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Encyclopedia > South Bend, Indiana
City of South Bend, Indiana
South Bend from above
South Bend from above
Flag of City of South Bend, Indiana
Flag
Official seal of City of South Bend, Indiana
Seal
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°40′21″N 86°15′19″W / 41.6725, -86.25528
Country United States
State Indiana
County St. Joseph
Incorporated (City) 1865
Government
 - Type Strong Mayor-Council
 - Mayor Stephen Luecke (D)
Area
 - Total 39.1 sq mi (101.3 km²)
 - Land 38.7 sq mi (100.2 km²)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km²)
Elevation 692 ft (211 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 107,789
 - Density 2,786.6/sq mi (1,075.9/km²)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 46600-46699
Area code(s) 574
FIPS code 18-71000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0452796[2]
Website: http://www.southbendin.gov

South Bend is a city on the St. Joseph river and a twin city of Mishawaka in St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total of 107,789 residents; its metropolitan area had a population of 316,663. It is the fourth largest city in Indiana and county seat of St. Joseph County[3]. It is the economic and cultural hub of the region commonly known as Michiana, and is best known as the home of the University of Notre Dame. South Bend is the name of the following places in the United States of America: South Bend, Indiana South Bend Township, Kansas South Bend Township, Minnesota South Bend, Nebraska South Bend Township, Pennsylvania South Bend, Washington Category: ... Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1761 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links South_bend_indiana_flag. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (926x918, 1135 KB) Summary Obtained from City government website Licensing This logo is an official seal of a government or one of its government agencies, and may be subject to copyright, trademark, and/or other restrictions on its reproduction, especially in... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Listed are the 92 counties of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... St. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 574 is a North American Numbering Plan area code for North Central Indiana. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The term Twin city or twin town may be applied to one of the following notions. ... Mishawaka (IPA: ) is a city on the St. ... St. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... St. ... Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ...


South Bend lies along the Indiana Toll Road at the south most turn in the St. Joseph River, from which it derives its name. The area was originally settled in the early 19th century by fur traders, and established as a city in 1865. The St. Joseph River shaped South Bend's economy through the mid 20th century. River access led to heavy industrial development that peaked with Studebaker being based in the city, along with Oliver Chilled Plow Company and several other industrial companies. Indiana Toll Road Length: 156. ... Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... The Oliver Corporation was a tractor manufacturer. ...


The population of South Bend has declined since its peak of 132,445 in 1960. This is in large part due to the demise of Studebaker and other heavy industry. The 2000 census saw South Bend's population increase 2.2% from 1990, the first gain since 1960. Today, the largest industries in South Bend are health care, education, and small business. A large tourism sector also exists, mainly supported by the University of Notre Dame. South Bend still remains the focal point for Michiana, with the second busiest airport in Indiana, interurban rail service to downtown Chicago, and several large businesses including Crowe Chizek, Bosch and AM General. Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... Tourist redirects here. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ... An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Crowe Chizek and Company LLC is a professional services firm, with offices throughout the eastern United States, including Florida, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, and New Jersey. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ...

Contents

History

South Bend in 1866

The first settlements in the current South Bend area were established as fur trading posts. The first westerner to make permanent settlement was Pierre Frieschutz Navarre in 1820. Navarre arrived on behalf of the American Fur Company. His home was not far from what would become downtown South Bend.[4] Alexis Coquillard, another agent of the American Fur Company, passed through South Bend in 1823 and returned in 1824 with his family to make it his home.[4][5] At the time, the post was known as Big St. Joseph Station. In 1827, Lathrop Minor Taylor established a post for Samuel Hanna and Company. The area soon became known as St. Joseph’s, Indiana as recorded in the Samuel Hanna and Company records.[5] By 1829, the town was growing, with Coquillard and Taylor emerging as leaders. The town applied for a post office, and Taylor was named postmaster later that year. The town was designated as Southold, Allen County, Indiana [4]. The following year, the name of the city was changed to South Bend. This change was in order to ease confusion as several other communities called Southold existed at the time. [6] In 1831, South Bend was laid out as the county seat and as one of the four original townships of St. Joseph County. Soon after, design began on what would become the town of South Bend.[4] The American Fur Company was founded by John Jacob Astor in 1808. ... If you are looking for different meanings of this word, see Postmaster (disambiguation) A postmaster is a term used in post offices to denote the head or master of the office. ... St. ...


The area was incorporated as a town in 1835 and rapidly grew. During the late 1830s through the 1850s, much of South Bend's development centered around the industrial complex of factories located on the two races (man-made canals along the St. Joseph River in South Bend). Several dams were created, and mills were built on each side of the river. On October 4, 1851, the first steam locomotive entered South Bend.[4] This led to a general shift of businesses from the river toward the tracks. In 1852, Henry Studebaker set up a wagon shop in South Bend. Studebaker would go on to become a large automobile manufacturer of the United States. Other manufacturing companies such as the Singer Sewing Company and the Oliver Chilled Plow Company would soon follow suit, and manufacturing would become the driving force in the South Bend economy through the mid 20th century.[4] A channel of a stream, esp. ... Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... A Singer treadle sewing machine Singer Corporation is a United States of America manufacturer of sewing machines, first established as I.M. Singer & Co. ... The Oliver Corporation was a tractor manufacturer. ...


South Bend also gained from its position on what was known as The Michigan Road, the main north-south artery of northern Indiana in the 19th century.[4] Another significant development occurred near South Bend in 1842, when the Reverend Edward Sorin founded the University of Notre Dame, just north of the town.[7] Notre Dame would eventually become an intrinsic part of South Bend, contributing greatly to the economy and culture.[8] In 1865, a petition was introduced for South Bend to incorporate as a city. South Bend held its first elections as a city on Monday, June 5, 1865.[5] The Very Rev. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Other industries continued to develop in South Bend in the early twentieth century, including Birdsell Manufacturing Company, the Bendix Corporation, Honeywell, AlliedSignal, the Robert Bosch GmbH, South Bend Lathe Works, the O'Brien Paint Corp., and the South Bend Toy Company. Fast development led to the creation of electric rail transportation throughout the area, and in 1925 and the South Shore interurban streetcar service was established from downtown South Bend to downtown Chicago.[9] The Bendix Corporation was founded in 1924 by the inventor Vincent Bendix. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... AlliedSignal was an aerospace, automotive and engineering company that acquired and merged with Honeywell for $15Bn in 1999, after which the new group adopted the Honeywell name. ... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Overhead wire in Coventry, England Overhead wire and its suspension system in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA A railway electrification system is a way of supplying electric power to electric locomotives and multiple units. ... The South Shore Line is an electrically powered interurban streetcar line operated by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) between Randolph Street Terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois and the South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana. ... An interurban, also called a radial railway in parts of Canada, is a streetcar line running between urban areas or from urban to rural areas. ...


During World War II, the South Bend Blue Sox All-American Girls Professional Baseball League team was formed in South Bend. The team participated in all the league's seasons from 1943-1954.[10] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The South Bend Blue Sox were a founding team in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League . ... The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was a womens professional baseball league founded by Philip K. Wrigley which existed from 1943 to 1954. ...


By 1950, More than half of all employment was in the manufacturing sector.[11] Due to economic difficulties, the Studebaker Company closed its automotive manufacturing plants in South Bend in December of 1963.[12] A general decline in manufacturing soon followed. By the year 2000 manufacturing only made up 16% of the local economy, and the population decreased by nearly 30,000.[11] Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ...


In 1984, South Bend community leaders began seeking a minor league baseball team for the city. A stadium was constructed in 1986 and a 10 year player development contract was signed with the Chicago White Sox. The team would be known as the South Bend White Sox. In 1994, the team's name was changed to the South Bend Silver Hawks.[13] The Silver Hawks are currently a Class A minor league affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks in the Midwest League. Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... League Midwest League Division Eastern Division Year founded 1988 Major League affiliation Arizona Diamondbacks Home ballpark Stanley Coveleski Regional Stadium Previous home ballparks City South Bend, Indiana Current uniform colors Previous uniform colors Logo design Division titles League titles 2005 Manager Mark Haley Owner Joe Kernan The South Bend Silver...


Geography

South Bend is located at 41°40′21″N, 86°15′19″W (41.672597, -86.255157)[14]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.1 square miles (101.3 km²), of which, 38.7 square miles (100.2 km²) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) (1.10%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


South Bend is located 5 miles (8 km) from the Michigan border, and approximately equidistant from Illinois and Ohio. The city is 93 miles (150 km) driving distance from Chicago. The nearest shore of Lake Michigan is 20 miles (32 km) away. This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ...


Cityscape

The St. Joseph River flows from the east end of the city turning north near the city center, giving South Bend its name at the bend in the river. South Bend sits on the North-South continental divide, and the river flows north into Lake Michigan.[15] The downtown area is located in the north central part of the city along the St. Joseph River, with Notre Dame directly adjacent to the north. The city extends further north on the west side, mainly with manufacturing and distribution facilities near the South Bend Regional Airport. Mishawaka is adjacent to South Bend's east side. Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ... Runway layout at SBN South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ... St. ...


Climate

South Bend has a humid continental climate, with a Köppen climate classification of Dfa. Lake Michigan has a large effect on the climate of South Bend, including lake effect snow in winter and moderating temperatures year round.[16] June through August are the warmest months, with average temperatures above 80 °F. Normally, 42 days with thunderstorms occur each year.[16] The snowiest month is usually January, with snow fall normally recorded from October through April.[17] On average South Bend receives 81.8 inches of snow per year.[16] Spring and fall are often mild and overcast, with 293 partly coudy to cloudy days each year.[18] The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Lake-effect precipitation coming off the Great Lakes, as seen from NEXRAD. Lake effect snow, which can be a type of snowsquall, is produced in the winter when cold, artic dry winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water, picking up water vapor which freezes and is deposited on... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, The Netherlands. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Record high 68°F (20°C) 74° (23°) 85° (29°) 91° (33°) 96° (36°) 106° (41°) 109° (43°) 105° (41°) 99° (37°) 92° (33°) 82° (28°) 70° (21°)
Normal high 31° (-1°) 36° (2°) 47° (8°) 59° (15°) 71° (22°) 80° (27°) 83° (28°) 81° (27°) 74° (23°) 62° (17°) 48° (9°) 36° (2°)
Normal low 16° (-9°) 19° (-7°) 28° (-2°) 38° (3°) 48° (9°) 58° (14°) 63° (17°) 61° (16°) 53° (12°) 42° (6°) 33° (1°) 22° (-6°)
Record low -22° (-30°) -20° (-29°) -13° (-25°) 11° (-12°) 24° (-4°) 35° (2°) 42° (6°) 40° (4°) 29° (-2°) 12° (-11°) -7° (-22°) -18° (-28°)
Precipitation 2.3 in. (5.8 cm.) 2 (5) 2.9 (7.3) 3.6 (9.2) 3.5 (8.9) 4.2 (10.6) 3.7 (9.5) 4 (10.1) 3.8 (9.6) 3.3 (8.3) 3.4 (8.6) 3.1 (7.8)
Source: The Weather Channel[19]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 7,206
1880 13,280 84.3%
1890 21,819 64.3%
1900 35,999 65.0%
1910 53,684 49.1%
1920 70,983 32.2%
1930 104,193 46.8%
1940 101,268 -2.8%
1950 115,911 14.5%
1960 132,445 14.3%
1970 125,850 -5.0%
1980 109,727 -12.8%
1990 105,511 -3.8%
2000 107,789 2.2%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 107,789 people, 42,908 households, and 25,959 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,786.4 people per square mile (1,075.9/km²). There were 46,349 housing units at an average density of 1,198.1/sq mi (462.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.05% White, 34.60% African American, 0.41% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.87% from other races, and 2.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.45% of the population. The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


Ancestries: Germans (17.4%), Polish (10.6%), Irish (10.5%), English (5.8%), United States (3.9%), Hungarian (3.3%) (U.S. Census). You may also be looking for the plural of the word pole. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ...


There were 42,908 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.12. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $32,439, and the median income for a family was $39,046. Males had a median income of $31,958 versus $23,744 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,121. About 13.6% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Economy

25-story Chase Tower, the tallest building in South Bend.
25-story Chase Tower, the tallest building in South Bend.

South Bend's location on the St. Joseph River led to an industrial based economy in the late 1800s and early to mid 1900s. By the end of World War II that economy began to diminish.[20] Remnants of the old economy can still be seen in the abandoned industrial buildings around the city. Since that time, education, health care, and small business have come to the forefront of South Bend's economy. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1925x2500, 1259 KB) Summary City Center, tallest building in South Bend, Indiana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1925x2500, 1259 KB) Summary City Center, tallest building in South Bend, Indiana. ...


Nearby University of Notre Dame is a large contributor to the local economy. The university is the largest employer in St. Joseph County, employing 4,758 people.[8] For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ...


Health care is another major contributor to the South Bend economy. Memorial Health Systems is the largest employer in the city.[8] Other notable businesses include Honeywell, Bosch, Woodwind & Brasswind and PEI Genesis. Both AM General and Crowe Chizek have corporate headquarters in South Bend. Woodwind & Brasswind is the third-largest store that specializes in musical instruments, based in South Bend, Indiana Woodwind & Brasswind hosts an annual Battle of the Bands concert as a competition among bands. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... Crowe Chizek and Company LLC is a professional services firm, with offices throughout the eastern United States, including Florida, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, and New Jersey. ...


Efforts are underway to spur economic growth in South Bend. The St. Joe Valley Metronet is a not for profit organization attempting to create a more robust telecommunications infrastructure capable of inexpensive high speed data transmission. It is thought this could bring more high tech firms to the city and surrounding area.[21] Redevelopment is underway for some of the abandoned industrial facilities, with the abandoned Oliver Corp. buildings being the most recent example of reclaimed property.[22] The now famous Oliver red and green shield The Oliver Corporation was a tractor manufacturer. ...


Arts and culture

Culture

South Bend was influenced by a large influx of Polish Catholic immigrants in the late 19th century.[23] Dyngus Day is widely celebrated on the Monday after Easter and is known locally to be the beginning of the city elections campaign season.[24] Fat Tuesday is also celebrated in South Bend, with Paczkis being a staple food product in the city for the day.[25] There are twenty-three Catholic churches in the city and surrounding county, eleven Catholic schools, and three Catholic universities adjacent to the city in Notre Dame, Indiana.[26] Smigus Dyngus (shming-oos-ding-oos) is an unusual tradition of Easter Monday. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... “Electioneering” redirects here. ... In the Christian calendar, Shrove Tuesday is the English name for the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, which in turn marks the beginning of Lent. ... Traditional pączki Assorted pączki in America Pączki (Polish: pączki, pronounced: MP3 Pronunciation File) are traditional Polish doughnuts. ... An arial view of the University of Notre Dame du Lacs (Our Lady of the Lake) center campus and its Main Building with its famous Golden Dome. ...


The World Pulse Festival is held annually in South Bend. The event is an annual Contemporary Christian music festival, attracting more than 50,000 visitors each year. [27] Contemporary Christian Music (or CCM; also by its religious neutral term inspirational music) is a genre of popular music which is lyrically focused on matters concerned with the Christian faith. ...


Museums, arts and entertainment

The South Bend Regional Museum of Art is located in the Century Center in downtown South Bend. The Museum was opened to the public in March of 1996, and features a variety of artists from South Bend and the Michiana region. Currently, over 850 works are featured in the permanent collection. The museum also offers several classes and workshops for adults and children.[28] The South Bend Regional Museum of Art is a museum located in the Century Center in South Bend, Indiana. ... The Century Center is a large convention center in South Bend, Indiana overlooking the St. ... Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ...


Copshaholm is one of the central features of the Northern Indiana Center for History. The 38 room mansion was built in 1895 and is currently listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The history museum is composed of several buildings on its campus. It includes areas dedicated to the history of the St. Joseph River Valley, the University of Notre Dame, the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, and the Kidsfirst Children's Museum.[29] A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was a womens professional baseball league founded by Philip K. Wrigley which existed from 1943 to 1954. ...

Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana.
Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana.

The Studebaker National Museum is a large collection of wagons and automobiles from the 150 year production history of the Studebaker company.[30] The museum began as a collection of wagons and automobiles produced by Studebaker, including the Presidential carriages of Lincoln, McKinley, Harrison and Grant. The company donated the collection to the city of South Bend in 1966. The collection was housed in various locations from the Century Center to its current location in downtown South Bend adjacent to the Northern Indiana Center for History. The two museums share one campus, and together form The Museums at Washington and Chapin.[31] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1219, 929 KB) Summary Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana; opened November, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1219, 929 KB) Summary Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana; opened November, 2005. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ... Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... The Century Center is a large convention center in South Bend, Indiana overlooking the St. ... Studebaker National Museum in South Bend, Indiana. ...


South Bend is also home to the Morris Performing Arts Center. The center was built in 1922 and included the Palace Theater, featuring vaudeville acts. The theatre saw its heyday in 1940 with the premiere of Knute Rockne, All American starring Ronald Reagan. A crowd estimated at 24,000 gathered outside the event. The theater was scheduled for demolition in 1959, when E.M. Morris purchased the facility and sold it to the city for one dollar. The Palace was then renamed the Morris Civic Auditorium. A total renovation was completed in 2000. The Morris Performing Arts Center also includes the Palais Royale Ballroom, on which restoration was recently completed.[32] The center serves as home to the South Bend Symphony Orchestra, as well as the Broadway Theater League. Knute Rockne, All American is a 1940 biographical film which tells the story of Knute Rockne, perhaps the most famous of all of the football coaches at Notre Dame, one of the most successful football programs in history. ... Reagan redirects here. ...


Another dynamic cultural institution is the South Bend Civic Theatre, founded in 1957. For many years it was located at The Firehouse at 701 Portage Avenue. At the beginning of 2007 a new theatre opened at 403 N. Main Street, in what was formerly the Scottish Rite Building. The new site includes a 209-seat Main Stage Auditorium and a 90-seat “black-box” Studio Theatre.[33] The South Bend Civic produces more than a dozen plays per year, including several productions in its Family Series.


Schuyler Colfax, the 17th Vice President of the United States, is interred in the city cemetery.[34] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS[2] or Veep) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ...


Sports

"The Cove" in South Bend.
"The Cove" in South Bend.

The University of Notre Dame's Fighting Irish provide much of the sports action for the South Bend locale. Football Saturdays have become a major event for the city, attracting fans who come to watch the game and tailgate party.[8] Notre Dame basketball games are also popular, along with the other sports at Notre Dame. Thanks in large part to the location of the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana to South Bend's immediate north, the College Football Hall of Fame was moved from Kings Mill, Ohio to downtown South Bend in 1995. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1117 KB) Coveleski Stadium in South Bend, Indiana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1117 KB) Coveleski Stadium in South Bend, Indiana. ... Coveleski Stadium in South Bend, Indiana. ... Not to be confused with the University of Notre Dame Australia University of Notre Dame du Lac The University of Notre Dame (standard name; full legal name University of Notre Dame du Lac) is a Roman Catholic institution of higher learning located in Notre Dame, Indiana, USA adjacent to the... A tailgate party at the 2005 Big 12 Championship game - note the pickup truck tailgates In North America, a tailgate party is a social event held on and around the open tailgate of a vehicle. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... College Football Hall of Fame front. ... Kings Mills is an unincorporated community in the northwestern corner of Deerfield Township, Warren County, Ohio, on the western shore of the Little Miami River. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


South Bend is home to the South Bend Silver Hawks, a class A Minor League Baseball team. The Silver Hawks play at Coveleski Stadium in downtown South Bend. In 2005 the franchise nearly moved to Marion, Illinois. A group of investors led by former Indiana Governor and South Bend Mayor Joe Kernan bought the Silver Hawks, keeping the team in South Bend.[13] League Midwest League Division Eastern Division Year founded 1988 Major League affiliation Arizona Diamondbacks Home ballpark Stanley Coveleski Regional Stadium Previous home ballparks City South Bend, Indiana Current uniform colors Previous uniform colors Logo design Division titles League titles 2005 Manager Mark Haley Owner Joe Kernan The South Bend Silver... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Coveleski Stadium in South Bend, Indiana. ... Marion is a city in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. ... Joseph Eugene Kernan (born April 8, 1946), widely known as Joe Kernan, is an American politician who became the Governor of Indiana on September 13, 2003 upon the death of Frank OBannon. ...


Parks and recreation

People enjoy the East Race in South Bend, Indiana
People enjoy the East Race in South Bend, Indiana

The Potawatomi Zoo opened in 1902. Potawatomi is the oldest zoo in Indiana, and features over 400 animals in its 3 acres. The zoo is run by the South Bend Parks and Recreation Department which maintains a variety of parks and facilities for the city.[35] Along with the zoo, the South Bend Parks and Recreation department operates over fifty parks, golf courses, and recreational areas throughout the city. [36] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1438 KB) Summary Summary Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1438 KB) Summary Summary Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... An Amur Tiger takes a nap at Potawatomi Zoo. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ...


Near the Potawatomi Zoo are the Potawatomi Greenhouses and Ella Morris and Muessel-Ellison Botanical Conservatories. The green houses were originally constructed in the 1920s, with the conservatories being added in the 1960s.[37] In 2007 the greenhouses and conservatories were in danger of closing due to increased operating costs, but a campaign by the Botanical Society of South Bend was able to solicit funds to keep the facilities operating.[38] The Royal Greenhouses of Laeken. ... A traditional conservatory at the Horniman Museum in London A modern Conservatory. ...


The city is home to the first of the few artificial white water courses in the United States. In 1984, the abandoned East Race canal of the St. Joseph River was converted into North America's first artificial whitewater waterway.[38] Through the use of movable barriers and obstacles the East Race provides a configurable whitewater course for recreational and competitive canoeing, kayaking and rafting. Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ...


Government

County-City Building in South Bend.
County-City Building in South Bend.

South Bend government follows the mayor-council representative municipal government model. The government operates out of the County-City building in downtown South Bend. The government of St. Joseph county also operates at this facility. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1941, 1232 KB) Summary County-City Building in South Bend, Indiana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2500x1941, 1232 KB) Summary County-City Building in South Bend, Indiana. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ...


The government of South Bend is led by the office of the mayor. The mayor is elected to a four year term and acts as chief executive for the city government.[39] A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


The legislative branch of the South Bend government is the city council. The council is composed of nine members each elected to four year terms. South Bend is divided into six districts, each district electing one council member. The final three members are elected at-large. Under Indiana state law, the council may pass resolutions and ordinances. Resolutions are in regard to internal council procedures, while ordinances address city municipal codes.[40] A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Bloc voting (or block voting) refers to a class of voting systems which can be used to elect several representatives from a single multimember constituency. ... This article concerns the legal meaning of the term resolution. ... Ordinance can mean: A law made by a non-sovereign body such as a city council or a colony. ...


The final elected member of the South Bend government is the City Clerk. The city clerk is responsible for maintaining official city records, and providing general clerical assistance to the City Council.[41] In the United States, a city clerk as an elected or appointed official who is charged with the responsibility of being the official keeper of the municipal records. ...


Education

University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana — just to the north of South Bend
University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana — just to the north of South Bend

The South Bend area is home to several institutions of higher learning; the most famous of which is the University of Notre Dame. The university is located to the north of South Bend in Notre Dame, Indiana. The University of Notre Dame was founded by Father Edward Sorin, a French priest, in 1842 before South Bend was incorporated as a city in 1865, and has been an intrinsic part of the South Bend area with great effect on its culture and economy. St. Mary's College and Holy Cross College are both located near Notre Dame just north of South Bend. // Higher Education South Bend, Indiana is home to a wide variety of higher educational facilities including several full universities, as well as community and technical colleges. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2154x1521, 1229 KB)Main building of the University of Notre Dame. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2154x1521, 1229 KB)Main building of the University of Notre Dame. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... An arial view of the University of Notre Dame du Lacs (Our Lady of the Lake) center campus and its Main Building with its famous Golden Dome. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... An arial view of the University of Notre Dame du Lacs (Our Lady of the Lake) center campus and its Main Building with its famous Golden Dome. ... The Very Rev. ... Saint Marys College is a private Catholic liberal arts college founded in 1844 by the Sisters of the Holy Cross. ... Holy Cross College is a small co-educational Roman Catholic institution of higher education, located in Notre Dame, Indiana, U.S.. The school was founded by and is administered by members of the Congregation of Holy Cross, after which it is named. ...


Indiana University South Bend is the third largest campus in the Indiana University system. Enrollment in Fall 2007 was 7,517.[42] Other universities with campuses in South Bend include Brown Mackie College, Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana, Purdue University and the Graduate Theological Foundation. Indiana University South Bend is the third largest campus of the Indiana University system. ... The Indiana University system, technically founded in 1820, is an eight-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... Brown Mackie College is a system of schools operated by Education Management Corporation. ... Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana (usually shortened to Ivy Tech Community College or, colloquially, Ivy Tech) is the state of Indianas system of community colleges, formed in 2005, as a rechartering of a system of vocational technical schools. ... Purdue redirects here. ... Founded in 1962, the Graduate Theological Foundation[1] is unique in its consultative relationship with international institutions and organizations which provide educational opportunities to our students in their pursuit of graduate degrees. ...


Public schools in South Bend are operated by the South Bend Community School Corporation. The corporation runs 17 primary centers (grades K-4), nine intermediate centers (grades 5-8), and four high schools, serving over 22,000 students as of 2006.[43] Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


The Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend operates eleven private Catholic schools in South Bend. [44] The Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend or FWSB is a Roman Catholic diocese in northeastern Indiana. ...


South Bend is also home to Indiana's First Charter School, Veritas Academy.


Media

One major daily newspaper serves the South Bend Metro area, the South Bend Tribune. It is distributed throughout the Michiana region and publishes five editions including a Metro edition, Mishawaka edition, Michigan edition, Penn-Harris-Madison East edition and a Marshall edition. The South Bend Tribune is a newspaper distributed in the Michiana region. ...


South Bend has a wide variety of local radio broadcast available in the area. Stations' programming content contains a wide variety including public radio, classical music, religious, country, and urban contemporary among others. For more information, see List of Radio Stations in South Bend, Indiana. Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... The term urban contemporary was coined by the late New York DJ Frankie Crocker in the mid 1970s. ... // Bloomington AM stations WBIW 1340 - News/talk/sports- Bedford/Bloomington WGCL 1370 - News/talk/sports WIUS 1570 - variety, changing to WIUX at 100. ...


As of 2007, the South Bend-Elkhart designated market area is the 88th largest in the United States, with 334,370 (0.3% of the US population) homes.[45] Most of the major television networks have affiliates in the Michiana area. A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ...


South Bend located stations include WNDU-TV (NBC), WNIT-TV (PBS) and WHME-TV (LeSEA). Stations located in nearby Mishawaka, IN include WSBT-TV (CBS), WBND-LP (ABC), WCWW-LP (CW) and WMYS-LP (My Network TV). WSJV (FOX) also broadcasts in the Michiana area from Elkhart, IN. WNDU-TV (channel 16) is a television station in South Bend, Indiana. ... This article is about the television network. ... WNIT is a noncommercial television station located in South Bend, Indiana. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... WHME-TV 46 is a Christian and general entertainment television station serving the South Bend market. ... World Harvest Television network logo LeSEA is an acronym that stands for Lester Sumrall Evangelistic Association. ... Mishawaka is a city located in St. ... WSBT-TV (channel 22) is a television station in South Bend, Indiana. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WBND-LP, ABC 57, is an ABC affiliate based in South Bend, Indiana. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... WCWW-LP is the low-powered CW network affiliate in South Bend, Indiana, it is owned by Chicago-based Weigel Broadcasting, who also owns South Bends ABC affiliate WBND, and MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYS. The stations fomer calls were WMWB-LP throughout their affiliation with the WB. On March... CW may stand for: The CW Television Network (colloquially The CW), a television network which launched in September 2006 as a merger of both the UPN and The WB networks. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... My Network TV (sometimes written MyNetworkTV, and unofficially abbreviated MNT or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... Quincy Newspapers, Inc. ... This article is about the animal. ... Elkhart is a city located in Elkhart County, Indiana. ...


Infrastructure

Transportation

South Bend's location around the St. Joseph River has influenced the development of its streets. While it mainly follows a grid layout, development around the river led to roads adapted to follow the river. South Bend is connected to state and national highway systems by Indiana 2, 23, 933, US 20, 31 and by Interstate 80 and 90, the Indiana Toll Road. Original routes of both the Lincoln Highway and the Dixie Highway also pass through South Bend. The Headquarters for the Lincoln Highway Association are in South Bend. [46] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1394 KB) South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1394 KB) South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana. ... Runway layout at SBN South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ... Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ... Indiana State Road 2 in the U.S. State of Indiana is an east-west route running from the Illinois border at Illinois Route 17 east to the outskirts of South Bend, Indiana at the U.S. 20/31 freeway, also known as the St. ... U.S. Highway 20 is an east-west United States highway. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... In the U.S. state of Indiana, Interstate 80 consists entirely of the following two routes: The Borman Expressway from the Illinois state line to Lake Station. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 90 Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... Indiana Toll Road Length: 156. ... For the Australian highway, see Lincoln Highway (Australia). ... Dixie Highway in St. ...


For transportation around the South Bend metro area, the St. Joseph Valley Parkway was constructed between 1960 and 1990. The road connects Benton Harbor, Michigan, South Bend, Mishawaka, and Elkhart. While segments are designated as US 20, US 31 and Indiana 331, it is simply referred to locally as "The bypass".[47] The Indiana Toll Road/Interstate 80/90 passes through northern South Bend. The St. ... Benton Harbor is a city in Berrien County in the U.S. State of Michigan. ... Mishawaka (IPA: ) is a city on the St. ... Elkhart (IPA: ) is a city located about 100 miles due east of Chicago in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. ... State Road 331 (SR 331) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Indiana. ... A bypass is a road or highway that avoids (bypasses) a built-up area, town, or village, to let through traffic flow without interference from local traffic, to reduce congestion in the built-up area, and to improve road safety. ...


Public transportation in South Bend is controlled by Transpo (South Bend Public Transportation Company). Transpo operates bus routes between South Bend and suburbs Mishawaka and Roseland Monday through Saturday. Transpo routes cover 183 miles with over 60 vehicles.[48] In 2006, the Transpo fleet switched to Bio-diesel fuel. Mishawaka (IPA: ) is a city on the St. ... Bus running on soybean biodiesel. ...


South Bend serves as the transportation hub for Michiana. The South Bend Regional Airport lies off of US 31 and the Indiana Toll Road in the Northwest corner of South Bend. The airport connects South Bend to larger hubs including Atlanta, Chicago O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Las Vegas, Minneapolis, Orlando, and St. Petersburg, Florida. Over 1,000,000 passengers are served annually making it the second busiest airport in Indiana. As of 2006, land acquisition is underway for 200 acres of development.[49] Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ... Runway layout at SBN South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... OHare International Airport (IATA: ORD, ICAO: KORD, FAA LID: ORD) is an airport located in Chicago, Illinois, United States, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of the Chicago Loop. ... Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 261. ... For other uses, see St. ...


The electric commuter railroad South Shore Line connects South Bend's South Bend Regional Airport to Millennium Station in downtown Chicago. Due to increased ridership in 2005 between Chicago and South Bend, more cars are being added. In 2008, the South Shore will be celebrating its centennial anniversary. Planning for festivities are already underway and will take place at the South Bend Regional Airport.[50] The South Shore Line is an electrically powered interurban streetcar line operated by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) between Randolph Street Terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois and the South Bend Regional Airport in South Bend, Indiana. ... Runway layout at SBN South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ... Commuter lines terminating at Randolph Street, shown in Panama Orange and Dark South Shore Burgundy on this schematic, serve Chicagos southern and eastern suburbs in Illinois and Indiana Randolph Street Station 1895 The Randolph Street Terminal renamed Millennium Station after the 2006 completion of its rehab & location adjacent... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Runway layout at SBN South Bend Regional Airport (IATA: SBN, ICAO: KSBN) is located in northwest South Bend, Indiana. ...


Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to South Bend via two trains, the Lake Shore Limited to Chicago, New York City and Boston and the Capitol Limited, to Chicago and Washington, D.C.. A bus line connects from Notre Dame and the airport to Chicago O'Hare and Midway Airports, with several northwest Indiana stops.[51] The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The Lake Shore Limited is a train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States on routes formally traveled by the famed 20th Century Limited. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Amtraks Capitol Limited is one of the two routes connecting Washington, DC to Chicago, running via Cleveland, Ohio (the other is the Cardinal via Cincinnati). ... ...


Utilities

Electricity in South Bend is provided by Indiana Michigan Power, a subsidiary of American Electric Power.[52] Natural Gas is supplied by the Northern Indiana Public Service Company (NIPSCO).[53] AEP headquarters in Columbus, Ohio. ...


The South Bend Water Works delivers water to residents of South Bend. The water is collected from 32 deep wells and runs through 545 miles of water main to be distributed to South Bend citizens.[54]


See also

  • List of South Bend Residents

Sister Cities

South bend has two sister cities:[55] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Częstochowa (pronounce: [ʧε̃stɔ:xɔva]) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Arzberg is a town in the district of Wunsiedel, in Bavaria, Germany. ...

References

  1. ^ a b American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ US Board on Geographic Names. United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Find a County. National Association of Counties. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Palmer, John (2003). "At The Bend In The River", South Bend: Crossroads of Commerce. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0735852414X. 
  5. ^ a b c Howard, Timothy E. (1907). "Chapter XI The City of South Bend", History of St. Joseph County, Indiana. The Lewis Publishing Company. 
  6. ^ WSBT News South Bend Name Origin "WSBT News Why is South Bend Called South Bend?[dead link]." Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  7. ^ The University of Notre Dame Website "About Notre Dame." Retrieved on 2007-11-13.
  8. ^ a b c d Bay Area Economics."Notre Dame and The Local Economy:2002." Retrieved on 2006-08-31.
  9. ^ Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District "Our History." Retrieved on 2008-01-02.
  10. ^ All-American Girls Professional Baseball League "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League History." Retrieved on 2006-08-30.
  11. ^ a b Indiana Business Review"ASouth Bend/Mishawaka - Elkhart/Goshen." Retrieved on 2008-01-02.
  12. ^ Northern Indiana Center for History "Early South Bend." Accessed on 2006-08-30.
  13. ^ a b South Bend Silver Hawks "About The Cove." Accessed on 2006-08-30.
  14. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ WSBT"What Does the 'North/South Continental Divide' Sign on the Bypass Mean?." Retrieved on 2008-01-06
  16. ^ a b c National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office "South Bend Indiana Climate." Retrieved on 2008-01-27.
  17. ^ World Climate"South Bend, IN, Indiana, USA: Climate and Daylight Chart." Retrieved on 2008-01-27.
  18. ^ ClimateZone.com.'South Bend". Retrieved on 2008-01-27.
  19. ^ Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information from The Weather Channel. Retrieved on January 26, 2008.
  20. ^ Historic South Bend"South Bend's Historical Heritage." Retrieved on 2006-08-31.
  21. ^ St. Joe Valley Metronet"St. Joseph Valley Metronet Home." Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  22. ^ City of South Bend website."South Bend Economic Development: Oliver Park." Retrieved on 2006-08-31.
  23. ^ Swastek, Joseph. "PolishRoots.". Retrieved on January 2, 2008.
  24. ^ "What You Need To Know About Dyngus Day." dyngusdaybuffalo.com. Retrieved on January 2, 2008.
  25. ^ South Bend Prepares for Mardi Gras "WNDU.". Retrieved on January 2, 2008.
  26. ^ Diocese of Fort Wayne - South Bend "Area Schools and Parishes.". Retrieved on January 2, 2008.
  27. ^ World Pulse Festival Attracts 50000+ "http://news.spirithit.com/index/culture_art/more/world_pulse_festival_attracts_50000/. Spirit News". Retrieved on January 2, 2008.
  28. ^ South Bend Regional Museum of Art. "www.sbrma.org". Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  29. ^ Center for History Exhibits"Center for History[dead link]." Retrieved on 2006-08-30.
  30. ^ Studebaker National Museum. "Campus Location". Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  31. ^ Northern Indiana Center for History<"[1]".Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  32. ^ Morris Performing Arts Center. "About". Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  33. ^ South Bend Civic Theatre. "[2]". Retrieved on 2008-03-02.
  34. ^ United States Senate Art & History Home."Schuyler Colfax, 17th Vice President (1869-1873)".Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  35. ^ Pottawatomie Zoo Website "History." Retrieved on 2008-01-16.
  36. ^ South Bend Parks and Recreation Website. "List of Parks". Retrieved on 2008-01-16
  37. ^ South Bend Parks and Recreation Conservatory Website "South Bend Conservatory." Retrieved on 2008-10-23.
  38. ^ a b South Bend Parks and Recreation Website "East Race Waterway." Retrieved on 2008-01-16.
  39. ^ South Bend Municipal Government "South Bend Municipal Government." Retrieved on 2008-10-23.
  40. ^ South Bend City Council "South Bend City Council." Retrieved on 2008-10-23.
  41. ^ City of South Bend - About the Clerk "City of South Bend - About the Clerk." Retrieved on 2008-10-23.
  42. ^ Indiana University South Bend "Enrollment Reports." Retrieved on 2007-12-31.
  43. ^ South Bend Community School Corporation Website. [South Bend Community School Corporation]
  44. ^ The Diocese of Forty Wayne-South Bend Website. [Find a Catholic School]
  45. ^ Holmes, Gary. "Nielsen Reports 1.1% increase in U.S. Television Households for the 2006-2007 Season." Nielsen Media Research. Retrieved on January 26, 2008.
  46. ^ Lincoln Highway Association Headquarters open in South Bend. The Indiana Chapter of the Lincoln Highway Association. Retrieved on 2008-02-01.
  47. ^ Routes in South Bend and Metro Northern Indiana. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  48. ^ Transpo General Information. Transpo. Retrieved on 2008-03-14.
  49. ^ South Bend Regional Airport. Airport Hotel Guide. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.
  50. ^ "South Shore Line plans centennial gala", NWI Times. Retrieved on 2007-02-10. 
  51. ^ "Amtrak Stations - South Bend", Amtrak. Retrieved on 2008-01-02. 
  52. ^ Indiana Michigan Power. "About". Retrieved on 2008-01-16.
  53. ^ NIPSCO. "About NIPSCO".Retrieved on 2008-01-16.
  54. ^ City of South Bend."Water Works FAQ". Retrieved on 2008-01-16.
  55. ^ City of South Bend"Sister Cities". Retrieved on 2008-01-27.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nielsen Media Research (NMR) is a U.S. firm, headquartered in New York City, and operating primarily from Oldsmar, FL, which measures media audiences, including television, radio and newspapers. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Indiana Portal
  • South Bend, Indiana is at coordinates 41°40′21″N 86°15′19″W / 41.672597, -86.255157 (South Bend, Indiana)Coordinates: 41°40′21″N 86°15′19″W / 41.672597, -86.255157 (South Bend, Indiana)
  • Official City of South Bend Website
  • Downtown South Bend
  • The Chamber of Commerce of St. Joseph County
  • South Bend/Mishawaka Convention and Visitors Bureau
  • Studebaker History.com - South Bend 2007
  • South Bend's Online Social Network www.michiana.in
  • Pre-Paid Legal Michiana | Serving South Bend

  Results from FactBites:
 
South Bend, Indiana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2818 words)
South Bend is located 5 miles (8 km) from the Michigan border, approximately equidistant from Illinois and Ohio.
South Bend was initially laid out in 1831 as the county seat and as one of the four original townships of St.
South Bend was organized as a town in 1835 and was incorporated as a city in 1865.
Indiana University South Bend - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (923 words)
It is popularly known as IUSB or "IU South Bend." It is located in South Bend, Indiana, in Saint Joseph County, Indiana.
IU South Bend's enrollment in the fall semester of 2005 was 7,459 students, of whom 3,869 (52%) were full time.
Despite IU South Bend's proximity to the state of Michigan, 7,052 of its students in the fall semester of 2005 were Hoosiers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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