The Pacific Islands Forum is an inter-governmental consultative process which aims to enhance cooperation between the countries of the Pacific Ocean and represent their interests. It was formerly known as the South Pacific Forum.
The decisions of the Forum are implemented by the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS), which grew out of the South Pacific Economic Cooperation bureau (SPEC). As we as its role in harmonising regional positions on various political and policy issues, the Forum Secretariat has technical programmes in economic development, transport and trade, and chairs the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP).
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat Website (http://www.forumsec.org.fj/)
Almost all of the smaller islands of the Pacific lie between 30 deg north and 30 deg south latitude, extending from Southeast Asia to Easter Island; the rest of the Pacific Basin is almost devoid of land.
In the southwestern corner of the Pacific lie the islands of Melanesia, dominated by New Guinea.
The 18th century marked a burst of exploration by the Russians in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, the French in Polynesia, and the British in the three voyages of James Cook--to the SouthPacific and Australia, Hawaii, and the North American Pacific Northwest.
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