FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > South China (continent)

South China continent, also known as South China craton (or the South Chinese craton) was an ancient continent (craton) that contained today's South and Southeast China (named after), Indochina, and parts of Southeast Asia (ie. Borneo and adjacent islands). South China had been part of many past supercontinents. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... World geologic provinces. ... North China (北方 Hanyu pinyin: Běifāng) and South China (南方 Hanyu pinyin: Nánfāng) are two approximate regions within China. ... Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ...

South China is shown here in this Rodinia supercontinent.
Enlarge
South China is shown here in this Rodinia supercontinent.

About one billion years ago (Late Proterozoic), the supercontinent, Rodinia formed. South China was part of the supercontinent. South China was bordered by Mirovia Ocean to the north, Siberia to the east, Australia to the west and Laurentia to the south as shown here in the Rodinia paleogeography. 750 million years ago, Rodinia rifted and South China became an isolated continent. Depiction of Rodinia at time of initial breakup. ... Pannotia is the name given to a hypothetical supercontinent that existed from about 600 to about 540 mya. ... Pangaea was formed by the merging of two continents, Laurasia and Gondwana East African and Kuungan Orogens 550 Ma reconstruction showing final stages of assembly The southern supercontinent Gondwana (originally Gondwanaland) included most of the landmasses which make up todays continents of the southern hemisphere, including Antarctica, South America... Map of Pangaea Pangaea or Pangea (derived from Παγγαία, Greek meaning all earth) is the name given to the supercontinent that is believed to have existed during the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras, before the process of plate tectonics separated each of the component continents into their current configuration. ... Laurasia was a supercontinent that most recently existed as a part of the split of the Pangaean supercontinent in the late Mesozoic era. ... Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is the landmass composed of Europe and Asia. ... In geology, the Proterozoic is an eon prior to the first abundant complex life on earth. ... Siberia (Sometimes called Angara) is the craton located in the heart of the region of Siberia. ... North American craton. ...


A hundred million years later, these fragmented pieces of continent assembled back together to create the supercontinent of Pannotia. South China collided North China and Eastern Gondwana (mainly Australia). When Pannotia disintegrated 550 million years ago, South China (and North China) became part of and remained with Eastern Gondwana for millions of years. Late in the Silurian (175 million years later after Pannotia's disintegration), South China (and North China), rifted away from Gondwana and moved across the ancient, shrinking Proto-Tethys Ocean. A new ocean was forming in its southern end, Paleo-Tethys Ocean. By the Late Carboniferous (300 million years ago), while North China collided with Siberia and Kazakhstania, completely closing the Proto-Tethys, South China became an independent continent. For much of the Permian Period, South China remained in the tropical latitudes. And also, while most of the giant lycopods of the Carboniferous disappeared, giant lycopods remained in South China, since its isolation from the now formed Pangaea. Cimmeria, a microcontinent that consisted of today's Tibet, Iran, Turkey and parts of Southeast Asia rifted away from Gondwana (just as North and South China did earlier), and was heading towards Laurasia. Paleo-Tethys Ocean started to shrink, while the new Tethys Ocean expanded. In the Middle Triassic, the eastern portion of Cimmeria collided with South China, and together moved northwards, towards Laurasia. In the Early Jurassic epoch, South China collided with North China, forming the China we know today. Since then North China, and South China had been together since their collison in the Jurassic. Much of South China became a mountain range because of India's collision with Cimmeria's southern coastline. Pannotia is the name given to a hypothetical supercontinent that existed from about 600 to about 540 mya. ... Pangaea was formed by the merging of two continents, Laurasia and Gondwana East African and Kuungan Orogens 550 Ma reconstruction showing final stages of assembly The southern supercontinent Gondwana (originally Gondwanaland) included most of the landmasses which make up todays continents of the southern hemisphere, including Antarctica, South America... The North China Craton is one of the smaller continental cratons of the Earth. ... The Silurian is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Ordovician period, about 443. ... Proto-Tethys Ocean was an ancient ocean that existed from the latest Ediacaran to the Carboniferous. ... The Paleo-Tethys Ocean was an ancient Paleozoic ocean. ... The Carboniferous is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Devonian period, about 359. ... Kazakhstania, also known as the Kazakhstan Block, is a small continental region in the interior of Asia. ... Lycopodium is a genus of clubmosses, also known as ground pines, in the family Lycopodiaceae, a family of fern-allies (see Pteridophyta). ... The Cimmerians were an ancient people who lived in the south of modern-day Ukraine and Russia in the 8th and 7th century BC. Cimmeria was an ancient continental plate comprising present-day Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Tethys Ocean divides Pangea into two supercontinents, Laurasia and Gondwana The Tethys Ocean was an ocean that existed between the continents of Gondwana and Laurasia before the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Middle Triassic (also known as Muschelkalk) is the second of three epochs of the Triassic period. ... Laurasia was a supercontinent that most recently existed as a part of the split of the Pangaean supercontinent in the late Mesozoic era. ... The Jurassic Period is a major unit of the geologic timescale that extends from about 200 Ma (million years ago), at the end of the Triassic to 146 Ma, at the beginning of the Cretaceous. ... A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ...


References

  • Much of this information comes from a Geology Book

The Blue Marble: The famous photo of the Earth taken en route to the Moon by Apollo 17s Harrison Schmitt on December 7, 1972. ...

See also

Map of Pangaea Pangaea or Pangea (derived from Παγγαία, Greek meaning all earth) is the name given to the supercontinent that is believed to have existed during the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras, before the process of plate tectonics separated each of the component continents into their current configuration. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m