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Encyclopedia > Soundtrack

In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. For the early history of the sound track, see the article sound film. // Movie film formats Amateur formats: 8 mm Single-8 Super 8 mm Polavision 9,5 mm film 17. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Historical records of events have been made for thousands of years in one form or another. ... Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a wave. ... 1902 poster advertising Gaumonts sound films, depicting an optimistically vast auditorium A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. ...

Contents

Origin of the term

In movie industry terminology, a sound track (two words) or just track is an audio recording created or used in film production or post-production. Initially the dialogue, sound effects, and music in a film each has its own separate track (dialogue track, sound effects track, and music track), and these are mixed together to make what is called the composite track, which is heard in the film. A dubbing track is often later created when films are dubbed into another language. The word track can mean more than one thing. ... Film production on location in Newark, New Jersey. ... Post production is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. ... In filmmaking, dubbing refers to the recording of voices for a movie. ...


The contraction soundtrack (one word) came into use with the advent of so-called "soundtrack albums" in the early 1950s. First conceived by movie companies as a promotional gimmick for new films, these commercially available recordings were labelled and advertised as "music from the original motion picture soundtrack." This phrase was soon shortened to just "original motion picture soundtrack." More accurately such recordings are made from a film's music track, because they usually consist of the isolated music from a film, not the composite (sound) track with dialogue and sound effects.


Soundtrack has since come to denote three different things: (1) the recorded sound accompanying a visual medium such as a motion picture, television show, or video game, (2) just the music in it alone, or (3) a genre of music ("soundtrack music" or "soundtracks"). Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ...


In terms of abbreviation OST is used to describe the musical soundtrack sold for any movie, TV series, or video game, and it stands for Official or Original Soundtrack. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ...


Movie and television soundtracks

Main articles: Film score and Film soundtrack

The term soundtrack now most commonly refers to the music used in a movie (or television show), and/or to an album sold containing that music. Sometimes, the music has been recorded just for the film or album (e.g. Saturday Night Fever). Often, but not always, and depending on the type of movie, the soundtrack album will contain portions of the score, music composed for dramatic effect as the movie's plot occurs. In 1908, Camille Saint-Saens recorded the first music specifically for use in a motion picture (L'assasinat du duc de Guise), and releasing recordings of songs used in films became prevalent in the 1930s. Henry Mancini, who won an Emmy Award and two Grammys for his soundtrack to Peter Gunn, was the first composer to have a widespread hit with a song from a soundtrack. A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... A film soundtrack is the music that is from or inspired by a feature film. ... // Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... Saturday Night Fever is a 1977 movie starring John Travolta as Tony Manero, a troubled Brooklyn youth whose weekend activities are dominated by visits to a Brooklyn discotheque. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... Henry Mancini (April 16, 1924 – June 14, 1994), was an Academy Award winning American composer, conductor and arranger. ... An Emmy Award. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Peter Gunn was an American private eye television series which aired on the NBC and later ABC television networks from 1958 to 1961. ...


By convention, a soundtrack record can contain all kinds of music including music "inspired by" but not actually appearing in the movie; the score contains only music by the original film's composer(s).


The best-selling soundtrack to date is Saturday Night Fever, though the best selling film score is Titanic[citation needed] Saturday Night Fever: The Original Movie Sound Track was the soundtrack album from the blockbuster film Saturday Night Fever starring John Travolta. ... Titanic is a 1997 romantic drama film directed, written, and co-produced by James Cameron about the sinking of the RMS Titanic. ...


Video game soundtracks

Main article: Video game music

Soundtrack may also refer to the music used in video games. While sound effects were nearly universally used for action happening in the game, music to accompany the gameplay was a later development. Rob Hubbard and Martin Galway were early composers of music specifically for video games for the 1980s Commodore 64 computer. Koji Kondo was an early and important composer for Nintendo games. As the technology improved, polyphonic and often orchestral soundtracks replaced simple monophonic melodies starting in the late 1980s and the soundtracks to popular games such as the Dragon Quest and Final Fantasy series began to be released separately. In addition to compositions written specifically for video games, the advent of CD technology allowed developers to incorporate licensed songs into their soundtrack. (The Tony Hawk series is a good example of this.) Furthermore, when Microsoft released the Xbox in 2001, it featured an option allowing users to customize the soundtrack for certain games by ripping a CD to the hard-drive. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... Rob Hubbard (born 1956?, Kingston upon Hull, England) is a music composer best known for his composition of computer game theme music, especially for microcomputers of the 1980s such as the Commodore 64. ... Martin Galway (born January 3, 1966, Belfast, Northern Ireland) is one of the best known composers of music for the Commodore 64 sound chip, the SID soundchip. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Commodore 64 is the best-selling single personal computer model of all time. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... In music, the word texture is often used in a rather vague way in reference to the overall sound of a piece of music. ... In music, the word texture is often used in a rather vague way in reference to the overall sound of a piece of music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dragon Quest logo Dragon Quest ), published as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII: Journey of the Cursed King, is a series of role-playing games produced by Enix (now Square Enix). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Tony Hawk and Lhotse Merriam This article is about the American skateboarder. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


Book soundtracks

Only a few cases exist, of an entire soundtrack being written specifically for a book.


A soundtrack for J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and his trilogy The Lord of the Rings was composed by Craig Russell for the San Luis Obispo Youth Symphony. Commissioned in 1995, it was finally put on disk in 2000 by the San Lois Obispo Symphony.[citation needed] J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed. ... The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by the English academic J. R. R. Tolkien. ... Craig Russell (born April 3rd, 1951), is an American composer of classical music. ...


For the 1996 Star Wars novel Shadows of the Empire (written by author Steve Perry). Lucasfilm chose Joel McNeely to write a score. This was an eccentric, experimental project, in contrast to all other soundtracks, as the composer was allowed to convey general moods and themes, rather than having to write music to flow for specific scenes. A project called "Sine Fiction"[1] has made some soundtracks to novels by science fiction writers like Isaac Asimov and Arthur C. Clarke, and has thus far released 19 soundtracks to science-fiction novels or short stories. All of them are available for free download. Star Wars is an epic science fantasy saga and fictional universe created by George Lucas during the late 1970s. ... Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire was a multimedia project created by Lucasfilm in 1996. ... Steve Perry (born August 31, 1947) is a television writer and science fiction author. ... Lucasfilm Ltd. ... Joel McNeely (b. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (born December 16, 1917) is a British science-fiction author and inventor, most famous for his novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, and for collaborating with director Stanley Kubrick on the film of the same name. ...


The 1985 novel Always Coming Home by Ursula K. Le Guin, originally came in a box set with an audiocassette entitled Music and Poetry of the Kesh, featuring three performances of poetry, and ten musical compositions by Todd Barton. Always Coming Home is a novel by Ursula K. Le Guin published in 1985. ... Ursula Kroeber Le Guin [] (born October 21, 1929) is an American author. ...


In comics, Daniel Clowes' graphic novel Like a Velvet Glove Cast in Iron had an official soundtrack album. The original black-and-white Nexus #3 from Capitol comics included the "Flexi-Nexi" which was a soundtrack flexi-disc for the issue. Trosper by Jim Woodring included a soundtrack album composed and performed by Bill Frisell.[2] Like a Velvet Glove Cast in Iron is a graphic novel in English, written and drawn by Daniel Clowes. ... Look up nexus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jim Woodring (born October 11, 1952) is a comic book author and artist. ... William Richard Bill Frisell (born March 18, 1951) is an American jazz guitarist and composer. ...


Many audio books have some form of musical accompaniment, but these are generally not complex enough to count as a complete soundtrack. Cassette recording of Patrick OBrians The Mauritius Command An audio book is a recording of the contents of a book read aloud. ...


See also

Audio Restoration is an overarching term for the process of removing artifacts (such as hiss, crackle, noise, and buzz) from sound recordings. ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... An image song or character song is a song on a tie-in album for an anime, game or dorama that is usually sung by the seiyuu or actor of a character, in-character. ... The following is a list of people who predominantly (or most famously) compose soundtrack music for film (i. ... A soundtrack album is any album that incorporates music from a particular feature film. ... SoundtrackNet is a website dedicated to film and television music. ... What is an Original Cast Recording? The phrase is often misunderstood and misapplied. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.notype.com/drones/catalogue.e/sinefiction/
  2. ^ http://www.fantagraphics.com/artist/woodring/woodring.html

External links

For questions and answers about movie and television soundtracks

  Results from FactBites:
 
Apple - Final Cut Studio 2 - Soundtrack Pro 2 (394 words)
Soundtrack Pro 2 features a streamlined interface that allows video editors to work efficiently with familiar tools, while simultaneously providing the depth and control that audio professionals need to complete even the most complex projects.
Soundtrack Pro takes the tedium out of the conform process, while offering you complete control over which changes to accept, modify, or reject.
Soundtrack Pro 2 gives you everything you need to tackle the most complex audio post-production tasks, with the flexibility to work the way you want.
SoundtrackNet - the art of film and television music (580 words)
With the exception of 2004, there has been a Lord of the Rings soundtrack released every year since 2001.
Earlier this fall, a adaptation of The Death and Return of Superman storyline was recently released as an animated, direct-to-DVD feature, with a voice cast including Adam Baldwin and Anne Heche in the lead roles.
The heroic and violent score was composed by Angel alumnus Robert Kral, and the soundtrack to Superman: Doomsday was just released by La-La Land Records.
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