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Encyclopedia > South Asia
Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir).
UN Subregion of Southern Asia.
Indian-Subcontinental border as defined by Indian plate

South Asia, also known as Southern Asia, is a southern geopolitical region of the Asian continent comprising territories on and in proximity to the Indian subcontinent. It is surrounded by (from west to east) Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, and Southeastern Asia. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... cropped from PD image which image is that? RedWolf 01:51, Jan 11, 2005 (UTC) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... cropped from PD image which image is that? RedWolf 01:51, Jan 11, 2005 (UTC) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... cropped from PD image which image is that? RedWolf 01:51, Jan 11, 2005 (UTC) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links South_Asia_(ed). ... Image File history File links South_Asia_(ed). ... Image File history File links Earthquake_Information_for_Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Earthquake_Information_for_Pakistan. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Geopolitics is the study which analyses geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...

Contents

Definitions and usage

South Asia consists of the following countries and territories, these countries are also active members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (except British Indian Ocean Territory):  Afghanistan  Bangladesh  Bhutan  India  Maldives  Nepal  Pakistan  Sri Lanka Headquarters Kathmandu, Nepal Statistics Area  - Total 7th if ranked 5,130,746 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 1st if ranked 1,467,255,669 285. ...

Also sometimes included (for assumed cultural and/or historical reasons): Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_british_indian_ocean_territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maldives. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ...

The United Nations further includes Iran as part of Southern Asia:[8] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...

The term Indian subcontinent aptly describes those regions which geophysically lie on the Indian Plate, bordered on the north by the Eurasian Plate. Geopolitically Southern Asia subsumes the Indian subcontinent: it also includes territories found internal to the Indian Plate and in proximity to it. Afghanistan, for instance, is sometimes grouped in this region due to sociopolitical and ethnic (Pashtun) ties to neighbouring Pakistan, whilst Pakistani regions west of the Indus are sometimes described as being in Central Asia, due to historical connections. A good proportion of the Pakistani land mass is not on the Indian plate, but on the fringes of the Iranian plateau. As in the case of the Hindukush mountains, everything to the south-east of the Iranian Plateau is considered South Asia. Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ...  The Indian plate, shown in red Due to continental drift, the India Plate split from Madagascar and collided with the Eurasian Plate resulting in the formation of the Himalayas. ...  The Eurasian plate, shown in green The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate covering Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia) except that it does not cover the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Verkhoyansk Range in East Siberia. ... Topographic map of the Iranian plateau connecting to Anatolia in the west and Hindu Kush and Himalaya in the east Iranian plateau is both a geographical area of South or West Asia, home of ancient civilizations[1], and a geological area of Eurasia north of the great folded mountain belts... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ...


Controversy over the definition

The definition of South Asia can vary greatly from person to person. Most sources commonly accept Bangladesh, the Chagos Islands, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Pakistan as South Asian[citation needed]. The controversy originates over Afghanistan, Iran, and Tibet. Afghanistan and Tibet are often considered South Asian by many universities' departments of South Asian studies, especially those referenced above, but this definition is not universal. Another controversy grows over Iran, as Iran is considered South Asian only by the UN


Demography and history

Further information: History of South Asia  and Ethnic groups of South Asia
Map of South Asia in native languages.

The peoples of the region possess several distinguishing features that set them apart anthropologically from the rest of Asia; the dominant peoples and cultures are Indo-Aryan and Dravidian, and have a great affinity with the Iranian Plateau and the Caucasus particularly in the north west region of South Asia encompassing the modern states of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Persian, Arab and Turkish cultural traditions from the west also form an integral part of Islamic South Asian culture, but have been radically adapted to form a Muslim culture distinct from what is found in the Middle East e.g. pilgrimage to dargahs. This article is about the History of South Asia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (725x622, 120 KB) 本地语言的南亚行政区划 South Asia in local languages. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (725x622, 120 KB) 本地语言的南亚行政区划 South Asia in local languages. ... Native Language Music, founded in 1996 by musicians Joe Sherbanee and Theo Bishop, is an independent adult contemporary record company based in Southern California that produces, markets, and distributes premium jazz, world, and new age music. ... The Indo-Aryans are a wide collection of peoples united by their common status as speakers of the Indo-Aryan (Indic) branch of the family of Indo-European and Indo-Iranian languages. ... Languages Dravidian languages Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Traditional religions Related ethnic groups Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Dravidian people, Dravidian race or Dravidians are terms that are some times given to people of mainly Southern India, Northeastern Sri Lanka, and parts of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal who currently... Topographic map of the Iranian plateau connecting to Anatolia in the west and Hindu Kush and Himalaya in the east Iranian plateau is both a geographical area of South or West Asia, home of ancient civilizations[1], and a geological area of Eurasia north of the great folded mountain belts... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... This article is about the Persian people, an ethnic group found mainly in Iran. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: , arabi) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... A dargah (Persian: درگه) is a Sufi shrine built over the grave of a revered religious figure, often a Sufi saint. ...


South Asia ranks among the world's most densely-populated regions. About 1.6 billion people live here – about one-fourth of all the people in the world. The region's population density of 305 persons per square kilometre is more than seven times the world average. For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ...


The region has a long history. Ancient civilizations developed in the Dwaraka region and the Indus River Valley. The region was at its far more prosperous before the 18th century, when the Mughal Empire held sway in the north and the Maratha Empire held sway in the south and central; European colonialism led to its expansion in the region, by Portugal and Holland, and later Britain and to a lesser degree France. Most of the region gained independence from Europe by the late 1940s. Dwarka is a city in Gujarat, India. ... The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindh; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδους Indus) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... Flag Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Agra, Delhi Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy List of Mughal emperors  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707... Flag of the Maratha Empire Extent of the Maratha Empire ca. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... Motto (French) Ik zal handhaven(Dutch) I shall stand fast1 Anthem Het Wilhelmus Netherlands() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Amsterdam² Official languages Dutch³ Ethnic groups  80. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Religion

 Afghanistan[9] Sunni Muslim (80%), Shi'a Muslim (19%), other (1%)
 Bangladesh[10] Muslim (89.7%), Hindu (9.2%), Buddhist (0.7%), Christian (0.3%), Animist and believers in tribal faiths (0.1%)
 British Indian Ocean Territory[11] Christian (45.55%), Hindu (38.55%), Muslim (9.25%), Non-Religious (6.50%), Atheist (0.10%), Other (0.05%)
 Bhutan[12] Buddhist (75%), Hindu (25%)
 India[13] Hindu (80.5%), Muslim (13.4%), Christian (2.3%), Sikh (1.9%), Buddhist (0.8%), Jain (0.4%), Others (0.6%)
 Iran[14] Shi'a Muslim (89%), Sunni Muslim (9%), Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i (2%)
 Maldives[15] Sunni Muslim (100%)
 Myanmar Theravada Buddhism (89%), Muslim (4%), Christian (4%), Animist (1%), others (including Hinduism) (2%))
 Nepal[16] Hindu (80.6%), Buddhist (10.7%), Muslim (4.2%), Kirat (3.6%)
 Pakistan[17] Muslim (96.28%), Christian (1.59%), Hindu (0.25%), Qadiani (0.22%)
 Sri Lanka[18] Buddhist (70.42%), Muslim (10.89%), Hindu (8.78%), Catholic (7.77%), Other Christian (1.97%), Other (0.17%)
Tibet Buddhist, Bön, Muslim, and others... (Data Unknown)

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_british_indian_ocean_territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maldives. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The global Muslim community has declared that the followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as outside of the fold of Islam, primarily due to their acceptance of his claim as a prophet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Center for South Asia Studies: University of California, Berkeley [1]
  2. ^ a b Center for South Asia Outreach UW-Madison [2]
  3. ^ a b Department of South Asia Studies: University of Pennsylvania [3]
  4. ^ South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research [4]
  5. ^ South Asia Language Resource Center: The University of Chicago [5]
  6. ^ AIIS Advanced Language Programs in India [6]
  7. ^ Tibet is located on the Tibetan Plateau which is in Central Asia.[7]
  8. ^ Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings, United Nations website
  9. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html#People
  10. ^ http://www.banbeis.gov.bd/bd_pro.htm
  11. ^ http://www.thearda.com/internationalData/countries/Country_32_1.asp
  12. ^ https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/bt.html#People
  13. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/presentation_on_religion.pdf
  14. ^ https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ir.html#People
  15. ^ http://www.themaldives.com/Maldives/Maldives_Religion.htm
  16. ^ http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Nepal.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/other_tables/pop_by_religion.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.statistics.gov.lk/census2001/population/ds_div/t001b.htm

Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province and Sichuan Province of China lie on the Tibetan Plateau. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ...

See also

SAARC Portal

Image File history File links Logo_of_SAARC.svg‎ Derivative of by Guilherme Paula File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...  Afghanistan  Bangladesh  Bhutan  India  Maldives  Nepal  Pakistan  Sri Lanka Headquarters Kathmandu, Nepal Statistics Area  - Total 7th if ranked 5,130,746 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 1st if ranked 1,467,255,669 285. ... South Asian leaders called for setting up for SAEU at end of the 14th SAARC summit in New Delhi,2007. ... Dark blue: the Indian subcontinent, Light Blue: Other countries culturally linked to India, notably Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia and Malaysia, Purple: Regions not included in Indosphere, but with significant current or historical Indian cultural influence, notably Afghanistan, Tibet, and Yunnan province of China. ... It has been suggested that Undivided India be merged into this article or section. ... Indology refers to the academic study of the history, languages, and cultures of the Indian subcontinent, and as such a subset of Asian studies. ... This article is about the History of South Asia. ... India (from Greek Ἰνδία, region of the Indus river) may refer to: In politics: Contemporary India (post-1947), officially known as the Republic of India In geography: the region east of the Indus river and south of the Himalaya (OED), see Hindustan the entire Indian subcontinent, including Peninsular India (see also... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This is a list of South Asian stock exchanges. ... South Asian cuisine includes the cuisines of the South Asia. ...

Other subregions in Asia

East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Regions of Asia:  Northern Asia  Central Asia  Western Asia  Southern Asia  Eastern Asia  Southeastern Asia North Asia or Northern Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
South Asia Research Institute for Policy and Development - SARID (1572 words)
The South Asia Research Institute for Policy and Development, SARID, is a non-profit, Tax Exempt 501c3, corporation [EIN: 55-0829216], dedicated to promoting sustainable, environmentally sound, and humane economic development strategies for South Asia through research, training and small to intermediate scale projects [more]
South Asian leaders meeting at the SAARC summit urged the regional economic group today to move beyond words and start taking action toward its goals...
As this South Asian county is presently experiencing the fastest rate of new HIV infections, there are almost 100,000 people in living with the HIV virus that causes AIDS...
South Asia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (425 words)
South Asia or Southern Asia is a southern geopolitical region of the Asian continent comprising territories on and in proximity to the Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau.
It is surrounded by (from west to east) Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, and Southeastern Asia.
The term is also sometimes used to describe the whole of Asia south of the former Soviet Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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