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Encyclopedia > Southern Europe
The southern half of Europe is shown in shades of red.
The southern half of Europe is shown in shades of red.

Southern Europe or sometimes Mediterranean Europe is a region of the European continent. There is no clear definition of the term which can vary depending on whether geographic, cultural, linguistic or historical factors are taken into account. It is generally agreed that Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece, more generally the Mediterranean countries of the European continent, are part of Southern Europe. The South of France and the 3% of Turkish territory within European lands are also included in most definitions of the term. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE.jpg Summary made by myself Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE.jpg Summary made by myself Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Southern France, colloquially known as Le Midi is a loosely defined geographical area consisting of the regions that border Spain, the Mediterranean Sea and Italy. ...


Geographically, Southern Europe would be the south half of the landmass of Europe. This definition is relative, with no clear limits. The Alps and Massif Central mountains constitute a physical barrier between Italy and France and the rest of Europe. Alp redirects here. ... France, viewed from the NASA Shuttle Topography Radar Mission. ...

Contents

Geopolitical definition of the United Nations

The Southern European countries in the UN classification in sub-regions.
The Southern European countries in the UN classification in sub-regions.

For its official works and publications, the United Nations Organization groups countries under a classification of regions. Southern Europe, as defined by the United Nations (the sub-regions according to the UN), comprises the following countries and territories: Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE4. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...

This map shows the areas of Europe with mediterranean climates.
This map shows the areas of Europe with mediterranean climates.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gibraltar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Vatican_City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE3. ...

Climatical definition

The climatic definition of southern Europe would be similar to the areas of Mediterranean climate. The Mediterranean climate is often thought to be a typical characteristic of Southern Europe. This area is also the origin of most of southern Europe's food traditions, (olive oil, wine and wheat culture especially). The Mediterranean area presents similar landscapes (dry hills, little plains, pine forests, olive trees) and a similar, traditional habitat. This area consists of the northeast and southern two-thirds of Portugal, Spain's southern half and eastern coast, the southeast coast of France (along with the island of Corsica), all of Italy except the Po River plain and Alps region, the coasts of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania, most of Greece, Cyprus and Malta.  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ... Alp redirects here. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ...


Linguistic and cultural definition

Linguistical definition of south Europe. Latin Europe in blue, Balkan region (south Slavic countries: former-Yugoslavia + Bulgaria), Albania and Greece in green.
Linguistical definition of south Europe. Latin Europe in blue, Balkan region (south Slavic countries: former-Yugoslavia + Bulgaria), Albania and Greece in green.

Countries of Latin Europe are often associated with the concept of Southern Europe, especially Southwest Europe (see Latin Arch). Greece and the Balkan nations are often associated with them in the concept of Southern Europe, especially Southeast Europe. Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SEUROPE2. ... Latin Europe Latin Europe (Italian, Portuguese and Spanish: Europa latina; French: Europe latine; Romanian: Europa latină; Catalan: Europa llatina; Franco-Provençal: Eropa latina) is composed of those nations and areas in Europe that speak a Romance language and are seen as having a distinct culture from the Germanic and... ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Latin Europe Latin Europe (Italian, Portuguese and Spanish: Europa latina; French: Europe latine; Romanian: Europa latină; Catalan: Europa llatina; Franco-Provençal: Eropa latina) is composed of those nations and areas in Europe that speak a Romance language and are seen as having a distinct culture from the Germanic and... Latin Arch (French: arc latin, Italian/Spanish: arco latino) is the name given to the littoral around the northwestern Mediterranean basin, which stretches from Sicily to Gibraltar that forms the shape of an arch and seen as the core of Latin Europe. ... Balkan redirects here. ...


List of countries

Although there is no precise definition, the following territories are commonly reckoned in Southern Europe:

The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... For other uses, see Madeira (disambiguation). ... Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Castilian Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 17th  4 992 km²  1,0% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 14th  916 968  2,2%  183,69/km² Demonym  – English  – Catalan  – Spanish Balearic balear balear... Anthem: Arrorró Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... Satellite view of the Peninsula in spring The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Italian: Penisola italiana or Penisola appenninica) is one of the greatest peninsulas of Europe, spanning 1,000 km from the Alps in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek: , Ionioi NÄ“soi) are a group of islands in Greece. ... Aegean Sea Islands: map showing island groups. ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... The Mediterranean States are the two countries of Cyprus and Malta. ...

Notes


  Results from FactBites:
 
Southern Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (514 words)
Southern Europe is a region of the European continent.
The climatic definition of southern Europe would be similar to the areas of mediterranean climate.
Countries of latin Europe are often associated with the concept of southern Europe, especially South-West Europe (see Latin Arch).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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