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Encyclopedia > South Caucasus
South Caucasus: Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan

South Caucasus (also referred sometimes as Transcaucasus) is a name to the transitional region between Europe and Asia extending from the Greater Caucasus to the Turkish and Iranian borders, between the Black and Caspian seas. The area includes the Colchis Lowland, Kura Lowland, Talysh Mountains, Lenkoran Lowland, Caucasus Minor, Javakheti-Armenian Uplands. The majority of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan falls within this area. The countries of the region are producers of oil, manganese ore, tea, citrus fruits, and wine. File links The following pages link to this file: Caucasus South Caucasus User:Kbh3rd/Images Categories: Caucasus maps ... File links The following pages link to this file: Caucasus South Caucasus User:Kbh3rd/Images Categories: Caucasus maps ... A satellite composite image of Europe // Etymology Picture of Europa, carried away by bull-shaped Zeus. ... Asia is the largest and most populous of the Earths continents. ... This article is about the terrestrial mountain range. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea or Mazandaran Sea is a landlocked endorheic sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Colchis (Georgian Kolkheti), or Aea-Colchis, was, in ancient times, a district of Asia Minor, at the eastern extremity of the Black Sea, bounded on the north by the Caucasus. ... Kura (Georgian Mtkvari, Azerbaijani Kür) is a river in the Caucasus Mountains. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lankaran. ... Lesser Caucasus (Russian: , sometimes translated as Caucasus Minor) is one of the two main mountain ranges of Caucasus mountains, of length about 600 km. ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 54. ... A cup of hot tea A tea bush. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus x aurantifolia - Lime Citrus x aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus x bergamia - Bergamot Citrus x hystrix - Kaffir Lime Citrus x ichangensis - Ichang Lemon Citrus x limon - Lemon Citrus x limonia - Rangpur Citrus x paradisi... Wine is an alcoholic beverage made by fermenting grapes or grape juice. ...


The terms Transcaucasus and Transcaucasia in Western languages are translations of the Russian zakavkazje meaning "the area beyond the Caucasus Mountains".


The region has been a single political entity twice – during the Russian civil war (Trans-Caucasian Democratic Federative Republic) from 9 April 1918 to 26 May 1918, and under the Soviet rule (Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic) from 12 March 1922 to 5 December 1936. The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1922. ... The Trans-Caucasian Democratic Federative Republic (TCDFR, Закавказская демократическая Федеративная Республика, ЗКДФР , Zakavkazskaja Diemokratitchieskaja Phiedierativnaja Riespublika ZKDPR ) (February 1918 — May 1918) was a short-lived state in the Caucasus after the October Revolution. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... Coat of arms of the TSFSR The Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic was a short-lived (1922-1936) Soviet republic, consisting of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, which were traditionally known as the Transcaucasian Republics in the Soviet Union. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The region remains one of the most complicated in the post-Soviet area, and comprises three disputed area – Abkhazia and South Ossetia in Georgia, and Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan. State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... Abkhazia (Abkhaz Аҧсны/Aphsny, Georgian აფხაზეთი/Apkhazeti, Russian Абха́зия/Abkhazia) is a region of 8,600 km² (3,300 sq. ... Official language Ossetian Capital Tskhinvali President Eduard Djabeevich Kokoity Prime Minister Igor Viktorovich Sanakoyev Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  3,900 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density (2004)  70,000 (approx)  18/km² Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Georgia  â€“ November 28, 1991  â€“ none Currency Russian... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ...


External links

  • Transcaucasia (The Columbia Encyclopedia article)

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
South Caucasus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (300 words)
South Caucasus, also referred to as Transcaucasia or Transcaucasus, is the southern portion of the Caucasus region between Europe and Asia, extending from the Greater Caucasus to the Turkish and Iranian borders, between the Black and Caspian Seas.
In Western languages, the terms Transcaucasus and Transcaucasia are translations of the Russian zakavkazje meaning "the area beyond the Caucasus Mountains", i.e., as seen from the Russian capital (analogous to the Roman terms Transalpine and Transpadania).
The region was unified as a single political entity twice – during the Russian Civil War (Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic) from 9 April 1918 to 26 May 1918, and under the Soviet rule (Transcaucasian SFSR) from 12 March 1922 to 5 December 1936.
Eco-Agrotourism in South Caucasus (964 words)
The Southern Caucasus are totally mountainous and its lowlands (not to speak of meadows and plains) are connected to surrounding mountains both by geological origin and through the character of contemporary natural processes.
The Greater Caucasus on the north is an obstacle for cold northern air masses to meet the western and central areas of the Southern Caucasus (the Kolchidan lowlands and the Kura bowl), thus raising its average temperatures.
The climate in the Lesser Caucasus is definitely milder, especially at the slopes descending to the Kolchidean and Kura lowlands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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