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Encyclopedia > South Shore Line (NICTD)
South Shore Line
Reporting marks NICD
Locale Chicago, IL to South Bend, IN
Dates of operation 1903 – present
Track gauge 4 ftin (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Chesterton, IN

The South Shore Line is an electrically powered interurban streetcar line operated by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) between Randolph Street Terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois and the South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana. The line was operated as the Chicago, South Shore and South Bend Railroad (CSS&SB) until it went bankrupt in 1989, when the NICTD, formed in 1977 to help fund the line, took over operations. The line's freight service was picked up in 1990 by the new Chicago SouthShore and South Bend Railroad (AAR reporting mark CSS), which still operates freight service. The following are reporting marks assigned by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) to rail carriers operating in North America and the companies (railroads and rail equipment owners/operators) to which they were assigned. ... This article is about the largest city of Illinois. ... South Bend is a city located in St. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a metre. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Chesterton is a town located in Porter County, Indiana. ... Overhead wire in Coventry, England A railway electrification system is a way of supplying electric power to electric locomotives or multiple units. ... An interurban streetcar line or interurban, also called a radial railway in Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas. ... Chicago, colloquially known as the Second City and the Windy City, is the third-largest city in population in the United States and the largest inland city in the country. ... South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ... South Bends downtown, with Notre Dame in the upper right. ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Organization stubs | Rail transport | Industry trade groups ... The following are reporting marks assigned by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) to rail carriers operating in North America and the companies (railroads and rail equipment owners/operators) to which they were assigned. ...


The line is one of the only surviving interurban streetcar lines in the United States, with only the Norristown High Speed Line and SEPTA Suburban Trolley Lines in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area in the same category. The main yard, shops and dispatching office are in Michigan City, and NICTD corporate headquarters are in Chesterton. An interurban streetcar line or interurban, also called a radial railway in Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas. ... The Norristown High Speed Line (NHSL), operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority as Route 100 of the Suburban Transit Division, is a hybrid between light rail and rapid transit operating between Norristown Transportation Center and 69th Street Terminal, running entirely on its own right of way, inherited from the... Routes 101 & 102 Map ©SEPTA 2004 The Suburban Trolley Lines operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) as Routes 101 (Media) and 102 (Sharon Hill) of the Suburban Transit Division, are the remaining portion of the former Red Arrow trolley system operated by the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company. ... Independence Hall Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as Philly or the City of Brotherly Love) is the fifth most populous city in the United States and the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, both in area and population. ... Chicago and Northwestern Railways Proviso Yard in Chicago, Illinois, December 1942. ...

Contents


History

The oldest predecessor of the line was the Chicago and Indiana Air Line Railway, chartered on December 2, 1901. Service began in September 1903 between East Chicago, Indiana and Indiana Harbor. The following year it was renamed the Chicago, Lake Shore and South Bend Railway. Revenue service began July 1, 1908 on the line from Michigan City east to South Bend. An extension west to State Line Junction in Hammond, a transfer point for other railroads, opened September 8. December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with 30 days. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... East Chicago is a city located in Lake County, Indiana, opposite Chicago, Illinois. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ...


The Illinois Central Railroad-owned Kensington and Eastern Railroad was chartered in Illinois to complete the route, and was leased to the CLS&SB on April 4, 1909. That year the full line to Kensington, Illinois on the Illinois Central was completed, and on June 2, 1912 the trains started to be coupled to IC steam locomotives and ran all the way to downtown Chicago. The Illinois Central (AAR reporting mark IC) was a railroad carrier in the central United States, with its primary routes from Chicago to New Orleans and Sioux Falls. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Great Western Railway No. ...


The line entered receivership on February 28, 1925 and was bought at foreclosure by Samuel Insull's Chicago, South Shore and South Bend Railroad (incorporated June 23) on June 29. The power system was changed from AC to DC on July 28, 1926, allowing CSS&SB trains to operate directly to the Illinois Central's Randolph Street Terminal without an engine change, beginning August 29. That same year, the original line between East Chicago and Indiana Harbor was abandoned. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Foreclosure is the legal proceeding in which a bank or other secured creditor sells or repossesses a piece of real property due to the owners default on its promissory note. ... Cover of Time Magazine (November 29, 1926) Samuel Insull (1859 – July 16, 1938) was a investor who was primarily known in Chicago, Illinois for purchasing utilities and railroads. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with AC power. ... Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ...


On September 16, 1956 a street-running section in East Chicago was removed with the building of a new alignment next to the Indiana Toll Road. A 1970 truncation to west of downtown South Bend removed street trackage in that city. However, street trackage still exists in downtown Michigan City. September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Indiana Toll Road, or more officially the Northern Indiana East-West Toll Road, is a limited access, divided highway in the extreme north of Indiana. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The CSS&SB turned a profit during World War II due to the industrial nature of Northern Indiana. However, highway competition and suburban growth led to ridership declines. The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway bought the line in 1967. In 1976 the CSS&SB asked the Interstate Commerce Commission to abandon passenger service. The ICC gave the State of Indiana a chance to reply, and the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District was formed in 1977 to fund the service. The company went bankrupt, and passenger service was taken over by the NICTD in December 1989. In December 1990 the track was sold to the NICTD, and freight service was taken over by the new Chicago SouthShore and South Bend Railroad, a subsidiary of short line operator Anacostia and Pacific. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... Mitchell Freeway in Perth, Western Australia For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Interstate Commerce Commission was created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A short line is an independent railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance. ...


In November 1992 an extension was built from the old South Bend terminal at the Amtrak station to the South Bend Regional Airport. For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Amtrak is the trademark name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ...


Freight operations

Chicago SouthShore and South Bend Railroad
Reporting marks CSS
Locale Chicago, IL to South Bend, IN
Dates of operation 1903 – present
Track gauge 4 ftin (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Michigan City, IN

Until December 1990, the original Chicago, South Shore and South Bend Railroad operated freight service. At that time, the new Chicago SouthShore and South Bend Railroad, owned by Anacostia and Pacific, took over freight operations. It acquired the Kensington and Eastern Railroad, the piece in Illinois, from the Illinois Central Railroad in 1996. The following are reporting marks assigned by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) to rail carriers operating in North America and the companies (railroads and rail equipment owners/operators) to which they were assigned. ... This article is about the largest city of Illinois. ... South Bend is a city located in St. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a metre. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Michigan City is a city located in LaPorte County, Indiana. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... The Illinois Central (AAR reporting mark IC) was a railroad carrier in the central United States, with its primary routes from Chicago to New Orleans and Sioux Falls. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


The CSS&SB operates diesel locomotives on the whole line, bypassing the street trackage in Michigan City via a freight-only line next to Lake Michigan. It also operates the former Indianapolis, La Porte and Michigan City Railroad and Chicago, Cincinnati and Louisville Railroad, once part of the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate) system, from Michigan City southeast to Dillon (southeast of Stillwell), bought from Norfolk Southern in 2001. Via trackage rights it connects to many other railroads in the Chicago area, with connections to the Port of Chicago, Proviso Yard and Joliet. Great Western Railway No. ... Sunset on Lake Michigan A different sunset on the lake. ... The New York, Chicago and St. ... Norfolk Southern Corporation (AAR reporting mark NS) NYSE: NSC is a US publicly-traded stock corporation based in Norfolk, Virginia. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... A union station or union terminal is a train station where tracks and facilities are shared by two or more railway companies, allowing passengers to connect conveniently between them. ... Chicago, colloquially known as the Second City and the Windy City, is the third-largest city in population in the United States and the largest inland city in the country. ...

edit
Current (operating) Class II railroads of the United States

ARR, BLE, BPRR, CSS, DME, DMIR, EJE, FEC, IAIS, ICE, IHB, ISG, LIRR, MMA, MRL, PAL, PW, WLE, WSOR A Class II railroad, as defined by the American Association of Railroads, is a railroad with an annual operating revenue between $10 million (1978 dollars) and $50 million (1978 dollars). ... The Alaska Railroad (AAR designation ARR) is a Class 2 railroad that extends from Seward, in the south of the state of Alaska, in the United States, to Fairbanks, in the interior of that state. ... The Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad (B≤ AAR reporting mark BLE) was a railroad company operating mainly in western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio. ... The Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad (DM&E, AAR reporting mark DME) is a Class 2 railroad operating across South Dakota and southern Minnesota in the northern plains of the United States. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Minnesota railroads | Wisconsin railroads ... Categories: Rail stubs | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads ... The Florida East Coast Railway (AAR reporting mark FEC) is a Class II railroad operating in the US state of Florida; in the past, it has been a Class I railroad. ... The Iowa Interstate Railroad (AAR reporting mark IAIS) is a Class II railroad operating in the central United States. ... An eastbound IC&E train passing Fairdale, Illinois, on May 29, 2005. ... Indiana Harbor Belt Railroad is a Class II railroad in the United States. ... The Long Island Rail Road or LIRR is a railroad that serves the length of Long Island, New York. ... The Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railway (AAR reporting mark: MMA) is a regional freight railroad operating in the U.S. states of Maine and Vermont and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec. ... Montana RailLink (AAR reporting mark MRL) is a privately-held Class II railroad in the United States. ... The Paducah and Louisville Railway (AAR reporting mark PAL) is a Class II railroad that operates freight service between Paducah and Louisville, Kentucky. ... The Providence and Worcester Railroad (AAR reporting mark PW) is a Class II railroad in the United States. ... The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway (WLE) began in Ohio, with the organization of the Carroll County Rail Road on March 9, 1850. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Railway companies of the United States | Illinois railroads | Wisconsin railroads ...

Former or fallen flag Class II railroads of the United States

BOCT, CC, CMNW, CRN, GWWR, IMRL, MAA, MGA, MNS, OKKT, SI, TM, WC A fallen flag, in United States railroaders and railfans terminology, is a railroad company no longer in existence due to bankruptcy or merger. ... The Baltimore & Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad was a Class II railroad in the United States. ... A Chicago Central train passes westbound through northern Illinois in 1993. ... The Gateway Western Railway (AAR reporting mark GWWR) was a Class II railroad that operated on former Chicago and Alton Railroad track between Kansas City and St. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Minnesota railroads | Missouri railroads | Wisconsin railroads ... The Magma Arizona Railroad (AAR reporting mark MAA) was built by the Magma Copper Company and operated from 1920 - 1997. ... The Monongahela Railway (AAR reporting mark MGA) was a coal-hauling short line railroad in Pennsylvania and West Virginia in the United States. ... The Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway (the MN&S) was an 87 mile (140 km) long American short line railroad connecting Minneapolis and Northfield, Minnesota. ... There were two Wisconsin Central railroads that ran through Wisconsin and neighboring states. ...

Station stops

South Shore Line trains make the following station stops; not all trains stop at all stations. Everything between Randolph Street and Kensington is also served by the Metra Electric Line. The Metra Electric (ME) is a commuter rail line provided and operated by Metra in Chicago, Illinois and southern suburbs. ...

Illinois
  • Randolph Street
  • Van Buren Street
  • Roosevelt Road
  • McCormick Place (weekends only)
  • 57th Street (moved from 59th Street in 2004)
  • 63rd Street (very limited service)
  • Kensington
  • Hegewisch
Indiana
  • Hammond
  • East Chicago
  • Gary Airport
  • Gary Metro Center
  • Miller
  • Ogden Dunes
  • Dune Park
  • Beverly Shores
  • 11th Street (Michigan City)
  • Carroll Avenue
  • Hudson Lake
  • South Bend

State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... 2004(MMIV) is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: The Hoosier State Other U.S. States Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Governor Mitch Daniels (R) Senators Richard Lugar (R) Evan Bayh (D) Official languages English Area 94,321 km² (38th)  - Land 92,897 km²  - Water 1,424 km² (1. ...

External links

References

  • Matt Van Hattem, South Shore Line, Trains
  • Hammond, Indiana News Briefs November 2003
  • Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District - Our History
  • Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad - A Brief History
  • Railroad History Database

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Indiana Law Blog: Ind. Econ. Dev. - The South Shore Line, something that works, and could work even better (1302 words)
NICTD general manager Gerald Hanas said passenger vehicles at Dune Park have been parked on the grass, which is in the U.S. 12 right-of-way, all summer and the Indiana Department of Transportation is not happy about it.
The South Shore is essential to the economy and to helping prepare for growth in a region that has more than its share of poverty.
South Shore ridership increased 7 percent in 2005, when a record 3.8 million rides were provided, the railroad reported.
South Shore Line (NICTD) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1046 words)
The South Shore Line is an electrically powered interurban streetcar line (freight and passenger) operated by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) between Randolph Street Terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois and the South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana.
The oldest predecessor of the line was the Chicago and Indiana Air Line Railway, chartered on December 2, 1901.
The line entered receivership on February 28, 1925 and was bought at foreclosure by Samuel Insull's Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad (incorporated June 23) on June 29.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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