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Encyclopedia > Southern Pacific Railroad
Southern Pacific
logo
Reporting marks SP,SSW
Locale Arizona, California, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, and Utah
Dates of operation 18651996
Successor line Union Pacific
Track gauge 4 ftin (1435 mm) with some 3 ft (914 mm) gauge branches
Headquarters San Francisco, CA

The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. The railroad was founded as a land holding company in 1865, forming part of the Central Pacific Railroad empire. The Southern Pacific's total route miles has varied significantly over the years. In 1929 the system showed 13,848 miles of track (in contrast to 8,991 miles of track in 1994). By 1900, the Southern Pacific Company had grown into a major railroad system which incorporated many smaller companies, such as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad and Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad, and which extended from New Orleans through Texas to El Paso, across New Mexico and through Tucson, to Los Angeles, throughout most of California including San Francisco and Sacramento; it absorbed the Central Pacific Railroad extending eastward across Nevada to Ogden, Utah and had lines reaching north throughout and across Oregon to Portland. Souther Pacific Lines color logo. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad network in the United States. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... This article is about the city in California. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Gov. ... Nickname: The Old Pueblo Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Pima Government  - Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area  - City  195. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D)  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Nickname: River City Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... The Gov. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ogden sign over Washington Boulevard at the Ogden River; toward downtown Overlooking Ogdens George S. Eccles Dinosaur Park Ogden is the county seat of Weber County,GR6 Utah, United States. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City  145. ...


On August 9, 1988, the Interstate Commerce Commission approved the purchase of the Southern Pacific by Rio Grande Industries, the company that controlled the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. The Rio Grande officially took control of the Southern Pacific on October 13, 1988. After the purchase, the combined railroad kept the Southern Pacific name due to its brand recognition in the railroad industry and with customers of both constituent railroads. The Southern Pacific subsequently was taken over by the Union Pacific Railroad in 1996 following years of financial problems. The railroad is also noteworthy for being the defendant in the landmark 1886 United States Supreme Court case Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad which is often interpreted as having established certain corporate rights under the Constitution of the United States. August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Interstate Commerce Commission (or ICC) was a regulatory body in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland. ... Rio Grande Industries was the diversified parent company, headquartered in Denver, of the Rio Grande. ... The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad (AAR reporting mark DRG and DRGW) generally referred to as the Rio Grande, became the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad in 1920, and is today a fallen flag (a railroad that has been absorbed into a larger system -- Union Pacific -- as the result... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad network in the United States. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Santa Clara County v. ... Corporate redirects here. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme...

Contents

Timeline

SP 8033, a GE Dash 8-39B, leads a westbound train through Eola, Illinois (just east of Aurora), October 6, 1992.

1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Buffalo Bayou, Brazos, and Colorado Railway, the oldest component of the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, dating to 1852, was the first railroad in Texas. ... Houston redirects here. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... This article is about the city in California. ... Timothy Guy Phelps (December 20, 1824 – June 11, 1899) was the first president of the Southern Pacific Railroad from 1865 until 1868 when the railroad was purchased by members of The Big Four. ... City nickname:Americas Finest City County San Diego County, California Mayor Dick Murphy City Attorney Michael Aguirre City Council District One Scott Peters District Two Michael Zucchet District Three Toni Atkins District Four Tony Young District Five Brian Maienschein District Six Donna Frye Distirct Seven Jim Madaffer District Eight... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Alternate meaning: The Big Four (novel) The Big Four were the chief entrepreneurs in the building of the Central Pacific Railroad, the western portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad #87, delivered 1873-10-27 from the Mason Machine Works of Taunton, Massachusetts. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Bakersfield is the county seat of Kern County, California, in the United States. ... An eastbound Santa Fe train passes over itself on the loop in April 1987. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,330 km) long... Yuma is a city located in Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... A city street near downtown Tucson, Arizona. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (132nd in leap years). ... The Mussel Slough Tragedy was a dispute over land titles between settlers and Southern Pacific Railroad that took place on May 11, 1880 in what is now Hanford, California, leaving seven people dead. ... Hanford is the county seat of Kings County, California. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article needs cleanup. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Pecos River rises in northern New Mexico, USA, and flows for 926 miles (1,480 km) through the eastern portion of that state and neighboring Texas before it empties into the Rio Grande near Del Rio. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in leap years). ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A string of refrigerator cars owned by Pacific Fruit Express is mechanically-supplied with fresh ice at an Oxnard, California produce packing plant in the Spring of 1964. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the... Santa Clara County v. ... Equal Rights can be: One of several groups called the Equal Rights Party. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... Corporate redirects here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location of Burlingame within San Mateo County Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County San Mateo Incorporated June 6, 1908 Government  - Mayor Terry Nagel  - City Manager Jim Nantell Area  - City  6. ... The Mission Revival Style was an architectural movement that began in the late 19th Century and drew inspiration from the early Spanish missions in California. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Sunset is a lifestyle magazine in the United States. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Benjamin Franklin Norris (5 March 1870, Chicago – 25 October 1902) was an American novelist during the Progressive Era, writing predominantly in the naturalist genre. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Pacific Electric Railway company depot in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in leap years). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Lucin Cutoff is a railroad trestle which crosses the Great Salt Lake in Utah. ... Great Salt Lake, located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Utah, is the largest salt lake in the Western Hemisphere,[1] the fourth largest terminal lake in the world,[2] and the 33rd largest lake on Earth. ... Promontory is a location in Box Elder County, Utah, centered approximately at 41°3707N, 112°3251W, with an elevation of 1494 meters (4902 feet) above sea level. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Coast Line of the Union Pacific Railroad is a railroad line stretching from Los Angeles, California north to the San Francisco Bay Area, mostly along the Pacific Coast. ... Alternative meaning: Santa Barbara (soap opera) Santa Barbara is the county seat of Santa Barbara County, California, United States. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Arnold Genthes famous photograph of San Francisco following the earthquake, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street A statue of Louis Agassiz, a Swiss-American geologist, after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, on the campus of Stanford University. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A string of refrigerator cars owned by Pacific Fruit Express is supplied with fresh ice in the Spring of 1964. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Interstate Commerce Commission (or ICC) was a regulatory body in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The St. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting marks ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... A railroad subsidiary of the Southern Pacific Railroad in Mexico, operating from Nogales,Sonora, to Mazatlan. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Train No. ... Donner Pass in the 1870s Donner Pass, elevation 7,085 feet (2160 meters), is a mountain pass in the northern Sierra Nevada, located above Donner Lake about nine miles West of Truckee, California. ... An eastbound Santa Fe train passes over itself on the loop in April 1987. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... A multiple piggyback. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Drumhead logos such as these often adorned the ends of observation cars on the Western Pacific Railroad. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Cajon Pass (elevation 4190 ft. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, USA. In terms of market capitalization, it is the second-largest chemical company in the world, smaller than only DuPont. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class 1 railroad in the United States. ... Download high resolution version (1092x566, 184 KB)SP 8033, a GE Dash 8-39B, leading an EMD SD40T-2 and a second GE locomotive on a westbound train through Eola, Illinois (just east of Aurora), October 6, 1992. ... Download high resolution version (1092x566, 184 KB)SP 8033, a GE Dash 8-39B, leading an EMD SD40T-2 and a second GE locomotive on a westbound train through Eola, Illinois (just east of Aurora), October 6, 1992. ... SP 8033, a Dash 8-39B, leads an EMD SD40T-2 and another GE locomotive westbound through Eola, Illinois. ... Nickname: City of Lights Location in Chicagoland Country United States State Illinois Counties Kane, DuPage, Kendall and Will  - Mayor Tom Weisner (D) Area    - City 39. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Santa Fe Industries was the diversified parent company, headquartered in Chicago, of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting marks ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... The Interstate Commerce Commission (or ICC) was a regulatory body in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland. ... The Southern Pacific Santa Fe (SPSF) railroad was intended to be formed as part of the merger between the parent companies of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe railroads in 1984. ... The Santa Fe Pacific Corporation was formed as the Santa Fe Southern Pacific Corporation in 1984 by the merger of Santa Fe Industries,which owned the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway,with Southern Pacific Company,which owned the Southern Pacific Railroad. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Colorado railroads | New Mexico railroads | Utah railroads ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad network in the United States. ...

Locomotive paint and appearance

Southern Pacific Railroad #4274, a type 4-8-8-2 "cab-forward" steam locomotive, leads a California-Nevada Railroad Historical Society excursion out of Reno, Nevada in December of 1957.
Southern Pacific Railroad #4274, a type 4-8-8-2 "cab-forward" steam locomotive, leads a California-Nevada Railroad Historical Society excursion out of Reno, Nevada in December of 1957.

Like most railroads, the SP painted the majority of its steam locomotive fleet black during the 20th century, but after the 1930s the SP had a policy of painting the front of the locomotive's smokebox light silver (almost white in appearance), with graphite colored sides, for visibility. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, a 4-8-8-2 is a Cab Forward type locomotive with four leading wheels, two sets of eight driving wheels, and a two-wheel trailing truck. ... City nickname: The Biggest Little City in the World Founded May 9, 1868 County Washoe County Mayor Bob Cashell Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 179. ... Union Pacific Big Boy #4012 at work on a cold November 29, 1941 A steam locomotive is a locomotive powered by steam. ... The smokebox (outlined in red) of Soo Line 1003. ...


Some express passenger steam locomotives bore the Daylight scheme, named after the trains they hauled, most of which had the word Daylight in the train name. This scheme, carried in full on the tender, consisted of a bright, almost vermilion red on the top and bottom thirds, with the center third being a bright orange. The parts were separated with thin white bands. Some of the color continued along the locomotive. The most famous "Daylight" locomotives were the GS-4 steam locomotives. The most famous Daylight-hauled trains were the Coast Daylight and the Sunset Limited. A British tender locomotive Steam locomotives often haul a tender, which is a special railroad car designed to hold the locomotives fuel and water. ... The GS-4 is a streamlined 4-8-4 Northern type steam locomotive that served the Southern Pacific Railroad from 1941 to 1958. ... Great Western Railway No. ...


Well known were the Southern Pacific's unique "cab-forward" steam locomotives. These were essentially 2-8-8-4 locomotives set up to run in reverse, with the tender attached to the smokebox end of the locomotive. Southern Pacific used a number of snow sheds in mountain terrain, and locomotive crews nearly asphyxiated from smoke blowing back to the cab. After a number of engineers began running their engines in reverse (pushing the tender), Southern Pacific asked Baldwin Locomotive Works to produce cab-forward designs. No other North American railroad ordered cab-forward locomotives, which became a distinctive symbol of the Southern Pacific. This article needs to be wikified. ... Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range 2-8-8-4 Yellowstone #229 as preserved. ... A British tender locomotive Fuel tender from one of Union Pacifics turbines. ... The Big Hill on the Canadian Pacific Railway main line passes through a timber snow shed. ... Baldwin Locomotive Works builders plate, 1922 The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. ...


During the early days of diesel locomotive use, they were also painted black. Yard switchers had diagonal orange stripes painted on the ends for visibility, earning this scheme the nickname of Tiger Stripe. Road freight units were generally painted in a black scheme with a red band at the bottom of the carbody and a silver and orange "winged" nose. The words "SOUTHERN PACIFIC" were borne in a large serif font in white. This paint scheme is called the Black Widow scheme by railfans. A transitory scheme, of all-over black with orange "winged" nose, was called the Halloween scheme. Few locomotives were painted in this scheme and few photos of it exist. A modern Diesel locomotive. ... A modern US switcher, an EMD SW1500. ... The Tiger Stripes colour scheme is a pattern of painting applied to locomotives in attempts to improve visibility. ...


Most passenger units were painted originally in the Daylight scheme as described above, though some were painted red on top, silver below for use on the Golden State (operated in cooperation with the Rock Island Railroad) between Chicago and Los Angeles. In 1959 SP standardized on a paint scheme of dark grey with a red "winged" nose; this scheme was dubbed Bloody Nose by railfans. Lettering was again in white. During the failed Southern Pacific Santa Fe Railroad merger in the mid 1980s, the "Kodachrome" (Named after Kodak's film strip box colors of the day.) paint scheme was applied to many Southern Pacific locomotives. When the Southern Pacific Santa Fe merger was denied by the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Kodachrome units were not when it came to paint, some even lasted up to the days of Sounthern Pacific's end as an independent company. The Interstate Commerce Commission's decision left Southern Pacific in a decrepit state, the locomotives where not repainted immediately, although some were repainted into the Bloody Nose scheme as they were overhauled after months to years of deffered maintenance. After the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, owner Philip Anschutz purchased the Southern Pacific in 1988, the side lettering became often done in the Rio Grande "speed lettering" style. The Rio Grande did not retain its identity, the Southern Pacific was the dominant road in the purchase. Train No. ... The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... The Southern Pacific Santa Fe (SPSF) railroad was intended to be formed as part of the merger between the parent companies of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe railroads in 1984. ... The Interstate Commerce Commission (or ICC) was a regulatory body in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland. ... The Interstate Commerce Commission (or ICC) was a regulatory body in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland. ... The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad (AAR reporting mark DRG and DRGW) generally referred to as the Rio Grande, became the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad in 1920, and is today a fallen flag (a railroad that has been absorbed into a larger system -- Union Pacific -- as the result...


Southern Pacific road switcher diesels were well-known by railfans for several distinct features beyond their paint schemes. The units often featured elaborate lighting clusters, both front and rear, which featured a large red Mars Light for emergency signaling, and often two sets of twin sealed-beam headlamps, one on top of the cab between the number boards, and the other below the Mars Light on the locomotive's nose. The Southern Pacific, starting in the 1970s, employed cab air conditioning on all new locomotives, and the air conditioning unit on top of the locomotive cab is quite visible. The Southern Pacific also placed very large snowplows on the pilots of their road switchers, primarily for the heavy winter snowfall encountered on the Donner Pass route. Many Southern Pacific road switchers used a Nathan-AirChime model M3 or M5 air horn, which formed chords which were distinct to Southern Pacific locomotives in the western states. Railfans practicing their hobby at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. ... Donner Pass in the 1870s Donner Pass, elevation 7,085 feet (2160 meters), is a mountain pass in the northern Sierra Nevada, located above Donner Lake about nine miles West of Truckee, California. ... Conrail locomotive equipped with a Leslie model S3L air horn. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Southern Pacific, and its subsidiary Cotton Belt, were the only operators of the EMD SD45T-2 "Tunnel Motor" locomotive. This locomotive was necessary because the standard configuration EMD SD45 could not get a sufficient amount of cool air into the diesel locomotive's radiatior while working Southern Pacific's extensive snow shed and tunnel system in the Cascades and Donner Pass. These "Tunnel Motors" were essentially EMD SD45s with radiator air intakes located at the locomotive carbody's walkway level, rather than EMD's typical radiator setup with fans on the locomotive's long hood roof blowing fresh air downwards through the radiator. Inside tunnels and snow sheds, the hot exhaust gases from lead units would accumulate near the top of the tunnel or snow shed, and be drawn into the radiators of trailing EMD (non-tunnel motor) locomotives, leading these locomotives to shut down as their diesel prime mover overheated. The Southern Pacific also operated EMD SD40T-2s, as did the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. The St. ... The SD45T-2 is a locomotive conceived in early 1972 by EMD at the request of the Southern Pacific. ... A UP SD45 leads other locomotive models on a train in Wyoming in 1970. ... SP 8238, eastbound at Caliente, California, in the late 1980s. ... The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad (AAR reporting mark DRG and DRGW) generally referred to as the Rio Grande, became the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad in 1920, and is today a fallen flag (a railroad that has been absorbed into a larger system -- Union Pacific -- as the result...


Unlike many other railroads, whose locomotive numberboards bore the locomotive's number, the SP used them for the train number all the way up to the proposed Southern Pacific Santa Fe Railroad merger. By the Rio Grande Industries era, SP had adopted the more standard practice of using the number boards for the road number. The Southern Pacific Santa Fe (SPSF) railroad was intended to be formed as part of the merger between the parent companies of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe railroads in 1984. ... Rio Grande Industries was the diversified parent company, headquartered in Denver, of the Rio Grande. ...


Toward the end of the railroad's corporate life, Southern Pacific locomotives were known for being very dirty. Some railfans jokingly observed that the railroad's heavily used locomotives were only washed when it rained. Railfans practicing their hobby at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. ...


Union Pacific recently unveiled UP 1996, the sixth and final of its Heritage Series EMD SD70ACe locomotives. Its paint scheme appears to be based on the Daylight and Black Widow schemes. Union Pacific 1996 is a SD70ACe locomotive owned by Union Pacific Railroad (UP). ... Categories: Rail stubs | EMD locomotives ...


Passenger train service

Until May 1, 1971 (when Amtrak took over long-distance passenger operations in the United States), the Southern Pacific at various times operated the following named passenger trains: May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The following is a list of named passenger trains and some summary information about them. ... An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992. ...

Southern Pacific Railroad chair car (coach) #2425, assigned to the Challenger, makes a stop in San Luis Obispo, California on July 26, 1937.
Southern Pacific Railroad chair car (coach) #2425, assigned to the Challenger, makes a stop in San Luis Obispo, California on July 26, 1937.

Locomotives Used for Passenger Service Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... San Luis Obispo, San Luis, or SLO (Spanish for ) is a city in California. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Train No. ... The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class 1 railroad in the United States. ... Train No. ... The Coast Daylight was a passenger train originally run by the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) between the cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco, California, via SPs Coast Line. ... An EMD E7 ABA locomotive set in Golden State service bears the Golden Rocket color scheme as it passes through Carrizozo, New Mexico in September, 1947. ... The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... Train No. ... The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... The Lark was an all-sleeper passenger train of the Southern Pacific Railroad that ran between Los Angeles and San Francisco. ... The original Peninsula railroad corridor between San Francisco and San Jose was constructed in 1863 by the San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road, which was purchased by Southern Pacific in 1870. ... Caltrain is a commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and the Santa Clara Valley in the United States. ... A trio of Union Pacific locomotives leads train No. ... The Chicago and North Western Railway (AAR reporting marks: CNW, CNWS, CNWZ; unofficial abbreviation: C&NW) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad network in the United States. ...


Steam Locomotives

  • 2-8-0 Consolidation
  • 2-8-2 Mikado
  • 4-4-2 Atlantic
  • 4-6-2 Pacific - see SP 2472
  • 4-8-2 Mountain
  • 4-8-4 Golden State/General Service - see SP 4449

Diesel Locomotives A Chinese-built 2-8-0 on display at the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, WI, April 26, 2004. ... PRR 520, on display at the Pennsylvania Railroad Museum, Strasburg, Pennsylvania, in 1993. ... A 15 gauge 4-4-2 operating on the Riverside and Great Northern Railway in Wisconsin Dells, WI. In the Whyte notation a 4-4-2 is a steam locomotive that has a two-axle leading truck, two powered driving axles and a one-axle trailing truck. ... The Pennsylvania Railroads class K4s, a well known 4-6-2 type. ... Southern Pacific 2472 is a 4-6-2 Pacific type steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) in 1921. ... Union Pacific Railroad class MT-1 4-8-2 #7000. ... The Norfolk & Western Railways Class J locomotive #611, a 1950 product of the railroads own Roanoke, Virginia shops. ... Southern Pacific 4449 is the only surviving GS-4 steam locomotive. ...

The ALCO PA was a family of A1A-A1A diesel locomotives built to haul passenger trains built in Schenectady, New York in the United States by the American Locomotive Company (ALCO) between September, 1946 and December, 1953. ... The first E2 set for the City of San Francisco, units SF-1, SF-2 and SF-3, jointly owned by the UP, the C&NW, and the SP. The second E2 set for the City of Los Angeles, units LA-1, LA-2 and LA-3, jointly owned by... Southern Pacific Railroad E7 ABA set for hauling the Golden State Limited, 1947. ... Rock Island E8 #652, operated by Midland Railway of Baldwin City, Kansas. ... The EMD E9 was a 2,400 hp, A1A-A1A passenger train-hauling diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division of La Grange, Illinois between May 1954 and December 1963. ... Southern Pacific Railroads (SP) number 6051 is an EMD E9 diesel locomotive. ... St. ... Chicago, Milwaukee, St. ... Illinois Terminal Railroad 1605, preserved in operational condition at the Illinois Railway Museum. ... The St. ... A Canadian National Railway GP9 leads a train up Yellowhead Pass. ... Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) locomotive number 5623 is a passenger service-eqipped torpedo boat version of an EMD GP9 diesel locomotive, built in 1955. ... An EMD SD7 is a 6-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between February 1952 and November 1953. ... An EMD SD9 is a 6-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between January 1954 and June 1959. ... Southern Pacific Railroads (SP) number 4450 is an EMD SD9 diesel locomotive. ... The GE P30CH, also known as the POOCH, was one of the first diesel-electric passenger locomotives built for Amtrak in its early years. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The EMD SDP45 was a six-axle C-C 3,600 hp (2,700 kW) diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division of La Grange, Illinois. ... ...

Preserved locomotives

There are many Southern Pacific locomotives still in revenue service with railroads such as the Union Pacific, and many older and special locomotives have been donated to parks and museums, or continue operating on scenic or tourist railroads. Among the more notable equipment is:

SP 1518 at IRM, July 2005.
SP 1518 at IRM, July 2005.

For a complete list, see: List of preserved Southern Pacific Railroad rolling stock. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (803x459, 85 KB) Southern Pacific Railroad 1518, the first EMD SD7 ever built, preserved in operational condition at the Illinois Railway Museum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (803x459, 85 KB) Southern Pacific Railroad 1518, the first EMD SD7 ever built, preserved in operational condition at the Illinois Railway Museum. ... The only surviving EMD E5 is used regularly on the museums excursion trains, usually pulling the Nebraska Zephyr. ... Southern Pacific 4294 was the last steam locomotive ordered new by Southern Pacific Railroad (SP). ... Southern Pacific Railroads AC-12 class of cab forward steam locomotives was the last class of steam locomotives ordered by Southern Pacific. ... Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, a 4-8-8-2 is a Cab Forward type locomotive with four leading wheels, two sets of eight driving wheels, and a two-wheel trailing truck. ... The California State Railroad Museum in Old Sacramento is a tribute to the role of the iron horse in connecting California to the rest of the nation. ... Nickname: River City Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... Southern Pacific 4449 is the only surviving GS-4 steam locomotive. ... The GS-4 is a streamlined 4-8-4 Northern type steam locomotive that served the Southern Pacific Railroad from 1941 to 1958. ... The Norfolk & Western Railways Class J locomotive #611, a 1950 product of the railroads own Roanoke, Virginia shops. ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City  145. ... Southern Pacific 2472 is a 4-6-2 Pacific type steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) in 1921. ... The Pennsylvania Railroads class K4s, a well known 4-6-2 type. ... The Golden Gate Railroad Museum is a non-profit heritage railway established in 1975 and dedicated to the preservation of steam and passenger railroad equipment, and the interpretation of local railroad history. ... Redwood City is a suburb located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. ... The Pennsylvania Railroads class K4s, a well known 4-6-2 type. ... The Pacific Locomotive Association is an organization dedicated to the preservation of the physical aspects and atmosphere of Pacific Coast railroading during the period from 1910 to 1960. ... Fremont (IPA: ) is a city in California that was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. ... The California State Railroad Museum in Old Sacramento is a tribute to the role of the iron horse in connecting California to the rest of the nation. ... Southern Pacific Railroads (SP) number 1518 is an EMD SD7 diesel locomotive. ... Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc. ... An EMD SD7 is a 6-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between February 1952 and November 1953. ... The only surviving EMD E5 is used regularly on the museums excursion trains, usually pulling the Nebraska Zephyr. ... Union is a village located in McHenry County, Illinois. ... A large quantity of rolling stock formerly owned and operated by Southern Pacific Railroad has been preserved in museums and on tourist railroads across North America. ...


Company officers

Presidents of the Southern Pacific Company

Timothy Guy Phelps (December 20, 1824 – June 11, 1899) was the first president of the Southern Pacific Railroad from 1865 until 1868 when the railroad was purchased by members of The Big Four. ... Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824–June 21, 1893) was an American business tycoon, politician and founder of Stanford University. ... Collis Potter Huntington (October 22, 1821 – August 13, 1900) was one of the Big Four of western railroading (along with Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins and Charles Crocker) who built the Southern Pacific Railroad and other major interstate train lines. ... Charles Arthur Hayes (February 17, 1918 - April 8, 1997) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Illinois. ... Edward Henry Harriman (February 20, 1848 – September 9, 1909), better known as E. H. Harriman, was a wealthy railroad executive. ... Robert Scott Lovett (1860-1932) was an American railroad president, born at San Jacinto, Tex. ... Angus Daniel McDonald (1878 – 1941) was president of the Southern Pacific Company, the parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. ... Benjamin Franklin Biaggini (1916 – May 28, 2005)[1] was president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of Southern Pacific Railroad, from 1964 to 1976 and chairman of the Board of Directors from 1976 to 1983. ... Robert D. Krebs has headed three major United States railroads in succession, leading the Southern Pacific when it was acquired by Santa Fe Industries, rising to lead the resulting Santa Fe Pacific Corporation, and finally being chosen to head the new Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) when Santa Fe Pacific...

Chairmen of the Southern Pacific Company Executive Committee

Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824–June 21, 1893) was an American business tycoon, politician and founder of Stanford University. ... Robert Scott Lovett (1860-1932) was an American railroad president, born at San Jacinto, Tex. ... Henry deForest was an American railroad executive. ...

Chairmen of the Southern Pacific Company Board of Directors

  • Henry deForest (1929-1932)
  • Hale Holden (1932-1939)
  • (position nonexistent 1939-1964)
  • Donald Russell (1964-1972)
  • (vacant 1972-1976)
  • Benjamin Biaggini (1976-1983)

Henry deForest was an American railroad executive. ... Benjamin Franklin Biaggini (1916 – May 28, 2005)[1] was president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of Southern Pacific Railroad, from 1964 to 1976 and chairman of the Board of Directors from 1976 to 1983. ...

Predecessor and subsidiary railroads

Arizona

  • Arizona Eastern Railroad 1910-1955
    • Arizona Eastern Railroad Company of New Mexico 1904-1910
    • Arizona and Colorado Railroad 1902-1910
    • Gila Valley, Globe and Northern Railway 1894-1910 later AZER
    • Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad (of 1907) 1908-1910
      • Maricopa and Phoenix and Salt River Valley Railroad 1895-1908
        • Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad (of 1886) 1887-1895
        • Phoenix, Tempe and Mesa Railway 1894-1895
    • Arizona and Colorado Railroad Company of New Mexico 1904-1910
  • El Paso and Southwestern Railroad
    • Arizona and New Mexico Railway 1883-1935
      • Clifton and Southern Pacific Railway 1883 (Narrow Gauge)
      • Clifton and Lordsburg Railway
    • Arizona and South Eastern Rail Road 1888-1902
    • Mexico and Colorado Railroad 1908-1910
    • Southwestern Railroad of Arizona 1900-1901
    • Southwestern Railroad of New Mexico 1901-1902
  • New Mexico and Arizona Railroad 1882-1897 ATSF Subsidiary, 1897-1934 Non-operating SP subsidiary
  • Phoenix and Eastern Railroad 1903-1934
  • Tucson and Nogales Railroad 1910-1934
    • Twin Buttes Railroad 1906-1929; Tucson-Sahuarita line sold to above in 1910. Sahuarita-Twin Buttes line scrapped in 1934.

The Gila Valley, Globe & Northern Railway was a common carrier incorporated on January 24, 1894. ... The Arizona Central Railroad (AAR reporting mark AZCR) is an Arizona shortline railroad that operates from a connection with the BNSF Railway (AAR reporting mark BNSF) at Drake. ...

California

The California Pacific Railroad Company was incorporated in 1865 at San Francisco, California as the California Pacific Rail Road Company. ... The Gov. ... The Northwestern Pacific Railroad (NWP) was a regional railroad serving the Redwood Empire of Northern California. ... The Sacramento Southern Railroad is a tourist line operated by the California State Railroad Museum. ... The San Diego & Arizona Railway Company was a short-line American railroad (AAR reporting mark SDA) founded by sugar heir, developer, and entrepreneur John D. Spreckels, and dubbed The Impossible Railroad by many engineers of its day due to the immense logistical challenges involved. ... The West Side & Mendocino Railroad Company was a 16. ... The Northwestern Pacific Railroad (NWP) was a regional railroad serving the Redwood Empire of Northern California. ... The South Pacific Coast Railroad was a narrow gauge steam railroad running between Santa Cruz, California and Alameda, with a ferry connection in Alameda to San Francisco. ... The Oregon and California Railroad was formed from the Oregon Central Rail Road when it was the first to operate a 20 mile stretch south of Portland in 1869. ...

Successor railroads

Arizona

Originally chartered as the Gila Valley, Globe, and Northern Railway on January 5, 1895, the Arizona Eastern Railroad name took over during construction. ... The San Pedro & Southwestern Railroad (AAR reporting marks SPSR) is an Arizona shortline railroad that used to operate from a connection with the Union Pacific Railway (AAR reporting marks UP) at Benson, Arizona. ... The San Pedro & Southwestern Railroad (AAR reporting mark SPSR) is an Arizona shortline railroad that used to operate from a connection with the Union Pacific Railway (AAR reporting mark UP) at Benson, Arizona. ...

California

The California Northern Railroad (AAR reporting mark CFNR) is one of several Class III short-line railroad companies owned by RailAmerica, Inc. ... The Napa Valley Wine Train is operated by the Napa Valley Railroad (AAR reporting marks NVRR). ... The Niles Canyon Railway is a heritage railway in the Niles Canyon, Sunol, California near San Francisco, California, USA. The railroad began operation along historic tracks in 1988. ... The San Diego & Arizona Eastern Railway Company is a short-line American railroad (AAR reporting mark SDAE) originally founded in 1906 as the San Diego & Arizona Railway Company (SD&A) by sugar heir, developer, and entrepreneur John D. Spreckels. ... The San Joaquin Valley Railroad is one of several short line railroad companies and is part of the Sunset Divison of RailAmerica. ...

Ferry service

The Southern Pacific Company's Bay City ferry plies the waters of San Francisco Bay in the late 19th century.

The Central Pacific Railroad (and later the Southern Pacific) maintained and operated a fleet of ferry boats that connected Oakland with San Francisco by water. For this purpose, a massive pier, the Oakland Long Wharf, was built out into San Francsico Bay in the 1870s which served both local and mainline passengers. Early on, the Central Pacific gained control of the existing ferry lines for the purpose of linking the northern rail lines with those from the south and east; during the late 1860s the company purchased nearly every bayside plot in Oakland, creating what author and historian Oscar Lewis described as a "wall around the waterfront" that put the town’s fate squarely in the hands of the corporation. Competitors for ferry passengers or dock space were ruthlessly run out of business, and not even stage coach lines could escape the group's notice, or wrath. Image File history File links CHS.J1211. ... Image File history File links CHS.J1211. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, ca. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... San Francisco Bay in California has been served by ferries of all types for over 150 years. ... The Oakland Long Wharf was a massive railroad wharf and ferry pier (mole) in Oakland, California. ... Oscar Lewis (born 1914, New York City- died 1970) was an American anthropologist. ...


By 1930, the Southern Pacific owned the world's largest ferry fleet (which was subsidized by other railroad activities), carrying 40 million passengers and 60 million vehicles annually aboard 43 vessels. However, the opening of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge in 1936 initiated the slow decline in demand for ferry service, and by 1951 only 6 ships remained active. SP ferry service was discontinued altogether in 1958. The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ...


References

  • Beebe, Lucius (1963). The Central Pacific & The Southern Pacific Railroads. Howell-North Books, Berkeley, CA. ISBN 0-8310-7034-X. 
  • Diebert, Timothy S. and Strapac, Joseph A. (1987). Southern Pacific Company steam locomotive compendium. Shade Tree Books, Huntington Beach, CA. ISBN 0-930742-12-5. 
  • Lewis, Daniel (2007). Iron Horse Imperialism: The Southern Pacific of Mexico, 1880-1951. ISBN 0816526044. 
  • Lewis, Oscar (1938). The Big Four. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, NY. 
  • Orsi, Richard J. (2005). Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West 1850-1930. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. ISBN 0-520-20019-5. 
  • Thompson, Anthony W., et al (1992). Pacific Fruit Express. Signature Press, Wilton, CA. ISBN 1-930013-03-5. 
  • Yenne, Bill (1985). The History of the Southern Pacific. Bonanza, New York, NY. ISBN 0-517-46084-X. 

Notes

  1. ^ (August 9, 1976) "Short and Significant: SP wins Dow safety award". Railway Age 177 (14): p 8. 
  2. ^ a b Schwantes, Carlos A. (1993). Railroad Signatures across the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. ISBN 0-295-97210-6. 

August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...

See also

The establishment of Americas transcontinental rail lines securely linked California to the rest of the country, and the far-reaching transportation systems that grew out of them during the century that followed contributed to the state’s social, political, and economic development. ... A string of refrigerator cars owned by Pacific Fruit Express is supplied with fresh ice in the Spring of 1964. ... The Southern Pacific Santa Fe (SPSF) railroad was intended to be formed as part of the merger between the parent companies of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe railroads in 1984. ... The St. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
BIGpedia - Southern Pacific Railroad - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (1415 words)
The railroad was founded as a land holding company in 1865, forming part of the Central Pacific Railroad empire.
Southern Pacific Railroad which is often interpreted as having established certain corporate rights under the Constitution of the United States.
Like most railroads, the SP painted the majority of its steam locomotive fleet fl during the 20th century, but after the 1930s the SP had a policy of painting the front of the locomotive's smokebox silver, with graphite colored sides, for visibility.
Southern Pacific Railroad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2092 words)
January 12, 1883: The second transcontinental railroad line is completed as the Southern Pacific tracks from Los Angeles meet the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway at the Pecos River.
Like most railroads, the SP painted the majority of its steam locomotive fleet fl during the 20th century, but after the 1930s the SP had a policy of painting the front of the locomotive's smokebox light silver (almost white in appearance), with graphite colored sides, for visibility.
Southern Pacific used a number of snow sheds in mountain terrain, and locomotive crews nearly asphyxiated from smoke blowing back to the cab.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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