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Encyclopedia > South End, Boston, Massachusetts
South End District
(U.S. National Register of Historic Places)
Location: Boston, MA
Built/Founded: 1848
Architect: Multiple
Architectural style(s): Greek Revival, Late Victorian, Italianate
Added to NRHP: May 08, 1973
NRHP Reference #: 73000324 [1]
Governing body: Local

The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th_century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ...

Contents

Geography

The Boston Neck: the trajectory of today's Washington Street, which was formerly flanked by tidal marshes that were filled in over the years.

The South End lies south of the Back Bay, northwest of South Boston, northeast of Roxbury, north of Dorchester, and southwest of Bay Village. Despite the name, it is not directly south of the center of downtown Boston. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x616, 407 KB) Early map of Boston showing the neck. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x616, 407 KB) Early map of Boston showing the neck. ... This article is about the neighborhood of Back Bay. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Bay Village is an officially recognized neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Description Bay Village is the smallest and arguably least known neighborhood in Boston, with a population of approximately 2,100 residents. ...


The neighborhood is built upon a former tidal marsh, a part of a larger project of the filling of Boston's Back Bay (north and west of Washington Street) and South Bay (south and east of Washington Street), from the 1830s to the 1870s. Fill was brought in by trains from large trenches of gravel excavated in Needham, Massachusetts. The South End was filled and developed first, before the Back Bay which was mostly built after the American Civil War. Nineteenth century technology did not allow for driving steel piles into bedrock and instead a system of submerged timbers provided an understructure for most South End buildings. Recent decreases in underground water levels has caused damage to some wood pilings by exposing them to air. A series of monitoring wells have been drilled and the water level is now checked, and can be adjusted by the introduction of water. South Bay is a 10-acre site in Boston, Massachusetts sandwiched between Chinatown and the Leather District. ... Events and Trends Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony Croquet invented in Ireland Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria... // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... Needham is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Look up Pile in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The South End was once bordered to the north and west by the Boston & Providence Railroad, which terminated at the B&P RR Station bordering the Public Garden. The railroad line is now covered by the Southwest Corridor Park and terminates at Back Bay Station. Most of the cross streets in the neighborhood are named after cities and towns served by the railroad: Greenwich, Connecticut, Newton, Canton, Dedham, Brookline, Rutland, Vermont, Concord, Worcester, Springfield, Camden, Maine, Northampton, Sharon, Randolph, Plympton, Stoughton, Waltham, Dover, Chatham, Bristol, Connecticut, and Wareham. The Attleboro/Stoughton Line is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system running southwest from Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The main line was originally built by the Boston and Providence Railroad, and now carries service during the week between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island, and weekend service to South Attleboro. ... Back Bay Station, located at 145 Dartmouth Street, between Stuart Street and Columbus Avenue, in Back Bay, Boston, is an important transportation center. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region South Western Region Settled 1640 Joined Connecticut 1656 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - First selectman James A. Lash  - Town administrator Edward Gomeau  - Town meeting moderator Thomas J. Byrne Area  - City 174. ... Nickname: The Garden City Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1639 Incorporated 1688 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor David B. Cohen (Dem) Area  - City  18. ... Canton is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Administrator Bill Keegan  - Board of    Selectmen Marie-Loise Kehoe Mike Butler James MacDonald Carmen DelloIocono Dennis Teehan Area  - Town  10. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1638 Incorporated 1705 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  6. ... Rutland City, Vermont Rutland is a city located in Rutland County, Vermont. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  25. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampden County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - City  33. ... Camden, Maine Camden is a town in Knox County, Maine, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1654 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Mary Clare Higgins Area  - City  35. ... Nickname: Motto: A nice place to live, because it’s naturally beautiful. ... Randolph is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Plympton is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ...   Stoughton (Official Name: Town of Stoughton) is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Often called the true birthplace of the industrial revolution, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Dover is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Seal of Chatham, MA Chatham is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, Barnstable County being coextensive with Cape Cod. ... Nickname: Mum City Coordinates: NECTA Hartford Region Central Connecticut Incorporated (town) 1785 Incorporated (city) 1911 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor William T. Stortz Area  - City 69. ... Wareham is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ...


The primary business thoroughfares of the South End are Tremont and Washington Streets, from West Newton Street to Berkeley Street. Washington Street, the original causeway that connected Roxbury to Boston, experienced considerable reinvestment in the 1990s. The street was once defined by the Washington Street Elevated, an elevated train that was moved to below Southwest Corridor Park in the 1980s. Today Washington is the route of the Silver Line, Boston's first bus rapid transit line. Columbus Avenue, the third main street of the South End, also has numerous restaurants and provides a remarkable straight-line view to the steeple of Park Street Church. Today the modern MBTA Orange Line rapid transit train runs along the partially covered Southwest Corridor, with neighborhood stops at Back Bay (also an MBTA Commuter Rail stop due to its proximity to the Copley Square employment center) and Massachusetts Avenue. Tremont Street is a major thoroughfare in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Washington Street is a street in Boston, Massachusetts and its extension southwest to the Massachusetts/Rhode Island border. ... The Washington Street Elevated was an elevated segment of Bostons Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority subway system, comprising the southern stretch of the Orange Line (named after the original name for a section of Washington St, Orange St. ... Map The Silver Line is the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys (MBTAs) sole Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) line, running in two, unconnected sections, from Dudley Square in Roxbury to downtown Boston, Massachusetts and from South Station to several points in South Boston and to Logan Airport in East Boston. ... There is a large number of public transport systems in European towns that fulfill several of the BRT criteria given above, but they are rarely designated as BRT. Bus lanes and exclusive use of key city-centre streets is commonplace, and bus priority on approach to traffic lights is quite... Park Street Church, Boston The Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts is an active Conservative Congregational Church at the corner of Tremont Street and Park Street. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. ... The Southwest corridor or Southwest Expressway was a project designed to bring a four-lane highway into the City of Boston from a direction southwesterly of downtown. ... Back Bay Station, located at 145 Dartmouth Street, between Stuart Street and Columbus Avenue, in Back Bay, Boston, is an important transportation center. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Trinity Church with the Old John Hancock Tower in Copley Square Trinity Church reflected in the windows of the John Hancock Tower Copley Square is an area of the Back Bay district of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Avenue is a MBTA subway station on the Orange Line, located at 380 Massachusetts Avenue in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Architecture and environment

A row of bow-front row houses built of red brick, with painted sandstone trim. Operable window shutters were found on nearly all South End homes in the nineteenth century. Installation of operable wood shutters in exterior restoration presents the house as it would have appeared when first built. The style of the house on the left is Renaissance Revival. The houses in the middle and to the right are Greek Revival.
A row of bow-front row houses built of red brick, with painted sandstone trim. Operable window shutters were found on nearly all South End homes in the nineteenth century. Installation of operable wood shutters in exterior restoration presents the house as it would have appeared when first built. The style of the house on the left is Renaissance Revival. The houses in the middle and to the right are Greek Revival.
A flat-front row house built of red brick with granite trim. Greek Revival influence can be seen in the pediment above the door.
A flat-front row house built of red brick with granite trim. Greek Revival influence can be seen in the pediment above the door.

The South End is built mostly of mid-nineteenth century bowfronts — aesthetically uniform rows of five-story, predominantly red-brick structures, of mixed residential and commercial uses. The most common styles are Renaissance Revival, Italianate and French Second Empire, though there are Greek Revival, Egyptian Revival, Gothic Revival, and Queen Anne style houses, among several other styles. Row houses built in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, especially along the present Southwest Corridor Park show the influence of Charles Eastlake in the incised decoration on stone trim. Despite the style, a common palette of red brick, slate, limestone or granite trim, and cast iron railings provide great visual unity. Today, the South End is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a Boston Landmark District. It is North America's largest extant Victorian residential district. A citizens' group, The South End Historical Society, works with the Boston Landmarks Commission, on matters of historic preservation. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (679 × 905 pixel, file size: 730 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (679 × 905 pixel, file size: 730 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (506 × 758 pixel, file size: 451 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Flat-front brick row house in Bostons South End neighborhood. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (506 × 758 pixel, file size: 451 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Flat-front brick row house in Bostons South End neighborhood. ... For the 19th century English painter, see Sir Charles Lock Eastlake Charles Locke Eastlake (1836 - 1906) was an architect and furniture designer. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The South End Historical Society (SEHS) is a non-profit community organization founded in 1966, and dedicated to the preservation of the built environment and revitalization of Bostons South End neighborhood. ...


A series of eleven residential parks are located across the South End, most are elliptical in shape with passive-use green space located in the middle. These residential squares vary in size, and take inspiration from English-inspired residential squares first laid out by Charles Bullfinch downtown. Many of the parks have a central fountain and are bordered with cast iron fencing. Complimenting the nineteenth century residential parks are several newer parks, and a series of sixteen community gardens and pocket parks operated by the South End Lower Roxbury Open Space Land Trust. Tuscan kale Cavalo nero grows in a SELROSLT garden. ...


History and changing demographics

As the South End geographically grew from filling in land north and west of "the Neck" (today's Washington Street) the city of Boston envisioned a large inner city residential neighborhood to relieve the crowded downtown and Beacon Hill neighborhoods. The city also hoped for a large and stable tax base. Architect Charles Bulfinch laid out some of the first filled land. He designed a large residential park called Columbia Square located at the present Franklin and Blackstone Squares. Bulfinch's plan was to route traffic around the square, not through it. Eventually his plan was abandoned and Washington street was allowed to once more divide the square creating today's separte squares. A burgeoning middle class did move to the South End including busines owners, two mayors, bankers and industrialists. Though the neighborhood's status as a wealthy neighborhood was relatively short-lived, myths of a dramatic white flight in the 1880s are not entirely true. A series of national financial panics (see e.g. Panic of 1884, Economic history of the United States), combined with the emergence of new residential housing in Back Bay and Roxbury fed a steady decline of whites of English Protestant ancestry. Still whites remained in the neighborhood, but increasingly they were Catholic and recent immigrants. By the close of the nineteenth century the South End was becoming a tenement district, first attracting new immigrants, and in the 1940s single gay men. The South End also became a center of black middle class Boston life and culture. The largest concentration of Pullman Porters in the country lived in the South End, mostly between Columbus Avenue and the railroad bed. As the decades progressed, more buildings became tenements and by the 1960s absentee landlordism was rampant and the neighborhood was one of the poorest of the city. The first settlement houses in Boston were in the South End: the South End House, Hale House, Lincoln House, the Harriet Miller House, and the Children's Art Centre. In 1960 these settlement houses merged to form United South End Settlements[2]. The Massachusetts State House, designed by Charles Bulfinch and completed in 1798. ... White flight is a term for the demographic trend where upper- and middle-class white people move away from non-white inner-city neighborhoods to predominantly white suburbs and exurbs. ... Black Monday (1987) on the Dow Jones Industrial Average A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market. ... The Panic of 1884 was an acute financial crisis associated with a stock market crash caused by speculation. ... The economic history of the United States has its roots in European settlements in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ... WASP is a term which originated in the United States. ... Categories: Stub | House types ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ... The Pullman Palace Car Company, owned by George Pullman, manufactured railroad train cars in the mid to late 1800s through the early decades of the 20th century, during the boom of railroads in the United States. ... Categories: Stub | House types ... Settlement houses not by a set of services but by an approach: that initiative to correct come from indigenous neighborhood leaders or organizations. ...


Jazz mecca

Until the 1950s the South End and bordering Roxbury was a jazz mecca, with clubs such as the Royal Palms, Eddie Levine's, the Pioneer Club, Handy's Grille, Tic-Toc, Connolly's, Estelle's, the Hi-Hat, The Savoy, The Cave, Basin Street, Louie's Lounge, and Wally's Paradise. Wally's is the only venue to have survived to the present day. From 1915 to 1970 the American Federation of Musicians Local 535 was the top black musicians' union in the country, with local and national musicians such as Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, Chick Webb, Earl Hines, and Jimmie Lunceford. Its offices were originally above Charlie's Sandwich Shoppe (whose walls are lined with photographs of the jazz stars who would eat there), but moved to 409 Massachusetts Avenue around 1930. In 1970 it and the white union (Local 9) were ordered to merge by the courts (Boston Musicians Association Local 9-535) and most of the black musicians left.[3] Jazz is a musical art form that originated in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States around the start of the 20th century. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The American Federation of Musicians (AFM) is a labor union of professional musicians in the United States and Canada. ... Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington (April 29, 1899–May 24, 1974) was an American jazz composer, pianist, and band leader who has been one of the most influential figures in jazz, if not in all American music. ... Cab Calloway, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1933 Cab Calloway (December 25, 1907–November 18, 1994) was a famous American jazz singer and bandleader. ... William Henry Webb, usually known as Chick Webb (February 10, 1909–June 16, 1939) was a jazz and swing music drummer as well as a band leader. ... Earl Kenneth Hines, better known as Earl Hines or Fatha Hines (28 December 1903 near Pittsburgh – 22 April 1983 in Oakland, California) was a prominent jazz pianist. ... James Melvin Jimmie Lunceford (June 6, 1902–July 12, 1947) was an American jazz alto saxophonist and bandleader of the swing era. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...


Institutions and community organizations

Boston College (BC) first opened in the South End in 1863. A few of the original college buildings on Harrison Avenue still stand, though BC moved from the South End to then-rural Chestnut Hill as a result of rapid growth and urbanization in the late nineteenth century. Today, the South End is home to the Boston Ballet, the Boston Center for the Arts (BCA), Boston University Medical Center, and many art galleries and artists studios. For similarly-named academic institutions, see Boston (disambiguation). ... Boston College and the Chestnut Hill Reservoir Located 6 miles west of Boston, Chestnut Hill is a wealthy suburb notable for its stately old houses, scenic landscape and the historic campus of Boston College. ... The Boston Ballet is a professional ballet company based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Boston Center for the Arts (BCA), in the South End, Boston, Massachusetts, is a four acre complex that includes: The Cyclorama, built in 1884 to display a panorama painting, is on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Boston Medical Center (BMC) is a non-profit 547-bed medical center in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


The South End is also host to numerous community organizations including South End Baseball, Youth Enrichment Services, the South End Lower Roxbury Open Space Land Trust, Mytown an organization training youth to lead walking tours on neighborhood and Boston history, and the South End Historical Society. Tuscan kale Cavalo nero grows in a SELROSLT garden. ... Mytown, an acronym for Multicultural Youth Tour of Whats Now, is a Boston-based youth organization engaging young people in learning about and teaching others about the local history of their urban neighborhood. ... The South End Historical Society (SEHS) is a non-profit community organization founded in 1966, and dedicated to the preservation of the built environment and revitalization of Bostons South End neighborhood. ...


Diversity

The South End's population has been diverse since the 1880s when Irish, Jewish, African-American, Greek, Syrian, and Lebanese populations began to settle in the neighborhood. In the 1930 a substantial immigration from Canada's maritime provinces found economic opportunity in Boston, and homes in the South End neighborhood. Beginning in the 1940s, particularly after the end of WWII the South End's rooming houses became home to growing numbers of homosexuals, mostly men, but lesbians too. The environment of single sex rooming houses provided home, and social cover for unmarried homosexuals. In the late 1940s a growing population of Hispanic people began settlement. At first much of this settlement was centered around the Cathedral of the Holy Cross. Today the neighborhood remains diverse, integrating people of nearly every race, religion, and sexual orientation. Income levels are anecdotaly reported as stratified: a concentration of the wealthy and the poor. However neither the U.S. Census or City of Boston reports on income of this specific neighborhood. Though gentrification is sometimes cited as a reason for flight of poorer and non-white residents, the neighborhood has maintained racial and income diversity due to a large number of subsidized, publicly owned or otherwise low-income housing units, and a homeless shelter. Subsidized below market rate housing developments such as Methunion Manor, Cathedral Housing (public housing project), Villa Victoria and Tent City vary considerably and represent evolving attitudes in public housing design and governance. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... The Maritimes or Maritime provinces are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... A local authority tower block in Cwmbrân, South Wales Public housing or project homes is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ...


Although all neighborhoods in Boston suffer from crime, the city has a comparatively low incidence of street crime. The South End is large enough that some parts can be known for street crime while others are family friendly. The South End has more public playgrounds per square foot than other Boston neighborhoods. The South End is known as an increasingly upper middle class neighborhood. Some long-time residents are being pushed out by rising rents and property taxes. Because of a strong low-income agenda from the city, its recent (until the 1970s) history of impoverishment, and the presence of several low income housing projects, the South End will likely remain economically and racially diverse. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The concept of family friendly entertainment or information, or of the media carrying them being so, is an aspect of the family values controversy in American political and social discourse. ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to engage in physical activity. ... Vacations to destinations such as Hawaii, shown above, may be seen as a hallmark of the Upper-middle class. ...


The South End is also known as a gay, artistic, and cultural neighborhood, although rising costs in the neighborhood threaten this character. Unlike cities such as New York, there are no city policies to help artists keep their long-term studios. Art galleries, however, are flourishing. One Yahoo! Group for South End parents (Garden Moms) boasts over 1300 members, showing that families are a growing facet of this community. GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...


Though housing in the South End is very expensive by U.S. and Greater Boston standards — it is rare to find a one bedroom apartment for less than $400,000 — the South End remains relatively less expensive than the wealthiest central Boston neighborhoods (Beacon Hill and the Back Bay). Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ...


Restaurants and retail

The South End is one of Boston's main restaurant districts offering a diverse mix of cuisines, many at a relatively high price point. Tremont Street is often called "Restaurant Row." The South End's range of restaurants include American southern "Low Country", French, Ethiopian, Brazilian, Indian, Italian, Korean, Greek, Middle Eastern, Cuban, Thai, and Japanese among others. The South End has a growing retail presence, much of it aimed primarily at upper-middle class shoppers. // The cuisine of the Southern United States has influences from the traditions of the various groups that have inhabited the area. ... The term Middle Eastern cuisine refers to the various cuisines of the Middle East. ...


New retail shops offer a range of home furnishings, men's and women's clothing, stationary, specialty foods, spa services and a rapidly growing number of manicure and pedicure shops. Several new stores cater to well-heeled dog owners. As recently as 1985 there were no bank offices in the neighborhood. As of autumn 2006 there are seven full service branch offices, an additional four partial-service branches offering home loans and ATMs but without full cashier service, more than forty local bank-linked ATM locations, and additional ATMs operated by retailers with service fees nearly double those in banks.


Gallery

References

  1. ^ National Register Information System. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service (2007-01-23).
  2. ^ http://www.library.neu.edu/archives/collect/findaids/m126find.htm
  3. ^ http://www.nejazz.org/Community/JazzNotes/moonoogian1985.php
  • Goodman, Phoebe. The Garden Squares of Boston. University Press of New England: 2003. ISBN 1-58465-298-5.
  • Griffin, Arthur, and Esther Forbes. The Boston Book. Houghton Mifflin Company: 1947.
  • Krieger, Alex, and David Cobb. Mapping Boston. The MIT Press: 1999. ISBN 0-262-11244-2.

External links


Neighborhoods in Boston, Massachusetts

Allston/Brighton · Back Bay · Beacon Hill · Charlestown · Chinatown · Dorchester · Downtown Crossing · East Boston · Fenway-Kenmore · Government Center · Hyde Park · Jamaica Plain · Longwood · Mattapan · Mission Hill · North End · Roslindale · Roxbury · South Boston · South End · West End · West Roxbury Houses on Louisburg Square, Beacon Hill. ... Allston is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, located in the western part of the city. ... Cemetary and apartment houses along Commonwealth Avenue, Brighton, near Chandlers Pond Brighton is a middle-class neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Prudential Center and John Hancock Tower with MIT and Cambridgeport across the Charles River. ... Cutting down Beacon Hill, about 1800; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... The Beach Street gate into Bostons Chinatown. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... East Boston was annexed by the City of Boston in 1636 and is separated from the rest of the city by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ... Fenway-Kenmore is an area of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Government Center circa 2000 Government Center is a city square and plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, bounded by Cambridge, Court, Congress, and Sudbury Streets. ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Longwood Medical and Academic Area (also known as Longwood Medical Area, LMA, or just Longwood) is a section of Boston with a high density of hospitals, colleges, and biomedical research centers. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Mission Hill is a one square mile neighborhood of approximately 18,000 people in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mural in South Boston saying Welcome to South Boston in English and Fáilte go mBoston Uheas in Irish. ... The West End of Boston, Massachusetts is a neighborhood bounded generally by Cambridge Street to the south, the Charles River to the west and northwest, Martha Road and Lomasney Way on the north and northeast, and Staniford Street on the west. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ...


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Boston - MSN Encarta (2734 words)
Boston, the capital city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the seat of Suffolk County.
The Allston-Brighton area is bordered to the east, north, and west by the Charles River and to the south by the Massachusetts Turnpike and the town of Brookline.
Boston’s population decline in the mid-20th century was due to several factors: urban renewal, which removed high-occupancy tenements and replaced them with new construction; the expansion of commercial office space into areas that had once been residential; and freeway construction, which made the movement of people to suburban communities easier.
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