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Southern beech Nothofagus obliqua shoot with leaves and cupules Scientific classification Species
Nothofagus alpina - Rauli Beech Nothofagus antarctica - Antarctic Beech Nothofagus betuloides - Magallanes Beech Nothofagus cunninghamii - Myrtle Beech Nothofagus dombeyi - CoigŁe Beech Nothofagus fusca - Red Beech Nothofagus gunnii - Tanglefoot Beech Nothofagus menziesii - Silver Beech Nothofagus moorei - Negrohead Beech Nothofagus obliqua - Roble Beech Nothofagus pumilio - Lenga Beech Nothofagus solanderi - Black Beech
The southern beeches are trees of the Genus , family Nothofagus Fagaceae (but treated by some botanists in a of family their own, the Nothofagaceae), including about 35 species of oceanic-temperate to subtropical trees in southern South America ( Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east & southeast Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia). The leaves are toothed or entire, evergreen or deciduous. The fruit is a small, flattened or triangular nut, borne in cupules containing 2-7 nuts.
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Beeches are distributed widely in North America and Eurasia and extend through the Malay Archipelago to eastern Australia and New Zealand.
The copper beech, with late-appearing, copper-colored leaves, and the weeping beech, with hanging branches, are cultivated varieties of the European beech.
Southern beeches are exploited for timber and indirectly as food: Fungi that grow on some are eaten, and the wood of others, partially rotted, is used as cattle feed.
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