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Encyclopedia > South Shropshire
South Shropshire District
South Shropshire
Shown within Shropshire administrative county
Geography
Status: District
Region: West Midlands
Administrative and Ceremonial County: Shropshire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 23rd
1,027.26 km²
Admin. HQ: Ludlow
ONS code: 39UF
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
Ranked 346th
41,378
40 / km²
Ethnicity: 99.1% White
Politics
South Shropshire District Council
http://www.southshropshire.gov.uk/
Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive: All party
MP: Philip Dunne (politician)

South Shropshire is a local government district in south west Shropshire, England. Image File history File links ShropshireSouth. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ... The region (sometimes known as Government Office Region) is currently the highest tier of local government in England. ... The West Midlands is a geographical term describing the western half of central England, known as the Midlands. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a Physical quantity. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Map sources for Ludlow at grid reference SO5174 Feathers Hotel, Ludlow (Photo by Mick Knapton) Ludlow is a town in Shropshire, situated almost on the border between England and Wales. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by population. ... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Philip Dunne MP is a Conservative Member of the British House of Commons for Ludlow. ... Non-metropolitan districts (usually just called Districts) are local government sub-divisions of English Counties. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ...

Contents


Introduction

South Shropshire is the most rural district of one of the UK's most rural counties, the population of the district is 40,000 spread out over 1,027 km² of forest, mountains, moors, hills and poor quality farmland. It borders Powys in Mid Wales, which it closely resembles, economically, socially, culturally and historically. 65% of the district is part of the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Only the towns of Ludlow and Church Stretton have populations in excess of 3000. Other towns in the district are Clun, Bishop's Castle, Cleobury Mortimer and Craven Arms (though these towns are really the size of villages). Powys is an administrative county in Wales, over 2000 sq. ... National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085 140/km² Ethnicity: 97. ... The Shropshire Hills area is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). ... Map sources for Ludlow at grid reference SO5174 Feathers Hotel, Ludlow (Photo by Mick Knapton) Ludlow is a town in Shropshire, situated almost on the border between England and Wales. ... Church Stretton is a town in South Shropshire, Shropshire, England. ... Clun is a small town in Shropshire, England, in the district of South Shropshire. ... Bishops Castle is a small market-town in Shropshire, England, and formerly its smallest borough. ... Map sources for Cleobury Mortimer at grid reference SO6775 Cleobury Mortimer (pronounced Clib-bury Mort-imer) is a small rural town in Shropshire, England, with a population of 2,774 according to the 2001 census. ... Craven Arms is a small town in South Shropshire, Shropshire, England. ...


Economics and Demographics

Economically the district is dependent on tourism, now that farming is of little economic importance (and lead and coal mining having died in the area years ago), although there is some light industry around Church Stretton. Wages are low and although unemployment is below average, official statistics do not (and cannot) take into account "disguised unemployment" in the tourism and agricultural sectors. Church Stretton is a town in South Shropshire, Shropshire, England. ...


Something to note about the demographics of the area, is the lack of a genuine middle class, something that may be caused by the area's agricultural past, and that is perpetuated by the wide economic gap between affluent newcomers and poorer old communities. This is particularly noticeable in Ludlow. The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... Map sources for Ludlow at grid reference SO5174 Feathers Hotel, Ludlow (Photo by Mick Knapton) Ludlow is a town in Shropshire, situated almost on the border between England and Wales. ...


Geography

The District of South Shropshire covers an area of 1,028 square kilometres, or 397 square miles, which is roughly one third of the administrative county of Shropshire.


South Shropshire is a land of mountains, valleys, hills, moors, forests and low grade farmland. The landscape is often rugged, with crags and rock outcrops very common, especially in the west and around the Clee Hills, and was for the most part gouged by glaciers during the ice age. It contains a myriad of rock types, and is widely regarded as the geological capital of the UK, with Wenlock Edge being especially highly regarded by geologists. The Clee Hills are a group of hills in Shropshire, England. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Wenlock Edge is a limestone escarpment near Much Wenlock, Shropshire, England. ...


See the Shropshire Hills AONB (Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty) for more about the natural geography of the area. The Shropshire Hills area is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). ...


History

South Shropshire is littered with ancient monuments, with Mitchells Fold on the Welsh border being the most notable, and there is evidence of neolithic quarrying in the Apedale. The area seems to have been settled by the Ordovicii people in the last millennium BC, and was a stronghold of the Celtic chieftain Caractacus (Caer Caradoc is named after him). The area was probably part of the "Military" division of the Roman occupation and locals claim that the Romans mined lead in the North West of the district. Caratacus (also spelled Caractacus) was a historical British chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe, who led the British resistance to the Roman conquest. ...


In the Early Middle Ages, the area was a battleground between the Welsh and the Saxon Kingdom of Mercia and Offa's Dyke, which is partially in the district, is a permanent reminder of the areas border status. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Mercia, sometimes spelled Mierce, was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon heptarchy, in what is now England, in the region of the Midlands, with its heart in the valley of the River Trent and its tributary streams. ... Offas Dyke is a massive earthwork between England and Wales, running from the estuary of the River Dee in the north to the River Wye in the south (approximately 240 km). ...


In the Middle Ages, Southern Shropshire was part of the Welsh Marches, a lawless area ruled by tyrannical feudal lords, who had de facto independence from the King. It has been remarked that the attitude of the time lives on in the areas mistrust of outside control. During the English Civil War the area was generally spared from fighting, although there was a small massacre at Hopton Castle. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... In European history, marches are border regions between centres of power. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ...


During the Industrial Revolution, coal was mined around Clee Hill, lead on the border with Wales and Church Stretton was a centre of textile manufacture and Ludlow thrived on the malting trade, while the rest of the area was populated by smallholders. The economy of the area was fragile, and most industry in the area had collapsed by 1900. The Industrial Revolution was the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labor to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. ...


Politics

The dominant ideology in South Shropshire is "bloody-mindedness". As a general rule people vote "for the man, not for the party", and although the Liberal Democrats have tended to outperform the other parties in local elections, independents (often covers for political parties) do well at election time. The council is renowned for its instability, and a senior councillor was convicted last year of fraudulent benefit claims. The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a social liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ...

Results of the elections to South Shropshire District Council, 1 May 2003
Party Seats
Liberal Democrat and Progressive 14
Conservative 10
Independent 9
Green 1
Total 34

For reasons unknown, the Labour Party do not stand candidates for the council, however several "independents" are believed to be members of the Labour Party. Various groupings have developed since the election and the Green is now an independent. May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Senior Councillors
    • Council leader: Helen Kidd, LD, Chirbury
    • Deputy leader: Zigards Kronbergs, LD, Church Stretton
    • Colin Pendry, Community Group, Clun (convicted for fraudulent benefit claims)

Various Statistics

Population structure %
0-4 5.2
5-15 11.8
16-19 5.1
20-29 7.7
30-44 19.5
45-retirement age 25.3
retirement age+ 25.2
Level of Employment 2001: %
Managers etc. 14.7
Professionals 10.1
Assoc. professional/technical 10.2
Admin and secretarial 9.5
Skilled manual 20.3
Personal service 8.1
Sales and customer service 5.7
Plant and machinery operatives 8.4
Elementary occupations 13.1
unemployed males 2.5
unemployed females 1.1
Employment by industry 2001: %
agriculture and forestry 10.2
energy and water 0.9
manufacturing 14.1
construction 8.2
services 22.4
transport and communications 4.5
finance 11.8
public sector 22.7
others 5.1
Sundry statistics 2001: %
In-migrants 1991-2001 10.2
Visible minorities 0.7

Sources

  • Local knowledge
  • Various books and newspaper articles
  • An old C19th county atlas
  • Shropshire County Council data


Districts of England - West Midlands Flag of England

Birmingham | Bridgnorth | Bromsgrove | Cannock Chase | Coventry | Dudley | East Staffordshire | Herefordshire | Lichfield | Malvern Hills | Newcastle-under-Lyme | North Shropshire | North Warwickshire | Nuneaton and Bedworth | Oswestry | Redditch | Rugby | Sandwell | Shrewsbury and Atcham | Solihull | South Shropshire | South Staffordshire | Stafford | Staffordshire Moorlands | Stoke-on-Trent | Stratford-on-Avon | Tamworth | Telford and Wrekin | Walsall | Warwick | Wolverhampton | Worcester | Wychavon | Wyre Forest The Districts of England are the lowest level of local government in England, except for civil parishes. ... The West Midlands is a geographical term describing the western half of central England, known as the Midlands. ... Large sized chicken tender of England/St Georges Cross/State flag of Guernsey, 1936-1985 File links The following pages link to this file: The Ashes Arsenal F.C. Cornwall Cambridgeshire Charlton Athletic F.C. City of London London Borough of Croydon Cheshire Chelsea F.C. Devon England Essex... The city from above Centenary Square. ... Bridgnorth is a local government district in Shropshire, England. ... Bromsgrove is a local government district in the West Midlands of England. ... Cannock Chase is a local government district in England. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre For alternative meanings see: Coventry (disambiguation) Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... The Metropolitan borough of Dudley is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... East Staffordshire is a local government district with borough status in Staffordshire in England. ... Herefordshire is a traditional and ceremonial county and unitary district in the West Midlands region of England in the United Kingdom. ... Lichfield is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. ... Malvern Hills is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ... Newcastle-under-Lyme is a local government district with borough status in Staffordshire, England. ... North Shropshire is a local government district in Shropshire, England. ... North Warwickshire is a local government district and borough in Warwickshire, England. ... Nuneaton and Bedworth is a local government district with borough status in Warwickshire, England, consisting of the towns Nuneaton, Bedworth, Bulkington and their surrounding countryside. ... Oswestry is a small local government district with borough status in Shropshire, England. ... Redditch is a town and local government district in Worcestershire, England, just south of the West Midlands urban area. ... Rugby is a local government district and borough in eastern Warwickshire, England. ... Sandwell is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... Shrewsbury and Atcham is a local government district with borough status in Shropshire, England. ... The Metropolitan borough of Solihull is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... South Staffordshire is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. ... Stafford is a local government district with borough status in Staffordshire in England. ... Staffordshire Moorlands is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. ... This page is about Stoke-on-Trent in England. ... Stratford-on-Avon is a local government district of southern Warwickshire in England. ... Tamworth town centre Map sources for Tamworth at grid reference SK2203 Tamworth is a historic town and local government district in Staffordshire England, located 17 miles (25km) north-east from the city of Birmingham. ... Telford and Wrekin is a borough in the West Midlands region of England. ... The Metropolitan borough of Walsall is a metropolitan borough of the county of West Midlands, England. ... Warwick is a local government district of central Warwickshire in England. ... Wolverhampton is an industrial, commercial and university city and metropolitan borough in the English West Midlands, traditionally part of the county of Staffordshire. ... The city of Worcester (pronounced Wuh-ster) is the county town of Worcestershire in England; the river Severn runs through the middle, with the citys large Worcester Cathedral overlooking the river. ... Wychavon is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ... Wyre Forest is a local government district in Worcestershire, England. ...

Administrative Counties with multiple districts: Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire The division into counties is one of the larger divisions of England. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Warwickshire (pronounced worrickshur or worricksheer) is a landlocked county in central England. ... The County of West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England, the United Kingdom, formed in 1974. ... Worcestershire (pronounced /ˈwʊstə.təʃə/ or /ˈwʊstə.təʃiːɜː/ or /ˈwʊstə.təʃaɪə/; abbreviated Worcs) is a county, located in the West Midlands region of central England. ...


 
 

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