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Encyclopedia > South Island
South Island
Māori: Te Wai Pounamu
Satellite view of South Island
Satellite view of South Island
Geography
Location New Zealand
Area 151,215 km² (58,093 m²)
Highest point Aoraki/Mount Cook
3,754 m (12,316 ft)
Administration
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand
Largest city Christchurch (414,000)
Demographics
Population 1,008,400 (as of 30 June 2007)
Density 6.7 per km²/km²
Indigenous people European, Māori

The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. The Māori name for the South Island, Te Wai Pounamu, meaning "The Water/s of Greenstone" (greenstone being jade), possibly evolved from Te Wāhi Pounamu which means "The Place Of Greenstone". The island is also known as Te Waka a Māui which means "Māui's Canoe".[1] Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ... Te Wai Pounamu means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade) and is the Māori name for New Zealands South Island. ... New Zealand South Island. ... “Mount Cook” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... This article is about the city in New Zealand. ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... New Zealand consists of a large number of islands. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Te Wai Pounamu means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade) and is the Māori name for New Zealands South Island. ... New Zealand greenstone is formed by the metamorphism of basalt. ... A selection of antique, hand-crafted Chinese jade (jadeite) buttons Unworked Jade Jade is used as an ornamental stone, the term jade is applied to two different rocks that are made up of different silicate minerals. ... Te Waka a Māui (the canoe of Māui) is the Māori name for the South Island, New Zealand. ...

Contents

The South Island is often called "the Mainland". Today this expression is used humorously, although still with pride by "Mainlanders", since while it is a somewhat larger landmass than the North Island, only about a quarter of New Zealand's four million inhabitants live in the South Island. However, in the early stages of European (Pākehā) settlement of the country, the South Island was pre-eminent, with the majority of the European population and wealth focussed there due to gold rushes. It was not until the early 20th century that the North Island population overtook the South, with 56% of the population living in the North in 1911.[2] In Māori legend, the South Island existed first, as the boat of Maui, while the North Island was the fish that he caught. However, the South Island has never been the main site of Māori population. North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Pakeha is a New Zealand English word for European New Zealanders, that is, New Zealanders of predominantly European descent. ... Māui took on the appearance of a pigeon when he went to find his father in the underworld. ...


History

For more details on this topic, see History of New Zealand.

Early inhabitants of the South Island were the Waitaha. They were largely absorbed via marriage and conquest by the Kāti Mamoe in the 1500s.[citation needed] The history of New Zealand dates back at least seven hundred years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture centred on kinship links and land. ... Waitaha is a Māori iwi. ... Kāi Mamoe, or Ngāti Mamoe, is a Māori iwi. ...


Ngāti Mamoe were in turn largely absorbed via marriage and conquest by the Ngāi Tahu who migrated south in the seventeenth century.[3] While today there is no distinct Ngati Mamoe organisation, many Ngai Tahu have Ngati Mamoe links in their whakapapa and, especially in the far south of the island. Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal Māori iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand, with the tribal authority, Te RÅ«nanga o Ngāi Tahu, being based in Christchurch. ... Whakapapa or genealogy is a fundamental principle that permeates the whole of Maori culture. ...


Around the same time a group of Māori migrated to Rekohu (the Chatham Islands), where, by adapting to the local climate and the availability of resources, they developed a culture known as Moriori — related to but distinct from Māori culture in mainland Aotearoa. A notable feature of the Moriori culture, an emphasis on pacifism, proved disadvantageous when Māori warriors arrived in the 1830s aboard a chartered European ship.[4] The Chatham Islands from space. ... Moriori are the indigenous people of the Chatham Islands (Rekohu in the Moriori language), east of the New Zealand archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. ... Pacifist redirects here. ... For other uses, see Warrior (disambiguation). ...

First European impression of Māori, at "Murderers' Bay"
First European impression of Māori, at "Murderers' Bay"

The first Europeans known to reach the South Island were the crew of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman who arrived in his ships Heemskerck and Zeehaen. Tasman anchored in Golden Bay, at the northern end of the island, (he named it Murderers Bay) in December 1642 and sailed northward to Tonga following a clash with local Māori. Tasman sketched sections of the two main islands' west coasts. Tasman called them Staten Landt, after the States-General of the Netherlands, and that name appeared on his first maps of the country. Dutch cartographers changed the name to Nova Zeelandia in Latin, from Nieuw Zeeland, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. It was subsequently Anglicised as New Zealand by British naval captain James Cook of HM Bark Endeavour who visited the islands more than 100 years after Tasman during (17691770). Image File history File links Murderers'_Bay_(cropped). ... Image File history File links Murderers'_Bay_(cropped). ... Golden Bay is the name of a bay and a district at the northern end of New Zealands South Island. ... Portrait of Tasman Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 - October 10, 1659), was a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant. ... Golden Bay is the name of a bay and a district at the northern end of New Zealands South Island. ... The States-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... Flag of the Seventeen Provinces The Seventeen Provinces were a personal union of states in the Low Countries in the 15th century and 16th century, roughly covering the current Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, a good part of the North of France (Artois, Nord) and a small part of the West of... Capital Middelburg Largest city Terneuzen Queens Commissioner Karla Peijs Religion (1999) Protestant 35% Catholic 23% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   1,788 km² (10th) 1,146 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 380,186 (11th) 213/km² (10th) Anthem Zeeuws volkslied ISO NL-ZE Official website www. ... This article is about the British explorer. ... HMB Endeavour was a small 18th century British sailing ship, famous for being the vessel commanded by Lt. ... Route of the first voyage of James Cook The First voyage of James Cook was the initial voyage of James Cook. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For the village in Queensland, see 1770, Queensland. ...


In the early 18th century, Ngāi Tahu a Māori tribe who originated on the east coast of the North Island began migrating to the northern part of the South Island. There they and Kāti Mamoe fought Ngāi Tara and Rangitāne in the Wairau Valley. Ngāti Māmoe then ceded the east coast regions north of the Clarence River to Ngāi Tahu. Ngāi Tahu continued to push south, conquering Kaikoura. By the 1730s, Ngāi Tahu had settled in Canterbury, including Banks Peninsula. From there they spread further south and into the West Coast.[5] Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal Māori iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand, with the tribal authority, Te RÅ«nanga o Ngāi Tahu, being based in Christchurch. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Kāi Mamoe, or Ngāti Mamoe, is a Māori iwi. ... The Wairau River is one of the longer rivers in New Zealands South Island. ... The Clarence River is located in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ...


In 1827-1828 Ngāti Toa under the leadership of Te Rauparaha successfully attacked Ngāi Tahu at Kaikoura. Ngāti Toa then visited Kaiapoi, obstensibly to trade. When they attacked their hosts, the well-prepared Ngāi Tahu killed all the leading Ngāti Toa chiefs except Te Rauparaha. Te Rauparaha returned to his Kapiti Island stronghold. In November 1830 Te Rauparaha persuaded Captain John Stewart of the brig Elizabeth to carry him and his warriors in secret to Akaroa, where by subterfuge they captured the leading Ngāi Tahu chief, Te Maiharanui, and his wife and daughter. After destroying Te Maiharanui's village they took their captives to Kapiti and killed them. John Stewart, though arrested and sent to trial in Sydney as an accomplice to murder, nevertheless escaped conviction.[5] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Te Rauparaha (1760s?-1849) was a Maori Chief and War Leader of the Ngati Toa tribe who took a leading part in the Musket Wars. ... Kaiapoi is a town in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand, located close to the mouth of the Waimakariri River, and approximately 17 kilometres north of Christchurch. ... Kapiti Island seen from Waikanae Beach, Kapiti Coast. ... A view of the Akaroa harbour. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...


In the summer of 1831-1832 Te Rauparaha attacked the Kaiapoi pā (fortified village). After a three-month siege, a fire in the pā allowed Ngāti Toa to overcome it. They then attacked Ngāi Tahu on Banks Peninsula and took the pā at Onawe. In 1832-33 Ngāi Tahu retaliated under the leadership of Tuhawaiki and others, attacking Ngāti Toa at Lake Grassmere. Ngāi Tahu prevailed, and killed many Ngāti Toa, although Te Rauparaha again escaped. Fighting continued for a year or so, with Ngāi Tahu maintaining the upper hand. Ngāti Toa never again made a major incursion into Ngāi Tahu territory.[5] A pā or pa (pronounced pah) was a type of Māori village or community fortified and built for defence. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... Onawe is a peninsula inside Akaroa harbour, on Banks Peninsula in Canterbury, New Zealand. ... Tuhawaiki (c. ... Lake Grassmere is found close to the shore of Cook Strait in the northeastern South Island of New Zealand. ...


By 1839 Ngāi Tahu and Ngāti Toa established peace and Te Rauparaha released the Ngāi Tahu captives he held. Formal marriages between the leading families in the two tribes sealed the peace.


On June 17, 1843, Māori natives and the British settlers clashed at Wairau in what became known as the Wairau Affray. Also known as the Wairau Massacre in most older texts, it was the first serious clash of arms between the two parties after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi and the only one to take place in the South Island. Four Māori died and three were wounded in the incident, while among the Europeans the toll was 22 dead and five wounded. Twelve of the Europeans were shot dead or clubbed to death after surrendering to Māori who were pursuing them.[6] is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... In New Zealand history, the Wairau Affray on June 17, 1843, also known as the Wairau Massacre in most older texts, was the first serious clash of arms between the Maori natives and the British settlers after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. ... One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on February 6, 1840, by representatives of the British Crown, and various Māori chiefs from the northern North Island of New Zealand. ...


In the 1870s and 1880s, several thousand Chinese men, mostly from the Guangdong province, migrated to New Zealand to work on the South Island goldfields. Although the first Chinese migrants had been invited by the Otago Provincial government they quickly became the target of hostility from white settlers and laws were enacted specifically to discourage them from coming to New Zealand.[7] Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ...


In the 19th century, some maps named the South Island as Middle Island or New Munster, and the name South Island or New Leinster was used for today's Stewart Island/Rakiura. New Munster was originally the name of South Island New Zealand, it was given the name by an Irishman Captain William Hobson in honour of Munster in Ireland. ... Stewart Island/Rakiura New Leinster was, briefly, a Province of New Zealand, consisting of Stewart Island/Rakiura. ... A Rakiura beach Stewart Island/Rakiura is the third largest island of New Zealand. ...


Politics

The South Island is guaranteed 16 of the 69 electorates in the New Zealand House of Representatives. In addition, 10 list MPs are based in the South Island, including the current Deputy Prime Minister. In New Zealand, an electorate is a voting district for Parliamentary elections. ... The New Zealand House of Representatives is the legislature of New Zealand. ... The Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand is second most senior officer in the Government of New Zealand, although this seniority does not necessarily translate into power. ...


Local Government Regions

There are seven local government regions covering the South Island and all its adjacent islands and territorial waters. Four are governed by an elected regional council, while three are governed by territorial authorities (the second tier of local government) which also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. There is one exception to this, Nelson City is governed by an individual Territorial authority to its region (Tasman Region). The Chatham Islands Council is often counted by many as a unitary authority, but it is officially recognised as a part of the region of Canterbury. Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ...

The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ...   Categories: New Zealand-related stubs | Southland, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Tasman District is a region of New Zealand. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ...

Territorial Authorities

There are 25 territorial authorities within the South Island: 4 city councils, 20 district councils and the Chatham Islands Council. Four territorial authorities (Nelson City Council, Tasman and Marlborough District Councils and the Chatham Islands Council) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. A map showing the major cities and towns of New Zealand. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ...   Categories: Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | New Zealand geography stubs ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ...

Tasman district is a region at the northern tip of New Zealands largest island, the South Island. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... Tasman, New Zealand ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. ... Canterbury Regional Council uses the promotional name Environment Canterbury or Ecan, and is Canterburys somewhat accident-prone regional authority. ... A view of the bay in Kaikoura showing the mountains. ... The Hurunui District is a political district on the east coast of New Zealands South Island, north of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Selwyn district is a predominantly rural area in central Canterbury, on the east coast of New Zealands South Island. ... Waimakariri District is a political district on New Zealands South Island. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Ashburton is a town and district in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... For the former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories, see District of Mackenzie. ... Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Canterbury, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... The Waitaki district straddles the border of the Canterbury and Otago regions of New Zealand, the traditional border of which is the Waitaki River. ... Waimate is a town and district in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... For other places with the same name, see Queenstown (disambiguation). ... The area known as Central Otago in Otago, New Zealand, includes the middle of the region but generally also most of the north-western portion (the Queenstown-Lakes District). ... The Waitaki district straddles the border of the Canterbury and Otago regions of New Zealand, the traditional border of which is the Waitaki River. ... Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... South Otago (pop. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ...   Categories: New Zealand-related stubs | Southland, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Gore is a town and surrounding borough in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Invercargill is the southernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the most southern settlements in the world. ... A Rakiura beach Stewart Island/Rakiura is the third largest island of New Zealand. ...   Categories: New Zealand-related stubs | Southland, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ...

Political Parties

This is a list of Political Parties, past and present, who have their headquarters in the South Island.

The Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party (sometimes known as the ALCP) is a small political party in New Zealand (Aotearoa). ... The Imperial British Conservative Party was a farcical political party founded by the Wizard of New Zealand. ... The National Democrats Party (NDP) is a small right-wing political party in New Zealand, formed in 1999 by Anton Foljambe, formerly of the New Zealand National Front, but met with limited success. ... Current Democratic Party logo This article is about the modern party based around the social credit theory. ... The Progressive Party is a political party in New Zealand. ... The South Island Party was a New Zealand regionalist political party, advocating greater representational say for the South Island. ...

People

Further information: Cities and Towns of the South Island and List of famous South Islanders

This is a list of Cities and Towns of the South Island: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Akaroa Albert Town Albury Alexandra Amberley Arthurs... This is a list of Famous South Islanders: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Alexander Aitken - mathematician/statistician, writer, mental calculator, musician Ronald Algie - politician James...

Population

Compared to the more populated and multi-ethnic North Island, the South Island has a smaller, more homogeneous resident population of 1,008,400.[8] At the 2001 Census, over 91 percent of people in the South Island said they belong to the European ethnic group, compared with 80.1 percent for all of New Zealand [9].


Economy

Further information: List of South Island Companies

The South Island had an estimated sub-national GDP of US$27.8 billion (as of 2003)[10].


The main industry groups within the South Island are manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, electricity, gas and water supply, education, health and community services.


Tourism

The main tourism destinations of the South Island are;

The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... Tasman district is a region at the northern tip of New Zealands largest island, the South Island. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Hanmer Springs is a small town in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand. ... This article is about the city in New Zealand. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ... A Rakiura beach Stewart Island/Rakiura is the third largest island of New Zealand. ... For other places with the same name, see Queenstown (disambiguation). ... Wanaka is a town in the Central Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The area known as Central Otago in Otago, New Zealand, includes the middle of the region but generally also most of the north-western portion (the Queenstown-Lakes District). ... Fiordland is a region of New Zealand that is situated on the south-western corner of the South Island. ...

Ski areas and Resorts

This is a list of ski areas and resorts in the South Island where the public can pay to ski. St. ...


Nelson Lakes
  • Rainbow
  • Mount Robert

Canterbury
  • Fox Peak (club skifield)
  • Hanmer Springs Ski Area (club skifield)
  • Mount Lyford
  • Mount Potts (heliskiing and snowcatting only)
  • Mount Hutt
  • Mount Dobson
  • Ohau
  • Porter Heights
  • Tasman Glacier (Heliski)
  • Temple Basin (club skifield)
  • Craigieburn Range

Fox Peak is a small club skifield located 16 kilometres to the west of Lake Tekapo in New Zealands South Island, New Zealand. ... Mount Hutt rises to the west of the Canterbury Plains in the South Island of New Zealand, above the braided upper reaches of the Rakaia River, and 80 kilometres west of Christchurch. ... Mount Dobson is a ski resort in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Ohau is a small club skifield in the foothills of New Zealands Southern Alps, near the boundary between the Otago and Canterbury regions, and close to the southwestern shore of the lake of the same name. ... The Aoraki/Mount Cook area from LandSat. ... Broken River is a club skifield in South Island, New Zealand. ... Craigieburn Valley is a club skifield in the southern alps of New Zealands South Island. ...

Otago

Coronet Peak is a skifield in New Zealand operated by Southern Alpine Recreation Ltd. ... Invincible Snowfields is a private ski resort in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Panorama of the Remarkables and surroundings from their northern end. ... Roundhill Ski Area is a family run skifield in Canterbury, New Zealand, near the town of Tekapo, 3 hours from both Christchurch and Queenstown. ... Wanaka is a town in the Central Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Cardrona Alpine Resort is a ski resort in New Zealands South Island. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Snow Farm in mid september 2006 Snow Farm is a ski area in South Island, New Zealand, dedicated to cross-country skiing. ...

Transport

Transport in New Zealand, with its mountainous topography and relatively small population mostly located on a long coastline, has always faced many transport challenges. ...

Road Transport

Further information: List of New Zealand State Highways#South Island and State Highway 1 (New Zealand)#South Island (SH1S)

The South Island has a State Highway network of 4,921 km. State Highway 1 State Highway 1 is the most significant single element of the New Zealand roading network State Highway 1 can be considered as a single highway running the length of both main islands, a total of 2027 km. ...


Rail Transport

South Island Rail Network Map
South Island Rail Network Map
See also: List of New Zealand railway lines, Rail transport in New Zealand.

The South Island's railway network has two main lines, two secondary lines, and a few branch lines. The Main North Line from Picton to Christchurch and the Main South Line from Lyttelton to Invercargill via Dunedin together comprise the South Island Main Trunk Railway. The secondary Midland Line branches from the Main South Line in Rolleston and passes through the Southern Alps via the Otira Tunnel to the West Coast and its terminus in Greymouth. In Stillwater, it meets the other secondary route, the Stillwater - Westport Line, which now includes the Ngakawau Branch. A number of other secondary routes are now closed, including the Otago Central Railway, the isolated Nelson Section, and the interdependent Waimea Plains Railway and Kingston Branch. An expansive network of branch lines once existed, especially in Canterbury, Otago, and Southland, but these are now almost completely closed. The branch lines that remain in operation serve ports (Bluff Branch and Port Chalmers Branch), coal mines (Ohai Branch and Rapahoe Branch), and a dairying factory (Hokitika Branch). The first 64 km of the Otago Central Railway remain in operation for tourist trains run by the Taieri Gorge Railway (TGR). The most significant freight is coal from West Coast mines to the port of Lyttelton for export. The New Zealand railway network consists of four main lines, six secondary lines and numerous short branch lines in almost every region of New Zealand. ... // National Rail Network The national rail network (currently owned by a State-Owned Enterprise, the New Zealand Railways Corporation) was constructed largely by government entities from 1863 onwards. ... A branch line is a relatively minor railway line which branches off a more important through route. ... The Main North Line, sometimes referred to as part of the South Island Main Trunk Railway, is an important railway line in New Zealand that runs north from Christchurch up the east coast of the South Island to Picton. ... The Main South Line is half of the South Island Main Trunk Railway in New Zealand and runs south from Lyttelton through Christchurch and down the east coast of the South Island to Invercargill via Dunedin. ... The South Island Main Trunk Railway runs down the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand, from Picton to Bluff. ... The Midland line is a famous 212 km section of railway between Christchurch (Rolleston) and Greymouth in New Zealand. ... Rolleston is a satellite town of Christchurch, located next to State Highway 1 on the Canterbury Plains in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Otira tunnel is a major railway tunnel on the Midland Line in the South Island of New Zealand between Otira and Arthurs Pass. ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... Stillwater is a town in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Stillwater - Westport Line (SWL) is a secondary main line that forms part of New Zealands national rail network. ... The Seddonville Branch, now truncated and operating as the Ngakawau Branch, is a branch line railway in the West Coast region of New Zealands South Island. ... The Otago Central Railway or Otago Central Branch Railway was a secondary railway line in Central Otago, in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Nelson Section was an isolated, 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge, government-owned railway line between Nelson and Glenhope in the Tasman district of New Zealand’s South Island. ... The Waimea Plains Railway was a secondary railway line (not a branch line) that linked the towns of Lumsden and Gore in northern Southland, New Zealand. ... The Kingston Branch was a major branch line railway in Southland, New Zealand. ... The Bluff Branch is a railway line in Southland, New Zealand that links Invercargill with the port of Bluff. ... The Port Chalmers Branch was the first railway line built in Otago, New Zealand, and linked the regions major city of Dunedin with the port in Port Chalmers. ... The Wairio Branch is a branch line railway in Southland, New Zealand. ... The Rapahoe Branch is a branch line railway that formed part of New Zealands national rail network and was located on the West Coast of the South Island. ... The Ross Branch, now known as the Hokitika Branch, is a branch line railway that forms part of New Zealands national rail network. ... The Taieri Gorge Railway is a railway based at Dunedin Railway Station in the South Island of New Zealand. ...


Passenger services were once extensive. Commuter trains operated multiple routes around Christchurch and Dunedin, plus a service between Invercargill and Bluff. Due to substantial losses, these were cancelled between the late 1960s and early 1980s. The final services to operate ran between Dunedin and Mosgiel, and they ceased in 1982.[11] Regional passenger trains were once extensive, but are now limited to the TranzCoastal from Christchurch to Picton and the TranzAlpine from Christchurch to Greymouth. The Southerner between Christchurch and Invercargill, once the flagship of the network, was cancelled on 10 February 2002. Subsequently, the architecturally significant Dunedin Railway Station has been used solely by the TGR's tourist trains, the Taieri Gorge Limited along the Otago Central Railway and the Seasider to Palmerston. Rural passenger services on branch lines were provided by mixed trains and Vulcan/88 seater railcars but the mixeds had largely ceased to exist by the 1950s and the railcars were withdrawn in the mid-1970s. Panorama from the summit of Flagstaff Hill, Dunedin, with Mosgiel on the far left. ... The TranzCoastal is a long-distance passenger train between Picton and Christchurch in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The TranzAlpine, hauled by two DC class locomotives skirting the Waimakariri River The TranzAlpine is a passenger train service operated by Tranz Scenic on the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Southerner was a famous passenger express train that ran in New Zealands South Island along the Main South Line between Christchurch and Invercargill via Dunedin. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Dunedin Railway Station clocktower (left). ... The Seasider is a tourist train service in the South Island of New Zealand operated by the Taieri Gorge Railway. ... Panorama of the view from Puketapu Cairn overlooking Palmerston Puketapu dominates Palmerston, New Zealand The town of Palmerston, in New Zealands South Island lies 50 kilometres to the north of the city of Dunedin. ... A mixed train is a train that hauls both passenger and freight cars. ... The NZR RM class Vulcan railcars were operated by the New Zealand Railways Department in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The NZR88-seaters were a class of railcar used in New Zealand, aso known unofficially as articulateds, twinsets, Drewrys and Fiats. They were purchased to replace steam-hauled provincial passenger trains and mixed trains. ... A railcar (not to be confused with a railway car) is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers. ...


The South Island saw the final use of steam locomotives in New Zealand. Locomotives belonging to classes long withdrawn elsewhere continued to operate on West Coast branches until the very late 1960s, when they were displaced by DJ class diesels. In comparison to most countries, where steam locomotives were last used on insubstantial rural and industrial operations, the very last services run by steam locomotives were the premier expresses between Christchurch and Invercargill: the South Island Limited until 1970 and the Friday and Sunday night services until 1971. This was due to the carriages being steam-heated. The final steam-hauled service in New Zealand, headed by a member of the JA class, ran on 26 October 1971.[12] One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ... The NZR DJ class locomotive is a class of diesel-electric locomotive used in New Zealand. ... The South Island Limited was a passenger express train operated by the New Zealand Railways Department between 1949 and 1970. ... The NZR JA class were a type of 4-8-2 steam locomotive used on the New Zealand railway network. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ...


Water Transport

The South Island is separated from the North Island by Cook Strait, 24 km wide at its narrowest point, but requiring a 70 km ferry trip to cross. Transport in New Zealand, with its mountainous topography and relatively small population mostly located on a long coastline, has always faced many transport challenges. ... The Cook Strait ferry Arahura plying the waters of the Marlborough Sounds. ... The Cook Strait ferry Arahura plying the waters of the Marlborough Sounds. ... Toll NZ, formally Toll Holdings NZ Ltd (NZX: TRH), New Zealands largest transport company in terms of annual revenue and size, has its headquarters in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The MV Arahura is a roll-on roll-off train ferry in service for the Interisland Line in New Zealand. ... Sea kayakers in the Marlborough Sounds. ... A view from the summit of Mount Victoria, Wellington - Cook Strait stretches to the right (west). ...


Ports and harbours

Lyttelton on a sunny day Lyttelton (43. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Panorama overlooking the Port. ... Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... A view of the harbour in Picton. ... Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... Timaru is a major port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. ... Bluff is a town and seaport in the Southland region, on the southern coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... A view of the Akaroa harbour. ... Location of Otago Harbour Otago Harbour consists of a long, much-indented stretch of generally navigable water separating Otago Peninsula from the main urban areas of Dunedin, New Zealand. ... Half Moon Bay lies on the eastern coast of Stewart Island/Rakiura in New Zealand. ... A Rakiura beach Stewart Island/Rakiura is the third largest island of New Zealand. ... Panorama of Milford Sound on a beautiful day. ... For other places with the same name, see Queenstown (disambiguation). ... Kingston is a small town at the southernmost end of Lake Wakatipu in New Zealands South Island. ... Northern end Near Walter Peak Lake Wakatipu Lake Wakatipu Lake Wakatipu is an inland lake on the South Island of New Zealand. ... On Lake Te Anau Te Anau is a town in wide range of accommodation, with over 3000 beds available in summer. ... Manapouri is a small town in Southland, in the southwest corner of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Lake Manapouri in the morning. ...

Air Transport

South Island Airports

LOCATION    ICAO    IATA    AIRPORT NAME
Alexandra NZLX ALR Alexandra Aerodrome
Ashburton NZAS ASG Ashburton Aerodrome
Balclutha NZBA Balclutha Aerodrome
Blenheim NZWB BHE Blenheim Airport (Woodbourne)
Chatham Islands NZCI CHT Chatham Islands / Tuuta Airport
Christchurch NZCH CHC Christchurch International Airport (long-distance)
Cromwell NZCS Cromwell Racecourse Aerodrome
Dunedin NZDN DUD Dunedin International Airport (limited)
Forest Field / Rangiora NZFF Forest Field Aerodrome
Glentanner / Lake Pukaki NZGT GTN Glentanner Aerodrome
Gore NZGC Gore Aerodrome
Greymouth NZGM GMN Greymouth Airport
Haast NZHT Haast Aerodrome
Hokitika NZHK HKK Hokitika Airport
Invercargill NZNV IVC Invercargill Airport
Kaikoura NZKI KBZ Kaikoura Aerodrome
Milford Sound NZMF MFN Milford Sound Airport
Mount Cook NZMC MON Mount Cook Aerodrome
Motueka NZMK MZP Motueka Aerodrome
Nelson NZNS NSN Nelson Airport
Oamaru NZOU OAM Oamaru Aerodrome
Picton NZPN PCN Picton Aerodrome
Queenstown NZQN ZQN Queenstown Airport (limited)
Stewart Island/Rakiura NZRC SZS Ryans Creek Aerodrome
Takaka NZTK KTF Takaka Aerodrome
Te Anau / Manapouri NZMO TEU Manapouri Aerodrome
Timaru NZTU TIU Richard Pearse Airport
Twizel NZUK TWZ Pukaki Aerodrome
Wanaka NZWF WKA Wanaka Airport
Westport NZWS WSZ Westport Airport
Wigram NZWG Wigram Aerodrome

The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... Alexandra is a town in the Central Otago district of the Otago region of New Zealand. ... Ashburton is a town and district in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Looking across the Clutha towards the town centre. ... Balclutha Aerodrome (ICAO: NZBA) is a small airport 0. ... Blenheim is a town in Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Woodbourne Aerodrome (IATA: BHE, ICAO: NZWB) is a small, controlled aerodrome located 3NM west of Blenheim in the South Island of New Zealand, on State Highway Six, Middle Renwick Road. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Christchurch International Airport (IATA: CHC, ICAO: NZCH) is the main airport that serves Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Cromwell is a town in Central Otago in the Otago region of New Zealand. ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... Dunedin International Airport is small but pleasantly situated Dunedin International Airport (IATA: DUD, ICAO: NZDN) is an international airport in the Otago province of the South Island of New Zealand, serving Dunedin and the Otago and Southland regions. ... Rangiora may refer to the following: Rangiora, an endemic New Zealand plant. ... Forest Field Aerodrome (IATA: N/A, ICAO: NZFF) is a small airport 10 Nautical Miles (18. ... Lake Pukaki is the second largest of three roughly parallel alpine lakes running north-south along the northern edge of the Mackenzie Basin (the others are Lakes Tekapo and Ohau). ... Gore is a town and surrounding borough in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... Haast is a town on the West Coast of New Zealand, located at . It is spread amongst three small localities called Haast township, Haast Beach and Haast Junction and is located close to the mouth of the Haast River. ... Hokitika is a township on the West Coast of New Zealand, 38 kilometres south of Greymouth, and close to the mouth of the Hokitika River. ... Cnr of Esk and Dee Streets, looking up Esk st, one of the main shopping streets of Invercargill. ... Invercargill Airport (IATA: IVC, ICAO: NZNV) is a controlled aerodrome located 1 NM northwest of Invercargill at the south of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Panorama of Milford Sound on a beautiful day. ... Glenorchy Airs Gippsland Aeronautics GA 8 Airvan on the ground at Milford Airfield. ... “Mount Cook” redirects here. ... Motueka is a town in the South Island of New Zealand. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... Nelson Airport (IATA: NSN, ICAO: NZNS) is an airport in Nelson, New Zealand. ...   Shibboleth: The southern (Kāi Tahu) dialect of Māori ignores the first A in the name (AUH-muh-ROO). ... Oamaru Aerodrome (ICAO: NZOU) is an airport located north of Oamaru, North Otago, New Zealand. ... A view of the harbour in Picton. ... For other places with the same name, see Queenstown (disambiguation). ... Queenstown International Airport (IATA: ZQN, ICAO: NZQN) is located in Frankton, Otago, New Zealand, and serves the resort town of Queenstown. ... A Rakiura beach Stewart Island/Rakiura is the third largest island of New Zealand. ... Takaka is a small town situated at the southeastern end of Golden Bay, at the northern end of New Zealands South Island. ... On Lake Te Anau Te Anau is a town in wide range of accommodation, with over 3000 beds available in summer. ... Manapouri is a small town in Southland, in the southwest corner of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Timaru is a major port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 160 kilometres south of Christchurch and about 200 kilometres north of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. ... Richard Pearse Airport is an airport in Timaru, New Zealand (IATA: TIU, ICAO: NZTU). ... There is also a Twizell in Northumberland, England Twizel is a town located in the Mackenzie Basin (part of the Mackenzie District of the Canterbury region of New Zealands South Island). ... Wanaka is a town in the Central Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Wanaka Airport (IATA: WKA, ICAO: NZWF) is the airport servicing the town of Wanaka, New Zealand and the surrounding ski fields. ... Westport is a town in the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Wigram is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Wigram Aerodrome is a former Royal New Zealand Airforce base located in the Christchurch suburb of Wigram. ...

Geography

A true-colour image of the South Island, after a powerful winter storm swept across New Zealand on June 12, 2006.
A true-colour image of the South Island, after a powerful winter storm swept across New Zealand on June 12, 2006.

The South Island with an area of 151,215 km² (58,093 square miles) is the largest land mass of New Zealand, it contains about one quarter of the New Zealand population and is the world's 12th-largest island. It is divided along its length by the Southern Alps, the highest peak of which is Aoraki/Mount Cook at 3754 metres (12,316 ft). There are eighteen peaks of more than 3000 metres (9800 ft) in the South Island. The east side of the island is home to the Canterbury Plains while the West Coast is famous for its rough coastlines, very high proportion of native bush, and Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 487 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2600 × 3200 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 487 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2600 × 3200 pixel, file size: 2. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Islands by area. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ... “Mount Cook” redirects here. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Location of the Canterbury Plains The Canterbury Plains is an area bounded by the foothills of the Southern Alps and the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... == == == == Ice cave in the terminal face of Fox glacier. ... Location of the Franz Josef glacier. ...


Climate

The climate in the South Island is mostly temperate. The Mean temperature for the South Island is 8 °C (46 °F).[13] January and February are the warmest months while July is the coldest. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... This article is about mathematical mean. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Most areas have between 600 and 1600 mm of rainfall with the most rain along the West Coast and the least rain on the East Coast, predominantly on the Canterbury Plains. Christchurch is the driest city receiving about 640 mm (25 in) of rain per year. A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... This article is about the meteorological term. ... Location of the Canterbury Plains The Canterbury Plains is an area bounded by the foothills of the Southern Alps and the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... This article is about the city in New Zealand. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


There are three main factors that influence New Zealand's climate:[14]

This article is about the geographical term. ... The prevailing winds are the trends in speed and direction of wind over a particular point on the earths surface. ... Animated map exhibiting the worlds oceanic waters. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ...

Geology

National Parks

Other Native Reserves and Parks Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | National parks of New Zealand | Nelson, New Zealand ... Aoraki / Mount Cook National Park is situated in the South Island of New Zealand near the town of Twizel. ... Milford Sound: Mitre Peak, the mountain at left, rises 1692 meters above the Sound. ... Kahurangi National Park is a National Park in the northwest of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Mount Aspiring National Park is located in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Nelson Lakes National Park is located in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Paparoa National Park is on the west coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Rakiura National Park is located on Stewart Island. ... Westland National Park is located in New Zealands South Island. ...

  • Hakatere Conservation Park [15]

Geographic Features

Glaciers: Arthurs Pass Arthurs Pass is an alpine crossing of the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Banks Peninsula has a roughly circular shape, with many bays and two deep harbours. ... The Catlins (sometimes referred to as The Catlins Coast) is an area in the southeastern corner of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Typical view of the Doubtful Sound. ... Farewell Spit is situated at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand; running eastwards from Cape Farewell, the islands northernmost point. ... Gates of Haast The Haast Pass is a mountain pass in the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Mackenzie Basin, popularly and traditionally known as the Mackenzie Country, is a roughly elliptical and elevated area (700m/3000 ft above sea level) near the centre of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Sea kayakers in the Marlborough Sounds. ... Panorama of Milford Sound on a beautiful day. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ...

Rivers: == == == == Ice cave in the terminal face of Fox glacier. ... Location of the Franz Josef glacier. ...

  • Hokitika River

Education

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

The South Island has several tertiary level institutions:

A public NZ Tertiary Education Institution. ... Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology is a school located in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Lincoln University is New Zealands second newest university, formed in 1990 when Lincoln College, Canterbury was made independent of the University of Canterbury. ... The Otago Polytechnic logo over the main entrance to F Block on Forth Street Campus The Otago Polytechnic is a public New Zealand tertiary education institute, centred in Dunedin with campuses throughout the Southern province of Otago including Cromwell, Wanaka, Queenstown and Oamaru. ... SIT, taken from Tay St SIT main walkway The Southern Institute of Technology (SIT) is the most well recognized Tertiary Education Institution of the province of Southland, New Zealand. ... This page is about the New Zealand university. ... The University of Otago (Māori: ) in Dunedin is New Zealands oldest university with over 20,000 students enrolled during 2006. ...

Media

Print

The Ashburton Guardian is a daily newspaper published in Ashburton, New Zealand according to the Audit Bureau of Circulation in New Zealand it has a readership of approximately 11,000 and a circulation of 5,554. ... The Marlborough Express is a newspaper servicing the Marlborough area of New Zealand. ... The Nelson Mail is a daily newspaper in New Zealand. ... The Press is a daily broadsheet newspaper published in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Timaru Herald is a daily provincial newspaper serving the Timaru, South Canterbury and Otago districts of New Zealand. ...

Television

Canterbury Television is a regional television station broadcasting in Canterbury, New Zealand. ... Channel 9 is a regional television station operating in the southern city of Dunedin, New Zealand. ...

Radio

Nelson Stations

Current Stations

  • Fresh FM
  • Impact 100
  • Mainland FM
  • Radio Robot

Previous Stations Fresh FM is a not-for-profit community access radio station run by the Tasman Broadcasting Trust that covers the top of Aotearoa/ New Zealands South island/Te Wai Pounamu. ...

  • Cadbury Moro FM
  • Fifeshire FM - Rebranded as More FM
  • Radio Nelson - Rebranded as Classic Hits 89.8 & 90.4FM
  • The Planet 97FM - Replaced with ZM

Fifeshire FM was a New Zealand radio station owned by the LocalWorks. ... Radio Nelson was a radio station in Nelson on 1341am and in Takaka on 1269am before it was rebranded as Classic Hits FM in 1993. ... The Planet 97FM was a radio station in Nelson on 97. ...

West Coast Stations

Current Stations

  • Coast FM - (no connection to Coast Radio Network.
  • Z102 102.5FM

Previous Stations Coast is a New Zealand radio network The network plays middle of the road music. ...

  • Radio Scenicland and later Scenicland FM - Rebranded as Classic Hits Scenicland FM.

Scenicland FM was a radio station on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand Scenicland FM, originally known as Radio Scenicland, originally transmitted on 3 AM frequencies, original callsigns are in brackets. ...

Canterbury Stations

Current Stations

  • 91ZM - Operates local daytime show all other shows from the ZM network. Originally local until 2001.
  • Country 88FM
  • Newstalk ZB - Local breakfast and morning show all other shows from Newstalk ZB network.
  • Plains 96.9FM
  • Port FM (Timaru)
  • Pulzar FM
  • Radio Ferrymead
  • RDU-FM

Previous Stations ZM, or ZMFM is a radio network. ... Newstalk ZB is a nationwide New Zealand talkback radio network operated by The Radio Network of New Zealand (TRN). ... Port FM is a network of radio stations based in Timaru, New Zealand. ... Radio Ferrymead is a radio station operated by the Radio Preservation Society (RPS) in Christchurch, New Zealand. ... RDU-FM is a student radio station operating from the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. ...

  • 3ZB - Rebranded as Newstalk ZB
  • 3ZE (Ashburton) - Rebranded as Classic Hits 92.5 ZEFM
  • Channel Z - Operated local Channel Z station until 2001 when station was replaced with Auckland based network product.
  • Fox FM (Ashburton) - Rebranded as Port FM
  • 99 Life FM - Original Life FM station
  • B98 FM - Rebranded as Classic Hits B98 and later Classic Hits 97.7
  • Lite FM - Rebranded as The Breeze
  • Radio Avon and later C93FM
  • Radio Caroline (Timaru) - Rebranded as Classic Hits 99FM
  • Blush 96.1 - Christchurch NZBS "Live Sexy"

3ZE or as it became known 3ZEFM is a local radio station that operated in Ashburton, New Zealand. ... Channel Z was an alternative music radio station broadcasting in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Fox FM is a music radio station broadcasting in Ashburton, New Zealand that belongs to the Port FM group. ... This article is about the New Zealand radio network. ... Lite FM was a New Zealand radio station broadcasting in Christchurch on 94. ... C93FM was a New Zealand radio station based in Christchurch. ... Radio Caroline is a European radio station that started transmissions on Easter Sunday 1964 from a ship anchored in international waters off the coast of Felixstowe, Suffolk England. ...

Dunedin and East Otago Stations

Current Stations

  • Big River Radio (Balclutha)
  • Country Radio 88.7
  • Ear107
  • GoldRush1440 (Lawrence)
  • Hills AM
  • Radio Clutha (Balclutha)
  • Radio Dunedin
  • Radio One
  • RushFM (Lawrence)

Previous Stations Hills AM is a Dunedin radio station which broadcasts on 1575AM is an Access Community Radio station in Dunedin. ... Radio Dunedin was the first radio station in New Zealand. ... Radio One (also known simply as The One) is a student radio station operating from the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand. ...

  • 4XO - Rebranded as More FM
  • 4ZB and later ZBFM - Rebranded as Classic Hits 89FM
  • 93Rox
  • Radio Waitaki (Oamaru) - Rebranded as Classic Hits Radio Waitaki
  • Whitestone FM (Oamaru) - Rebranded as Port FM

Radio 4XO was a local radio station in Dunedin, New Zealand which had been around since the 70s. ... 93 Rox was a local Rock station in Dunedin, New Zealand that broadcast on 93. ... Radio Waitaki was a radio station in Oamaru originally broadcasting on 1395AM. In 1996 Radio Waitaki became part of the Community Radio Network with all programming outside of the breakfast show being fed from a central studio originally based in Taupo. ...

Queenstown and Central Otago Stations

Current Stations

  • 96.7 Blue Skies FM (Alexandra)
  • Burn 729AM (Ranfurly)
  • The Studio FM (Queenstown)
  • Radio Wanaka (Wanaka)

Previous Stations

  • Radio Central (Alexandra) - Rebranded as More FM
  • Resort Radio (Queenstown) - Rebranded as More FM
  • Q92 (Queenstown) - Rebranded as Q92 The Breeze

Resort Radio was a radio station in Queenstown on 99. ... Q92 is the on-air brand name of several radio stations in Canada and the United States, and one in New Zealand. ...

Southland Stations

Current Stations

Previous Stations Hokonui Gold is a radio station that is based in Gore, New Zealand. ...

4ZA was a local radio station in Southland New Zealand. ... Foveaux FM was a local radio station in Invercargill New Zealand that began operating in around 1981. ... EFM may stand for: Eight-to-Fourteen Modulation Electronic Fetal Monitoring Elastic Fracture Mechanics Electronic Flow Meter Ethernet in the First Mile External link EFM Acronyms ... SIT, taken from Tay St SIT main walkway The Southern Institute of Technology (SIT) is the most well recognized Tertiary Education Institution of the province of Southland, New Zealand. ...

Sport

Main article: Sport in New Zealand

A number of national or international sporting teams and events are based in the South Island, including: Sport in New Zealand largely reflects its British colonial heritage. ...

International events hosted in the South Island include the National Basketball League, the ANZ Championship netball competition and the Super 14 rugby union competition. This article is about the sport. ... The Canterbury Rams (also known as Scenic Circle Hotel Canterbury Rams, for sponsorship reasons), are a National Basketball League (NBL) team from Christchurch, New Zealand. ... The Nelson Giants are a basketball team that play in the National Basketball Leaguein New Zealand . ... The Otago Nuggets are a basketball team that play in the National Basketball League ( NBL ) in New Zealand. ... A netball game in Australia Netball is a non-contact generally indoor sport similar to, and derived from, basketball. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Canterbury United is a soccer team from Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Otago United is a soccer club, which is based in Dunedin, New Zealand. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... The Canterbury Bulls are a rugby league franchise in the Bartercard Cup in New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... This article is on the rugby union team formerly known as the Canterbury Crusaders. ... The Tasman Rugby Union is New Zealands newest provincial union. ... The Southland Rugby club plays as a province in the Air New Zealand Cup, also known as the Premier Division of the National Provincial Championship. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with National Basketball League ( NBL ) New Zealand. ... The ANZ Championship will be a netball competition contested between five teams each from both Australia and New Zealand. ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of four state teams from Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, ACT, and Western Australia), five New Zealand franchises, each of which is comprised by a number of provinces (the resulting teams are based in...


The Arts

Art Galleries

The Christchurch Arts Centre The Christchurch Arts Centre is a hub for arts, crafts and entertainment in Christchurch. ... Dunedin Public Art Gallery The Dunedin Public Art Gallery is the main public art collection of the city of Dunedin, New Zealand. ...

Museums

Ferrymead Heritage Park is a historical museum consisting of the diverse interests of a number of groups with common historical themes, the most frequent of which is transport. ... The Otago Museum is a museum situated in Dunedin. ... The Otago Settlers Museum is a regional history museum in Dunedin, New Zealand covering the territory of the old Otago Province, New Zealand from the Waitaki River south. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum is primarily a museum of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, its predecessor, the New Zealand Permanent Air Force and New Zealand squadrons of the Royal Air Force. ... The World of Wearable Art (WOW) is a museum devoted to wearable art and classic cars located in Nelson, New Zealand. ...

Film location

Several movies have been filmed (in large part) in the South Island, including the Lord of the Rings and 2005's The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe. This article is about the Peter Jackson film trilogy. ...


See also

As New Zealand is a unitary nation (not federal), despite the fact that the populace is dispersed over two main islands and several smaller islands, there has been no specific flag used to represent these islands outside the national flag (with the notable exception of the Chatham Islands). ... // HMNZS Canterbury (L-421) - Multi Role Vessel: 2007- HMNZS Hawea (P-3571) - Lake Class Inshore Patrol Craft: 2007- HMNZS Otago (P-148) - Protector Class Ocean Patrol Vessel: 2007- HMNZS Pegasus, RNZNVR Establishment, Christchurch HMNZS Pukaki (P-3568) - Lake Class Inshore Patrol Vessel: 2007- HMNZS Toroa, RNZNVR Establishment, Dunedin HMNZS Canterbury... New Munster was originally the name of South Island New Zealand, it was given the name by an Irishman Captain William Hobson in honour of Munster in Ireland. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The South Island takes the definite article when used as a noun whereas maps, headings or tables and adjectival expressions use South Island. This pattern can be found in a number of other names, such as the United Kingdom, the Vatican and the Internet. Examples:
    • My mother lives in the South Island
    • The North Island is smaller in area than the South Island
    • I'm visiting the South Island
    • The major South Island peaks are all in the Southern Alps
    Note also that places are said to be in the South Island rather than on the South Island.
  2. ^ King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand. Auckland: Penguin Books, 280-281. ISBN 0143018671. 
  3. ^ Michael King (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand. Penguin Books, p 90. ISBN 0-14-301867-1. 
  4. ^ Moriori - The impact of new arrivals - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand
  5. ^ a b c Tau, Te Maire, "Ngāi Tahu", Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand 
  6. ^ Michael King (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-301867-1. 
  7. ^ Manying Ip. 'Chinese', Te Ara—the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 21-Dec-2006, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/NewZealanders/NewZealandPeoples/Chinese/en
  8. ^ South Island population reaches one million: Subnational Population Estimates at 30 June 2007, Statistics New Zealand.
  9. ^ Statistics New Zealand [1]
  10. ^ http://www.stats.govt.nz/NR/rdonlyres/BE5F3426-1CB8-4450-84B3-B4587181907E/0/RegionalGDPTables.xls
  11. ^ Tony Hurst, Farewell to Steam: Four Decades of Change on New Zealand Railways (Auckland: HarperCollins, 1995), 96.
  12. ^ David Leitch, Steam, Steel and Splendour (Auckland: HarperCollins, 1994), 89.
  13. ^ From NIWA Science climate overview.
  14. ^ Statistics New Zealand [2] page.
  15. ^ Hakatere Conservation Park, Department of Conservation website, retrieved 21 January 2008.


Coordinates: 43°59′S, 170°27′E Dr Michael King OBE (15 December 1945 - 30 March 2004) was a widely respected Pakeha New Zealand historian, author and biographer. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The Northland Region (Māori: ), one of the 16 regions of New Zealand, is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealands administrative regions. ... The Auckland Region is one of the sixteen regions of New Zealand, named for Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Bay of Plenty, often abbreviated to BoP, is a region in the North Island of New Zealand situated around the body of water of the same name. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... Hawkes Bay is a region of New Zealand. ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand, around the city of Palmerston North and the central city of Wanganui. ... The Wellington region of New Zealand occupies the southern end of the North Island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Tasman District is a region of New Zealand. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The City of Nelson is situated very close to the centre of New Zealand. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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