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Encyclopedia > South Semitic

South Semitic is one of the three macro-classifications in Semitic linguistics, the other two being North Semitic (e.g. Akkadian/Babylonian) and Central Semitic (e.g. Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew). Semitic itself is considered a branch of the larger Afro-Asiatic language family found, as indicated in the name, both in (northern) Africa and (southwestern) Asia. (See Joseph Greenberg's classification of African languages.) Semitic is an adjective referring to the peoples who have traditionally spoken Semitic languages or to things pertaining to them. ... Akkadian language city of Akkad or Agad Akkadian Empire Sargon of Akkad This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a four-thousand year history. ... The word Hebrew can variously mean: The Hebrew language or Hebrew languages The ancient Hebrew people, or their descendants the Jews The New Testament book Hebrews The term Hebrew is sometimes used by certain Christian groups to distinguish the Jews in ancient times (before the birth of Jesus) from Jews... Semitic is an adjective referring to the peoples who have traditionally spoken Semitic languages or to things pertaining to them. ... Map showing the distribution of Afro-Asiatic languages The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout North Africa, East Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia. ... Joseph Greenberg may refer to one of The linguist Joseph H. Greenberg The director of Yiddish-language films, better known as Joseph Green This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


South Semitic is again divided into two main branches: South Arabian, on the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and Ethiopian, found across the Red Sea in the Horn of Africa, mainly in modern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian languages have by far the greatest numbers of modern native speakers. Southern Arabian languages have withered at the expense of the more dominant Arabic (also a Semitic language) for more than a millennium. SIL's Ethnologue lists six modern members of the South Arabian branch and 14 members of the Ethiopian branch. South Arabian is a technical designation within Semitic linguistics for one of two main branches of South Semitic. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia. ... Conshelf II in the Red Sea (Sudan) Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea (Arabic البحر الأحمر Baḥr al-Aḥmar, al-Baḥru l-’Aḥmar; Hebrew ים סוף Yam Suf; Tigrigna ቀይሕ ባሕሪ QeyH baHri) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Horn of Africa from space, May 1993 The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...


The "homeland" of the South Semitic languages appears to have been the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula - indeed no Semitic language is thought to have originated on the continent of Africa. The modern and historic presence of South Semitic Ethiopian languages (and Ethiopic script) in Africa is believed to be due to a (backwards) migration of South Arabian speakers from Yemen within the last few thousand years. (It can be considered a "backwards migration" in that Afro-Asiatic languages are assumed to have arisen in Africa originally and moved into the Middle East and Arabian Peninsula in the form of Proto-Semitic, since all major branches of the larger Afro-Asiatic family except for Semitic are found in Africa. A minority of academics, e.g. A. Murtonen (1967), dispute this view, suggesting that Semitic may have originated in Ethiopia.) The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia. ... The Geez language (or Giiz language) is an ancient language that developed in the Ethiopian Highlands of the Horn of Africa as the language of the peasantry. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia. ... Proto-Semitic is the hypothetical proto-language of the Semitic languages. ...


See also

  • South Semitic language tree from SIL's Ethnologue online
  • Afro-Asiatic languages (Wikipedia entry)
  • Joseph Greenberg, linguist (Wikipedia entry)
Map showing the distribution of Afro-Asiatic languages The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout North Africa, East Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia. ... Joseph Greenberg may refer to one of The linguist Joseph H. Greenberg The director of Yiddish-language films, better known as Joseph Green This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
South Semitic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (410 words)
South Semitic is one of the three macro-classifications in Semitic linguistics, the other two being East Semitic (e.g.
Semitic itself is considered a branch of the larger Afro-Asiatic language family found, as indicated in the name, both in (northern and eastern) Africa and (southwestern) Asia.
South Semitic is again divided into two main branches: South Arabian, on the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and Ethiopian Semitic, found across the Red Sea in the Horn of Africa, mainly in modern Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Semitic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2267 words)
Semitic languages were among the earliest to attain a written form, with Akkadian writing beginning in the middle of the third millennium BC.
Modern Ethiopian Semitic languages are SOV, possessor — possessed, and adjective — noun, probably due to Cushitic influence; however, the oldest attested Ethiopian Semitic language, Geez, was VSO, possessed — possessor, and noun — adjective[4].
All Semitic languages exhibit a unique pattern of stems consisting of "triliteral" or consonantal roots (normally consisting of three consonants), from which nouns, adjectives, and verbs are formed by inserting vowels with, potentially, prefixes, suffixes, or infixes (consonants inserted within the original root).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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