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Encyclopedia > South African Scout Association
Scouting organization

Emblem of the South African Scout Association
Organizational data
Name South African Scout Association
Headquarters Cape Town
Country South Africa
Founded 1908
Chief Scout Reverend Vukile Mehana
Scouting Scouting portal

The South African Scout Association is the World Organization of the Scout Movement recognized Scouting association in South Africa. Scouting began in the United Kingdom in 1907 through the efforts of Robert Baden-Powell and rapidly spread to South Africa, with the first Scout troops appearing in 1908. South Africa has contributed many traditions and symbols to World Scouting. Image File history File links SouthAfricaScoutLogo. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... Image File history File links Scout_logo2. ... The World Organization of the Scout Movement is the supranational organization which governs most national Scouting movements. ... Scouting, also known as the Scout Movement, is a worldwide youth movement aiming to develop young people physically, mentally and spiritually, so that they may play constructive roles in society. ... Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941), also known as B-P, was a Lieutenant-General in the British Army, writer, and founder of the world Scouting Movement. ...


The South African Scout Association caters for youth and young adults from the age of 8 till 30. It is split into three sections, namely Cubs, Scouts and Rovers, with each section serving a different age group, and concentrating on different areas of personal development. It is also one of the largest youth organisations in the rural parts of South Africa and performs many community upliftment programmes in those areas.


The highest award attainable by a Scout in the South African Scout Association is the Springbok award. A Scout is required to complete all the requirements for the Springbok award before their 18th birthday.

Contents

Aim and Principles

The Aim of the South African Scout Association is to contribute to the development of boys, girls and young adults in achieving their full potentials as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of their local, national and international communities by developing their character, training them in citizenship and developing their spiritual, social, mental and physical qualities.


The South African Scout Association is based on the principles of duty to God, duty to others and duty to self. These three principles govern the entire advancement programme and teach the Scout to be loyal to the religion that expresses them, to be loyal to the country in which they reside and to be responsible in their own development.[1]


History

Springbok skin woggle worn by South African Scouts attending World Jamborees
Springbok skin woggle worn by South African Scouts attending World Jamborees

Organized Scouting spread to South Africa only a few months after its birth in Britain in 1907. In 1908, several troops formed in Cape Town, Natal and Johannesburg and the following year saw the first official registration of South African troops. Image File history File linksMetadata --SouthAfricaspringbokneckerchief. ... Image File history File linksMetadata --SouthAfricaspringbokneckerchief. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... KwaZulu-Natal, often referred to as KZN, is a province of South Africa. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ...


Scouting in South Africa grew rapidly, and in 1912 Baden-Powell visited South African Scouts. Due to the rapid spread of Scouting it became necessary to provide some form of local coordination. Provincial Councils were formed in South Africa between 1912 and 1916. These councils had no direct contact with each other and reported directly to Imperial Scout Headquarters in London.


The first Union Scout Council was formed in 1922 to provide a common national control on an advisory basis. Six years later, in 1928, the Union Scout Council adopted a constitution which enabled it to perform the functions of Imperial Scout Headquarters.[2]


Scouting in South Africa, as in most British Colonies (such as Rhodesia), was originally segregated by race. This did not prevent Black Scout groups from springing up, with the Pathfinder Council being formed in 1929. In the 1920s, Black Scouts were given the name Klipspringers (rock-hoppers, referring to a type of small antelope).[3] Scouting in Zimbabwe (not to be confused with the Rhodesian military Selous Scouts or Grey Scouts) shares history with Malaŵi and Zambia, with which it was linked for decades. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 Racial segregation is creamy jizz of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in... Genera Aepyceros Alcelaphus Antidorcas Antilope Cephalophus Connochaetes Damaliscus Gazella Hippotragus Kobus Madoqua Neotragus Oreotragus Oryx Ourebia Pantholops Procapra Sylvicapra Taurotragus Tragelaphus and others Antelope are herbivorous mammals of the family Bovidae, (usually) distinguished by a pair of hollow horns on their heads. ...


In 1930, the Imperial Scout Headquarters granted the complete independence of the Scout Movement in South Africa. Work started on yet another constitution which was finalised in 1936 at Bloemfontein during the visit of Baden-Powell. During 1937, the Boy Scouts Association of South Africa became a member of the International Scout Conference (now World Scout Conference) and was registered with the International Bureau (now World Scout Bureau) on 1 December 1937. South Africa was the first of the Commonwealth countries to achieve independence for its Scout Movement.[4] The World Scout Conference (WSC) is the general assembly of Scouting and is composed of six delegates from each of the 155 member Scout associations. ... The World Scout Bureau is the secretariat that carries out the instructions of the World Scout Conference and the World Scout Committee. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, the majority of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ...


The now independent association maintained the racial segregation with four separate associations. After consultation with Baden-Powell, four separate Scouting organisations were created in 1936. These were The Boy Scouts Association (for whites), The African Boy Scouts Association (for blacks), The Coloured Boy Scouts Association (for coloureds) and The Indian Boy Scouts Association (for Indians).[3] A revision of the 1936 constitution in 1953 even strengthened the whites-only branch: Its Chief Scout was now Chief Scout of the three other associations with Chief Scout’s Commissioner as executive heads.[5]


With the rise of Afrikaner nationalism in South Africa during the early part of the 20th century, Scouting was viewed with suspicion by many Afrikaners because of its English roots, and rival Afrikaans organisations including the Voortrekkers were established. These had a strong social and political aim. Negotiations about an amalgamation of both movements in the years 1930 to 1936 were not successful.[5] Afrikaners are an ethnic group primarily associated with Southern Africa and the Afrikaans language. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Emblem of the Voortrekker Afrikaner youth movement The Voortrekkers is an Afrikaans language youth organisation founded in South Africa in 1931. ...


In the 1970s, the Nordic countries placed pressure on the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) to expel the South African Movement for its racial policies. South African Scouting responded to this by combining all branches of the Movement into a single Boy Scouts of South Africa organisation at a conference known as Quo Vadis that was held on 2 July 1977.[3] Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... The World Organization of the Scout Movement is the supranational organization which governs most national Scouting movements. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


The Apartheid laws of this time made any form of multiracial gatherings illegal, yet Scouting activities continued in defiance of these laws. However, the Apartheid government did not take any action against the Movement.[6] A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...

Badge for Transkei Scouts during Apartheid
Badge for Transkei Scouts during Apartheid

Scouting was active during the period in several of the homelands, Transkei issuing Scout insignia and several including Bophuthatswana (the homeland where Mafikeng is located) issuing Scout-themed postage stamps.[7][8] Image File history File links Transkei. ... Image File history File links Transkei. ... Map of the black homelands in South Africa as of 1986 Map of the black homelands in Namibia as of 1978 Bantustan is a territory designated as a tribal homeland for black South Africans and Namibians during the apartheid era. ... Flag of Transkei bantustan Political Map of South Africa prior to 1994 Transkei, as of 1978 The Transkei — which means the area beyond the Kei River — is a region situated in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. ... Bophuthatswana as of 1977 Flag of Bophuthatswana bantustan Bophuthatswana was a former Bantustan (homeland) in the north of South Africa. ... Mafikeng is the capital of the North West Province, South Africa, 870 miles NE of Cape Town and 492 miles SSW of Bulawayo by rail, and 162 miles in a direct line W by N of Johannesburg. ... This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ...


On 10 July 1995, The Boy Scouts of South Africa adopted a new constitution and changed its name to the South Africa Scout Association.[9] The Association also began accepting girls into its ranks. By 1999 girls were allowed in all sections of the Association. July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


South African influences on World Scouting traditions

South Africa has long been associated with the origins of Scouting. Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the movement, spent most of the years from 1884 to 1905 as a soldier in Southern Africa. South Africa's most prominent role in the origin of Scouting was the Siege of Mafeking in 1897-1900.[3] Baden-Powell successfully lead the defence of the town for 217 days. During the siege, he was inspired by the boys of the Mafeking Cadet Corps, and later used them as an example of bravery in the first chapter of his handbook Scouting for Boys. The Mafeking Cadets are not regarded as the first Boy Scouts, as Scouting was only born later, in 1907 at Brownsea Island in Britain. However, it was Mafeking that resulted in Baden-Powell becoming a national hero in Britain, and it was his fame that enabled his Scout movement to catch on so rapidly.[10] Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (February 22, 1857 - January 8, 1941) was a soldier, writer and founder of the world scouting movement. ... Combatants United Kingdom Boers Commanders Robert Baden-Powell Colonel B T Mahon General Piet Cronje Strength 2,000 8,000 Casualties 212 dead 600 wounded Unknown but significantly higher than British The Siege of Mafeking was the most famous British action in the Second Boer War. ... The Mafeking Cadets, with their leader Sergeant-Major Warner Goodyear on the right. ... Scouting for Boys: A Handbook for Instruction in Good Citizenship Through Woodcraft is the first book on Scouting. ... Stone on Brownsea Island commemorating the first scout camp The Brownsea Island Scout Camp was the worlds first Scout camp, and is regarded as the formal birth of the worldwide Scout movement. ...

Photo of King Dinizulu wearing the necklace from which the original Wood Badge beads came
Photo of King Dinizulu wearing the necklace from which the original Wood Badge beads came

The Wood Badge, worn by adult Scout leaders, is a replica of beads from the necklace that was once worn by King Dinizulu of the Zulus. The original necklace was captured from Dinizulu by Baden-Powell.[11] Other Zulu traditions and chants also featured in Scouting for Boys. Image File history File links Dinizulu. ... Image File history File links Dinizulu. ... Dinizulu kaCetshwayo (1868-1913) was the king of the Zulu nation from 20 May 1884 until his death in 1913. ... The Wood Badge or Woodbadge is the recognition received by adults in Scouting who have completed the Leader training program provided by their respective Scout Association. ... Dinizulu kaCetshwayo (1868-1913) was the king of the Zulu nation from 20 May 1884 until his death in 1913. ... The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ...


While serving in Southern Africa, Baden-Powell learnt many the skills that would become standard scouting skills. Jan Grootboom, a Xhosa from South Africa, was a military scout who Baden-Powell praised for his scouting ability in the Matabele Campaign.[12] Baden-Powell also learnt scouting skills from Frederick Russell Burnham, an American explorer, adventurer and mercenary, who went on to become a highly decorated Major and Chief of Scouts under Lord Roberts during the Second Boer War.[13] The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ... Burnham & Armstrong after the assassination of Mlimo. ... Frederick Russell Burnham, DSO (1861-1947), an American scout and world travelling adventurer is best known for his service to the British Army in Colonial Africa and for teaching woodcraft (i. ... Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria and Waterford, VC, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, PC (September 30, 1832 - November 14, 1914) was a distinguished British soldier and one of the most successful commanders of the Victorian era. ... Combatants United Kingdom Australia New Zealand Canada Cape Colony Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Redvers Buller Frederick Roberts Herbert Kitchener Paul Kruger Martinus Steyn Louis Botha Christiaan de Wet Casualties 22,000 6,500 Civilians killed [mainly Boers]: 24,000+ The Second Boer War, commonly referred to as...


The earliest Scout uniform was based on the uniform that Robert Baden-Powell designed for the South African Constabulary, a paramilitary force established to police the conquered Boer republics following the Anglo-Boer War.[14] The current South African Scout uniform is in fact still based on the uniform worn by the South African Constabulary.


Baden-Powell said of South Africa in 1926 that:[4][15]

none of the fellows in other countries know that the (Scout) flag (a golden fleur-de-lis on a green background) was first started in South Africa. As you know the colours are those of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. But those were also the colours of the South African Constabulary... and when I took to being a Scout, I took the colours with me. A good deal of our Scouting started in South Africa

Fleurs-de-lys on the flag of Quebec The fleur-de-lis (also spelled fleur-de-lys; plural fleurs-de-lis or -lys) is used in heraldry, where it is particularly associated with the France monarchy (see King of France). ...

Influence in South Africa

The Association is actively involved in community work, particularly in the rural areas of South Africa. In some rural areas, such as the greater Tzaneen area, there are Troops with over 100 scouts. Rural Troops are often limited in their activities by funding and lack of equipment. Their programme focuses on educating the Scouts in becoming good citizens and in the dangers of HIV. Educating Scouts in HIV and AIDS is vitally important due to the large number of infections in both rural and urban areas of South Africa.[16] Tzaneen is a large town situated in the Letaba district of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. ... Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a retrovirus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. ... Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a retrovirus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. ... This article is about the syndrome. ...


The Association teaches young people the importance of high morals. Former South African President and patron of the Association, Nelson Mandela, said the following of the Scout Movement:[17] Mandela redirects here. ...

The international Scout movement is a world leader in youth education, and has particular relevance to the needs of youth in Africa and the emerging democracies around the globe.

I am pleased with the progress of Scouting in South Africa, and in the steps which are now being taken to make the programme accessible to more young people. The importance of a high moral code, which is at the foundation of the Scout movement, cannot be stressed too highly.

The Association runs a programme known as The Phakamani Project aimed at enabling any boy or girl anywhere in the country to become a Scout. Phakamani is a Nguni word for Rise. The Phakamani project is designed so that groups in the community wishing to try out the Scout programme as their own youth programme are able to do so easily and informally. Through promotional presentations using videos and support literature, communities are encouraged to form committees, and informal Scout units can start without further regulation. The desire to register as Scouts will follow.[18] For the cattle breed see Nguni cattle. ...


National organisation

The Association is divided into seven Areas, namely Cape Eastern, Cape Western[1], Central, Gauteng[2], KwaZulu-Natal[3], Mpumalanga[4] and Northwest[5]. Each Area is in turn divided into Districts, and each District consists of a number of Groups. Groups normally have a Cub section and a Scout section. Rover crews are either associated with an Area, a District, or a Group.


The national head office of the Association is in Cape Town. City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2...


The Chief Scout is the head of the South Africa Scout Association, and is therefore the leader of Scouting for all groups within South Africa. The current Chief Scout of the South African Scout Association is Reverend Vukile Mehana. Former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela is the patron of the South African Scout Association.[19] Mandela redirects here. ... Generally, patronage is the act of supporting or favoring some person, group, or institution. ...


Group Organisation

The Group is lead by a Group Scouter (GS) who acts as the liaison between the parents committee and the adult leaders of the Cub, Scout and Rover units within the Group. The parents committee is an elected body of Scout and Cub parents (with elections being held once a year at the Group AGM) that oversees the financial, maintenance and legal affairs of the group, thereby leaving the adult Scouters to concentrate on the Scout and Cub programme.[2]


Scout Groups consist of various units of different age groups who meet at a common venue (normally a Scout hall) and share a common name. Generally Scout Groups are split into a Cub Pack, a Scout Troop and possibly a Rover Crew. Large Groups may have more than one of each section, or may have separate units for boys and girls.


Cub Programme

The Cub section is open to boys and girls between the ages of 8 and 10½, and is intended to lay foundations and teach basic skills for when a Cub becomes a Scout.


The Cub programme is based on a system of progressive leadership, with members being given increasing responsibility depending on age as they advance through the Cub Pack.


Cubs are divided into small groups called Sixes led by a Sixer and a Seconder. The Pack Scouter may appoint the most responsible Cub in the Pack as a Senior Sixer.


The head of a Cub Pack is the Pack Scouter (PS), often nicknamed Akela after the head wolf in The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling. There may be a number of Assistant Pack Scouters, with nicknames from other Jungle Book characters. Cover of a modern edition of the Jungle Book The Jungle Book (1894) is a collection of stories written by Rudyard Kipling. ... Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was a British author and poet, born in India, and best known today for his childrens books, including The Jungle Book (1894), The Second Jungle Book (1895), Just So Stories (1902), and Puck of Pooks Hill (1906); his novel...


The Cub Advancement Programme is based on Cubs working towards the Cheetah, Lion, Leopard and Leaping Wolf badges. Cubs proceeding to Scouts complete the Link Badge.[20]


Cub Promise

I promise to do my best –
To do my duty to God and my country;
To keep the Law of the Wolf Cub Pack;
And to do a good turn to somebody every day.

Cub Law

The Cub gives in to the Old Wolf.
The Cub does not give in to himself.

Scout Programme

The Scout section is open to boys and girls between the ages of 11 and 17, and aims at developing Scouting and leadership skills.


Scout Troops are divided into Patrols of between four and ten Scouts, with six being a common size. The Patrol Leader and Second have many responsibilities in training younger Scouts and helping plan and run the programme. Patrol Leaders are in charge of planning and running (often with no adult intervention) Patrol camps and outings, they are also required to assist their Patrol members through the Scout advancement program.


Often the most senior and responsible Patrol Leader is appointed as Troop Leader (TL), who no longer runs a Patrol but instead has other responsibilities such as enforcing discipline and running the weekly programme. Since a Troop Leader is not required to plan or run Patrol camps, or help Scouts through the advancement program many senior Scouts who are in their final year of school choose to become Troop Leaders in order to have more time to concentrate on their studies and on achieving the Springbok award.


The adult leader of a Scout Troop is the Troop Scouter (TS), assisted by Assistant Troop Scouters (ATS) and Junior Assistant Troop Scouters (JATS). Scout Troops often give their adult leaders nicknames related to their branch of Scouting (Land Scout, Air Scout or Sea Scout). Air Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on flying-based activities. ... Sea Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on water-based activities. ...


Patrol Leaders, Troop Leaders and the Troop Scouter should meet regularly in the Patrol Leaders' Council, also known as the Court of Honour, where they are responsible for the majority of decisions regarding troop discipline, patrol management, troop programme and such. The Troop Scouter is the only adult leader regularly attending these meetings, and has the right to veto decisions. The Troop Scouter generally only acts in an advisory role, allowing the Scouts themselves to make important decisions. The Court of Honour may invite the Assistant Troop Scouters in order to hear their input.


Scout and Rover Promise

On my honour, I promise that I will do my best -
To do my duty to God, and my Country;
To help other people at all times;
To obey the Scout Law.

Scout and Rover Law

  1. A Scout's honour is to be trusted
  2. A Scout is loyal
  3. A Scout's duty is to be useful and to help others.
  4. A Scout is a friend to all and a brother to every other Scout
  5. A Scout is courteous
  6. A Scout is a friend to animals
  7. A Scout obeys orders
  8. A Scout smiles and whistles under all difficulties
  9. A Scout is thrifty
  10. A Scout is clean in thought, word and deed[21]

Advancement Badges

The Scout Advancement Programme is based on a number of advancement badges, culminating in the Springbok Scout badge. Each advancement badge focuses on different levels of development and the programme progresses from basic Scout training, to training young Scouts and ends with a large focus on community service.[22]

Troop Membership 
In order to be invested as a Scout, the membership requirements for recruits include knowing the basic story behind Scouting, the Scout Promise and Law, some basic scouting skills, and the National anthem of South Africa.
Pathfinder 
This is the first real and I mean real advancement badge. It focuses on basic Scout training, including the six basic knots (Reef Knot, Bowline, Sheet bend, Sheepshank, Figure-of-eight and Clove hitch), basic first aid (treatment of open wounds and bleeding), and introduces Scouts to camping. The badge encourages a Scout to participate in patrol activities like being a cop. The Scout is required to have camped away from their normal Scout meeting place for at least 5 nights.
Adventurer 
This advancement badge introduces the Scout to basic pioneering, including whipping, basic lashing and other advanced knots. The Scout is required to know more advanced forms of first aid (treatment of shock, sprains and fainting). The Scout needs to help plan, and be second in charge of a patrol hike. Other requirements for the badge include knowledge of HIV/AIDS and knowledge of how a Court of Honour functions. The Scout is required to have camped away from their normal Scout meeting place for at least 10 nights.
First Class 
This advancement badge is the first advancement badge that places the Scout in a position of leadership and organisation. A Scout is required to plan and run a wide game for their Patrol, a Patrol camp, an overnight Patrol hike for which a log book must be written, a programme to teach younger Scouts in their Patrol about pioneering and they need to assist in the planning of a Scouts Own.
The Scout also needs to lead their patrol in a community service project of not less than 10 hours and is required to have camped for at least 15 nights.
Explorer / Air Explorer / Sea Explorer 
The Explorer badge is split into three different badges for the three different Scouting sections (Land Scouts, Air Scouts and Sea Scouts). The Explorer badge teaches the Scout to take control of situations, and places the Scout in positions where they need to plan and run large scale activities for the entire troop.
The Scout is required to plan and run an orienteering wide game for the entire troop, an incident hike for their Patrol, a Patrol expedition and a troop camp-fire.
The Scout is required to achieve six different interest badges from the Scout Badge Book. While Scouts are encouraged to achieve as many interest badges as possible, they are only required to achieve the six that is needed for their Explorer badge.[23] There are three compulsory badges for each type of Explorer badge.
  • Explorer: First Aid, Backwoodsman and Mapping
  • Air Explorer: First Aid, Air Navigator and Air Traffic Controller
  • Sea Explorer: First Aid, Helmsman and Boatman
Most scouts choose to work on the Explorer badge that is related to the section of Scouting their Troop belongs to, but there is no reason why a Scout can not do an Explorer badge from another section. The only difference between the three Explorer badges is the 3 compulsory interest badges that are required, and the design of the badge.
Springbok Scout badge
Springbok Scout badge
Springbok (Top Award) 
This badge is the top Scout award in Scout Africa. It concentrates on teaching the Scout how to give back to the community. Among the requirements, the Scout must complete at least 40 hours of community service, lead a hike of over 30 kilometres in unfamiliar territory, and plan and construct a large pioneering project.
The Springbok is a small gazelle that is common to dry inland areas of Southern Africa. The Springbok was the national symbol of South Africa during the Apartheid era, and is currently the national animal of South Africa.
The Springbok award is the equivalent of the UK's Queen's Scout and the American Eagle Scout.

Since 1997, The South African national anthem has been a hybrid song combining new words in English with extracts of the hymns Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika and Die Stem van Suid-Afrika/The Call of South Africa. It is in this way the only neo-modal national anthem in the world... Reef knot Canonical Name: reef knot. ... Bowline Canonical Name: Bowline (pronounced bow -lin or bow -line) Variant name(s): Death knot, Rescue knot, French bowline, Boland knot. ... Sheet bend tied with two different types of nylon rope. ... Sheepshank is a type of knot. ... The figure-of-eight knot is a type of knot. ... The clove hitch is a type of knot. ... When rope is cut, there is a natural tendency for the end to fray. ... A lashing is the use of a rope, that has been affixed by means of a hitch, for the purpose of holding two poles, staves or other rigid objects together. ... Scouts Own is a Scouting inspirational ceremony built around a central theme such as friendship, using resources wisely, or fairness. ... Air Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on flying-based activities. ... Sea scouts are members of the international scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on sea-based activities. ... Image File history File links SAfSprin. ... Image File history File links SAfSprin. ... Binomial name Antidorcas marsupialis (Zimmermann, 1780) For other meanings of Springbok, see Springbok The Springbok (Afrikaans: spring = jump; bok = antelope, deer, or goat) (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a small brown and white gazelle that stands about 75 cm high. ... The Queens Scout or Kings Scout Award is the highest youth award achievable in the scouting movement in several countries. ... An Eagle Scout is a Scout with the highest rank attainable in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). ...

Rover programme

The Rover section is open to any young adults between the ages of 18 and 30. The Rover programme focuses on service to others. Rovers are not necessarily adult leaders of Scout Troops, although there is often some overlap. The Rover section has historically been open to young men and women, even prior to Cubbing and Scouting being opened to girls. Rover Scouting is a service division of Scouting for young men, and in some countries, women. ...


The purpose of Rover Scouting is to encourage Rovers to train themselves and their fellow Rovers in citizenship and service, to encourage Rovers to pursue careers that they enjoy and that are useful to themselves and to render services to both the Scout Movement and the Community around them. Scouting is a worldwide youth organization. ... A community usually refers to a group of people who interact and share certain things as a group, but it can refer to various collections of organisms sharing an environment, plant or animal. ...


After three months of joining a Rover Crew a newcomer can be invested as a Squire. If the newcomer was not previously a Scout, he or she must first be invested as a Scout and must take the Scout Promise. The Squire then chooses a mentor (called a Sponsor) from one of the existing Rovers, the Sponsor's task is to guide the Squire in learning all the necessary Scouting skills and to aid the Squire in performing a service project as set out by the Rover Crew. Once the service project is completed the Squire can be invested as a fully fledged Rover Scout.[24]


Rover Scouts also have eight different awards that they can strive for, if a Rover holds at least four awards he or she may be nominated to receive the B-P award which is the highest award a Rover can receive.


The eight awards are:

  • The Scoutcraft Award
  • The Rambler's Award
  • The Project Award
  • The Scouter Training Award
  • The Civics Award
  • The Careers Award
  • The Community Service Award
  • The Sportsmanship Award

Events

The South African Scout Association runs SANJAMB, the South African National Jamboree, approximately every four years. The Senior Scout Cederberg Adventure is held every two years in the Cederberg mountains. The Cederberg mountains and nature reserve are located near Clanwilliam, approximately 300 km north of Cape Town, South Africa at about . ...


A large number of rallies, activities, competitions and training courses are held by the different Areas. The biggest of these are probably the Kon-Tiki raft building competitions held annually in Cape Town and Gauteng. These are in addition to the activities run by each Scout group. Kon-Tiki refers to one of two annual Scout raft-building competitions, held in Cape Town and Gauteng in South Africa. ...


Patrol Leaders Training Unit

Lexden Woggle worn by PLTU attendees. The woggle is a five-turks head knot with three strands, and is usually made from white plastic insulated wire.
Lexden Woggle worn by PLTU attendees. The woggle is a five-turks head knot with three strands, and is usually made from white plastic insulated wire.

The Patrol Leaders Training Unit (or PLTU) is a 7 to 12 day course run at various venues around South Africa. PLTU is a very physically and mentally strenuous course, open to Scouts who are over 14½ years old and have achieved their Adventurer advancement badge. Image File history File links Lexdon. ... Image File history File links Lexdon. ... A Turks head knot is a decorative knot with a basket weave pattern surrounding a cylinder shaped object. ...


A typical PLTU course focuses on character development in each individual, including the development of physical, mental and spiritual qualities. Qualities such as leadership and team spirit are instilled in the Scouts during the course.[25][26]


There are a number of PLTU courses on offer around South Africa

The first of what were to become the Patrol Leader training Unit courses was run at Lexden - Natal Gilwell Scout Training Camp in July 1959, under the leadership of Dudley Forde, with 19 Scouts from the 2nd Durban Y.M.C.A. Scout Group in attendance.Courses were offered to boys from the same Group over the next five years until the 6th Course in October 1964 which was opened to participants from South Durban District. In October 1967 the Patrol Leader Training Unit was formed to offer formal Leadership Training courses for Scout Patrol Leaders in the then Natal Division. The nine members comprising the original Unit were;Dudley Forde [Chairman], Fr Ian Laurenson, Lynn Reynolds, Paddy McDowell, Paul and Helen Bezencon,Iand Hoare, Tony Hornby and Bill Sewell. The Kwa-Zulu Natal Area Patrol Leader training Unit celebrated the holding of its 100th course in July 2004. Dudley Forde, Fr Ian Laurenson, James Radford, Bryan Dibben, Craig Shaw, Grant Martens and Guy Caws have led the fortunes of the Unit over its first 45 years. This Unit is proud to have hosted and mentored those who went on to create Patrol Leader Training Units in other centres in South Africa: Ian Hoare - East London, Derek Swemmer - Pretoria, Lynn Reynolds - Free State, Bill Hodges and Bruce Marree - Eastern Cape, Ian Harry and Chris Barrett - Gauteng, Peter Foster - Western Cape. City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Elevation Highest point: Seweweekspoort Peak at 2325 meters (7628 feet) Lowest point: sea level Languages Afrikaans (55. ... City motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Province Gauteng Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ...


On the successful completion of a PLTU course a Scout is entitled to wear a PLTU woggle (which is made by the Scout while on the course) and to wear a special PLTU badge on their uniform. Many Troops also require a Scout to complete a PLTU course before allowing them to become a Patrol Leader. A woggle is a device to fasten the neckerchief, or scarf, worn as part of the Scout uniform. ...


International links

The South African Scout Association plays an active role in the Southern Africa Zone, consisting of all the WOSM member Scout Associations in the Southern Africa region. The Africa Scout Region has a satellite office in Cape Town at the South African Scout Association headquarters. The World Organization of the Scout Movement is the supranational organization which governs most national Scouting movements. ... Regional badge of the African Scout Region. ...


A number of European Scout Associations are involved in North-South partnerships with Scouts in developing countries, including several active programmes in South Africa.[27]


Members of the Boy Scouts of America living in South Africa may become Lone Scouts Boy Scouts linked to the Direct Service branch of the BSA. Image File history File links DirectServiceCouncilSouthAfricagroupCSP.jpg‎ collection of Chris 21:38, 2 December 2006 (UTC) This is a logo of a Scouting organization, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is a United States Scouting organization, with some presence in other countries. ... Lone Scouts are members of the Scout movement who are in isolated areas or otherwise cannot participate in a regular Scouting unit. ... This article reads like an advertisement. ...


Recent contributions to World Scouting

The Join-In Jamboree concept, for Scouts in their home countries during World Scout Jamborees, was pioneered by the South African Vic Clapham in the 1970s. Vic Clapham was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting. The World Scout Jamboree (Jamboree Scout Mondial in French) is a gathering of Scouts (ages 14-17) from all over the world. ... South African Victor J. Clapham was a talented graphic artist, awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting, in 1976. ... The Bronze Wolf is the only award made by the World Scout Committee. ... The World Organization of the Scout Movement is the supranational organization which governs most national Scouting movements. ...


In 1971, former Chief Scout Arthur Johnstone was also awarded the Bronze Wolf. Colin Inglis and Garnet de la Hunt, both former Chief Scouts of South Africa, were awarded the Bronze Wolf in 1996 for their work towards racial unity in Scouting during the apartheid era.


Frank Opie, a South African Scout leader and environmental educationalist, published The Global Scout on behalf of World Scouting in 1993.


The South African Scout Association hosted the World Scout Conference and World Scout Youth Forum in Durban in 1999. The World Scout Conference (WSC) is the general assembly of Scouting and is composed of six delegates from each of the 155 member Scout associations. ... Durban (Zulu: eThekwini (IPA: ) is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming part of the eThekwini metropolitan municipality. ...


Garnet de la Hunt chaired the World Scout Committee from 1999 to 2002, and former Chief Scout Nkwenkwe Nkomo was elected to the World Scout Committee in 2005. The World Scout Committee is the executive body of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM). ...


See also

Scouting Portal
South Africa Portal

Image File history File links Scout_logo2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Lesotho has 371 Scouts served by the Lesotho Scouts Association. ... The Scouts of Namibia is the national Scouting organization of Namibia. ... Membership badge of the Swaziland Boy Scouts Association Swaziland has 4,994 Scouts served by the Swaziland Boy Scouts Association. ... Emblem of the Voortrekker Afrikaner youth movement The Voortrekkers is an Afrikaans language youth organisation founded in South Africa in 1931. ... The Girl Guides Association of South Africa is a girls-only organisation and is recognised by the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS). ...

References

  1. ^ Policy, Organisation and Rules. South African Scout Association (2003). Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  2. ^ a b (1995) Introduction to Adult Leadership. Cape Town: South African Scout Association. 
  3. ^ a b c d History of Scouting in South Africa. History of Scouting in South Africa. South African Scout Association (2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  4. ^ a b Boy Scouts of South Africa (1957). The History of Scouting in South Africa. Boy Scouts of South Africa, 96. 
  5. ^ a b Heale, Jay (2003). What is Scouting? A guide to the aims, history, principles, and methods of the South African Scout Association. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2007-01-13. 
  6. ^ Inglis, Colin (May 1994). "Scouting in South Africa". Australian Scout. 
  7. ^ First Scout Postal Cancels by Country (393KB DOC). Scouts on Stamps Society International (1999). Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  8. ^ Gilwell Reunion. Scouts on Stamps Society International. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  9. ^ Constitution of the South Africa Scout Association (105KBPDF). The South African Scout Association (2003). Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  10. ^ The Mafeking Cadets. Scouting Milestones. "Johnny" Walker. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  11. ^ The Origins of the Wood Badge (303KBPDF). The Scout Association (2003). Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  12. ^ Baden-Powell, Sir Robert (1915). My Adventures as a Spy. PineTree.web. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  13. ^ Frederick Russell Burnham. PineTree web. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  14. ^ Hillcourt, William (1964). Baden-Powell: The Two Lives of a Hero. London: Heinemann, 358. 
  15. ^ Scouting in South Africa. The World of Scouting. n2zgu.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  16. ^ Scouting and AIDS. Scouting and AIDS. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  17. ^ South African Scout Association. Home Page. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  18. ^ The Phakamani Project. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  19. ^ South African Scout Association. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  20. ^ The Cub Trail. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  21. ^ Law and Promise. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  22. ^ Scout Advancement Programme. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  23. ^ Scout Badge Book. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  24. ^ The Rover Handbook. South African Scout Association (2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  25. ^ Cape Western Scouting, Gilqua PLTU - Patrol Leader Training Unit. South African Scout Association. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  26. ^ Gilten PLTU. Gauteng Scouting. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
  27. ^ Welcome at Nangu Thina. Southern Africa-Europe Partnership. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Noia_64_mimetypes_wordprocessing. ... In computing, DOC (short for document) is a common file extension, traditionally used for documentation in plain-text format, particularly of programs or computer hardware, on a wide range of operating systems. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 and is now being prepared for submission as an ISO standard[1]. It is for representing two-dimensional documents in a device independent and resolution independent fixed-layout document format. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Portable Document Format (PDF) is an open file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 and is now being prepared for submission as an ISO standard[1]. It is for representing two-dimensional documents in a device independent and resolution independent fixed-layout document format. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... (L) William Green Bar Bill Hillcourt and (R) Lord Robert Baden-Powell; the two men with the largest impact on the Boy Scouts of America. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ...

External links

Members of the Africa Scout Region
Full members: Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Madagascar | Malawi | Mauritius | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | South Africa | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe

Potential members: Central African Republic | Republic of the Congo | Djibouti | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Guinea-Bissau | Mali | São Tomé e Príncipe | Somalia
Regional badge of the African Scout Region. ...


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