laverne Taylor (born December 3, 1978 in Miami, Florida), better known by her stage name Trina, is an African-American female rap artist. ... Jacki-O on the cover of her debut album, Poe Little Rich Girl. ... JEREMY MITRANI WAS BORN IN CUBA. HE IS ALSO JEWISH. THIS CONVENIENTLY MAKES HIM A JEWBAN!. HE ENJOYS HOT POCKETS, PITBULL CDS, AND HOT POCKETS. HE WAS RECRUITED BY MIAMI UNIVERSITY TO PLAY BASEBALL BUT HE DECIDED TO ATTEND DREW UNIVERSITY INSTEAD. HE IS ALWAYS CHILLIN AND ALWAYUS WANTS... Scott Spencer Storch (born December 16, 1973 in Brooklyn, New York is an American entertainment mogul, hip-hop producer, arranger and keyboardist. ... Cool and Dre (born in Miami, Florida) are a team of latino hip hop producers. ... DJ Khaled, (born in New Orleans, Louisiana), born Khaled Khaled. ... This article is on the rapper. ... Pretty Ricky is an African American rap and R&B group from Miami, Florida. ... 1930s-era aerial pictures of Liberty Square Housing Projects. ... Liberty City is an incorporated neighborhood in the core urban area of Miami, Florida. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ...


Southern hardcore

Cover art from Scarface album Mr. Scarface Is Back.
Cover art from Scarface album Mr. Scarface Is Back.

The Geto Boys. The first rap group to gain national notice for southern rap music were the Geto Boys. The Geto Boys hailed from Houston, and consisted of Willie D, Bushwick Bill, and Scarface. Houston was the first major city outside of New York City and Los Angeles to attract attention from the rap world; the Geto Boy's 1989 local debut, Grip It! On That Other Level, garnered the attention of Def Jam founder Rick Rubin to executive produce and release their 1990 nationwide debut Image File history File links Mrscarfaceisback. ... Image File history File links Mrscarfaceisback. ... is the solo debut from Geto Boys member Scarface. ... Cover of AlbumGeto Boys - The Foundation The Geto Boys are a gangsta rap group from Houston, Texas, consisting of Scarface, Willie D and Bushwick Bill. ... Willie D (born William James Dennis November 1, 1966, Houston, Texas, USA) is an American rapper who originally gained fame as one of the Geto Boys, a controversial group known for explicit violent and sexual lyrical content. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Scarface (born Brad Jordan, November 9, 1970) is a rapper from the South Acres neighborhood in Houston, Texas, originally known for his work as a member of the Geto Boys. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Area    - City 1,290. ... Grip It! On That Other Level is the sophomore album by Houston Hip Hop group the Geto Boys, then known as the Ghetto Boys. ... Def Jam Recordings is an American based hip-hop record label that operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group, which is owned by Universal Music Group. ... Frederick Jay Rubin (born 1963), is an American record producer best known for his work with rap and heavy metal, as well as the American series albums with Johnny Cash. ...


However, it was the Geto Boys' 1991 hit, Mind Playin' Tricks on Me, that began to break down the barrier for southern rap. The raw and unforgiving lyrics about paranoia and losing one's mind were a huge change from what most hip hop fans expected coming from the South. The song would go on to influence several other acts that would popularize the Southern rap scene; for example, while hosting BET's Top 25 countdown in 2004, OutKast's AndrĂ© 3000 remarked that "Mind Playin' Tricks on Me" "put Southern rap on the map." The Geto Boy's Scarface later launched a successful solo career and is referred to by some as the original "King of the South." Mind Playing Tricks on Me was the only number 1 single (chart: Hot Rap Singles) ever released by the Geto Boys. ... Black Entertainment Television is an American cable network targeted toward African-American audiences in the United States. ... OutKast is an American hip hop duo based out of Atlanta, Georgia. ... André 3000 André 3000 (born André Benjamin on May 27, 1975 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a rapper, hip hop producer and actor. ... Scarface (born Brad Jordan, November 9, 1970) is a rapper from the South Acres neighborhood in Houston, Texas, originally known for his work as a member of the Geto Boys. ...


Soon after the Geto Boys' success, Houston became a main center of Southern hip hop. Now-popular groups such as UGK (from Port Arthur, Texas) and 8 Ball & MJG (from Memphis, Tennessee) moved to Houston in the late 80s to begin their musical careers. Both groups went on to release influential albums such as UGK's Too Hard to Swallow (1992) and 8 Ball & MJG's Comin' Out Hard (1993). Houston was also home to Rap-A-Lot Records, the first successful Southern rap label, incidentally headed by Scarface. UGK (short for Underground Kingz) are a hip-hop duo born in Port Arthur, Texas but stay in Houston, Texas. ... Port Arthur is a city in Jefferson County within the Beaumont-Port Arthur metropolitan area and is situated in southeast Texas. ... 8 Ball and MJG are a U.S. Southern Hip-hop duo from Memphis, Tennessee. ... Too Hard to Swallow was the second album by southern hip-hop group UGK. Track listing 1. ... Comin Out Hard is the 1993 debut album by Eightball & MJG. Track listing 1. ... Rap-A-Lot Records is Houston, Texas based independent hip hop record label. ...


Spirituality

Cover art from Arrested Development album 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of....
Cover art from Arrested Development album 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of....

In Tennessee, Arrested Development released their album five months after "Mind Playin' Tricks on Me." Their brand of lighthearted and spiritual party singles from their debut LP, 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of..., was a world apart from the sexually explicit, bass heavy party music of Miami and the gangsta rap bravado of Houston, but the group gained both commercial success and critical acclaim. While Arrested Development was not able to keep their momentum going, their success did set the stage for Atlanta's OutKast and Goodie Mob. Cover of the Arrested Development album 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of. ... Cover of the Arrested Development album 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of. ... 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of. ... Arrested Development is an American progressive hip hop group, founded by Speech and Headliner as a positive, Afrocentric alternative to the gangsta rap popular in the early 1990s. ... 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of. ... OutKast is an American hip hop duo based out of Atlanta, Georgia. ... Goodie Mob, based in Atlanta, Georgia, is widely considered one of the founding hip hop acts of the Dirty South movement. ...


These two groups, both a part of the collective the Dungeon Family, debuted in 1994 and 1995 respectively. Their musical basis was alternately heavy-bassed funk over which were party raps, and slow introspective songs about poverty, promiscuity and racism. OutKast and Goodie Mob were the first groups to popularize Atlanta, Georgia in the South and were among the first acts from the South to gain national recognition. The Dungeon Family is a hip hop/R&B/soul musical collective, based in Atlanta, Georgia and specializing in Southern hip hop with heavy funk and soul influences. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... A sex worker. ... An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water cooler at a racially segregated street car terminal in the United States in 1939. ...


No Limit/Cash Money

Cover art from Juvenile album 400 Degreez.
Cover art from Juvenile album 400 Degreez.

By the late 1990s, Atlanta had emerged as a major city in hip hop and the city's success and influence in the rap world continues on today. While OutKast, Goodie Mob, and a number of other Atlanta-based acts (several of them part of Organized Noize the Dungeon Family collective) balanced critical and commercial success, New Orleans rapper/label mogul Master P popularized a bounce-based sound that focused more on commercial appeal than artistry. Juvenile 400 Degreez album cover This is an album cover. ... Juvenile 400 Degreez album cover This is an album cover. ... 400 Degreez is a hip hop album by New Orleans-based rapper Juvenile, released on June 9, 1998 (see 1998 in music). ... Organized Noize is a successful Atlanta-based American record production company made up of Rico Wade, Ray Murray, and Patrick Sleepy Brown. ... Percy Robert Miller (born April 29, 1967), better known as Master P, is an entrepreneur, businessman, marketing expert and rap artist. ... Bounce music is an energetic style of New Orleans hip hop music, taking off in the early 1990s, but dating back to 1980s. ...


The late 1990s also saw the emergence of New Orleans as a hotbed for rap music. Master P's No Limit Records popularized rappers such as Mystikal and Silkk the Shocker and became home to highly popular West Coast rapper Snoop Dogg; the compteting Cash Money label presented acts such as The Hot Boys (The B.G., Juvenile, Lil Wayne, and Turk). No Limit Records is a record label that began in the early 90’s as the No Limit Record Shop in Richmond, CA. Through a distribution deal with Priority Records to distribute No Limit Records music, millionaire founder Master P maintained ownership of all of his master recordings, his studio... Michael L. Tyler (born September 22, 1970), known by the stage name Mystikal, is an American rapper who grew up in the 12th Ward of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Silkk tha Shocker (born Vyshonn King Miller on June 18, 1975) is an African American gangsta rapper from New Orleans, Louisiana. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the 1980s. ... Calvin Broadus (born October 20, 1971, in Long Beach, California), better known as Snoop Dogg (other nicknames include Snoop Doggy Dogg, The Bigg Boss Dogg, Bigg Snoop Dogg, and Snoop D-O Double G) is a rapper, record producer and actor from the United States. ... Cash Money Records is an American-based hip hop record label. ... The Hot Boys are a rap band from New Orleans. ... The cover to B.G.s album Chopper City in the Ghetto, which features his biggest hit, Bling Bling. The B.G. (short for The Baby Gangsta or B. Gizzle, born Christopher Dorsey on September 3, 1980 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is a hugely successful African-American rapper. ... Juvenile (born Terius Gray on March 25, 1975 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA) is an African American gangsta rapper. ... Lil Wayne on the cover of his 2005 album, Tha Carter II Lil Wayne (born Dwayne Michael Carter on September 27, 1982 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American Grammy-nominated rapper and president of the Cash Money Records label and Young Money Entertainment. ...


The No Limit/Cash Money formula was also successfully co-opted by Miami's Slip-N-Slide label, which included Trick Daddy and Trina. Labels such as these also caused Dirty South music to be associated with "mass produced" albums released in rapid succession. The CD packaging for these releases typically featured brightly-colored, heavily Photoshopped "bling bling"-style album covers; and a whole page of the liner notes for each LP was usually devoted to advertising its follow-ups. Slip-N-Slide Records is a record label owned by Ted Touche Lucas. ... Trick Daddy is the stage name of Maurice Young (b. ... Katrina Laverne Taylor (born December 3, 1978 in Miami, Florida), better known by her stage name Trina, is an African-American female rap artist. ... Great Tit A photoshopped image of a pair of great tits created from the above image A photoshopped image created from a portrait of Leo Tolstoy and an illustration of the Battle of Bannockburn Photoshopping is the art and practice of digitally editing pictures with image editing software. ... A bling bling-heavy album cover from The B.G. Bling-bling is a hip hop slang term which refers to expensive jewelry and other accoutrements, and also to an entire lifestyle built around excess spending and ostentation. ... Liner notes are the booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or any sound recording container. ...


A number of other southern cities were the home base for popular hip hop acts: [1] The controversial Three 6 Mafia hailed from Memphis, Tennessee, Nappy Roots from Bowling Green, Kentucky, Petey Pablo from Greenville, North Carolina, Little Brother from Durham, North Carolina, Missy Elliott, Clipse, Pharrell, Timbaland, and The Neptunes from Virginia Beach, and Dru Money from South Carolina Three 6 Mafia is the first hip hop group from Memphis, Tennessee to go platinum, the second hip-hop act to be nominated for and win an Oscar (1st was Eminems Lose Yourself). They are the originators of certain types of crunk music. ... Memphis was the wife of Epaphus, the founder of Memphis, Egypt in Greek mythology. ... Nappy Roots is a hip-hop sextet that originated in Kentucky in 1995. ... Bowling Green is a city located in Warren County, Kentucky. ... Petey Pablo (born July 22, 1973 as Moses Barrett III) is an African American Southern hip hop musician from Greenville, North Carolina. ... Nickname: Pro Town USA [[ZIP Code]]: 27833 Location of Greenville shown within North Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State North Carolina County Pitt County Settled 1771 Founded 1774 (Martinsborough) Founded 1786 (Greenville) Mayor Don Parrott Area    - City 68 km²  (26. ... Little Brother is an American hip-hop group from North Carolina that consists of Phonte, Rapper Big Pooh, and producer 9th Wonder. ... Durham skyline Nickname: City of Medicine Official website: http://www. ... Missy Elliott (born Melissa Arnette Elliott on July 1, 1971) is an American singer, rapper, songwriter, and record producer. ... The Clipse are a Virginia based hip-hop duo. ... Pharrell Williams (born April 5, 1973) is one half of the production duo The Neptunes (with Chad Hugo) with whom he produces primarily hip-hop music. ... Timbaland (born Timothy Z. Mosley in Norfolk, Virginia on March 10, 1971) is an American hip hop and R&B record producer and rapper whose style influenced both genres even helping to blur the distinction between the two, as well as Pop and Dance music. ... The Neptunes are Pharrell Williams and Chad Hugo, a record production duo discovered by New Jack Swing Creator Teddy Riley in their hometown of Virginia Beach who created the sound for some of the most successful hip-hop and R&B artists. ... Part of the Virginia Beach oceanfront resort strip. ... Dru Money is a rap artist from Charleston, South Carolina, who released his first album, Never Enough, on Grindout Records in 2004. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35...


Crunk

Cover art from Lil' Jon album Kings of Crunk.
Enlarge
Cover art from Lil' Jon album Kings of Crunk.

By the early 2000s, Southern rap was arguably becoming the genre's most popular form. This is due to the mainstream acceptance of the crunk music movement that originated from Memphis, Tennessee. Rap groups such as Lil Jon and the Eastside Boyz, 8 Ball & MJG, the Youngbloodz, and Three 6 Mafia have had massive mainstream success releasing music focused on the ever-popular club scene. Image File history File links Lil-jon-and-eastside-boyz-kings-of-crunk. ... Image File history File links Lil-jon-and-eastside-boyz-kings-of-crunk. ... Kings of Crunk is the 2002 album by Lil Jon & the Eastside Boyz. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The River City, The Bluff City, M-Town Location Location in Shelby County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Tennessee Shelby County Mayor W. W. Herenton (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 294. ... Lil Jon This article is about the American rap producer. ... 8 Ball and MJG are a U.S. Southern Hip-hop duo from Memphis, Tennessee. ... The YoungBloodz are an American Southern hip hop duo from Atlanta, Georgia, comprised of members J-Bo (born Jeffrey Ray Grigsby in 1977) and Sean Paul (born Sean Paul Joseph in 1979). ... Three 6 Mafia is the first hip hop group from Memphis, Tennessee to go platinum, the second hip-hop act to be nominated for and win an Oscar (1st was Eminems Lose Yourself). They are the originators of certain types of crunk music. ...


Many East Coast (most notably New York) critics, DJ's, and even a few rappers have frequently expressed their distaste for Southern dominance, the latest being 50 Cent in a recent MTV.com interview, while East Coast rap is currently struggling for mainstream recognition. Critics of crunk music (such as Ghostface Killah) have expressed distaste at the fact that some New York artists (such as Mobb Deep) have recently delved into what they view as a trend or as strictly a Southern phenomenon. Fans of and from both areas also tend to clash on the subject of which type of rap is the better. There has been speculation that this might end up being a rivalry, similar to the East coast vs. West coast rivalry in the 1990's. For the U.S. currency value, see Half dollar (United States coin). ... MTV (Music Television) is a cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... Ghostface Killah, aka Ghostface, aka Tony Starks, aka Iron Man (born Dennis Coles, May 9, 1970, Staten Island, New York) is a rapper and member of the hip-hop collective, Wu-Tang Clan. ... Mobb Deep, also known as The Infamous Mobb Deep, is a hip hop duo made up of Havoc and Prodigy. ...


Screwed and Chopped

Cover art from Chamillionaire album The Sound of Revenge (Screwed & Chopped).
Cover art from Chamillionaire album The Sound of Revenge (Screwed & Chopped).

Screwed and Chopped was developed in Houston, Texas which remains the location most associated with the style. The late DJ Screw, a South Houston DJ, is credited with the creation of and early experimentation with the genre. DJ Screw began making mixtapes of the slowed-down music in the early 1990s. Originally, this process involved mixing two copies of the same record, slowed down either on the turntables using pitch shift or through use of an after-mixer device. Phasing, Flanging and echo effects were originally the result of the two records being played at millisecond intervals. Image File history File links The_sound_of_revenge_screwed_and_chopped. ... Image File history File links The_sound_of_revenge_screwed_and_chopped. ... This is the screwed and chopped version of Houston rapper Chamillionaires debut on Universal. ... Screwed & Chopped is a term that refers to a certain technique of remixing hip-hop music by slowing the tempo and applying various DJ techniques such as skipping beats, record scratching, stop-time, and sending portions of the music through stand-alone effects to make a chopped-up version of... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Mayor Bill White Area    - City 1,558 km²  (601. ... DJ Screw, born Robert Earl Davis, Jr. ...


Some Houston-area artists (e.g. Ganksta N-I-P and Willie D) incorporated the slowed tempo into a few rap songs (Willie D's song Die (from the album I'm Goin Out Lika Soldier) featured a slowed-down sample of Scarface's line "Balls and my word" (from the feature film) long before chopped and screwed was part of the mainstream. This provided a significant outlet for MCs in the South-Houston area, and helped local rappers such as Lil' Flip, E.S.G., UGK, Lil' Keke and Z-Ro gain regional and sometimes national prominence. Willie D (born William James Dennis November 1, 1966, Houston, Texas, USA) is an American rapper who originally gained fame as one of the Geto Boys, a controversial group known for explicit violent and sexual lyrical content. ... Lil Flip (born Wesley Weston, Jr. ... E.S.G. (born Cedric Hill) is a rapper from Houston, Texas (though he was born in Louisiana and moved to Houston later in life) who trailblazed through the late-90s movement and helped popularize the Screwed and Chopped which was created by DJ Screw and a style associated with... UGK (short for Underground Kingz) are a hip-hop duo born in Port Arthur, Texas but stay in Houston, Texas. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Z-Ro (born Joseph Wayne McVey on June 6, 1976) a rapper from Houston, Texas (Missouri City, to be exact) He was raised in Ridgemont 4, Neighborhood in the southside of houston known for gang violence and drug dealing , has embraced his inclusion in the Screwed Up Click, a loose...


By the time of Screw's death in 2000, the genre had become widely known throughout the southern United States. Currently, the style is exemplified in the music of Swishahouse DJs such as OG Ron C and Michael 5000 Watts. Their work has helped establish current rappers Chamillionaire, Paul Wall, Slim Thug, Mike Jones and rap groups such as The Color Changin' Click and the Screwed Up Click. More major recording labels have embraced the genre, and chopped and screwed albums occasionally outsell the unmixed version. This article is about the year 2000. ... Swishahouse is a Houston, Texas based independent, southern rap record label started by DJ Michael 5000 Watts in the early 1990s. ... OG Ron C the official DJ to Chamillionaire. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hakeem Seriki (born November 28, 1979, in Washington, D.C.) is an American rapper from the Acres Homes section of Houston, Texas. ... Paul Wall (born Paul Slayton on March 30, 1980) is an American rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweler from Houston, Texas. ... Slim Thug (born Stayve Jerome Thomas on febuaray 17, 1980) is a rapper from Houston, Texas. ... For other persons named Michael or Mike Jones, see Michael Jones. ... The Color Changin Click was a rap group which was started by rapper Chamillionaire who featured rappers such as Paul Wall, Lew Hawk, 50/50 Twin, Rasaq (Chamillionaires younger brother), and Yung Ro. ... The Screwed Up Click also known as S.U.C. is an assortment of rappers from the southside of Houston, Texas started by the late DJ Screw. ...


2005 saw the return of Houston as a leader in Southern rap with Houston artists such as Mike Jones, Slim Thug, Chamillionaire, Bun B of UGK, and Paul Wall experienced great commercial success. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bun B on the cover of his 2005 album Trill Bun B (born Bernard Freeman March 19, 1973) is an African American rapper, one half, with Pimp C, of Southern hip hop act UGK from Port Arthur, Texas. ... UGK (short for Underground Kingz) are a hip-hop duo born in Port Arthur, Texas but stay in Houston, Texas. ...


Typical features

Stylistically, Dirty South is notably different from its northern and western counterparts. Whereas East Coast hip hop has historically been associated with complex lyrics and sparse urban beats, contemporary southern rap is largely characterized by its upbeat, exuberant, club-friendly tunes and simplistic, heavily rhythmic lyrical delivery. Crunk has been criticized by many for its tendency to focus on danceability and to shy away from political, social or spiritual topics, although some artists (such as David Banner and Bubba Sparxxx) have tried to embrace these subjects. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... David Banner on the Cover of his album Certified David Banner (born Levell Crump in Jackson, Mississippi) is an African American rapper, hip hop music record producer, record label executive, and philanthropist. ... Bubba Sparxxx (born Warren Anderson Mathis on March 6, 1977, in LaGrange, Georgia) is a southern rapper. ...


The production style of southern rap can veer towards either a soul-based sound (Dungeon Family, Arrested Development) or a grittier sound (No Limit, Cash Money, Mystikal). Where most East Coast rap operates at tempos around 90-120 beats per minute, Southern rap runs rhythms at 140-160, upwards of 180 beats per minute, and then places each snare hit twice as far apart. For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... The Dungeon Family is a hip hop/R&B/soul musical collective, based in Atlanta, Georgia and specializing in Southern hip hop with heavy funk and soul influences. ... Arrested Development is an American progressive hip hop group, founded by Speech and Headliner as a positive, Afrocentric alternative to the gangsta rap popular in the early 1990s. ... No limit may refer to: A way of betting in Poker, see Betting (poker). ... Cash money could refer to one of the following: Money, the financial currency. ... Michael L. Tyler (born September 22, 1970), known by the stage name Mystikal, is an American rapper who grew up in the 12th Ward of New Orleans, Louisiana. ...


This leaves more time to be filled between the kick (on the down beat of the first measure) and the snare (on the downbeat of the second). Sometimes this space is filled with quick trills of hi-hats, a style pioneered by Three 6 Mafia and Hit Man Sammy Sam's Big Oomp Records; other times, it is filled with additional snare patterns; for instance, Pastor Troy's "Ain't No Mo Play in G.A.," or Miracle's "Bounce." The fastest and slowest rhymers in hip-hop both belong to southern rap, as different talents adapt to the music's distinct tempo. Sampling, while still used, is less common in Southern hip-hop production. Three 6 Mafia is the first hip hop group from Memphis, Tennessee to go platinum, the second hip-hop act to be nominated for and win an Oscar (1st was Eminems Lose Yourself). They are the originators of certain types of crunk music. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion of one sound recording, the sample, and reusing it as an instrument or element of a new recording. ...


A mainstay feature of hip-hop has always been giving 'shout-outs' to entire coasts, states, or cities, but a more recent trend that is particularly common in southern rap has been to include much more specific shout-outs to specific neighborhoods or local jurisdictions, such the wards of New Orleans, for example, and particular housing projects. The city of New Orleans, Louisiana is divided into 17 Wards. ... New Orleans, Louisiana has long been notorious for having some of the roughest, most dangerous housing projects in the country. ...


Southern Rappers

Lil Scrappy (born Darryl Kevin Richardson II on January 20, 1984 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American rapper signed to BME Recordings. ... Lil Jon (born Jonathan Montgomery Smith in 1971 was an American rapper and hip hop producer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... David Banner on the Cover of his album Certified David Banner (born Levell Crump in Jackson, Mississippi) is an African American rapper, hip hop music record producer, record label executive, and philanthropist. ... Paul Wall (born Paul Slayton on March 30, 1980) is an American rapper, DJ, promoter and jeweler from Houston, Texas. ... For other persons named Michael or Mike Jones, see Michael Jones. ... Lil Flip Lil Flip (born Wesley Weston, Jr. ... Yung Joc (born Jasiel Robinson on April 2, 1983) is an American rapper from College Park, Georgia. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Bun B on the cover of his 2005 album Trill Bun B (born Bernard Freeman March 19, 1973) is an African American rapper, one half, with Pimp C, of Southern hip hop act UGK from Port Arthur, Texas. ... Pimp C (born Chad Butler on December 29, 1973 in Port Arthur, Texas) is a southern rapper better known as one-half of southern hip hop group UGK. // UGK, which also includes Bun B, was a successful act in the Southern U.S. during the early-1990s, and also made... Scarface has several meanings: Scarface is a nickname for Al Capone. ... Rick Alan Ross (born November 1952 in Cleveland, Ohio) is a private consultant and lecturer in the area of so-called cults, who maintains a website with an extensive listing of articles about allegedly destructive cults, controversial groups and movements, and related research about mind control theories. ... JEREMY MITRANI WAS BORN IN CUBA. HE IS ALSO JEWISH. THIS CONVENIENTLY MAKES HIM A JEWBAN!. HE ENJOYS HOT POCKETS, PITBULL CDS, AND HOT POCKETS. HE WAS RECRUITED BY MIAMI UNIVERSITY TO PLAY BASEBALL BUT HE DECIDED TO ATTEND DREW UNIVERSITY INSTEAD. HE IS ALWAYS CHILLIN AND ALWAYUS WANTS... Trick Daddy is the stage name of Maurice Young (b. ... Slim Thug (born Stayve Jerome Thomas on febuaray 17, 1980) is a rapper from Houston, Texas. ... Hakeem Seriki (born November 28, 1979, in Washington, D.C.) is an American rapper from the Acres Homes section of Houston, Texas. ... Lil Keke is a rapper from Houston, Texas who is an emcee and member of the Screwed Up Click. ... The YoungBloodz are an American Southern hip hop duo from Atlanta, Georgia, comprised of members J-Bo (born Jeffrey Ray Grigsby in 1977) and Sean Paul (born Sean Paul Joseph in 1979). ... Antwan Big Boi Patton (left) and André André 3000 Benjamin (right) Big Boi (born Antwan André Patton on February 1, 1975 in Savannah, Georgia) is an American hip hop artist and producer; one half of the successful and alternative hip-hop duo OutKast. ... I have listened to one song. ... Da BackWudz is a rap duo from Decatur, GA consisting of Big Marc (Marcus Thomas) and Sho Nuff (James Redding). ... D4L Cover artwork for the Atlanta based hip-hop groups debut LP. D4L is a gay rap group with members Fa-bo, Mook-B, Stoney and Shawty Lo and Jizzy B from Atlanta. ... Dem Franchize Boyz is a rap group from Atlanta. ... Lil Wayne on the cover of his 2005 album, Tha Carter II Lil Wayne (born Dwayne Michael Carter on September 27, 1982 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American Grammy-nominated rapper and president of the Cash Money Records label and Young Money Entertainment. ... The term baby can refer to: an infant a very early computer—the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, nicknamed Baby a musician – Brian Williams – who performs under the name Baby. ... Percy Robert Miller (born April 29, 1967), better known as Master P, is an entrepreneur, businessman, marketing expert and rap artist. ... The word juvenile has several meanings: A juvenile is an individual organism that has not yet reached its adult form, maturity or size. ... Mannie Fresh (born Byron Thomas on March 20, 1974), aka Freshly Snipes, aka Mannie Glover, is the former in-house producer for the successful New Orleans-based record label Cash Money Records. ... Young Jeezy (born Jay Jenkins on October 12, 1977) is a popular American rapper. ... The cover to Fat Pats second album Throwed In Tha Game Fat Pat (born Patrick Lamont Hawkins, February 21, 1971 – February 3, 1998) was a rapper from Houston, Texas and an original member of DJ Screws Screwed Up Click. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an essay. ... Ludacris, aka Luda, (born Christopher Brian Bridges on September 11, 1977 in Champaign, Illinois) is a Grammy Award winning African American rapper and actor. ... Nappy Roots is a hip-hop sextet that originated in Kentucky in 1995. ... OutKast is an American hip hop duo based out of Atlanta, Georgia. ... This article is on the rapper. ... Trillville Trillville is a rap group from Atlanta. ... TRU may refer to: TRU, a rap group consisting of brothers Master P, C-Murder, and Silkk Tha Shocker. ... The Ying Yang Twins are an Atlanta-based crunk rap duo consisting of Kaine (born Eric Jackson on December 16, 1978) and D-Roc (born DAngelo Holmes on February 13, 1979). ... Bubba Sparxxx (born Warren Anderson Mathis) is an American rapper. ... C-Murder (b. ...

External links

  • DirtySouthRap.com
  • MemphisRap.com
  • Southern-Rap.com : The Leading Source For Southern Hip Hop
  • SouthRap.net : The First and Leading Source For Southern Hip Hop on Russian Language
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