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Encyclopedia > South Wales Coalfield

The South Wales Coalfield lies in parts of the districts/counties of Carmarthenshire, Swansea, Neath Port Talbot, Bridgend, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Vale of Glamorgan, Merthyr Tydfil, Cardiff, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen and Powys. It comprises a fully exposed synclinorium with a varying thickness of Coal Measures (Upper Carboniferous / Pennsylvanian) deposits with thick, workable seams in the lower parts and generally thinner and sparser seams in the upper parts, together with a development of sandstones ("Pennant Sandstone"). These sandstones have been much used in building construction (including the characteristic terraces of former miners' houses) and give rise to bleak uplands between the deep valleys in which most deep mines were developed. Communication along these valleys provided the main routeways for exporting coal. Carmarthenshire (Welsh: Sir Gaerfyrddin) is a county in Wales. ... View of Oxford Street in Swansea city centre Marina, formerly South Dock in the Maritime Quarter Aerial view of Swansea Bay Swansea (Welsh: Abertawe, mouth of the Tawe) is a city and county in South Wales, situated on the coast immediately to the east of the Gower Peninsula. ... Neath Port Talbot (Welsh: Castell-nedd Port Talbot) is a county borough in Glamorgan, south Wales. ... Bridgend is a county borough in Glamorgan, southern Wales. ... Rhondda Cynon Taff (Welsh: Rhondda Cynon T f) is a county borough in Glamorgan, South Wales. ... The Vale of Glamorgan (Welsh: Dyffryn (or Bro) Morgannwg) is an exceptionally rich agricultural area in the southern part of Glamorgan, Wales. ... // Introduction Merthyr Tydfil (Welsh: Merthyr Tudful) is a town and county borough in the traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, with a population of about 55,000. ... The Norman Keep, Cardiff Castle Aerial view of the Millennium Stadium The Wales Millennium Centre, Cardiff Bay Cardiff (Welsh: Caerdydd) is the capital and largest city of Wales. ... Caerphilly [county borough] is a local government principal area in southern Wales, straddling the boundary between the traditional counties of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. ... Blaenau Gwent is a county borough and parliamentary constituency in South Wales. ... Torfaen (sometimes hyphenated Tor-faen) is a county borough in South Wales. ... Powys is an administrative county in Wales, over 2000 sq. ...

Iron ore was also extracted and gave rise to a local iron and steel industry which was perpetuated in the twentieth century by the location of modern steelworks at Ebbw Vale and Cardiff (both now closed). Only one deep mine now remains in operation (Tower Colliery, on the north crop) but a few small licensed mines work seams, mostly from outcrop, on the hillsides.

  Results from FactBites:
Wales - Search View - MSN Encarta (5811 words)
Wales is bounded on the north by the Irish Sea; on the east by the English counties of Cheshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire, and Gloucestershire; on the south by the Bristol Channel; and on the west by the St George’s Channel and Cardigan Bay.
The university is composed of the University College of Wales in Aberystwyth; the University College of North Wales in Bangor; University of Wales College of Cardiff; St David’s University College in Lampeter; the University College of Swansea; and the University of Wales College of Medicine in Cardiff.
The development of the South Wales coalfield at the turn of the 19th century was initially aimed at supplying fuel to the iron-manufacturing industry, which had developed in the late 18th century based on ore deposits in the north-east.
Wales Underground - Big Pit (National Mining Museum of Wales) (1013 words)
There are two coalfield in Wales: the South Wales Coalfield extending nearly 90 miles from Pontypool in the east to St Bride’s Bay in the West, and the North Wales Coalfield extending from the Point of Ayr south-eastwards to Hawarden and Broughton near Chester.
The South Wales coalfield is the larger of the two, being an elongated basin of Carboniferous rocks that are exposed as outcrops nearly all the way around its periphery.
In 1855 the output of the South Wales Coalfield had been approximately 8.5 million tons, but by 1913 it had reached its peak of approximately 57 million tons, or a fifth of the entire output of the United Kingdom.
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